Make No Mistake


By Anna Von Reitz

Two days ago I released an article that exposes the criminality that has plagued the British Monarchy for the last 150 years.

Yesterday, I exposed the guilty banks that have appointed Kim Goguen as a “bank trustee”, and given her control of private “Special Deposit” accounts —also known as “Off-Ledger” accounts that contain actual assets.

This morning, my hometown, Big Lake, Alaska, was targeted by a Resonance Energy Weapon, more generally known as a Directed Energy Weapon. 

Big Lake sustained a direct hit and was the original epicenter of a 7.0 Earthquake.

We saw the “Green Beam” from Elmendorf Air Force Base just prior to the event.

Big Lake is not located on any natural fault line. 

Let’s make this perfectly clear:

Any member of the U.S. Military targeting our soil is a criminal and a traitor.

Anyone giving such an order or obeying such an order needs to be pre-empted with deadly force and removed from command, court-martialed and shot. Period.  

The “Nuremberg Defense” — “I was just following orders!” — has already been tried and failed and will fail again.

Any member of the UN Military targeting Big Lake, Alaska, is committing a crime and violation of the United Nations ENMOD Treaty. They also need to be removed with deadly force, arrested, and remanded to their country of origin for prosecution.

Big Lake, Alaska, is not a “domestic target” and has never been incorporated as a franchise of any Territorial United States or Municipal United States corporation.

This craven and criminal attack on our civilian population as retaliation for my exposure of the bank’s colossal theft of private assets now being offered as a bribe to the military leadership neatly demonstrates the corruption of elements within our military — in particular elements of the US Navy, DOD, and Air Force.

As the lawful Fiduciary for The United States of America I am asking all military officers to honor their Oath to protect America against all enemies both foreign and domestic, and I am asking them to assist in the recovery of our assets and the return of these assets to our lawful civil control. 

The banks have robbed us and defrauded us under the watchful eye of our own military forces, and this has been the long and short of it since the 1860’s.

Officers—you can deal with crooks and middlemen and act as crooks yourselves, accomplices and promoters of crime, or you can arrest those responsible for the theft of our assets and return our assets to our control– and thereby earn both honor and reward.

Most if not all that gold that Kim Goguen is showing the military leaders as a sop rightfully belongs to the American States and People, or to private trusts and foundations like the Ford Family Trust, the D’Avila Family Trust, the MacArthur Foundation, and others, that are also willing to support our military without being coerced.  

So if the American military takes money freely given from our hands to protect our nation, they have honor and righteousness.  But take that same money —our money— from the hands of thieves, and they are accomplices to crime, no better than any penny ante street thug from here to Thailand.

The money Kim is showing off is all commandeered, stolen by the banks who are trying to bribe American military leaders to take the bait —and then also take the fall for the banks. 

Men—some of your Superiors, who are criminals themselves, will try to justify this theft as a “National Security Issue”, but in fact, that is just more B.S. to excuse more crime.  

The U.S. Army has been playing fast and loose with our assets ever since the so-called Civil War and the U.S. Navy has been taking its orders from the Queen, who is guilty of gross Breach of Trust. 

The cruelty, disloyalty, and dishonor of all these people, their abject and stubborn criminality, is now made manifest and exposed for all to see. You all know that it was no “Act of God” that just happened to pinpoint Big Lake, Alaska, as the epicenter for a 7.0 earthquake.

The entire command structure at Joint Base Elmendorf needs to be relieved of duty immediately.  An investigation needs to be launched by the Inspector General responsible and by the Office of the Provost Marshal.

This part of the Mess also needs to be cleaned up — because it is not “just” the banks responsible for and colluding to create all this rot, it’s the rotten elements within the military playing along with the banks.

Without a criminal military, the criminal banks have no enforcement.

So it comes down the military having brains enough to know who they really work for and whose gold it really is.

General Dunford?  General Mattis?  General Kelly? 

Commander-in-Chief Trump?

We are all still here, in Big Lake, Alaska, broken dishes, sink holes, cracked bridges, collapsed expressway ramps, broken gas lines, darkness, cold, terrified pets and all. 

All hail the filthy corrupt banks, corrupt military leaders, corrupt political leaders—-exposed for the world to see. 

And if the American military doesn’t clean some clocks for this, then we can add them to the “Worthless and Useless List” along with the banks that rob their customers and the governments that prey upon the people they are supposed to protect.

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See this article and over 1300 others on Anna’s website here: www.annavonreitz.com

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The Benefits of Mindfulness Meditation for Teens

(Julie K. Jones, Ph.D., LPC) Life is a lot more complicated for teenagers than most adults give them credit for. Many teenagers are balancing schoolwork with part-time jobs, sports, and an active social life. There are plenty of studies out there that have found teenagers are even more stressed out than adults. And it’s a growing […]

The post The Benefits of Mindfulness Meditation for Teens appeared on Stillness in the Storm.

Benjamin Fulford 12-17-18… “Secret head of world finance, Cardinal Pell, fired and big changes coming”

New weekly report from Ben.

“Last week Cardinal George Pell was found guilty of sexually abusing children by an Australian court and was subsequently fired by Pope Francis because he was “elderly.”… This is huge news in the secret world of finance, because Pell was the person in charge of financial matters at the Vatican and thus was a secret controller of most world government leaders, P2 Freemason and CIA sources say.

“…the removal of the head of this secret control system will have huge repercussions for world finance and politics, depending on who is selected to replace him, and also depending on whether or not this secret system will be allowed to continue.

“With this caveat in mind (i.e., only one source), here some excerpts from a statement by the soon-to-be-appointed new committee head: “The 13 ruling bloodlines and I have had enough of this world and the minions charged with its curation. All Sovereign Heads of State and all respective governments fired. Ordo ab Chao.””

—————————————————————————

Secret head of world finance, Cardinal Pell, fired and big changes coming
By Benjamin Fulford, White Dragon Society, December 17, 2018

Last week Cardinal George Pell was found guilty of sexually abusing children by an Australian court and was subsequently fired by Pope Francis because he was “elderly.”
https://www.americamagazine.org/faith/2018/12/12/cardinal-pell-top-advisor-pope-francis-found-guilty-historical-sexual-offenses

This is huge news in the secret world of finance, because Pell was the person in charge of financial matters at the Vatican and thus was a secret controller of most world government leaders, P2 Freemason and CIA sources say. This is because when most world rulers take power, they get a visit from an official of the Vatican Bank who hands them a bank book with an astronomical number written in it (a billion dollars or more for big countries; less for smaller countries). They are then told, “Welcome to the world of the rich,” and are gently reminded that if they refuse to accept the money they will be “removed.”

This is the choice of silver or lead that has allowed the Vatican P2 Freemason Lodge, run by descendants of the Caesars, to secretly rule most world governments. The 200 leaders who last week affirmed the fraudulent “carbon causes global warming” agreement are all slaves of this system, P2 Freemason and CIA sources agree.
https://www.vox.com/energy-and-environment/2018/12/14/18139402/cop24-climate-change-katowice-poland

Thus, the removal of the head of this secret control system will have huge repercussions for world finance and politics, depending on who is selected to replace him, and also depending on whether or not this secret system will be allowed to continue.

On that front, another huge news item (still not fully confirmed because it only comes from one royal family source) is that a new head of the Committee of 300, the secret government of the 13 ruling bloodline families, will take power next year. This means Queen Elizabeth will be handing the committee reins to a younger person (hint: not Charles and not William).

With this caveat in mind (i.e., only one source), here some excerpts from a statement by the soon-to-be-appointed new committee head: “The 13 ruling bloodlines and I have had enough of this world and the minions charged with its curation. All Sovereign Heads of State and all respective governments fired. Ordo ab Chao.”

The source also said, “Sir Alexander Younger at MI6 is already briefed, along with the Queen in London and the Emperor in Tokyo,” about this development.

The statement further read that, “The Habsburg dynasty and spin-offs—most criminally psychopathic—have…

The remainder of this article is only available to members of BenjaminFulford.net
Please Log In or Register to create an account

Secret head of world finance, Cardinal Pell, fired and big changes coming

Last week Cardinal George Pell was found guilty of sexually abusing children by an Australian court and was subsequently fired by Pope Francis because he was “elderly.”
https://www.americamagazine.org/faith/2018/12/12/cardinal-pell-top-advisor-pope-francis-found-guilty-historical-sexual-offenses

This is huge news in the secret world of finance, because Pell was the person in charge of financial matters at the Vatican and thus was a secret controller of most world government leaders, P2 Freemason and CIA sources say.  This is because when most world rulers take power, they get a visit from an official of the Vatican Bank who hands them a bank book with an astronomical number written in it (a billion dollars or more for big countries;  less for smaller countries).  They are then told, “Welcome to the world of the rich,” and are gently reminded that if they refuse to accept the money they will be “removed.”

This is the choice of silver or lead that has allowed the Vatican P2 Freemason Lodge, run by descendants of the Caesars, to secretly rule most world governments.  The 200 leaders who last week affirmed the fraudulent “carbon causes global warming” agreement are all slaves of this system, P2 Freemason and CIA sources agree.
https://www.vox.com/energy-and-environment/2018/12/14/18139402/cop24-climate-change-katowice-poland

Thus, the removal of the head of this secret control system will have huge repercussions for world finance and politics, depending on who is selected to replace him, and also depending on whether or not this secret system will be allowed to continue.

On that front, another huge news item (still not fully confirmed because it only comes from one royal family source) is that a new head of the Committee of 300, the secret government of the 13 ruling bloodline families, will take power next year.  This means Queen Elizabeth will be handing the committee reins to a younger person (hint:  not Charles and not William).

With this caveat in mind (i.e., only one source), here some excerpts from a statement by the soon-to-be-appointed new committee head:  “The 13 ruling bloodlines and I have had enough of this world and the minions charged with its curation.  All Sovereign Heads of State and all respective governments fired.  Ordo ab Chao.

The source also said, “Sir Alexander Younger at MI6 is already briefed, along with the Queen in London and the Emperor in Tokyo,” about this development.

The statement further read that, “The Habsburg dynasty and spin-offs—most criminally psychopathic—have …

The remainder of this article is only available to members of BenjaminFulford.net
Please Log In or Register to create an account.

The post Secret head of world finance, Cardinal Pell, fired and big changes coming appeared first on Weekly Geo-Political News and Analysis.

Blossom Goodchild – December 15, 2018… “We are rewiring (on top of everything else)”

[Re-posting because I forgot the title.]

Someone connected me with this, via Ron Head’s posting of this), and I felt it described many of the “deals” that are going on with many of us at the moment.

“What we would like people to understand is that these intense Energies affect different people at different times, depending on what is needed to be reconciled. These new Energies fluctuate within the ‘Soulself Energies’ of the individual as they ‘figure out’ what is required, in order to bring about balance within the Higher Vibrational frequency that the body and therefore, everything else within the self, is moving into.

“[Question] So, we are rewiring, on top of everything else, now?… Indeed… Meaning that the Higher Energies are structurally ‘changing’ your makeup. Hence, as we spoke of the many that are FEELING this so much on a physical level… The Heart is especially being ‘re-conditioned’.

“There is a deeper KNOWING coming from within. Most can certainly nod their heads at this remark. It is in itself, unexplainable in your words. Yet, that KNOWING that we speak of is letting itself be KNOWN more and more. It is purely by FEELING this within oneself, that the recognition of KNOWING is becoming stronger.

“One can now experience the Higher Light of themselves and begin to KNOW it as a general ONENESS… you are now within a satisfactory Vibratory ‘place’ that enables one to use them for the Highest Good of all.”

—————————————————–

Blossom Goodchild – December 15, 2018

Welcome! I am looking forward to today’s conversation. May I quickly begin with the Triple Energy thing? I have come across a few (Me, being one) who have had complete meltdowns (From circumstances presented) that seem to affect the ‘BEING’ in a much deeper, profound way than usual. Is this because of the Triple Energy?

Good morning to you and all Beings of Pure Light that come upon these words. What we would like people to understand is that these intense Energies affect different people at different times, depending on what is needed to be reconciled. These new Energies fluctuate within the ‘Soulself Energies’ of the individual as they ‘figure out’ what is required, in order to bring about balance within the Higher Vibrational frequency that the body and therefore, everything else within the self, is moving into.

Phew! What a long sentence!

So indeed, some will feel as you have and others will feel this at some point, or maybe not at all … depending on the rewiring that the new Coding is bringing forth.

So, we are rewiring, on top of everything else, now?

Indeed.

Meaning what exactly?

Meaning that the Higher Energies are structurally ‘changing’ your makeup. Hence, as we spoke of the many that are FEELING this so much on a physical level.

My Heart has been going insane! I am TRYING to recognize it as activation as opposed to anxiety!

The Heart is especially being ‘re-conditioned’. For the Heart is the soul centre of the self. In that, we mean, the Heart is being upgraded and it is ‘conditioning’ itself to the Higher Energy OF itself and its workings. Therefore, the Heart indeed is … feeling /experiencing … the Tripled Energy as the base from which the Energies are flowing within.

There is so much one is realigning themselves with … and yet, it is happening all by itself.

There is a deeper KNOWING coming from within. Most can certainly nod their heads at this remark. It is in itself, unexplainable in your words. Yet, that KNOWING that we speak of is letting itself be KNOWN more and more. It is purely by FEELING this within oneself, that the recognition of KNOWING is becoming stronger.

The basis of this Knowledge is part of your inherent makeup. Therefore, it is always part of you. Always within you. The levels to which it exceeds move beyond time and space. Although, you yourselves, as Human Beings in a Human experience, are working within the realms of time and space.

Many, maybe experiencing ‘snippets’ of unusual visuals, or, ‘simply’ FEELING more in tune with the goings on of these Higher workings.

One can now experience the Higher Light of themselves and begin to KNOW it as a general ONENESS. For indeed, as these Energies continue to flow through … they connect one another through the Coding that corresponds with the ‘like-minded’.

THIS CONNECTION … THIS BOND … STRENGTHENS THE VERY MATTER OF WHO YOU ARE … and as one allows this connection to BE … it, in turn, ripples out and assists in raising the Coded level of understanding such things … to those who have no idea … of/about … any such things.

These Codes seem very prominent in discussion at the moment?

Because, Dearest Blossom, Dearest souls … you are now within a satisfactory Vibratory ‘place’ that enables one to use them for the Highest Good of all.

Without even understanding what ON EARTH they are all about!

There is no need for you to understand. The greatest mathematicians of ‘YOUR WORLD’ could not keep up with their ever-changing format.

Yet, mathematicians from other worlds can?

The Codes are a design. They work for themselves.

It’s rather mind-blowing. To think that everything is a Code.

And yet, it is … the format/ the make-up … of ALL that is.

I thought you were going to say ‘of your Planet’. Really? EVERYTHING THAT IS … IS CODED?

Indeed. Energy itself, in its Purest form … Energy itself in ALL THAT IT IS … is LOVE ENERGY.

The Codes that are … instilled /installed … within this Energy allows the Energy to find that which it is desiring to be, at any one given time.

Yet, and here’s a humdinger … Who invented or programmed the Codes in the first place?

The Divinity of ALL THERE IS. The Divine Source Energy is EVERYTHING.

Ok. So, does the Divine Source Energy have a brain? As ridiculous as that sounds?

No … we smile! Not in the way that you think a brain functions.

We can only put it to you in the sense that … this Energy had the desire to explore itself.

It was … AS IS. Pure Energy … Being there.

Being where?

Everywhere and Nowhere. And no, we are not talking in riddles. This is the only way to explain it.

Ok, let’s TRY and continue.

The Coding phenomenon developed out of a desire to BECOME.

Become what?

Anything and Everything … rather than just BEING ITSELF IN THE FORM OF ALL OF ITSELF … IN PURE LOVE.

Yep, I could see one would get a little lonely and bored!

You say that in jest. Yet, in Truth … you have hit the nail on the head!

There was a need to BECOME … EVERYTHING … and from that desire … Life itself was ‘born’.

I didn’t know if you were going to say ‘born’ or ‘created’.

Is it not the same thing?

I guess so. So, what came first the chicken or the egg? I.e. The Coding or Life?

You are TRULY ready to push your boundaries.

Well, in for a penny, in for a pound, these days … Caution to the wind and all that!

Are you ready? … … … The Coding created Life.

Woah! So, we are just one big barcode! Here goes … HOW?

By devising numerically, that which, Energy … of the Extreme Highest level/at the extreme Highest level … you understand that … would conduct a form of this Energy into Life itself.

We would add to that … that LOVE ENERGY in its SUPREMACY was already LIFE itself. Yet … not in … form/format. It needed format to become ‘visible, would we say. Although, we are unable to fully express the working of.

Once Codes were ‘working for themselves’ … …

Hold on. Can I just stop you there? How do they work for themselves?

By instructing them to do so …

Who instructed them?

The desire to Become …

Ok. I’ll keep with the flow …

Once they became a validated working programme … and let us remember here … this is Divine Programming …

Meaning what?

Meaning ‘Faultless’ … They were then able to manipulate ‘themselves’ into … Anything and Everything …

So, at this stage, we would be best to leave your minds to settle with that one. For, to get from that which we have just explained … to that of you, sitting in your chair communicating with us … all by Coding … may tend to …

Blow my brains out?

Possibly!

Far out! And yet, in a way, it actually makes no difference … knowing I was born through a mathematical compilation in my original format as a Human Being, once upon a time. At the end of the day … I have come to accept that I AM LOVE … every part of me … everything that is … is Love … and if ‘numerical format’ was the creation that burst forth in order to express and experience this Love … So be it. It is interesting. Yet, not really necessary to have to understand. And I say that with the GREATEST OF RESPECT for sharing that knowledge with us!! Indeed I do!!

You are correct. We feel this session is complete for this time.

I feel the same. Tickety Boo! I guess so many of us are now of an understanding that can assist us in understanding so much more … Although, I don’t really understand it … do you understand what I am saying? (Grin!)

We do.

In Gratitude … In Loving service … I AM!

‘No Wall In Any Form’: Govt Shutdown Odds Explode Amid Trump-Schumer Standoff

By Tyler Durden | 16 December 2018

ZERO HEDGE — With a potential government shutdown just days away, Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer (NY) dug in on Sunday, telling Meet The Press that President Trump is “not going to get the wall in any form.”

Last Tuesday Trump, Schumer and House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) clashed over Trump’s $5 billion demand for border wall funding in an awkwardly televised argument in the Oval Office, prompting Schumer to later declare on the Senate Floor: “I want to be crystal clear. There will be no additional appropriations to pay for the border wall. It’s done.

The New York Democrat echoed his comments on Meet The Press Sunday, telling host Chuck Todd that Trump doesn’t have the votes in the House or the Senate – saying that the president is having a “temper tantrum” over the wall. […]

An Extra $500 a Month? 100 California Residents to be Selected for Basic Income Pilot Program

By Carlos Correa | 12 December 2018

CBS — A special letter mail carriers are delivering to hundreds of homes in Stockton will hopefully bring a little financial relief in the New Year.

The money is part of the city’s basic income pilot program. Stockton is the first city in the country to launch it.

The letter 1,200 people will be receiving over the next few days does not mean people will automatically receive money but it brings them closer to potentially being selected. … Stockton Economic Empowerment Demonstration program (SEED) is sending letters to people who may be eligible to get $500 a month with no strings attached. …

A team of independent researchers will pick 100 people to receive the money.  The purpose is to study how an extra $500 a month impacts people’s health and stress level. Researchers are also looking to see if people feel financially secure. […]


Winter Watch Editor’s Note: The population of Stockton, California, is 40.9% Hispanic, 21.1% Asian, and 20.9% White. 45% of the people in Stockton, CA speak a non-English language, and 87.1% are U.S. citizens. Stockton has a population of 307,057 people with a median age of 32.5 and a median household income of $49,271.

Does fasting burn muscle?

By  in Intermittent fasting

Involuntary periodic starvation or its voluntary counterpart, fasting, have been part of human nature since the beginning of time. Until relatively recently, food was not always available. To survive, early humans needed to store food energy as body fat to survive the hard times. If we did not have an efficient storage and retrieval method of food energy, we would have died long ago.

After food availability became more reliable, most human cultures and religions specified prescribed voluntary periods of fasting. For example, Jesus was said to have fasted for 40 days and 40 nights, and many subsequent followers have undertaken this themselves without significant health damage. Many Muslims fast during the holy month of Ramadan, and also regularly twice a week during the rest of the year. Fasting was considered a cleansing procedure without any connotation of harmful muscle burning.

The repeated feeding-fasting cycles did not seem to have any detrimental effect on muscle mass. Descriptions of traditional societies such as the Native Americans or Inuit or tribesmen in Africa suggest they were lively and energetic, not emaciated and weak. Descriptions of modern followers of the Greek Orthodox Church, with its many days of fasting do not include portrayals of lethargy and weakness. It is virtually impossible that humans were designed to store food energy as body fat, but when food was not available, we burn muscle. This would mean that all peoples up to the 20thcentury following this feast-famine cycle either through periodic starvation or fasting would be almost pure fat. Instead, they were lean and strong.

ADF-MuscleMass1-1

Recent clinical evidence bears out the fact that repeated fasting does not cause muscle loss. In a 2010 study of alternate daily fasting, patients were able to lose significant fat mass with no change in lean mass. In this schedule, subjects eat normally on feeding days, and alternate that with a day of fasting. In addition, numerous metabolic benefits, such as reduced cholesterol, triglycerides and waist circumference were noted along with the weight loss.

more recent 2016 study compares a strategy of intermittent fasting with daily calorie restriction – the conventional method of weight loss suggested by most health professionals. While both groups lost a comparable amount of weight, the intermittent fasting group lost only 1.2 kg of lean mass compared to 1.6 kg in the calorie restriction group. Comparing the percentage increase in lean mass, the fasting group increased by 2.2% compared to 0.5% in the calorie restriction group, implying that fasting may be up to 4 times better at preserving lean mass according to this measure. Importantly, the fasting group lost more than double the amount of the more dangerous visceral fat

The same study showed that some other important benefits, too. Chronic calorie restriction reduced basal metabolic rate, where intermittent fasting did not. Because fasting induces the counter-regulatory hormones, where chronic calorie restriction does not, the body is switching fuel sources, rather than shutting itself down. Further, chronic calorie restriction increases ghrelin, the hunger hormone, where fasting did not. If you are less hungry with fasting compared to CR, you are more likely to stick to the diet. Both of these are overwhelming advantages for weight loss.

Catenacci1-1

Despite the concerns that fasting may cause loss of muscle, the long human experience as well as human clinical trials show the exact opposite. Intermittent fasting seems to preserve lean tissue better than convention weight loss methods. Thinking again about gluconeogenesis, at first glance, this seems counterintuitive. If intermittent fasting causes gluconeogenesis (turning protein into glucose) how can it possibly be better at preserving muscle? Part of the answer lies in the fact that gluconeogenesis does not start until approximately 24 hours after the last meal. The other part of the answer lies in the hormonal adaptation to fasting – the counter regulatory surge.

Counter-regulatory hormones

During fasting, insulin falls and in response, other hormones, called counter-regulatory hormones, increase. This name is derived from the fact that these hormones run counter, or opposite to insulin. As insulin goes up, these counter-regulatory hormones go down. When insulin goes down, these hormones go up.

The effect on glucose metabolism is also opposite to one another. Where insulin drops blood glucose by encouraging storage of food energy, counter-regulatory hormones encourage the use of stored food energy and an increase in blood glucose. Insulin pushes the body towards storage of glucose and body fat, and counter regulatory hormones push the body toward usage of glucose and body fat.

The main counter-regulatory hormones are the activation of the sympathetic nervous system, adrenalin and noradrenalin, cortisol and growth hormone. The sympathetic nervous system controls the so-called ‘fight or flight’ response. For example, if you are suddenly face with a hungry lion, your body activates the sympathetic nervous system in order to prepare your body to fight or to run really, really fast.

Your pupils dilate, your heart rate increases, and your body pushes glucose out into the blood for use as a ready source of energy. This is an extreme example, but a milder form of sympathetic nervous system activation happens during the early fasting period. The hormones cortisol, adrenalin and noradrenalin are released into the blood as part of the general activation of the body for action.

Contrary to many people’s expectations, fasting, even for prolonged periods of time does not cause the body to shut down, but rather to ramp up and get ready for action. This is due to the energizing effect of these counter-regulatory hormones. Even up to 4 days of fasting results in an increase in resting energy expenditure (or basal metabolic rate). This is the energy used for generating body heat, by the brain, heart, liver, kidneys and other organs. When measuring the energy used for metabolism, studies show that after four days of fasting the body is using 10% more energy than at the beginning of the fasting period. Most people mistakenly believe that the body shuts down during fasting, but the opposite is true. Fasting does not make people tired, it gives them more energy.

During fasting, the body is merely switching fuel sources from food to stored food energy, also known as body fat. Imagine we are cave men and women. It’s winter and food is scarce. We haven’t eaten for 4 days. If our body begins to shut down, then it will be even harder to find and hunt for food. We would fall into a vicious cycle. Every day we don’t eat means that it is that much harder to get the energy to hunt or gather. As each day passes, our chance of survival progressively worsens. The human species would not have survived. Our bodies are simply not that stupid.

Instead, our body switches fuel sources and then pumps us full of energy, so that we have enough energy to go and find food. Basal metabolism increases, we increase sympathetic tone, and increase noradrenalin so that we can hunt. The VO2, a measure of the metabolic rate at rest, increases in conjunction.

The other noteworthy counter-regulatory hormone that increases significantly during fasting periods is growth hormone. Studies show that fasting for 1 day increases growth hormone by 2-3 times. Growth hormone secretion continues to increase even up to 5 days of full fasting. At first, this seems counter-intuitive. Why would we want to increase growth at a time where we are not eating?After all, growth hormone does exactly what the name implies. It tells the tissues of the body to growth bigger and taller. If there are no nutrients available, why grow?

The answer is found by following our body through the entire feeding-fasting cycle. When we eat, glucose and amino acids are absorbed and transported to the liver. Insulin is secreted, telling the body to store the incoming food energy (calories). This is the fed state. Glucose is used by all the tissues of the body and the rest is stored in the liver as glycogen.

Blood glucose begins to fall several hours after a meal, leading to a decrease in insulin secretion and signaling the start of the fasted state. As described above, the body goes through a predictable set of adaptations to fasting or starvation. Liver glycogen is mobilized and broken down to individual glucose for energy. Gluconeogenesis transforms some proteins into glucose. The body begins to shift from glucose metabolism to fat metabolism. During this time growth hormone is increasing, but no proteins are being synthesized because insulin and mTOR levels are low. So little growth is actually happening, despite the high GH levels.

Once you eat, or break the fast, the body goes into the fed state once again. After a long fast, growth hormone is high and because amino acids are now plentiful after the meal, our body rebuilds all the necessary proteins to replace those that were broken down. Insulin stimulates protein synthesis. So, now, in the refed state, the body has high insulin, high growth hormone, amino acids, and glucose for energy – all the components it needs to build or rebuild protein. This process, just as with autophagy, represents a renewal process, as the body breaks down unnecessary protein preferentially, and rebuilds the most necessary ones. Fasting in this sense, rejuvenates the lean tissues.

FastingObesevsLean3

Under conditions of fasting, the body has several priorities. The first priority is to maintain sufficient glucose for normal brain functioning. Glucose requirements are substantially lowered as the liver and muscles switch to fatty acids, and the brain switches to ketones. Some of the glycerol from fatty acids are able to be converted to glucose, but there is a limited amount. The rest must be delivered by gluconeogenesis, so there is still a small amount of protein breakdown. However, this protein is not specifically muscle cells. Instead, the proteins that turn over the most rapidly are the first proteins to be catabolized for glucose. This includes the skin and intestinal lining. In over five years at my Intensive Dietary Management program (www.IDMprogram.com), which uses therapeutic fasting for weight loss, he has not yet referred a patient for skin removal surgery despite patients losing over a hundred pounds. Immune cells also have a high turnover, and may be reduced, accounting for some of the anti-inflammatory effect seen clinically. Muscle cells, which turn over infrequently, are relatively spared. Overall, protein catabolism drops from approximately 75 g/day to only 10-20 grams per day. This preserves protein during prolonged starvation.

But, is this low level of protein breakdown a bad thing? Not necessarily. If you compare a lean person to an obese one, it is estimated that the obese person contains 50% more protein. All the excess skin, connective tissue holding up the fat cells, blood vessels to supply the extra bulk etc is all made up of connective tissue. Consider a picture of a survivor of a Japanese prisoner of war camp in World War II. Is there any excess skin on that body? No, all this extra protein has been burned for energy, or to maintain more important functions.

FastingObeseVsLean

This may be the power of autophagy, the cellular recycling system that powerfully influences health. During fasting, which necessarily includes protein deprivation, the nutrient sensor mTOR is reduced, which stimulates the body to break down old, dysfunctional subcellular parts. Upon refeeding, the body build new protein to replace the old in a complete renovation cycle. Instead of keeping old parts around, you are newly synthesized ones. Replacing old parts with new ones is an anti-aging process.

More importantly, many age-related diseases are characterized by excessive growth, not just of fat, but also protein. Alzheimers’ disease, for example is characterized by the excessive accumulation of protein in the brain that blocks proper signaling. Cancer is excessive growth of many things, but including many types of proteins.

There is a significant difference in protein metabolism between lean and obese subjects. During prolonged fasting, obese subjects burn 2-3 times less protein is 2 to 3-fold compared to lean subjects. This makes perfect sense. If people have more fat to burn, their bodies will use more of it. If there is less fat, people will be forced to rely on protein. This holds true not only for humans, but also animals. Over 100 years ago, it was shown that the proportion of energy derived from protein was lower in animals with more body fat (mammals, geese) compared to lean animals (rodents, dogs). If you have more fat, you’ll use it. Thus, while obese subjects have more overall protein, they will lose it at a slower rate compared to lean.

A person with a Body Mass Index of 20 (borderline underweight) will derive almost 40% of energy needs during prolonged fasting from protein. Compare that to a person with a Body Mass Index of 50 (morbidly obese) who may only derive 5% of energy from protein stores. Once again this demonstrates our body’s inherent ability to survive. If we have stores of body fat, we use them. If we don’t have those stores, we don’t.

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Exactly how much protein is needed during fasting really depends upon the underlying condition. If you are obese, then fasting is very beneficial and you will burn much more fat than protein. If you are quite lean, then fasting may not be so beneficial, as you will burn more protein. This seems rather obvious, but our body is really quite a bit smarter than we give it credit for. It can handle itself during feeding, and during fasting. How exactly the body is able to make this adjustment is currently unknown.

During prolonged fasting, fat oxidation accounts for approximately 94% of energy expenditure in obese subjects, compared to only 78% in lean subjects. Protein oxidation accounts for the remainder of the energy, since there is almost no carbohydrate stores left in the body after the first 24 hours or so.

There are other differences between lean and obese subjects, too. Lean subjects increase their ketone production much quicker than obese. This is easily understood. Since lean subjects burn a proportionally higher amount of protein, they switch over the fat metabolism much sooner than obese subjects, which will have the effect of sparing protein.


Dr. Jason Fung

Source: https://www.dietdoctor.com