Bracing for war? NATO to establish network of “military corridors” across Europe –

Plans are actively in motion to establish a comprehensive network of “military corridors” spanning Europe.

The primary objective is to overcome the intricate regulatory challenges that currently hinder the smooth exchange of equipment and personnel among NATO member nations. This initiative gains significance in the context of preparing for potential major conflicts, particularly with Russia.

Lieutenant-General Alexander Sollfrank, NATO’s European logistics chief, has been a proponent of this idea since November. He urged regional countries to collaborate and create zones that would facilitate the rapid and efficient movement of troops and ammunition during critical situations. (Related: NATO holds massive military exercise to prepare for planned escalation of war with Russia.)

The need for such military corridors arises from the complex web of regulations within the European Union (EU), which has presented a substantial obstacle for NATO planners. The convoluted processes involved in cross-border exercises often require extensive paperwork, leading to potential delays in military responses during crises.

Discussions on the establishment of these corridors are actively underway, and there is an expectation that concrete outcomes may be announced before NATO’s upcoming summit in July. The aim is to streamline the exchange of critical resources and personnel, enabling a more efficient and coordinated response in the face of potential security threats.

Sollfrank emphasized the urgency of starting this initiative without delay, urging member nations to proactively address and minimize bureaucratic impediments.

The objective is to “reduce or adapt the red tape” wherever possible to ensure swift and effective military cooperation.

Sollfrank pointed out specific instances, such as restrictions on paratroopers using parachutes from other member states, where unnecessary barriers exist. He stressed that, unless there are genuine technical or security concerns, such impediments should be eliminated.

While there is a shared acknowledgment among military leaders regarding the need for military corridors, challenges remain.

Lieutenant General Jan-Willem Maas, head of the Defense Support Command for the Dutch armed forces, stressed that there is still much preparation needed before the envisioned network becomes fully operational.

Push for military corridors coincides with NATO’s most extensive military drills in decades

On Tuesday, Jan. 30, Germany, the Netherlands and Poland inked an agreement aimed at streamlining bureaucratic hurdles that impede the rapid cross-border movement of troops and weaponry along a key corridor from the North Sea to NATO’s eastern flank.

This development comes as a response to the heightened preparations by NATO and the EU following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in 2022, with an anticipation of potential military conflicts with Moscow.

In the event of such a conflict, NATO allies, including the U.S., are expected to deploy significant military reinforcements through North Sea ports, traversing Germany and Poland to reach the eastern front.

Currently, NATO is engaged in its most extensive military drills since the end of the Cold War, known as Steadfast Defender 2024, involving approximately 90,000 troops.

Addressing the importance of facilitating swift military deployments, Dutch Defense Minister Kajsa Ollongren emphasized the necessity of having operational conditions in place before the outbreak of any potential conflict.

The geographical reality dictates the need for rapid movement from the Netherlands through Germany to Poland, underscoring the significance of the signed letter of intent for closer cooperation in military mobility—a project that is open to additional partners, according to the EU.

NATO has consistently highlighted the issue of excessive red tape hindering troop movements across Europe, which could result in significant delays during a potential conflict with Russia.

Sollfrank has stressed the urgency, stating that tasks not completed in peacetime will not be ready in the event of a crisis or war.

Challenges include navigating diverse regulations, ranging from advance-notice requirements for ammunition shipments to permissible convoy lengths for military movements. The cooperative agreement among Germany, the Netherlands and Poland represents a concerted effort to address these challenges and enhance the alliance’s preparedness.

Watch this video about the start of NATO’s largest military exercise since the Cold War.

This video is from the Puretrauma357 channel on

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NATO running out of weapons for Ukraine: “bottom of the barrel” now visible.

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Elon Musk’s brain chip implant company fined for violating U.S. hazardous material transport rules –

Elon Musk’s brain chip implant company fined for violating U.S. hazardous material transport rules

Elon Musk’s brain implant company Neuralink was fined for violating the Department of Transportation‘s (DOT) rules regarding the movement of hazardous materials, according to records from the federal agency reviewed by Reuters.

During inspections of the company’s facilities in Texas and California in February 2023, DOT investigators found the company had failed to register itself as a transporter of hazardous material, the agency’s records show.

They also found improper packaging of hazardous waste, including the flammable liquid Xylene. Xylene can cause headaches, dizziness, confusion, loss of muscle coordination and even death, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (Related: Brain CONTROL: Musk’s neurotechnology company Neuralink looking for brain implant trial volunteers.)

DOT fined the company a total of $2,480, an amount lower than what was initially assessed because the company agreed to fix the problems, the records show.

Reuters reviewed the records detailing the violations from the Physicians Committee of Responsible Medicine (PCRM), an advocacy group that opposes the use of animals in medical research. PCRM obtained the documents through an open records request.

The records do not say why Neuralink would need to transport hazardous materials or whether any harm resulted from the violations.

Neuralink received U.S. Food and Drug Administration clearance last year for its first trial to test the company’s implant in humans, a critical milestone for the startup. Reuters reported in June that the company was valued as high as $5 billion, based on private stock trades.

Neuralink announced in September that the trial opens new tab and will evaluate the safety of its implant for enabling people with paralysis to control external devices with their thoughts.

During the study, a robot developed by the company will surgically place the implants’ “ultra-fine” threads that help transmit signals in participants’ brains, the company said.

The DOT inquiry was launched last year after Reuters reported that Neuralink employees made internal complaints about animal experiments being rushed, causing needless suffering and deaths.

Neuralink’s experiments killing hundreds of animal test subjects

Neuralink, which aims to develop a brain chip implant that it claims one day could help paralyzed people walk and blind people see, has been testing its technology on animals, killing some 1,500 since 2018 — employee whistleblowers have said the experiments are going horribly wrong.

In a 2019 incident, a Neuralink surgeon used a sealant to close holes drilled into a monkey’s skull that had not been approved by the animal research oversight panel, according to emails and public records obtained by the Physicians Committee of Responsible Medicine (PCRM), an animal-welfare advocacy group.

The complaint that triggered an inspection was in February 2022 by PCRM against Neuralink and the University of California, Davis, which was collaborating with the company at the time. It alleged the company carried out deadly experiments on 23 monkeys between 2017 and 2020.

Since then, the U.S. Department of Agriculture‘s Office of the Inspector General, at the request of a federal prosecutor, has been investigating potential animal welfare violations amid internal Neuralink employee complaints about its animal testing experiments.

Through interviews and internal documents spanning several years, Reuters identified four experiments involving 86 pigs and two monkeys that were marred by human errors. The mistakes weakened the experiments’ research value and required the tests to be repeated, leading to more animals being killed.

“Neuralink’s violations once again reveal the company’s sloppy, unsafe practices,” said Ryan Merkley, PCRM’s director of research advocacy.

PCRM had written to DOT last year to say that in 2019, Neuralink may have transported brain implants used in its monkey experiments without proper containment measures. The implants may have been contaminated with antibiotic-resistant staphylococcus and herpes B virus, the group said.

DOT found no evidence that Neuralink had shipped anything containing an infectious substance, according to the new records reviewed by Reuters.

Visit for more news about the dangers of new technologies.

Watch this video explaining the terrifying realities of brain chip implants.

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FDA approves Elon Musk’s Neuralink brain implants that seek to CONTROL the human mind.

Elon Musk’s Neuralink to implant its experimental brain chips on at least 11 volunteers in 2024.

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Security warning and travel advisory issued by U.S. Embassy in the Bahamas following 18 murders reported in January –

Security warning and travel advisory issued by U.S. Embassy in the Bahamas following 18 murders reported in January

The U.S. Embassy in the Bahamas has released a security warning and travel advisory that the island nation is currently unsafe for American tourists after 18 murders primarily motivated by gang violence were reported in January.

The U.S. Embassy in the Bahamian capital of Nassau warned that safety concerns in the island nation have reached a point of severity where U.S. officials are warning Americans in the Bahamas to not even try to “physically resist” being robbed.

“Murders have occurred at all hours including in broad daylight in the streets,” wrote the embassy in a press release recommending the use of “extreme caution,” especially for Americans who plan to travel through the eastern side of Nassau, where most of the violence has occurred. The embassy has also warned Americans to be especially vigilant at nighttime and to “keep a low profile” always. (Related: introduces a travel safety tool with LED light, radio, cell phone charger, seatbelt cutter, glass break and more.)

In response to the rising violence, Prime Minister Philip Brave Davis said that the country will be instituting roadblocks and deploying more cover police officers around high crime areas to contain the crisis.

“This [the roadblocks] may make you late for your appointments, or delay plans you have, but this is a small price to pay for the collective benefit of having our streets made safer, and our lives less blighted by murder and other violent crimes,” said Davis.

Bahamian government pushes back against U.S. travel advisory, claims country is “safe and welcoming”

The Bahamian government insists the island nation remains safe for U.S. tourists despite the American embassy’s travel warnings.

“The Government of the Bahamas is alert, attentive and proactive to ensure that the Bahamas remains a safe and welcoming destination,” noted the Office of the Prime Minister in a statement released on Tuesday, Jan. 30.

Along with installing roadblocks and deploying more undercover police officers, Davis noted that the government is implementing a “robust and innovative crime prevention strategy” involving other “rigorous steps to maintain our well-earned reputation.”

Other steps Davis’s government is taking is to provide more resources for police, upgrading public surveillance cameras with facial recognition technology, giving police officers additional training and implementing a zero-tolerance policy for firearm possession.

Chief Superintendent Chrislyn Skippings of the Royal Bahamas Police Force noted on Sunday, Jan. 28, that the police confiscated nine firearms and 1,500 rounds of ammunition during one week’s worth of crime roundups.

In a statement, Davis said that the recent murders “do not reflect general safety in the Bahamas, a country of 16 tourism destinations and many more islands.”

The U.S. State Department currently has the Bahamas on a Level 2 advisory status for American travelers, which means U.S. citizens heading to the Bahamas are urged to “exercise increased caution.” The Bahamas has been at Level 2 since 2022, an improvement from 2020 when the nation was at various times assigned Level 3 – “rethink travel” – and Level 4 – “do not travel” – status due to the Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

Visit for similar stories involving crime and violence.

Watch this video suggesting tips for how to travel during the holidays.

This video is from the Daily Videos channel at

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MORE WAR CRIMES: Israeli soldiers dressed up as fake MEDICS to kill Palestinian patients at hospital in West Bank –

MORE WAR CRIMES: Israeli soldiers dressed up as fake MEDICS to kill Palestinian patients at hospital in West Bank

Israel Defense Forces (IDF) soldiers were caught committing more war crimes this week at Ibn Sina Hospital in Jenin, West Bank.

Dozens of Israeli soldiers disguised as doctors, patients and other Palestinian civilians stormed the medical facility with assault rifles and proceeded to kill three people.

CCTV footage confirms the raid, which was led by about a dozen Israeli soldiers. The three men killed have been named as Mohammed Jalamneh and two brothers named Basil and Mohammed al-Ghazawi.

“Israel’s crimes will not go unanswered,” said Hamas in response to the attack, adding that these latest Israeli killings of Palestinian civilians are a “continuation of the occupation’s ongoing crimes against our people from Gaza to Jenin.”

Israeli special forces disguised as Palestinian civilians and medical workers, raided the Ibn Sina Hospital in Jenin, reportedly killing three Palestinians.

The raid took place early on Tuesday inside the Ibn Sina hospital in Jenin in the occupied West Bank

— Middle East Eye (@MiddleEastEye) January 30, 2024

(Related: Unless Congress agrees to send billions more U.S. tax dollars to Israel and Ukraine, Biden will never secure America’s southern border with Mexico.)

Ruthless civilian killings

Israeli media reported that the raid took about 10 minutes and occurred in the early morning on Tuesday at 5:30 am. As part of his disguise, at least one of the Israeli soldiers was speaking Arabic during the raid.

The Israeli military is claiming that one of the three deceased was a member of Hamas.

Large parts of Ibn Sina Hospital are now in ruins with beds overturned and blood stains all over the floor and atop medical equipment.

According to Tawfiq al-Shoubaki, the hospital’s medical director, some of the Israeli commandos who led the raid were dressed as nurses. Their weapons were disguised until the moment they entered the hospital and started firing them, he added.

At the time when he was killed, Basil al-Ghazawi was receiving treatment for wounds he sustained on October 25 following a missile explosion in the Jenin cemetery.

“No gunshots were heard during their storming of the wounded man’s room,” al-Shoubaki said.

“They immediately withdrew after a few minutes, and the hospital staff found the three young men covered in their blood, without any indication that they were alive, and the bullets were concentrated in the head.”

These three assassinations mark a serious escalation of Israel’s evolving approach to ethnically cleansing Gaza. When missile strikes and drone bombings are not enough, IDF soldiers are now dressing up as Palestinian civilians to trick their targets.

“They [Israeli forces] used weapons fitted with silencers,” hospital director Naji Nazzal told AFP, adding that the attack took place in the hospital’s rehabilitation ward.

In a statement, the Palestinian Health Ministry denounced the attack, emphasizing that healthcare facilities have special protections under international law.

“The minister of health calls urgently on the United Nations General Assembly, international institutions and human rights organisations to end the daily string of crimes committed by the occupation [Israel] against our people and health centres,” the ministry said.

Since the start of Israel’s war on Gaza on October 7, Israeli forces have targeted Ibn Sina Hospital on several occasions. Last November, Israeli forces and tanks surrounded the facility, as well as at least three other hospitals in the area.

“Israeli forces turned up at Ibn Sina Hospital, one of the biggest in the occupied West Bank,” said an Al Jazeera correspondent. “They turned up in a raid where they asked medical staff to put their hands up and evacuate the hospital.”

The latest news about Israel’s war on Gaza can be found at

Sources for this article include:

Can This Unique Raspberry Protect Your Heart?

  • Your endothelium is the collective group of cells that line your blood vessels, representing about 1% of your body mass and a surface area of 5,000 square meters

  • The endothelium is directly involved in a number of diseases, including heart disease, diabetes and chronic kidney failure

  • Black raspberry decreases markers of inflammation and improves endothelial function, reducing risk factors of cardiovascular disease

  • Drinking green tea is associated with an increase in flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery, a measure of endothelium function

  • Pomegranate, grape seed extract and garlic are other natural compounds that support endothelial health

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Your endothelium is the collective group of cells that line your blood vessels. Representing about 1% of your body mass and a surface area of 5,000 square meters, the endothelium has been described as a “multifunctional endocrine organ strategically placed between the vessel wall and the circulating blood.”1

To put this into perspective, a single layer of endothelial cells lines the inner surface of your entire vascular system, separating your blood from the vessel wall. This “tissue-blood barrier” is semipermeable and plays a key role in regulating the transfer of molecules as well as vascular homeostasis.2

While endothelial dysfunction — an early sign of atherosclerosis3 — is a hallmark of many diseases, including cardiovascular disease, there are a host of natural options to protect your endothelium and keep it healthy.

While once regarded as a simple barrier, the endothelium is now regarded as a dynamic endocrine organ that has a major influence on human health. In the International Journal of Biological Sciences, it’s noted:4

“The endothelium was once thought of as the ‘cellophane wrapper’ of the vascular tree, with no other specific functions than affording selective permeability to water and electrolytes. However, enormous advances since the 1980’s have led to an understanding of the complex functions of this large endocrine organ. Vascular endothelial cells line the entire circulatory system, from the heart to the smallest capillaries.

These cells have very distinct and unique functions that are paramount to vascular biology. These functions include fluid filtration, such as in the glomeruli of the kidneys, blood vessel tone, hemostasis, neutrophil recruitment, and hormone trafficking.”

In addition to serving as a physical barrier, endothelial cells metabolize, synthesize and release vasoactive and other compounds that affect vascular tone, blood pressure, blood flow, coagulation, fibrinolysis, inflammation, immunological reactions and more.

“Any perturbation affecting the capacity and equilibrium of the endothelium as a physical barrier and to metabolize, synthesize and release these substances will cause endothelial dysfunction, which contributes to the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases,” according to a review in the World Journal of Cardiology.5 Further, the endothelium is directly involved in a number of diseases, including:6

  • Peripheral vascular disease

  • Stroke

  • Heart disease

  • Diabetes

  • Insulin resistance

  • Chronic kidney failure

  • Tumor growth and metastasis

  • Venous thrombosis

  • Viral infectious diseases

A healthy lifestyle, including diet and exercise, supports endothelial function,7 but so, too, do a variety of substances from nature.

  • Black raspberry — Anthocyanins, the most abundant flavonoids in black raspberries, have anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic effects, meaning they help prevent angiogenesis, which may promote cancer. In human intestinal microvascular endothelial cells and human esophageal microvascular endothelial cells, black raspberry extract had both anti-angiogenic and anti-inflammatory effects.8


    In a study on patients with metabolic syndrome, black raspberry also increased circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and improved cardiovascular risks after 12 weeks.9 Separate research, also on people with metabolic syndrome, similarly revealed that black raspberry significantly decreased inflammatory cytokines, improving vascular endothelial function.10


    Animal studies also suggest that black raspberry decreases markers of inflammation and improves endothelial function, reducing risk factors of cardiovascular disease.11 Flavonoids like those in black raspberries even alleviate the vascular endothelial barrier dysfunction that’s induced by advanced glycation end products.12


    It’s believed that metabolism of flavonoids is involved in their beneficial role in cardiovascular health, as metabolism increases flavonoids’ vascular efficacy, “resulting in a diversity of structures of varying bioactivity in human endothelial cells.”13

  • Green tea — Drinking green tea is associated with an increase in flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery, a measure of endothelium function. “The beneficial effect of green tea on endothelial function may be attributed to its high flavonoid content.


    As has been shown, epigallocatechin gallate, a major catechin in tea, acutely improves endothelial function in humans with coronary artery disease,” researchers explained in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.14


    Green tea also increases nitric oxide production by endothelial cells and may boost vascular function via anti-inflammatory pathways. According to the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology scientists:15


    “Endothelial function is of paramount importance for the proper function of the cardiovascular system, and its dysfunction is a key event in the progression of atherosclerosis. The beneficial effect of green tea on cardiovascular risk could partly be explained by the improvement of endothelial dysfunction … green tea has an acute beneficial effect on endothelial function in healthy individuals.”


    Green tea is also a rich source of quercetin. In one study of 30 men with coronary heart disease, consuming quercetin-rich polyphenol extract led to an increase in flow-mediated dilation of arteries, signaling improved endothelial health.16 It also inhibits platelet aggregation and has vasorelaxant properties that help lower blood pressure and prevent cardiac hypertrophy, in which the heart muscles thickens.

  • Black chokeberry — Black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa), known for its astringent berries, is another concentrated source of beneficial phenolic compounds, including proanthocyanidins, flavanols, anthocyanins, flavonoids and chlorogenic and caffeic acids.17


    Black chokeberry extracts significantly induce endothelial cells nitric oxide (NO) production, even at relatively low concentrations. NO plays an important role in vascular function and endothelial cell dysfunction may impair NO production, increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Writing in the Journal of Food Biochemistry, researchers explained:18


    “These in vitro results may be translated into potential future clinical applications where Aronia extracts may be used for prevention and coadjuvant treatment of cardiovascular diseases via increases in endothelial NO synthesis and related improvements in vascular functions.”

  • Grape seed extract — Grape seed extract contains antioxidant proanthocyanidins, a type of polyphenol that may also benefit endothelial function, thereby protecting heart health. Writing in the journal Nutrients, scientists from Tokyo Medical and Dental University noted:19


    “Over recent decades, endothelial function impairment has been shown to play a key role in the early stages of atherosclerosis, linking cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and chronic smoking, to endothelial dysfunction.


    Nitric oxide (NO), an endothelium-dependent relaxing factor, also plays a central role in BP [blood pressure] control. Therefore, the preservation of normal endothelial function and regulation of BP are crucial to preventing progression to CVDs.”


    In the study of middle-aged adults with prehypertension, participants received either low-dose or high-dose grape seed proanthocyanidin extract or a placebo for 12 weeks. Grape seed extract improved vascular elasticity, while high-dose grape seed extract also decreased blood pressure.20

  • Pomegranate — Due to its high polyphenol content, pomegranate acts against oxidative stress and is useful for endothelial dysfunction. Pomegranate contains antihypertensive, antiatherogenic, antihyperglycemic and anti-inflammatory compounds that protect heart health by improving endothelial function.


    In describing its protective role in endothelial dysfunction, researchers with Federal University of Espirito Santo in Vitoria, Brazil, explained:21


    “We have shown that pomegranate, or rather its components (e.g., tannins, flavonoids, phytoestrogens, anthocyanins, alkaloids, etc.), have beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system, improving parameters such as oxidative stress and the enzymatic antioxidant system, reducing reactive oxygen species formation and acting in an anti-inflammatory way.”


    Many of pomegranate’s — known as “the jewel of autumn” — beneficial polyphenols are stored in the peel, which is why pomegranate peel powder is one of my favorite supplements.


    Research shows pomegranate peel contains more than twice the amounts of antioxidants — specifically phenolics, flavonoids and proanthocyanidins — than the pulp, for instance, and has been shown to protect low-density lipoprotein against oxidation to a far greater degree than pulp.22 23


    Other research found polyphenol-rich pomegranate peel extract improved endothelial dysfunction in mice by modulating gut microbiota.24

  • Garlic — Garlic is a powerful antioxidant that may help fight reactive oxygen species (ROS) in your body. In one study, aged garlic extract reduced ROS, helping to prevent endothelial dysfunction.25 Garlic’s therapeutic properties may act synergistically to support heart health and protect against heart-related events like heart attack.


    Aged garlic extract supplementation may increase microcirculation, helping to prevent the atherosclerotic process, while a garlic-herb preparation blocked atherosclerosis progression 1.5-fold in postmenopausal women, with the benefit lasting for 12 months.26 Further, according to a review published in the journal Antioxidants:


    “Based on current research, garlic can significantly reduce the risk of atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, myocardial infarction, and ischemic stroke, thanks to the synergistic effects of its nutritional and phytochemical components.


    For example, atherosclerosis and vascular inflammation are usually accompanied with oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, and inflammatory cytokines. From a dietary approach, garlic has the potential role in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction.”


    Among garlic’s protective effects is the ability to lower blood pressure levels. Aged black garlic (ABG), which contains more antioxidants than raw garlic,27 may be particularly beneficial. While it’s unknown exactly how garlic may lower blood pressure, scientists noted that ABG extract helps improve vasodilation and levels of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), among other benefits.28

  • Fibrinolytic enzymes — The connection between enzymes and the endothelium was highlighted during the COVID-19 pandemic. Studies suggested damage to the endothelium contributed to the development of blood clots, or thrombosis, in the blood vessels of severely ill COVID-19 patients.29


    When physicians at the Yale School of Medicine began running clotting tests on their patients,30 levels of Von Willebrand factor (VWF), a clotting protein released by endothelial cells, were found to be significantly elevated, which suggested that damaged endothelial cells may be releasing large quantities of VWF, leading to clots.31


    “Our findings show that endotheliopathy is present in COVID-19 and is likely to be associated with critical illness and death. Early identification of endotheliopathy and strategies to mitigate its progression might improve outcomes in COVID-19,” the researchers concluded.32


    Under healthy conditions, blood cells can pass through the endothelium lining blood vessels, but when exposed to viral infections and other inflammatory agents, the endothelium becomes sticky and releases VWF. The end result is a cascade of clotting and inflammation, both characteristics of severe COVID-19.


    In the European Heart Journal it’s stated, “COVID-19, particularly in the later complicated stages, represents an endothelial disease.”33 This is where enzymes come in. One study reported three case studies of patients with severe COVID‐19 respiratory failure who were treated with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a serine protease enzyme found on endothelial cells that’s involved in fibrinolysis, or the breakdown of blood clots.34 All three patients benefitted from the treatment.


    Beyond COVID-19, another study involved 1,062 people with mild hyperlipidemia and/or mild atherosclerosis. They took the fibrinolytic enzyme nattokinase, which “effectively managed the progression of atherosclerosis and hyperlipidemia with a significant improvement in the lipid profile.”35


    Significant reduction in carotid artery intima-media thickness, a measure of the extent of arterial thickening related to endothelial dysfunction, was noted, with improvement rates ranging from 66.5% to 95.4%.


    When using these enzymes for fibrinolytic therapy they need to be taken on an empty stomach, at least one hour before or two hours after meals. Lumbrokinase, which is about 300 times stronger than serrapeptase and nearly 30 times stronger than nattokinase,36 is my strong personal preference and recommendation if you are using a fibrinolytic enzyme.

Protecting endothelial health is much like protecting heart health — it involves a comprehensive, healthy lifestyle. A sedentary lifestyle, smoking, excess alcohol37 and ultraprocessed foods can all negatively affect endothelial health, while exercise38 and fresh, whole foods, including citrus fruits and dark green vegetables, are protective.39

In addition to black raspberry and the other natural substances above, coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), a fat-soluble antioxidant, also acts directly on your endothelium, dilating your blood vessels and lowering blood pressure.40 41 CoQ10 is associated with significant improvements in endothelial dysfunction.42 By the age of 65, your body typically produces only about half the amount of CoQ10 it did at 2543 so supplementation with CoQ10 or its reduced form ubiquinol is helpful in some cases.

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Inositol Can Be Effective for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

  • Researchers from Budapest, Hungary, demonstrated that inositol is an effective treatment for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which is a complex condition where a woman’s ovaries produce a higher-than-normal level of androgens

  • The exact cause has not been identified. Symptoms include excess body hair, weight gain, male pattern baldness, skin tags and missed or irregular periods. This can lead to infertility or increase the risk of miscarriage, gestational diabetes, or preeclampsia

  • Women with PCOS are often insulin resistant and have a higher risk of diabetes, sleep apnea, endometrial cancer and high blood pressure. Insulin resistance is also associated with Type 2 diabetes, obesity, Alzheimer’s disease and disease acceleration in cancer

  • Other strategies that may positively influence symptoms of PCOS include reducing exposure to PFAS, supplementing with ashwagandha, vitamin K-2 MK-4 and CoQ10

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Researchers from Budapest, Hungary, have demonstrated that inositol is an effective treatment for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).1 The researchers noted that metformin is currently the “gold standard insulin sensitizer” that is widely used to mitigate insulin resistance in women with PCOS.

Insulin resistance is a physiological condition in which the cells do not respond to insulin as they should. Many lifestyle factors can contribute to insulin resistance, not the least of which is a diet loaded with processed foods, added sugars and Omega-6 seed oils rich in linoleic acid.

The most important change to make to reduce your insulin resistance and improve insulin sensitivity is to eliminate industrially processed seed oils, which are misleadingly labeled as vegetable oils. These radically increase oxidative free radicals and cause mitochondrial dysfunction.

To eliminate linoleic acid, you must avoid processed foods and most restaurant foods. For most people, it can take three years of rigid restriction to normalize tissue linoleic acid levels to healthy ranges. Time-restricted eating is another strategy that can help improve insulin resistance. Researchers have found that adding inositol can improve symptoms of PCOS and glucose levels.2

Up to 20% of women in reproductive years report PCOS, which makes it one of the most common causes of infertility and endocrine disorder.3 The researchers in the featured study note4 that in one cross-sectional study, 75% of lean women and 95% of overweight women with PCOS presented with insulin resistance. Although metformin is widely used to help regulate blood sugar in women with PCOS and reduce symptoms, the common and very common side effects include:5

  • Lactic acidosis

  • Impaired renal function

  • Hypoglycemia

  • Flu syndrome

  • Chest discomfort and palpitation

  • Rash and increased sweating

  • Infections

  • Myalgia

  • Lightheadedness

  • Taste disturbance

  • Headache

  • Rhinitis

  • Indigestion

  • Abdominal discomfort

  • Dyspepsia

  • Loss of appetite

  • Diarrhea

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Flatulence

The researchers conducted a systematic search and review of the literature6 to evaluate the safety and efficacy of inositol as a potential alternative to metformin in the treatment of PCOS. They identified 26 trials that included data from 1,691 women. The primary outcome measurement was normalization of the menstrual cycle; secondary outcomes were clinical and laboratory hyperandrogenism, body mass index and carbohydrate metabolism.

Inositol produced a regular menstrual cycle in women with PCOS 1.79 times higher than placebos and showed noninferiority when compared to metformin. Inositol also induced greater decreases across a variety of measurements including free and total testosterone, glucose levels and the time it takes for the body to use insulin.

There were fewer side effects reported with inositol than with metformin. Side effects in the group taking metformin include bloating, generalized weakness and nausea.7 The researchers concluded “Inositol is an effective and safe treatment in PCOS. Moreover, inositol showed noninferiority in most outcomes compared to the gold standard treatment, metformin.”8

PCOS is a complex condition in which women’s ovaries produce a higher level of androgens than normal.9 These male sex hormones are normally present in small amounts. The exact cause has not been identified but researchers do know that many women who have PCOS also are insulin resistant.

The symptoms of PCOS include missed or irregular periods, excess body hair, weight gain, acne or oily skin, male pattern baldness, skin tags and dark skin patches along the back of the neck, groin, and under the breasts. Missed or irregular periods can lead to infertility. While having PCOS does not mean you cannot get pregnant, hormonal imbalances do interfere with ovulation and can increase the risks of gestational diabetes, miscarriage and preeclampsia.

Studies have found that PCOS is associated with other health conditions such as diabetes, sleep apnea, endometrial cancer, high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels, and depression and anxiety. Researchers don’t know if PCOS causes these health issues or if the health conditions cause PCOS.

While the effect on the reproductive system appears to lessen as a woman gets closer to menopause, the effect of hormonal imbalance on the rest of the body does not. Instead, some health conditions associated with PCOS, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease, may increase as a woman ages.

There is no known cause for PCOS and no single test that can diagnose it. Physicians rule out other causes for the symptoms through physical examination, pelvic examination, pelvic ultrasound and blood tests. Diagnosis relies on a woman having at least two of the following symptoms:

  • Irregular menstrual periods

  • Signs of high androgen levels, including abnormal hair growth on the face, chin and body, acne and thinning scalp hair

  • High levels of serum androgens

  • Multiple cysts on one or both ovaries

In addition to metformin used to lower blood sugar levels, physicians may prescribe hormonal birth control pills to make the menstrual cycles more regular and potentially lower the risk of endometrial cancer. Anti-androgen medications may be used to reduce scalp hair loss and block the growth of body hair.

Insulin resistance leads to Type 2 diabetes and, currently, we have an epidemic of diabetes in the U.S., with an estimated 37 million Americans with Type 2 diabetes.10 This is 11% of the population with a disease that contributed to over 100,000 deaths in 2020 and 2021, an increase from 87,000 in 2019. Another 1 in 3 American adults is prediabetic, which is defined as an elevation in blood glucose over 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl) but lower than 125 mg/dl.

Yet, fasting blood sugar that is regularly over 90 mg/dl suggests insulin resistance. The seminal work by the late Dr. Joseph Kraft, author of “Diabetes Epidemic and You: Should Everyone Be Tested?” suggests that 80% of Americans are insulin-resistant and on their way toward developing diabetes.11

As I and others noted during the COVID-19 pandemic, the real pandemic was insulin resistance, which was highlighted by comorbidities that increase your risk of severe COVID-19 disease, of which obesity was chief. After old age, obesity appeared to be the most prominent risk factor for severe disease and doubled the risk of hospitalization in those under the age of 60 in one study.12

Obesity stimulates the release of inflammatory mediators, which are associated with the development of depression, cancer, renal diseases, cardiovascular disease and poor health outcomes.13 Obesity is used to measure morbidity and mortality risk related to the association with inflammatory markers.

A search of the literature14 showed adipose tissue in lean individuals secretes anti-inflammatory markers while adipose tissue in obese individuals produces more pro-inflammatory markers. This shift also correlates with insulin resistance.

There’s also a link between insulin resistance and disease acceleration. “Insulin resistance is a critical cause of metabolic dysfunctions. Metabolic dysfunction is common in patients with cancer and is associated with higher cancer recurrence rates and reduced overall survival. Yet, insulin resistance is rarely considered in the clinic,” explained one research team.15

Alzheimer’s disease is another health condition that’s intimately connected to insulin resistance.16 Further, as noted in Frontiers in Endocrinology, “Insulin resistance (IR) plays a crucial role in the development and progression of metabolism-related diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, tumors, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and provides the basis for a common understanding of these chronic diseases.”17

The featured study noted that inositol may help to effectively regulate blood sugar and mitigate the symptoms of PCOS. However, there are other strategies women can also use to reduce symptoms. Exposure to PFAS may reduce a woman’s odds of getting pregnant by up to 40% and increase her risk of PCOS.18 Senior study author Dr. Damaskini Valvi, assistant professor of environmental medicine and public health at Icahn Mount Sinai, explained in a news release:

“PFAS can disrupt our reproductive hormones and have been linked with delayed puberty onset and increased risks for endometriosis and polycystic ovary syndrome in few previous studies. What our study adds is that PFAS may also decrease fertility in women who are generally healthy and are naturally trying to conceive.”

One step that has demonstrated a positive influence in the management of PCOS symptoms is vitamin K2 MK-4. In one randomized study,19 60 vitamin D-deficient women with PCOS either took a placebo or a combination of calcium, vitamin D and vitamin K for eight weeks. Those in the treatment group enjoyed a greater decrease in testosterone and symptoms than those in the placebo group.

CoQ10 has also demonstrated a positive influence. A 2019 paper20 engaged 86 women with PCOS who were given CoQ10, CoQ10 with vitamin E, vitamin E alone or a placebo. After eight weeks, the group taking CoQ10 alone or in combination with vitamin E had improved levels of sex hormones and improved insulin resistance.

Ashwagandha, an adaptogenic herb with multiple purposes, is another option that may help relieve the symptoms of PCOS. It was used in ancient Ayurvedic medicine.21 Its ability to rebalance hormones (including thyroid hormone, estrogen and progesterone) has been shown to improve polycystic ovary syndrome.22

Licorice is another widely prescribed herb in traditional medicine. It helps treat the symptoms of PCOS, including reducing body fat23 and testosterone levels in healthy women,24 which may be one way it helps women with PCOS.

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