Since the dawn of humankind, our particular brand of hairless apes has stared up at the sky wondering how we got here. Is there a higher power? A purpose? Why does the star-nosed mole look so freaky, and why is that lake in Senegal such a bright pink color? Well, we can’t necessarily answer all of life’s questions, but there’s probably only one thing more confusing than the vast secrets of spirituality: the language of mathematics. And strangely enough, math and religion can sometimes be best buddies.

For countless centuries, humans have sought the great answers through the ancient art of geometry, out of the belief that all those weird triangles, cubes, and dodecahedrons might bring us a little bit closer to our creator. Let’s take a look at what the wise, wizardly, white-bearded sages might call “sacred geometry,” and examine the history that geometry has played in religious belief, religious architecture, and … tattoos?


While the less math-inclined out there might consider geometry something that rose from the depths of Hell rather than anything “sacred,” this ancient art played a major role in the beliefs, designs, and architecture of countless societies throughout history, as shown by Dartmouth. “Sacred geometry” is a broad umbrella term covering many studies, but it relates specifically to the belief that there are geometric patterns, shapes, and mathematical formulas that are central to life, creation, and the universe, according to Sacred Geometry International. These patterns have seeped into every major religion, forming the blueprint for chapels, temples, and classic artwork. So hey, while taking Algebra II didn’t help you budget your paycheck or pay off your student loans, followers of sacred geometry do believe that mathematics will help you get closer to God, Ein Sof, Brahma, or whichever divine figure you might believe in.

That’s the basic idea, but what makes geometric shapes so divine? Just remember, when it comes to combining math and God, don’t get tips from Max, the protagonist of Darren Aronofsky’s Pi, because he had a rough experience with the whole thing.


The gristle’s been cut off, so let’s bite down on the red meat. Sacred geometry often centers on the belief that certain shapes in nature, due to their inherent perfection, hold the key to understanding the universe. One example described in Stephen Skinner’s Sacred Geometry: Deciphering the Code is the nautilus shell’s distinctive spiral. See, the nautilus itself is a soft little creature in a big shell. As it matures, it creates bigger chambers for itself within that shell, each new chamber being exactly proportional to the smaller chambers from before. Basically, the nautilus is the world’s best engineer, master’s degrees be damned. Skinner explains in an SF Gate interview that he sees such precise natural patterns as signs of an intelligent higher power.

Next up is the Fibonacci sequence, a pattern wherein every number is the sum of the two preceding numbers. The sequence goes 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, and so on. Fibonacci numbers pop up all throughout nature, as shown by Vihart’s Doodling in Math, whether in the number of spirals on a pinecone, an artichoke’s flowers, or the pattern of leaves on a stem. Seriously, count the spirals on any pinecone in your yard, and prepare for maximum brain meltage.

Then there’s the “golden ratio,” a jazzy name for 1.618, a number found when lots of division creates perfect symmetry. According to LiveScience, the golden ratio is found in countless ancient architectural feats, including the Great Pyramids.


Everyone knows Plato. He was one of the most influential thinkers in human history, and he taught the world all about the dangers of chaining people up in a cave and making them watch shadows. Not surprisingly, ol’ Plato’s brilliant mind got delighted whenever someone mentioned mathematics, particularly geometry. In fact, Dartmouth reported that over his academy was written “Let no one destitute of geometry enter my doors.”

Plato theorized that the sensory world as we knew it was merely a flawed impression of divine reality. According to PBS, Plato tinkered with the ancient idea that the universe was constructed of five geometric shapes, each one symbolic of an element: earth, air, fire, water, and aether. Plato didn’t create these shapes, but people have come to call them the Platonic Solids. These solids look like a bunch of Dungeons and Dragons dice, and include familiar shapes like the cube (earth) alongside weirdo shapes like the icosahedron (water).

Long story short, Plato found geometry crying in the corner, gave it the big, fatherly hug it deserved, and then set it free into the world. While the “solids” theory doesn’t hold up today, Plato’s scientific approach — namely, breaking down the universe’s massiveness into smaller, identifiable parts — was way ahead of his time. Meanwhile, Plato got sacred geometry off to a running start.


Plato might have kicked off the polygonal football, but Archimedes was the one who caught it and carried those polygons to the next stop on the field. Archimedes — who, for the record, was a highly intelligent Greek mathematician, not a cartoon owl — raised the bar on insanely complex geometric designs, identifying 13 shapes so insanely intricate that they’d make even the Transformers jealous.

According to Wolfram MathWorld, these 13 shapes are called the Archimedean Solids. They include such far-out, trippy shapes as the “great rhombicosi dodecahedron,” as well as the “cubotahedron,” and the somewhat more pitiful “snub cube.” The big difference between the Platonic solids and the Archimedean solids comes down to the level of complexity. The Platonic solids are shapes that can still be turned into play blocks for children, while the Archimedean solids are more like something out of a nightmarish acid trip.

But that’s enough “solid” talk, because all this polygonal discussion is starting to sound a lot like the Sphere in Edwin Abbot Abbot’s Flatland. While it’s hard not to feel pangs of sympathy for the poor little snub cube, let’s examine how sacred geometry has informed real world architecture, culture, and art.


As described by the journal Frontiers of Architectural Research, sacred geometry has played a major role in Islamic art and architecture since the eighth century, with the interiors of countless mosques, towers, and palaces being adorned with fascinatingly complex geometric shapes — all following a specific grid, using a ruler and a compass, as shown by The Guardian. Muslim religious art is quite different from Christianity, where churches are usually decorated with literal figurative depictions of Christ, Mary, and the saints. The core beliefs of both religions are mostly the same, so why did their religious art go in such different directions?

According to Valeria Gonzales, a scholar of Islamic civilization, the key factor is that the Qur’an specifically forbids the worship of “idols,” including figurative representations of God. For example, if you dust off the Old Testament, you might remember that whole golden calf business that Moses got so furious about. This ban meant Muslims had to improvise. The fascinating result of this is that rather than use human images, Muslims employed dazzling abstract geometry as a form of religious expression, creating some of the most interesting religious artwork in the world.

This form of sacred geometry complements the philosophies of Plato: Because there are no figurative representations in Islamic religious art, it casts a clear separation between the Earthly human world, and the abstract, complex dimension of the divine.



While Islam high-fives sacred geometry like an old childhood friend, all the other big world religions have hung out with the polygons as well. Case in point: Christianity. While Christian art design is usually more literal than the abstract geometry of Islamic art, there are still common geometric rules relating to the architectural designs of churches, steeples pointing toward God, and that most famous of all Christian icons, the cross. Things get cranked up a notch when examining specific churches, such as the Chartres Cathedral in France. According to Stephen Skinner, the architecture of this Gothic cathedral was based on geometric circles. Meanwhile, Prince Charles — yeah, the same Prince Charles who married Diana — has written extensively on the subject, claiming the geometry of every wall, slant, and fixture within the Chartres Cathedral is specific, perfect, and loaded with meaning. Once again, the perfection of geometry symbolizes the perfection of the divine, compared to man: order in chaos.

So yeah, everyone loves these funky shapes. Hinduism is also down with the mathness, specifically fractal geometry, according to academic researchers from South Korea. Hinduism’s sacred shape is a mandala, the intersection of a circle and a square, symbolizing the relationship between humankind and the divine. Hindu temples have actually been planned, designed, and built with the mandala as their geometric center, as described in Pon Kulendiren’s Hinduism: A Scientific Religion.


Judaism is the grandparent of all other Abrahamic religions, so it’s no surprise that good ol’ geometry has tossed its circles into the Jewish world as well. Specifically, geometric symbols are a key part of the ancient Jewish mystical tradition known as Kabbalah. Anyone who has studied Kabbalah can affirm that it’s a fascinatingly complex belief system, loaded with symbolism. The point where geometry and Kabbalah intersect is within the “Tree of Life,” a diagram central to Kabbalistic belief.

As described by religious scholar J. Gordon Melton in The Encyclopedia of Religious Phenomena, the Tree of Life is composed of ten geometric circles — called the Sefirot — and 22 bars. It’s a map of the sacred path between mankind and Ein Sof, the unknowable creator who lies beyond human comprehension. The tree represents the multi-layered process of creation, and Kabbalists endeavor to return to a more divine consciousness by climbing this tree, one branch at a time. As told by the Jewish Virtual Library, the circles in the left column represent the feminine divine qualities of understanding, justice, and glory, while the masculine circles on the right are wisdom, mercy, and endurance. The middle circles represent the balance.

Since it’s Kabbalah, every layer of meaning has billions of additional meanings beneath it. According to Rabbi David Cooper, the Tree of Life contains 32 paths, and each Sephirah — and each person — contains a little Tree of Life on the inside, which also must be navigated.


Whooooa, calm down, Dan Brown fans! Mary Magdalene ain’t got nothin’ to do with this, unless her head was a right triangle and her arms were icosahedrons. (They weren’t.) Conspiracy theories aside, Da Vinci did have a lot of insane hidden meanings in his art, as all of his most famous works employ sacred geometry.

See, old Leo was really big on mathematics. According to the Mona Lisa Foundation, one of the major guiding components in his art was that whole “golden ratio” business we talked about earlier: the number 1.618, which creates perfect geometric symmetry. Da Vinci wasn’t the first person to discover this dazzling geometric miracle, but he did give it new prominence and inspired others to, as well. Da Vinci called it “Sectio aurea,” according to ScienceDirect, meaning “golden section.” Da Vinci believed that true, natural beauty only came from drawing proportions that lined up with this ratio.

So yeah, Da Vinci was even more intricate, brilliant, and complicated than we realized. Need more proof? Well, here comes the Museum of Science to the rescue. Its website has a special section where you can play with all of Da Vinci’s most famous works, and pinpoint the golden ratio in Vitruvian Man, the Mona Lisa, The Last Supper, and Annunciation. If a time-traveling Plato and Leonardo had ever met, they probably would’ve poured some wine and talked about math.


It’s time to talk about the so-called Flower of Life. For the record, this Flower is totally different from the Tree of Life. While a historical thriller novel might try to connect the two in a major plot twist, maybe even having the Flower unlock the Tree — perhaps unleashing a wave of cosmic light? — the Flower of Life isn’t tied to either Kabbalah or the ten Sefirot, other than the fact that both are examples of sacred geometry.

That said, the Flower of Life is also an old-timer, and it’s certainly dated enough to qualify for an Elders of the Universe-level AARP subscription. According to Wolfram Mathworld, this psychedelic arrangement of overlapping circles at least dates back to Ancient Egypt, where it was found within the Temple of Osiris. Evidently, this same geometric symbol also popped its flowery head up within Phoenician art in the the ninth century B.C., so there’s no question that it was important.

In recent years, this fascinating circle arrangement has made its home in the New Age Movement as one of the movement’s most popular symbols. This prominence is largely due to the writings of Drunvalo Melchizedek, a New Age mystic formerly named Bernard Perona, who published the sacred geometry book The Ancient Secret of the Flower of Life, Vol. 1 in 1999, and has been discussing the Flower of Life ever since.



So yes, sacred geometry is really cool. It has played a huge role in countless societies, religions, and movements, with its myriad of perfect shapes appearing in architecture, temples, mosques, churches, and art since the dawn of civilization. However, in the present day, where Pew Research studies show an increasing number of people are choosing to identify as “spiritual, but not religious,” sacred geometry has found a new canvas: the human body.

Really, it makes sense. Though getting a tattoo used to be a threat to scare your parents with, the inkiest art form is now widely accepted. For spiritually inclined people who want to demonstrate their faith but who don’t believe in organized religion, one of the clearest ways they can show their devotion is by tattooing it on their skin. Everyone always says they want a tattoo with deeper meaning, and it’s hard to get much deeper than spiritual beliefs.

Enter the world of sacred geometry tattoos, which Business Insider has called the newest trend in the inking world. These tattoos utilize the gorgeous complex shapes of sacred geometry and have a lot more meaning — plus a lot more beauty — than many tattoos of the past. Furthermore, these tattoos advance the legacy of an ancient tradition that has shaped humanity since those old-fashioned B.C. years. No wonder sites like Tattoo do offer lots of tips and examples on how to choose the sacred geometrical tattoo design that best suits you.

Source:  Sacred Geometry



The Chakras Of The Earth, 7 Amazing Places Filled With Powerful Energy

By Christina Sarich

Our beautiful Planet Earth is a conscious and vibrant living entity. As our body has 7 major Chakras, so does the Earth.

Energy flows through each of Earth’s main Chakra and makes up the spiritual body that is our world. The Chakras of the Earth are connected by energy circuits called Ley lines. This planetary grid system has been known and mapped for Millennium.

Ancient civilizations revered Earth as a sacred entity. They believed her to be their “Great Mother” and often built their megalithic sacred monuments in areas they considered “Earth’s Highest Energy Vortexes” or “Earth Chakras”. Structures like Stonehenge, the Pyramids of Egypt and Mayan, Aztec, and Incan monuments along with many temples, churches, and pilgrimage sites are now considered powerful energetic spots.

Visiting these sites, especially to mediate and make ceremony, can result in strong connections with mother Earth, opening your own Chakra centers, and the ability to be a stronger conduit of universal energy.

Here are the most commonly accepted geographic locations of the planet’s chakra system and what they represent spiritually. (It is thought that the chakras can shift locations based on planetary cycles)



Corresponds to the Root or Mooladhara Chakra. Mt. Shasta in California is considered the root chakra of the planet. (Some also say this is the 5th chakra of the planet.). This energy center is considered primal and ‘base.’

Here is where the universal life force is considered to gather before it becomes life – and is representative of the geysers which rush to the surface with energy the same way that kundalini energy is thought to rush to the crown or pineal gland was awakened from the root chakra.



Also called the rainbow serpent, this center has some of the most ley crossroads or ley lines on the planet, second only to Bali. It is where our primal energy starts to ‘birth’ itself, quite literally into form. Some say that it is through this chakra that the earth overcomes entropy.



Corresponds to Manipura or the Solar Plexus Chakra. Uluru, otherwise known as Ayers Rock in Australia along with Kata Tjuta are the home of the earth’s 3rd chakra. This huge, monolithic rock is in the Northern Territory of Australia.

This is where Dreamtime legends arise from the Aboriginal people’s. Anangu life revolves around the Tjukurpa (sometimes wrongly referred to as the Dreamtime). To the Aboriginal people, this is the ancestral period of when the world was being formed.

Kata Tjuta is considered Uluru’s sister rock formation. In us, the solar plexus is where we digest emotion – on the planet, it is where we will one day realize a legend told by the Aborigines from the ‘umbilical chord’ of the plane.



The Heart Chakra, called Anahata in Indian traditions. Glastonbury, Somerset and Shaftesbury, Dorset comprise the center of the world’s heart chakra.

This is the home of the holy grail. It is perhaps, also our greatest contribution to ourselves, and our fellow sentient beings on this planet – to open our hearts to heal the earth and allow her to embody her rightful place as a peaceful, loving satellite in space.

Interestingly, this is an area known for high levels of crop-circle sightings that exhibit magnetic abnormalities.



The Throat or Vissuddha Chakra. The throat or voice of the planet is the located near the Great Pyramids near Mt. Sanai and Mt. Olives in the Middle East.

This is the one chakra that does not exist at a ley line. It is the exact center of the earth’s land mass as it currently is configured. Modern-day turmoil in the Middle East is considered to be ‘the cries of the mother’ or the voice of the planet calling for help.



The Pineal Gland or Third Eye Chakra. This chakra can shift – it is called the Aeon activation Center. Now it is considered to be in Western Europe but will likely move over the next several thousand years.

This chakra is the one that opens portals and allows extra-dimensional energy to enter this world. Just like our pineal gland allows us to recognize other dimensions and realities, so does the 6th chakra of the earth.



The Crown Chakra or Sahasrara, the Thousand Petaled Lotus, the Highest Energy Center. Mt. Kailas in the Himalayas in Tibet is considered the ‘roof of the world’ and also our earth’s crown chakra.

The highly developed consciousness of Tibetan people, as evidenced through the Dalai Lama’s teachings is indicative of the energy that resides at the crown chakra of the planet. Just as our own crown connects our will with Divine will, so does Mt. Kailas connect the planet with her spiritual destiny.


Earth chakras are like organs that are vital to the health of the world, and to all living beings dependent upon the various environments provided by the world.

Each chakra serves a different function, which is two-fold:

1. To maintain the overall global health

2. To transmit and receive energy encoded with information.

Transmissions from the chakras travel through air, water, or earth

Source:  Earth’s 7 Chakras

10 Ancient Sites That Might Be Stargates, Wormholes And Portals To Other Worlds

By ListVerse

Many ancient cultures speak of portals to other worlds and stargates where their ‘creators’ reside. Conventional wisdom tells us these tales are merely myths and legends.

However, recent declassified FBI files have stated that our Earth has been visited by beings from other dimensions and planets. NASA has announced that “portals” do indeed appear to be hidden within the Earth’s magnetic field, making some wonder if the legends of stargates, portals and wormholes may have some degree of truth to them.


10. Gate of the Gods, Hayu Marca, Peru


In 1996, it was discovered by Jose Luis Delgado Mamani while he was trying to learn the layout of the area for a job he had recently taken as a tour guide. The “Gate of the Gods” at Hayu Marca in Peru is said by native tribes to have once acted as a “gateway to the land of the Gods.”

Mamani even claims that he had dreams of the doorway for years before he had accidentally found it. In his dream, Mamani stated that the pathway leading to the doorway was made of pink marble, and had also witnessed a smaller door that was open with a “brilliant blue light coming from what looked like a shimmering tunnel.”

The “doorway” is actually two doorways, almost in a “T” shape. The larger doorway measures seven meters wide and seven meters high (22 ft by 22 ft) while the smaller one stands two meters high (6.5 ft) in the middle of the base. Legends state that the larger door is for the gods, themselves. The smaller door is for mortals to pass through, and some heroic mortals did, becoming immortal themselves to live among the gods.

One legend of a mortal passing through the doorway appears to lend a little credibility to Mamani’s alleged dream. The story says that when Spanish explorers arrived in Peru in the 16th century, looting Inca riches as they went, an Incan priest named Amaru Maru fled his temple with a valuable golden disk—“The Key of the Gods of the Seven Rays.” Amaru Maru found the doorway and saw it was guarded by Shaman priests.

He presented to them the golden disk, and following a ritual performed by the priests, the smaller doorway opened. Behind it was a tunnel that shone with great blue light. Amaru Maru passed into the doorway, left the disk with the Shaman priests, and vanished from Earth to the land of the gods.

Interestingly, investigators did discover a small, round, indention in the rock on the right hand column of the smaller doorway. The examinations led them to believe that should a disk shaped object be “inserted” into the indention, it would be held in place by the surrounding rock.


9. Abu Ghurrab, Egypt, The Place of the Gods

The Abu Sir Pyramids, site of Abu Ghurab, has claimed to be one of the oldest sites on the planet. Within Abu Ghurab, lies an ancient platform made of alabaster (Egyptian crystal) and is said to be in tune with the “vibration” of Earth. It can also “open the senses” in order for a person to communicate and “be one” with higher, sacred energies of the Universe. Essentially, it is a stargate and the sacred energies were the Neters (gods).

Interestingly, legends of their communication and way of travel between their world and ours almost mirrors the legends of the Cherokee Native Americans. The Cherokee tell of how “thought beings”—who are formless—would travel on a “wave of sound” from their home in the Pleiades Star System to Earth.

As the legends of Abu Ghurab being a stargate, there are also signs of what some would perceive to be advanced technology having been used to create the site. One example is the perfectly precise circular markings that have been drilled into the alabaster.


8. Ancient Stone Arrangements in Lake Michigan

In 2007, while searching for the remains of shipwrecks, scientists discovered a stone structure 12 meters (40 ft) below the surface of Lake Michigan. Thought to be 9,000 years old, the structure has been dubbed Michigan’s equivalent of Stonehenge.

The discovery was made by professor of underwater archaeology at Northwestern Michigan University, Mark Holley, and his colleague, Brian Abbott. One thing of particular interest was a carving on one of the stones of a mastodon—which is believed to have become extinct 10,000 years ago—a possible indication of the structure’s age.

The location of the site has been kept secret, at least for now. This is part of an agreement with the local Native American tribes who wish to keep the amount of visitors to a minimum.

While a lot of mainstream scientists are skeptical about the age of the site, and if it even has any relevance, many believe that it is the remains of a stargate or wormhole. The site has also claimed several bizarre disappearances and gained the title of “The Michigan Triangle.”

In 1891, a schooner named the Thomas Hume vanished into thin air along with all seven of it’s crew while sailing on the lake. In 1921, the 11 people who were aboard the Rosa Belle disappeared without a trace, but their boat was found floating lifelessly in the water. In 1937, while on board the O.M. McFarland as it made its way along Lake Michigan, Captain Donner retired to his quarters to get some much needed rest after a long shift on deck.

Three hours later, the second mate went to wake his captain. Finding the door locked from the inside, and with no response from the captain, he eventually broke down the door to the room. With the captain’s quarters empty and with all the windows locked shut, Captain Donner had simply vanished.


Incredible Forest ‘Crop Circles’ Appear in Japan

Image copyright Google Earth 2019

Authored by Helen Flatley

An aerial photograph of a forest in Japan caused a stir on social media last month, as it appeared to show a pair of epic crop circles made out of trees.

A crop circle is an area of flattened crops, typically a cereal crop, which produces a regular, circular pattern that can be viewed from above.

Interest in crop circles is a perennial feature of internet controversy, and many people believe them to be signs of extraterrestrial life or attempts at alien communication.

Original Google Earth photo. Copyright Google 2019.


However, the appearance of these circles in a forest near Nichinan in Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan, left even the most avid conspiracy theorists lost for words. These enormous circles, visible from the sky, were not produced by the flattening of cereal crops. Rather, they were grown into the forest itself, and made completely out of trees.

Although it’s tempting to attribute these strange patterns to alien activity, or enterprising hoaxers, the circles did not appear overnight. According to Business Insider, they are the result of a 45-year “experimental forestry” program run by scientists seeking to understand the way in which forests develop.

The trees have grown in perfect symmetry.The trees have grown in perfect symmetry.

This Southern Miyazaki District forest is populated by local Obi-sugi cedar trees. In 1974, a team of scientists decided to plant 720 new cedar trees as part of an experiment designed to understand the effects of forest density on tree growth.

The scientists wanted to observe what would happen if they planted trees in close proximity to one another, and how this would affect their growth and development. It was hoped that the results would inform new forestation projects.

They are the result of a 45-year “experimental forestry” program run by scientists seeking to understand the way in which forests develop.

They are the result of a 45-year “experimental forestry” program run by scientists seeking to understand                                                                 the way in which forests develop.

According to Business Insider, the trees were planted in a sequence of circles, evenly spaced in 10 degree radial increments. The result was a pattern of concentric circles with varying diameter.

The pattern was not chosen for aesthetic reasons, but rather to allow the scientists to easily identify which trees were part of the experiment. The team has been making regular observations over the course of the past 45 years.

The study challenges the prevailing assumption that tree density does not significantly affect growth and development.

The study challenges the prevailing assumption that tree density does not significantly affect growth and development.

The results of the investigation were particularly surprising. As the aerial images show, the trees have grown out in a concave pattern, suggesting that close planting does limit tree growth.

The trees that were placed in the inner circles, with proportionally less space, were significantly smaller than those in the outer rings. The difference in height between the smallest trees at the center of the ring, and the largest at the outer level was more than five meters (16.5 feet).

dense beech forest with tall trees. beautiful nature background

It seems those trees that grew with more space suffered less from competition from other trees, and therefore were able to grow taller and stronger.

Those in the inner rings, however, had limited access to water, sunlight and soil nutrients. The team had expected that this would produce some differences in growth, but the extent of the difference was not anticipated.

Furthermore, this study challenges the prevailing assumption that tree density does not significantly affect growth and development.

The experiment was designed in order to calculate the optimum distance for tree planting, in order to create the biggest yield of timber in the smallest possible space. The experiment was originally supposed to run for 50 years, meaning that the trees were designated to be felled in 2023.

However, scientists did not anticipate the beautiful patterns that would be created as a result of the planting scheme. The varying sizes of the trees in the ring create a three-dimensional effect and produce a particularly interesting pattern only when photographed from above.

Indeed, until 2016, observation of the trees was carried out on foot, meaning that the team was unaware of the existence of the crop circles in the forest. However, the development of drone technology meant that in 2016 they were able to see the forest from above for the first time.

This birds-eye view has encouraged the scientists to see the experiment in a whole new light, and these beautiful forest crop circles will now remain exactly where they stand.

Source:  Crop Circles

The Rise and Fall of Nikola Tesla and his Tower




The  inventor’s  vision of a global wireless-transmission tower proved to be his undoing.

Image Courtesy of Library of Congress






Authored by Gilbert King

By the end of his brilliant and tortured life, the Serbian physicist, engineer and inventor Nikola Tesla was penniless and living in a small New York City hotel room. He spent days in a park surrounded by the creatures that mattered most to him—pigeons—and his sleepless nights working over mathematical equations and scientific problems in his head. That habit would confound scientists and scholars for decades after he died, in 1943. His inventions were designed and perfected in his imagination.

Tesla believed his mind to be without equal, and he wasn’t above chiding his contemporaries, such as Thomas Edison, who once hired him. “If Edison had a needle to find in a haystack,” Tesla once wrote, “he would proceed at once with the diligence of the bee to examine straw after straw until he found the object of his search. I was a sorry witness of such doing that a little theory and calculation would have saved him ninety percent of his labor.”

But what his contemporaries may have been lacking in scientific talent (by Tesla’s estimation), men like Edison and George Westinghouse clearly possessed the one trait that Tesla did not—a mind for business. And in the last days of America’s Gilded Age, Nikola Tesla made a dramatic attempt to change the future of communications and power transmission around the world.  He managed to convince J.P. Morgan that he was on the verge of a breakthrough, and the financier gave Tesla more than $150,000 to fund what would become a gigantic, futuristic and startling tower in the middle of Long Island, New York. In 1898, as Tesla’s plans to create a worldwide wireless transmission system became known, Wardenclyffe Tower would be Tesla’s last chance to claim the recognition and wealth that had always escaped him.

Nikola Tesla was born in modern-day Croatia in 1856; his father, Milutin, was a priest of the Serbian Orthodox Church. From an early age, he demonstrated the obsessiveness that would puzzle and amuse those around him. He could memorize entire books and store logarithmic tables in his brain. He picked up languages easily, and he could work through days and nights on only a few hours sleep.

At the age of 19, he was studying electrical engineering at the Polytechnic Institute at Graz in Austria, where he quickly established himself as a star student. He found himself in an ongoing debate with a professor over perceived design flaws in the direct-current (DC) motors that were being demonstrated in class. “In attacking the problem again I almost regretted that the struggle was soon to end,” Tesla later wrote. “I had so much energy to spare. When I undertook the task it was not with a resolve such as men often make. With me it was a sacred vow, a question of life and death. I knew that I would perish if I failed. Now I felt that the battle was won. Back in the deep recesses of the brain was the solution, but I could not yet give it outward expression.”

He would spend the next six years of his life “thinking” about electromagnetic fields and a hypothetical motor powered by alternate-current that would and should work. The thoughts obsessed him, and he was unable to focus on his schoolwork. Professors at the university warned Tesla’s father that the young scholar’s working and sleeping habits were killing him. But rather than finish his studies, Tesla became a gambling addict, lost all his tuition money, dropped out of school and suffered a nervous breakdown. It would not be his last.

In 1881, Tesla moved to Budapest, after recovering from his breakdown, and he was walking through a park with a friend, reciting poetry, when a vision came to him. There in the park, with a stick, Tesla drew a crude diagram in the dirt—a motor using the principle of rotating magnetic fields created by two or more alternating currents. While AC electrification had been employed before, there would never be a practical, working motor run on alternating current until he invented his induction motor several years later.

In June 1884, Tesla sailed for New York City and arrived with four cents in his pocket and a letter of recommendation from Charles Batchelor—a former employer—to Thomas Edison, which was purported to say, “My Dear Edison: I know two great men and you are one of them. The other is this young man!”

A meeting was arranged, and once Tesla described the engineering work he was doing, Edison, though skeptical, hired him. According to Tesla, Edison offered him $50,000 if he could improve upon the DC generation plants Edison favored. Within a few months, Tesla informed the American inventor that he had indeed improved upon Edison’s motors. Edison, Tesla noted, refused to pay up. “When you become a full-fledged American, you will appreciate an American joke,” Edison told him.

Tesla promptly quit and took a job digging ditches. But it wasn’t long before word got out that Tesla’s AC motor was worth investing in, and the Western Union Company put Tesla to work in a lab not far from Edison’s office, where he designed AC power systems that are still used around the world. “The motors I built there,” Tesla said, “were exactly as I imagined them. I made no attempt to improve the design, but merely reproduced the pictures as they appeared to my vision, and the operation was always as I expected.”

Tesla patented his AC motors and power systems, which were said to be the most valuable inventions since the telephone. Soon, George Westinghouse, recognizing that Tesla’s designs might be just what he needed in his efforts to unseat Edison’s DC current, licensed his patents for $60,000 in stocks and cash and royalties based on how much electricity Westinghouse could sell. Ultimately, he won the “War of the Currents,” but at a steep cost in litigation and competition for both Westinghouse and Edison’s General Electric Company.

Fearing ruin, Westinghouse begged Tesla for relief from the royalties Westinghouse agreed to. “Your decision determines the fate of the Westinghouse Company,” he said. Tesla, grateful to the man who had never tried to swindle him, tore up the royalty contract, walking away from millions in royalties that he was already owed and billions that would have accrued in the future. He would have been one of the wealthiest men in the world—a titan of the Gilded Age.

                                                                            Wardenclyffe Tower

His work with electricity reflected just one facet of his fertile mind. Before the turn of the 20th century, Tesla had invented a powerful coil that was capable of generating high voltages and frequencies, leading to new forms of light, such as neon and fluorescent, as well as X-rays. Tesla also discovered that these coils, soon to be called “Tesla Coils,” made it possible to send and receive radio signals. He quickly filed for American patents in 1897, beating the Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi to the punch.

Tesla continued to work on his ideas for wireless transmissions when he proposed to J.P. Morgan his idea of a wireless globe. After Morgan put up the $150,000 to build the giant transmission tower, Tesla promptly hired the noted architect Stanford White of McKim, Mead, and White in New York. White, too, was smitten with Tesla’s idea. After all, Tesla was the highly acclaimed man behind Westinghouse’s success with alternating current, and when Tesla talked, he was persuasive.

“As soon as completed, it will be possible for a business man in New York to dictate instructions, and have them instantly appear in type at his office in London or elsewhere,” Tesla said at the time. “He will be able to call up, from his desk, and talk to any telephone subscriber on the globe, without any change whatever in the existing equipment. An inexpensive instrument, not bigger than a watch, will enable its bearer to hear anywhere, on sea or land, music or song, the speech of a political leader, the address of an eminent man of science, or the sermon of an eloquent clergyman, delivered in some other place, however distant. In the same manner any picture, character, drawing or print can be transferred from one to another place. Millions of such instruments can be operated from but one plant of this kind.”

White quickly got to work designing Wardenclyffe Tower in 1901, but soon after construction began it became apparent that Tesla was going to run out of money before it was finished. An appeal to Morgan for more money proved fruitless, and in the meantime investors were rushing to throw their money behind Marconi. In December 1901, Marconi successfully sent a signal from England to Newfoundland. Tesla grumbled that the Italian was using 17 of his patents, but litigation eventually favored Marconi and the commercial damage was done.  (The U.S. Supreme Court ultimately upheld Tesla’s claims, clarifying Tesla’s role in the invention of the radio—but not until 1943, after he died.) Thus the Italian inventor was credited as the inventor of radio and became rich. Wardenclyffe Tower became a 186-foot-tall relic (it would be razed in 1917), and the defeat—Tesla’s worst—led to another of his breakdowns. ”It is not a dream,” Tesla said, “it is a simple feat of scientific electrical engineering, only expensive—blind, faint-hearted, doubting world!”


Guglielmo Marconi in 1903 from Library of Congress

By 1912, Tesla began to withdraw from that doubting world. He was clearly showing signs of obsessive-compulsive disorder, and was potentially a high-functioning autistic. He became obsessed with cleanliness and fixated on the number three; he began shaking hands with people and washing his hands—all done in sets of three. He had to have 18 napkins on his table during meals, and would count his steps whenever he walked anywhere. He claimed to have an abnormal sensitivity to sounds, as well as an acute sense of sight, and he later wrote that he had “a violent aversion against the earrings of women,” and “the sight of a pearl would almost give me a fit.”

Near the end of his life, Tesla became fixated on pigeons, especially a specific white female, which he claimed to love almost as one would love a human being. One night, Tesla claimed the white pigeon visited him through an open window at his hotel, and he believed the bird had come to tell him she was dying. He saw “two powerful beams of light” in the bird’s eyes, he later said. “Yes, it was a real light, a powerful, dazzling, blinding light, a light more intense than I had ever produced by the most powerful lamps in my laboratory.” The pigeon died in his arms, and the inventor claimed that in that moment, he knew that he had finished his life’s work.

Nikola Tesla would go on to make news from time to time while living on the 33rd floor of the New Yorker Hotel. In 1931 he made the cover of Time magazine, which featured his inventions on his 75th birthday. And in 1934, the New York Times reported that Tesla was working on a “Death Beam” capable of knocking 10,000 enemy airplanes out of the sky. He hoped to fund a prototypical defensive weapon in the interest of world peace, but his appeals to J.P. Morgan Jr. and British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain went nowhere. Tesla did, however, receive a $25,000 check from the Soviet Union, but the project languished.  He died in 1943, in debt, although Westinghouse had been paying his room and board at the hotel for years.

Source:  Tesla


Scientists Say: Hey, Hikers, Stop Stacking Rocks!

Authored by Melanie Radzicki McManus

If you’ve been out on a hiking trail lately, you’ve probably noticed them suddenly popping up everywhere – small, intentionally stacked piles of rocks, called cairns. And environmentalists worldwide are increasingly alarmed. Because moving rocks can have numerous unintended consequences for insects, animals and even the land.

People have been stacking rocks since the dawn of time, typically for directional or burial purposes. More recently, park officials began creating them on hiking trails – especially potentially confusing paths – to help ensure hikers don’t get lost.

In 1896, a man named Waldron Bates created a specific style of hiking cairn in Acadia National Park. The Bates cairns, as they became known, consisted of a rectangular stone balanced atop two legs, then topped with one stone pointing to the trail. These cairns were replaced by standard ones in the 1950s and 1960s. But the park began rebuilding the historic Bates cairns in the 1990s. Acadia now contains a mixture of both.

What’s concerning scientists today is the new practice of creating rock piles as an art form, or for alluring social media posts. For stacking rocks is not an innocuous practice. Many insects and mammals head under rocks to live, reproduce or escape their predators. So move a rock, and you might destroy a home. Stack a few, and you may have just exposed the hunted to their hunters.

And while it may sound melodramatic, whether you’re stacking rocks in the woods, on the beach or in the desert, your actions could inadvertently knock out an entire colony. Or, in the worst-case scenario, threaten an endangered species.

Some rock-stacking fans note they’re being responsible by returning rocks to the spots where they found them after creating, then disassembling, their artwork. However, the minute you move rocks, you may compromise a species’ habitat in an unrecoverable manner. In addition, moving rocks in any fashion contributes to soil erosion, as the dirt once protectively tucked under them is now prone to washing away.

Should you come upon stacked rocks, especially in national parks, leave them alone. And if you’re hiking, don’t automatically follow them. The National Park Service recommends checking with park officials before setting out on a hike, as every park has different rules about cairns. You don’t want to remove those intentionally set as navigational aids, nor do you want to follow those that may have been randomly assembled by visitors.

In the end, let your actions be guided by this important principle: Leave no trace.


Source:  Stacking Rocks



What It Means To Be Spiritual But Not Religious

Authored by Caroline Kitchener

growing contingent of Americans—particularly young Americans—identify as “spiritual but not religious.” Masthead member Joy wanted to understand why. On our call with Emma Green, The Atlantic’s religion writer, Joy asked, “What are they looking for?” Because the term “spiritual” can be interpreted in so many different ways, it’s a tough question to answer. I talked to people who have spent a lot of time mulling it over, and came away with some important context for the major shift happening in American faith.

Americans Who Want Faith, Not a Church

Kern Beare, a Masthead member from Mountain View, California, believes in God and studies the teachings of Jesus. But does he identify with a particular religion? “Never,” he told me. The structure and rigidity of a church, Beare believes, is antithetical to everything Jesus represents. Instead of attending services, he meditates every morning.

Americans are leaving organized religion in droves: they disagree with their churches on political issues; they feel restricted by dogma; they’re deserting formal organizations of all kinds. Instead of atheism, however, they’re moving toward an identity captured by the term “spirituality.” Approximately sixty-four million Americans—one in five—identify as “spiritual but not religious,” or SBNR. They, like Beare, reject organized religion but maintain a belief in something larger than themselves. That “something” can range from Jesus to art, music, and poetry. There is often yoga involved.

“The word ‘church’ means you need to put on uncomfortable shoes, sit up straight, and listen to boring, old-fashioned hymns,” said Matthew Hedstrom, a professor of religion at the University of Virginia. “Spirituality is seen as a larger, freer arena to explore big questions.”

Because over 92 percent of religiously-affiliated Americans currently identify as Christian, most “spiritual-but-not-religious” people come from that tradition. The term SBNR took off in the early 2000s, when online dating first became popular. “You had to identify by religion, you had to check a box,” Hedstrom told me. “‘Spiritual-but-not-religious’ became a nice category that said, ‘I’m not some kind of cold-hearted atheist, but I’m not some kind of moralizing, prudish person, either. I’m nice, friendly, and spiritual—but not religious.’”

Religion—often entirely determined by your parents—can be central to how others see you, and how you see yourself. Imagine, Hedstrom proffered, if from the time you were born, your parents told you that you were an Italian-Catholic, living in the Italian-Catholic neighborhood in Philadelphia. “You wouldn’t wake up every morning wondering, who am I, and what should I believe?” That would have already been decided. Young people today, Emma said on our call, “are selecting the kinds of communities that fit their values,” rather than adhering to their parent’s choices.

“Spiritual is also a term that people like to use,” said Kenneth Pargament, a professor who studies the psychology of religion at Bowling Green State University. “It has all of these positive connotations of having a life with meaning, a life with some sacredness to it—you have some depth to who you are as a human being.” As a spiritual person, you’re not blindly accepting a faith passed down from your parents, but you’re also not completely rejecting the possibility of a higher power. Because the term “spiritual,” encompasses so much, it can sometimes be adopted by people most would consider atheists. While the stigma around atheism is generally less intense than it used to be, in certain communities, Hedstrom told me, “to say you’re an atheist is still to say you hate puppies.” It’s a taboo that can understandably put atheists, many of whom see their views as warm and open-minded, on the defensive. “Spiritual” doesn’t come with that kind of baggage.

For people who have struggled with faith, embracing the word “spiritual” might also leave a crucial door open. Masthead member Hugh calls himself “spiritual,” but sees the designation as more of a hope or a wish than a true faith. “I hope there is more to this wonderful world than random chemistry… Nonetheless, I do see all of that as an illusion…That does not stop me from seeking something as close to what I wish for as I am able to find.” In his class, “Spirituality in America,” Hedstrom tells his students that the “spiritual-but-not-religious” designation is about “seeking,” rather than “dwelling:” searching for something you believe in, rather than accepting something that, while comfortable and familiar, doesn’t feel quite right. In the process of traveling around, reading books, and experimenting with new rituals, he says, “you can find your identity out there.”

Source:  Spiritual But Not Religious

Copper kills 99.9% of bacteria within two hours!

Authored by IWB

Copper…plain old Copper kills viruses and bacteria on contact!!! Copper pipes and pennies too???

EPA registers copper-containing alloy products

On February 29, 2008, EPA registered five copper-containing alloy products. The registration allows the registrant, the Copper Development Association (CDA) to market these products with a claim that copper, when used in accordance with the label, “kills 99.9% of bacteria within two hours.” This Web page explains the conditions of the registration and provides information on the pesticidal claims.
From the National Library of Medicine:

The oldest recorded medical use of copper is mentioned in the Smith Papyrus, one of the oldest books known. This Egyptian medical text, written between 2600 and 2200 B.C., describes the application of copper to sterilize chest wounds and drinking water. Greeks, Romans, Aztecs, and others also used copper or copper compounds for the treatment of such ailments as headaches, burns, intestinal worms, and ear infections and for hygiene in general.

The use of copper in medicine became widespread in the 19th and early 20th centuries, and a variety of inorganic copper preparations were used to treat chronic adenitis, eczema, impetigo, scrofulosis, tubercular infections, lupus, syphilis, anemia, chorea, and facial neuralgia . The use of copper as an antimicrobial agent continued until the advent of commercially available antibiotics in 1932.
Copper Kills Antibiotic-Resistant “Nightmare Bacteria”

A Department of Defense study at three hospitals in the U.S. found that copper is capable of killing pathogens very effectively. In fact, Antimicrobial Copper and its alloys (e.g. brass and bronze) are registered with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as being able to kill greater than 99.9% of infection causing bacteria* within two hours of exposure.
Copper surfaces take out superbugs

ECRI Institute Lists Antimicrobial Copper as a Top 10 Technology to Watch in 2014

While copper’s antimicrobial properties have been known for thousands of years, recent research piloted by the Copper Development Association (CDA) and funded by the Department of Defense proved that surfaces made from antimicrobial copper alloys like brass and bronze had 83 percent fewer bacteria on average compared to surfaces made from traditional materials.
Ronald McDonald House of Charleston, Antimicrobial Copper Renovation

Records from early civilizations demonstrate that copper can inhibit the growth of many different microorganisms. Reviews of modern literature indicate that copper slows or stops growth of many organisms, including bacteria, fungi, algae and yeast. Copper ions bind to contaminants and then disrupt key proteins and processes that are critical to microbial life.

Copper reduces microbes in a wide variety of equipment, including medical and scientific devices such as incubators. Years of experience show that copper wire, copper sulfate or even pennies added to water reservoirs of CO2 incubators significantly inhibit microbial growth. Moreover, solid copper surfaces clearly reduce the proliferation of contaminants.

Copper and its alloys (brasses, bronzes, cupronickel, copper-nickel-zinc, and others) are natural antimicrobial materials. Ancient civilizations exploited the antimicrobial properties of copper long before the concept of microbes became understood in the nineteenth century.[1][2] In addition to several copper medicinal preparations, it was also observed centuries ago that water contained in copper vessels or transported in copper conveyance systems was of better quality (i.e., no or little visible slime formation) than water contained or transported in other materials.

The antimicrobial properties of copper are still under active investigation. Molecular mechanisms responsible for the antibacterial action of copper have been a subject of intensive research. Scientists are also actively demonstrating the intrinsic efficacies of copper alloy “touch surfaces” to destroy a wide range of microorganisms that threaten public health.
Storing Drinking-water in Copper pots Kills Contaminating Diarrhoeagenic Bacteria

Microbially-unsafe water is still a major concern in most developing countries. Although many water-purification methods exist, these are expensive and beyond the reach of many people, especially in rural areas. Ayurveda recommends the use of copper for storing drinking-water. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of copper pot on microbially-contaminated drinking-water
Studies have shown that copper surfaces completely kill bacteria. E. coli inoculated on to copper coupons were completely killed. The studies concluded that the copper ions brought about complete killing of bacteria by membrane damage However, the mechanism of action of copper on bacteria is not completely understood.
What are the applications of copper-silver ionization?

Copper-silver ionization is suitable for a large number of applications. It became of interest when NASA used copper-silver ionization for drinking water production aboard Apollo space ships in 1960. The ion generator that was used, was the size of a matchbox.
Because of copper-silver ionization, drinking water could be produced safely in space without the use of chlorine.

Source:  Copper Kills Bacteria

20 Awesome Benefits of Quitting Caffeine or Coffee

Authored by Caffeine Informer

Billions of people worldwide drink coffee or some form of caffeine every day.

Although caffeine is generally accepted as safe for consumption in moderation, there are some solid benefits to breaking the habit and quitting coffee, energy drinks, tea, soda, etc..

1. Break the Addiction

For most people, caffeine is an addictive substance to some degree, although some would describe it as even highly addictive.

Dependence on a substance to function normally or to even stay awake becomes a vicious cycle. Caffeine changes our brain’s chemistry resulting in the need for more of the substance to achieve the desired effects.

Quitting caffeine or coffee breaks the cycle and frees us from needing a daily drug to function normally.

2. Financial Savings

The cost of a caffeine addiction can really add up, thus thousands of dollars a year could be saved by quitting. has a helpful calculator that shows you exactly how much you’re spending on your beverage of choice.

Above we have listed the average cost of just one beverage a day, now multiply that by the number you have each day and it quickly adds up.

Two Starbucks Lattes per day would cost $2,811 a year!

3. Lower Blood Pressure

Caffeine can raise your blood pressure a few points and even more in some people.1

Quitting coffee or caffeine can lower your blood pressure and keep your heart from working as hard.

4. Better Sleep

Caffeine can greatly reduce the amount and quality of a person’s sleep.2 Drinking coffee or energy drinks too late in the day can interfere with getting to sleep quickly since the half-life of caffeine is 4-6 hours.

Even people who have no caffeine after twelve noon report better quality of sleep after quitting caffeine.

5. Better Mood

Caffeine alters the mood. Many people report being grumpy until they’ve had their morning coffee and others feel lethargic when the caffeine begins to wear off in the afternoon.

Probably everyone has been around a grumpy person who hasn’t had their caffeine yet. Medical Daily does a good job of summarizing the research behind this.

Quitting can even out the ups and downs.

6. Decreased Anxiety

Many people report that caffeine increases their anxiety levels. This has to do with how caffeine affects the adenosine receptors in our brain and because caffeine stimulates the adrenal glands.

Quitting coffee or caffeine can make you feel less anxious, especially if you are prone to anxiety issues.

7. Fewer Headaches

Caffeine is a major trigger for headaches. Any alteration in your normal daily caffeine consumption can result in a caffeine withdrawal headache.

Caffeine can also be a migraine trigger so people prone to migraines should avoid caffeine.

8. Convenience

  • Imagine never having to stop at Starbucks on the way to work?
  • Imagine never having to stop by the convenience store for a Red Bull?
  • Imagine erasing making coffee from your morning routine?
  • Imagine a backpacking trip without packing caffeine pills or the extra weight of coffee making equipment?

Being addicted to coffee, energy drinks, or soda creates inconvenience in our lives since we must have the drug to function normally.

9. Fewer Trips to the Bathroom

Caffeinated beverages cause us to urinate more often and in some people can even cause incontinence.

Caffeine also stimulates the smooth muscle tissue of the colon, which causes it to contract.

This can be challenging during meetings, road trips, or when bathrooms aren’t convenient.

Quitting can reduce the need to use the bathroom as often, especially in the mornings.

10. Healthier Teeth

Coffee and tea stain teeth and acidic & sweet energy drinks or sodas erode tooth enamel which causes tooth decay more readily.

Eliminating these beverages results in whiter and healthier teeth.

11. Weight Loss

Unless you drink your coffee black. Caffeinated beverages generally add empty calories to our diets that we don’t really need.

Many experts say that sugary beverages are a huge component of the obesity epidemic plaguing the western world.4

A study from Victoria University found that when caffeine is in a sugary beverage it causes people to consume more of that sugary beverage compared to a sugary beverage without caffeine.5

  • Quitting just a one Monster Energy Drink/day habit saves 200 calories per day, 1,400 calories a week, or 73,000 calories a year!
  • Quitting just 1 Starbucks Vanilla Latte/day saves 250 calories per day, 1,750 calories a week, or 91,250 calories a year!
  • Quitting a 16 fl.oz. Coke/day habit saves 239 calories a day, 1,673 calories a week, or 87,235 calories a year!

12. Healthier Diet

Bottled coffees, teas, energy drinks, and sodas often contain an assortment of preservatives designed to give them a longer shelf-life.

These preservatives can have adverse health effects and some are even banned by some countries.

Sugar-free energy drinks and sodas contain artificial sweeteners that also can negatively affect our health.

Cutting these out of your diet can be beneficial to one’s overall long-term good health.

13. Cleaner Environment

Caffeine addiction places a tremendous strain on our natural resources. Just think of the number of plastic bottles, cans, and cups that have to be produced in order to meet the demand.

Americans discard about 33.6 million tons of plastic each year, but only 6.5 percent of it is recycled and 7.7 percent is combusted in waste-to-energy facilities, which create electricity or heat from garbage. The rest ends up in landfills where it may take up to 1,000 years to decompose..” – State of The Planet

Also, caffeine has been showing up in municipal water supplies because of all the discarded coffee grounds.

Quitting caffeine reduces your environmental footprint.

14. Caffeine Will Work Again

Consuming caffeine daily quickly causes the human body to build up a tolerance to the drug. The same dose of caffeine then causes a person to achieve a sense of normal rather than the euphoric feelings it once did.

Quitting resets your body’s caffeine tolerance, allowing it to work really well on the occasions you really need it to.

15. Possible Drug Interactions

Caffeine can interact with other medications causing them to not work as they should.

Giving up caffeine eliminates this risk.

16. No More Jitters

One of the leading side-effects of caffeine or coffee consumption is jitters or shaky hands. This can range from annoying to even debilitating for some people.

Quitting can give you your steady hands back.

17. Less Risk of Cardiac Events

Caffeine stimulates the heart muscle causing it to beat with more forceful contractions.

While this isn’t problematic for most people, those with underlying heart conditions can be at risk. People can be unaware that they even have a heart disorder until they begin to consume caffeine and the damage is done.

18. Increased Productivity

What would you do with an extra hour every day? Those addicted to caffeine can easily waste an hour standing in line at the coffee shop, making trips to the break room talking to coworkers along the way, and stopping at convenience stores. Also, the “productivity effect” caffeine provides quickly diminishes if you’re addicted.

The time saved could be used for an extra hour of sleep instead!

19. Reduced Type 2 Diabetes Risk

While black coffee actually has been shown to reduce diabetes risk, drinking sugary coffee and caffeinated beverages actually increase your risk of diabetes.

People who consume sugary drinks regularly—1 to 2 cans a day or more—have a 26% greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes” – Harvard School of Public Health6

20. Better Health

Many research studies point to the health benefits of coffee and tea because of their antioxidant properties. However, this isn’t true for all caffeinated beverages.

Soda, energy drinks, and processed coffee and tea products most likely have a negative impact on your long-term health.

People who drink mainly water report more natural energy, better overall feelings of wellness, better sleep, and healthier skin.

Even though coffee is high in antioxidants, people would be better off eating more blueberries or other highly nutritious foods and focus on an overall healthier diet.

Should You Quit?

If you are a slave to your coffee mug or energy drink, then you already know the answer. The real question becomes, how am I going to quit without failing my day-to-day responsibilities?!

No matter what your method or reason for quitting, being free from caffeine has its advantages.

For More Go Here: Quitting Caffeine