How to Actualize Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam

how-to-actualize-vasudhaiva-kutumbakam

This year, the Science and Security Board of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists moves the hands of the Doomsday Clock forward. The Clock now stands at 90 seconds to midnight—the closest to global catastrophe it has ever been.

India formally took over the presidency of G-20 from Indonesia on December 2nd. The Indian Prime Minister said the country will promote a “universal sense of oneness,” while it leads the G-20. This is significant for India as all five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council are members of G-20.

My research into technologies for achieving perfection in manufacturing and services spanning several decades, while I was on the faculty of Chemical Engineering at the University of Louisville (1975 – 2008), has produced certain discoveries during my retirement years that directly address how the feelings of one world, one family, can be actualized.

See also this perceptive article on the Indian philosophy during its G-20 presidency: Living up to India’s G20 Philosophy in the Indian Express on December 14, 2022.

Throughout history human beings have found new and devious ways to portray themselves as superior to others, be it on the basis of race, caste, religion, gender, or national origin.

In contrast, India is desirous of demonstrating how the sense of oneness is beneficial to everyone.

The following challenges need to be addressed before progress can be made:

  • Open-mindedness and a willingness to think outside the box are essential to progress.
  • Much of the world mistakenly believes that products of reason, such as sciences, laws, policies, etc., are sufficient to solve all problems, while ancient Indian sages have demonstrated that transcending reason is the pathway to solve many problems when reason alone is insufficient, and to make new discoveries.
  • Much of the world is generally not aware of the strong link of internal/emotional excellence to the performance in the external world. Boost emotional excellence and the performance will zoom.

India, at the helm of G-20, has a challenge on its hand to first convince world leaders, movers, thinkers, and shakers the truthfulness of these assertions. When it is done, there will be real prospects for success in actualizing Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam.

The following paragraphs explain how.

How the Universe was created

To begin, we have to understand how creation happens.

The universe was created pursuant to the big bang event when it was an incredibly small, unbelievably hot, and immensely dense energy phrase some 13.8 billion years ago.

All scientific theories are provisional in that as more and more data materializes that supports the theory, our confidence in the theory rises, but if a single data point were to materialize that contradicts the theory, then, that theory must be abandoned in favor of a new or modified theory.

Stephen Hawking in “A Brief History of Time”

The energy phase then produced the universe which has been expanding ever since.

So, on one side of the energy phase is this ever-expanding universe but what’s on the other side?

The universe may end one day but consciousness will remain for it is eternal.”

His Holiness the Dalai Lama

Absolutely nothing, a void. And this void cannot be anything else but undifferentiated consciousness (Kowall, 2014).

Physicists have no explanation for how “nothing” can produce “something” the energy phase of the big bang event.

We all have consciousness, the differentiated kind. This is where the notion of Advaita (I am a microcosm of that) comes from.

Saamkhya hypothesis posits that all creation comprises of five principal elements: Earth (the periodic table is believed to be complete. Whatever is on earth is elsewhere in the universe), Water, Fire–Heat, Air, and Akash (consciousness and energy).

Furthermore, all creation is endowed with three Gunas (S, R, and T). The three Gunas are strongly correlated with the two human emotions; Positive emotions and Negative emotions.

Positive emotions include, unconditional love, kindness, empathy and compassion.

Negative emotions encompass anger, hatred, hostility, resentment, frustration, jealousy, fear, sorrow, and the like.

Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose proved that even plants feel pain and metals experience stress. Bose is considered a father of radio science, and he was knighted in 1917 and elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1920.

How was life created?

Once the conditions on Earth became conducive to supporting life, single-cell organisms appeared, which over billions of years evolved into ape-like creatures, which then evolved into human beings over millions of years.

So says the theory of evolution.

Human beings, too, are comprised of the five principal elements.

Even given all the matter present in the human body, together with water, heat, and air, it is not possible to create life. The missing element is Akash, consciousness and energy.

Consciousness and energy come into us when we come out of our mother’s womb and take our first breath and leave us when we exhale for the last time and die.

Science has no explanation for where the first single-cell organism got its consciousness and energy.

What Unites Us

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s 2014 convocation address at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi gives a hint at what unites us.

Human beings have trillions of cells. If we break down the cells into even smaller parts, we will find that they are comprised of atoms. Atoms have a nucleus, which contains neutrons and protons, and there are electrons that orbit them.

Atoms are vibrating all the time. Thus, we are all vibrating creatures at the fundamental level.

Vibrations can be thought of as light, not necessarily visible light, but light along the entire electromagnetic spectrum, from infrared to ultraviolet.

If you wish to understand the universe, think of energy, frequency and vibrations.

Nikola Tesla following his interactions with Swami Vivekananda in 1893

Our vibrational characteristics is our fundamental nature and the nature of our vibrational characteristics can unite us or divide us.

Measuring Our Vibrational Characteristics

The human vibrational characteristics cannot be measured with the five senses because the signals are too weak. They have to be stimulated and amplified for measurement purposes.

In one approach, a wireless RF (radio frequency) signal is used for stimulation and amplification. See this short video clip.

In another, a harmless electrical signal is applied to the fingers of both hands, one at a time. The finger’s response to this electrical stimulus is a burst of photons, which are captured on a digital computer and analyzed. The intensity of the discharge and its area tell us all about our vibrational characteristics. See this video clip.

Our vibrational characteristics depend on two factors: Inherited traits and how we have lived our life to the present age.

The vibrational characteristics have nothing to do with race, religion, gender or nationality.

Our vibrational characteristics are strongly influenced by emotions.

Negative emotions deteriorate them while positive emotions strengthen them.

In the ideal state, an individual’s emotions would not be influenced by external conditions that are part of daily life.

In other words, an individual remains centered in the presence of the most extenuating circumstances. This is metaphorically indicated by the presence of a cobra around the neck of Shiva.

The light characteristics of such an individual would appear something like that depicted in Figure 1.

Figure 1. Ideal Vibrational Characteristics

Incarnations and prophets of various faiths may display such vibrational characteristics. The feelings of oneness are expected to be abundant in them. The vibrational characteristics of an individual carrying a high load of emotional stress are depicted in Figure 2.

There would be no prospects for Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam if everyone had such vibrational characteristics.

Figure 2. Individual Carrying High Level of Emotional Stress

Negative emotions produce stress, positive emotions do not.

Thus, actualization of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam translates into the problem of transforming the emotions of sufficiently large number of people across the world from negative emotions into positive emotions, i.e., enhancing the global level of emotional excellence.

Pursuit of the Ideal Vibrational State

The pursuit of positive emotions at the exclusion of negative emotions is not an intellectual exercise. It also means living up to the philosophy of G-20 during India’s presidency is not an intellectual exercise.

A thirty-day self-assessment will offer convincing evidence that such is the case.

That is, products of reason aren’t sufficient to bring about the required positive changes.

For progress, the required positive changes have to come about from within. This is what Indian sages have tried to convey throughout the ages.

Swami Vivekananda is one among them.

Says he, “Indian thought dares to seek and successfully find something higher than reason.

Swami Ji is revered in India and widely respected in the United States (The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal). He received a rock-star reception after his speech at the Parliament of World Religions in Chicago during his maiden trip to the United States in 1893.

Science is the appropriate body of knowledge to use when the fundamentals of the system under scrutiny are well understood, but when they are not, a data-driven methodology such as six sigma can be used, provided measurements are available. When system fundamentals are not well understood and measurements are not available, then, these two methods of inquiry cease to be useful. Enhancing the focus of attention, as with meditation, then, remains the only viable pathway for solving problems and to make new discoveries. Take care though, the discoveries that come about by enhancing the focus of attention must nonetheless obey the constraints imposed by reason and logical consistency.

Pradeep B. Deshpande and James P. Kowall

Meditation, or more generally yoga, is a pathway to bring about positive changes from within for a higher level of emotional excellence.

Nobel Laureate Elizabeth Blackburn has shown that high levels of stress shorten telomeres accelerating aging. In an article in Nature, Blackburn and Elissa Epel warned world leaders about the societal costs of stress. Blackburn suggested that meditation might lengthen telomeres, and thus, reversing the effects of aging. Medical researchers have shown that meditation does in fact lengthen telomeres and reverse the effects of aging.
The vibrational characteristics of a long-time meditator are depicted in Figure 3. Individuals displaying such characteristics are expected to have progressed in the journey to actualize the feelings of one world, one family.

Figure 3. Vibrational Characteristic of a Long-Time Meditator

Implementation Issues

Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam being an Indian initiative, Indians have the first opportunity to help actualize it. This means, the practices need to be introduced in schools and colleges.

Indian organizations and corporations also should adopt the scientific principles and practices in their workday routines. They will see the benefits in short order.

All this needs to be replicated throughout the world.

The United Nations has already adopted June 21st as International Yoga Day. Now, that day would be seen to assume added significance for actualizing Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam.

Acknowledgments

This article is written with the blessings of H. H. Guru Mahan, Founder, Universal Peace Foundation (www.universalpeacefoundation.org). On December 18th, Guru Mahan went into three weeks of meditation with no food for world peace, and this is his 33rd year.

The author offers his grateful thanks to Tony Belak, Mediation Consultant and former Ombudsman, University of Louisville, for his editorial help.

You can only take the horses to the pond, but you can’t make them drink.

Sri Krishna alludes to this in the Bhagvad Geeta

Interactions with Dr. James P. Kowall, MD, PhD, Vedic Linguistics scholar, Dr. S. N. Bhavasar, and computer scientist, Sanjeev Aroskar over the years are gratefully acknowledged.

Further Reading

  1. Deshpande, P. B., East Meets West: What It Will Take to be Vishwa Guru, 2022 (amazon).
  2. Deshpande, Pradeep B. and Kowall, James P., The Nature of Ultimate Reality and How It Can Transform Our World: Evidence from Modern Physics; Wisdom of YODA, 2015 (amazon).

Dr. Kowall is an American triple board-certified physician who additionally holds a doctorate in Theoretical Physics.

  • Deshpande, Pradeep B., Racial Harmony: the role of religion and spirituality is essential, Dialogue and Alliance, Winter 2021. (Dialogue and Alliance is a publication of the Universal Peace Federation, a New York City-based international organization with consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Cultural Council). This volume contains remarks by many heads of state, religious leaders and luminaries, and this article was one of three featured in this volume.
  • DeshpandePradeep B., Scientific Framework for World Transformation, Dialogue and Alliance, 33, 1, June 2019.
  • Deshpande, Pradeep B., Six Sigma for Karma Capitalism, 2015 (amazon).

The Hidden X-Factor for Exemplary Performance

the-hidden-x-factor-for-exemplary-performance

On November 4, 2003, Prince Charles paid a visit to the famed Dabbawalas in Mumbai to witness for himself how these 5,000 semi-literate lunchbox delivery boys are able to deliver such an incredible performance, distributing a staggering 200,000 lunchboxes a day, 6 days a week, producing 1 defect in 6 million deliveries, according to Forbes. And they have been at it since 1890!

A couple of them attended Prince Charles’ wedding in London in 2005.

CBS, BBC, and several other media organizations have covered their story, and reputed educational institutions have sent their students to Mumbai to study Dabbawalas’ operations to learn how Dabbawalas are able to produce such performance in the hope of replicating it at home but to no avail. A number of celebrities, too, have paid the Dabbawalas a visit.

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A day later, on November 5th, I was invited by BBC Radio 5 Wake up to Money Program to explain to their listeners how Dabbawalas are able to produce such great performance. I admiringly explained to the listeners how six sigma allowed Dabbawalas to deliver such performance. And the economic Times published my interview, Six Sigma Could Change the World on September 18, 2009.

It turns out that my enthusiasm for six sigma was only partly justified. It is true that six sigma like strategies can deliver good performance, but that is not the complete story.

After all, some 80% of Fortune 100 companies and 50% of Fortune 500 companies in America have six sigma programs in place to some extent according to American Society for Quality, but it is doubtful if any of them can compete with the Dabbawalas.

So, what gives?

On March 3, 2013, I was sitting in the Business Class Lounge of British Airways Terminal 5, C Gates, at London’s Heathrow Airport to catch for my return flight to the United States. I had just completed teaching the two-week six sigma class of the MBA program of the University of Kentucky at TEI/Piraeus in Athens, Greece.  Having my favorite breakfast of tea and toast, my attention was drawn to the article, “Kumbh Mela’s Pop up Megacity is a Lesson in Logistics for India” in the weekend edition of the Financial Times. I wondered why a columnist from a business newspaper like the Financial Times should be interested in a religious festival like Kumbh Mela.

In the article, columnist Victor Mallet described the Kumbh Mela, which occurs every twelve years. The Kumbh has a temporary tent city constructed to house tens of millions of devotees who visit the festival. Mallet marveled at the exemplary performance in the tent city in terms of roads, electricity, water supply, food services, sanitation services, etc., but was puzzled why India couldn’t replicate such performance in the rest of the country. If they did, India would be a developed nation in no time.

Temporary tents provided for devotees during the Kumbh Mela festival in Allahabad

I could immediately grasp the X factor for this exemplary performance: High level of emotional excellence on the part of millions of devotees and the staff associated with the tent city. I fondly refer to this discovery as my Eureka moment.

And then I realized that the same must be true with Dabbawalas.

I visited the Dabbawalas in 2019, when I could validate my hypothesis. Dabbawalas are all Varkaris (pilgrims) who travel a distance of 200 km on foot every year from one set of temple towns to another. The high level of their emotional excellence was abundantly clear.

We will give that food to the hungry .

The discovery may be formally stated as follows:

In the absence of an adequate level of emotional excellence, the best of the best quality initiatives, including six sigma, cannot deliver the best possible performance. Boost emotional excellence and the performance will zoom.

We have signed an MOU with the Dabbawalas to explain to the world how exemplary performance becomes possible and how it can be achieved. See this article, Disruptive Innovation, on their website.

Businesses are generally unaware of the link of emotional excellence to the performance in the external world.

The group of people associated with the Kumbh and the Dabbawalas naturally possess the feelings of Bhakti, Shraddha, Vishwas, and Samarpan (devotion, faith, trust, and surrender).

These feelings may not come naturally to everyone. Meditation is a pathway to enhance emotional excellence for the rest of us.

This, in a nutshell, is what Yogananda Paramahansa was trying to convey in his speech just before he died on March 7, 1952: Combine the strategies for external excellence, such as six sigma, (This is what makes America efficient) with the practices of emotional excellence, (India is the ancient home of spirituality), for a better and more peaceful world.

The implications of this discovery for businesses and nations are profound. Among the myriad of other benefits emotional excellence delivers are health and wellness, innovation and creativity, interpersonal skills, and less discord and violence.

Additional details are available in my 2019 article, The Secret of Exemplary Performance, BizEd (now called Insights). Insights is a publication of AACSB (Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business), the body that accredits Business School Curricula in the United States.

I included these ideas in the six sigma class of the University of Kentucky’s MBA program at TEI/Piraeus in Athens, Greece that I taught for twelve years and their annual feedback has been heartwarming.

Acknowledgments

This article is written with the blessings of H. H. Guru Mahan, Founder, Universal Peace Foundation, Thirumurthi Hills, TN, India. Guru Mahan has been going into three weeks of meditation with no food for the past thirty-two years for global peace.  In 2015, Guru Mahan and I conducted a joint session, “Enhancing the Quality of Business through Internal Excellence” in Coimbatore, India.

The author also thanks Tony Belak, former Ombudsman, University of Louisville for his feedback and editorial assistance.

Significance of Thukdam for Humanity

significance-of-thukdam-for-humanity

On May 5th 2021, His holiness the Dalai Lama held a virtual conference with Russian neuroscientists who had been studying the phenomenon of thukdam at Buddhist monasteries in India for several years. In August 2020, IANS had reported on Tibetan Buddhist scholar in Taiwan in the state of thukdam after being declared clinically dead on July 14.

The Tibetan word, “thukdam” refers to a Buddhist meditative practice in which an accomplished meditator is absorbed in the process of inner dissolution of the five principal elements and consciousness back into the primordial light after clinical death.

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The five principal elements are: Prithvi, Jal, Agni, Vayu, Akash (Earth, Water, Fire, Air, Space-Consciousness, Energy). Taiittiriya Upanishad discusses the five principal elements. There is a temple dedicated to each of the five principal elements in South India.

His Holiness explained, “When an ordinary person dies, there is a dissolution of the five principal elements (at the moment of clinical death). My senior tutor, Ling Rinpoché, remained in thukdam for 13 days, Recently, a monk at Kirti Monastery remained in this state for 37 days.”

“This is an observable reality, which we need to be able to explain. Since the body of a person going through this process can remain warm, it may be that the earth, water and fire elements remained (even after clinical death).”

Russian scientists examined 104 monks in meditation, and they observed a monk in thukdam for 37 days at the Gyutö Monastery. A forensic physician examined the physical body at various states after death, The scientists noted that the body of a person in thukdam was in a quite different state from the body of someone undergoing the ordinary process of death. They said this was the first scientific evidence of the phenomena.

Light on fundamentals

His Holiness observed, consciousness has no beginning and no end. The universe may end one day, but consciousness is forever.

What does this mean, and how does it make any sense?

In 2014, modern physics discovered that the universe cam into existence pursuant to a Big Bang event some 13.8 bullion years ago when it was an incredibly small (about the size of 10-33 cm in diameter), unbelievably hot and immensely dense energy phase. So, on the one side of this energy phase is the ever expanding universe, but on the other side, there is absolutely nothing, a void.

No product of reason can explain how nothing can create something physical, the energy phase of the Big Bang. The only logical explanation is that consciousness by its own desire created the energy phase of the Big Bang.

So, consciousness was there even before the creation of the universe, and will remain even if, or when, the universe comes to an end.

Consciousness and energy are intricately linked. Where there is consciousness, there is energy. Said Paratpara Shiva (Void, nothingness, potentially, consciousness) in a Puranic story eons ago, “Adyashakti (primordial energy) is incomplete without me, and I am like a corpse without her.”

We come from the source, and we should want to return to the source. Through the process of thukdam, the accomplished meditator is on his journey home. A warm body is an indication that energy and consciousness and present during thukdam many days after clinical death. See this video clip of a Thai Buddhist monk leaving his body consciously in about six minutes.

Thukdam for a Pathway to Peace

The scientists asked His Holiness, what value could the study of thukdam bring to humanity? His Holiness replied, never mind about reaching enlightenment, all seven billion people today need peace of mind. We need to understand the workings of the mind and the system of emotions.

So, His Holiness is alluding that the accomplishments of the meditator in thukdam are worthy of pursuit by the rest of us, in our own lifetime. Here is how.

Everyone strives for just one thing throughout life: happiness, but since all emotions invariably come as a pair of opposites, what we are really searching for is blissfulness, happiness under all circumstances. Blissfulness is Satchitananda in Sanskrit.

Unfortunately, we are either searching for the wrong thing, or we are going about it the wrong way, creating problems for ourselves and for others.

My previous article in India currents explained that much of the world swears by of reason, but Satchitananda requires transcending reason to the domain of consciousness, and internal excellence, or equivalently, emotional excellence, is the bridge to get there.

Unfortunately, the pursuit for higher levels of motional excellence is not an intellectual exercise. The required positive changes have to come about from within.

Furthermore, the knowhow of the domain of reason can only deliver limited success in many situations. For real progress, it is necessary to enjoin these effort with a pursuit for higher levels of emotional excellence to bring about positive changes from within, and this is possible with meditation. The accomplished meditator in thukdam proves the hypothesis.

Even limited progress will bring a myriad of benefits. Having a device to estimate emotions will instill a sense of confidence that the practice of meditation is working.

Russian scientist, Dr. Konstantin Korotkov, has developed a device called Bio-Well that can estimate emotions. Here, a harmless electrical current is applied to the fingertips of both hands, one at a time, and the finger’s response to this electrical stimulus is a burst of photons that are captured and analyzed with software to estimate the emotional state of the subject. The measurement is painless, noninvasive, and takes only a few minutes.

The GDV technology upon which Bio-Well is based, is registered with the FDA, EU, and Russian. Ministry of health. For a demonstration of how the measurement is made, see this short video clip.

The stress parameter ranges from 0 to 10. The higher the parameter, the higher the stress. Negative emotions elevate stress, positive emotions do not.

Unlike a human being, the metal cylinder glow is unaffected by external circumstances. It would be interesting to contemplate what the image of an accomplished meditator in, or not yet in, thukdam might reveal.

In Closing

The ideas and concepts presented here are a subset of a scientific framework for external and internal excellence. Presentations on the framework have been made in several countries including the Office of the Indian Prime Minister in New Delhi and the Parliament of Peru in Lima always to enthusiastic audiences.

Buddhist monks and yogis are masters of the practices of internal/emotional excellence. Still, they need to be aware of the scientific framework for external excellence. At the prodding of His Holiness, Buddhist monasteries have introduced science in their curriculum, but

there is a compelling need to also introduce statistics and six sigma, the scientific methodology for the pursuit of external excellence and to understand the link of internal/emotional excellence to the performance in the external world.

His Holiness has prodded Indians to learn about ancient Indian wisdom, and I might add, it is neither wise to belittle it, nor to make wild claims that cannot be corroborated. The world should be grateful to His Holiness and the Russian scientists for making their interaction public.

Din-i-Ilahi 2.1 – Dialogue Between Hindus & Muslims

din-i-ilahi-2.1-–-dialogue-between-hindus-&-muslims

Conferences, dialogue and threat of court action are useful, but by themselves, cannot bring about positive changes. We must dig deeper.

I was inspired to write this article upon reading media reports on religious discord in India and then I read about a Forum of Religions at the upcoming G-20 summit in Bali, Indonesia.

At first glance, this article may appear India-centric, but hiding just beneath the surface, in plain sight, is a complete scientific framework for a better and more peaceful world, and that should be of interest to the Bali Summit on Religions.

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Media just reported on the Indian Supreme Court’s edict on hate speeches. Said the court, “This is the 21st century. Where have we reached in the name of religion?” the court said, hearing a petition on hate speeches and directing authorities to act against such instances by themselves or face contempt charges. “Contempt will be initiated if the authorities fail to act,” the court said.”

Indian media also reported that the proposal for a dialogue between RSS Chief Shri Mohan Bhagwat and several prominent Muslim organizations to thwart communalism has found favor with both parties.

Relatedly, Indonesia will host the upcoming G-20 summit at Bali in November. With the efforts of Indonesian President, Mr. Joko Widod, a Forum of Religions (R-20) will be held on the sidelines of the G-20 summit.

Specifically, Muslim World League of Saudi Arabia and Nahdlatul Ulema of Indonesia are sponsoring the “Revealing and Nurturing Religion as a source of Global Solutions” Conference in Bali during November 2-3, 2022.

In his blog forumias.com, Wasim Akram writes, the sponsoring organizations reject fundamentalism and the radical interpretation of Islam. They are calling for building a consensus on “common principles of human values, tolerance and peace to immunize against the dangers of extremist ideology.

Continues the blog, The R-20 will move from Muslim-majority Indonesia this year to Hindu-majority India next year and Catholic-majority Brazil in 2024. It can help the three world religions, together with Buddhism and other important religions, evolve a universal value system.

The universal value system is already on hand but, as this article explains, it is not amenable to the products of reason. Progress can be made but that will require a deeper understanding and a willingness to transcend reason.

Conferences, dialogue and threat of court action are all products of reason, which while useful, cannot bring about the required positive changes in the society.

What will, is explained in the following paragraphs.

When I was a pre-teen growing up in the town of Bidar in the erstwhile Hyderabad state, there would be violent clashes between Hindus and Muslims. Leaders of both communities would gather at our home where my father, the late Shri Bapusaheb Deshpande, would mediate. Multiple incidents over the years are indicative of the fact that the dialogue had only a marginal effect.

My father had left Law College in the decade of 1910s to immerse himself in the freedom struggle for the ensuing several decades, and later served a year in jail. He was a friend and close associate of the late Prime Minister, Shri P. V. Narasimha Rao. Government of India subsequently awarded him the title of “Freedom Fighter” posthumously.

Relatedly, in the sixteenth century, Mughal Emperor Akbar made an attempt to develop a syncretic religion which incorporated the elements of various faiths in an attempt to reconcile the differences that had divided his subjects.

According to Wikipedia, the Mughal emperor himself converted to Dīn-i-Ilāhī, along with some of his close officials, leaving Islam, and encouraged others to become adherents of the new faith.

Going by the present situation, the emperor’s noble initiative has not succeeded.

So, why should the proposed dialogue succeed this time?

It can, provided there is an openness of mind, a willingness to think outside the box, and to embrace the ideas in this article.

Incarnations and prophets of all religions have prodded their followers to strive for just one (and the same) thing: To strive for a shift from negative emotions to positive emotions. That is, to rise in emotional excellence.  

Positive emotions include unconditional love, kindness, empathy and compassion.

Positive emotions are closely linked to the S component of the mindset: truthfulness, honesty equanimity and steadfastness,

Negative emotions encompass anger, hatred, hostility, resentment, frustration, jealousy, fear, sorrow and the like.

Negative emotions are closely linked to R and T components of the mindset: attachment, ego, lying, cheating, and causing injury in words and deed.

The proposed dialogue between Hindus and Muslims should begin with this hypothesis: Both religions prod their followers to strive for higher levels of emotional excellence. The differences are only in the practices of how to bring about the desired change.

If there is a consensus in this hypothesis, then, the proposed dialogue between Hindus and Muslims will likely succeed, provided the ideas and concepts in this article too are embraced. If not, the dialogue is doomed to fail. The same is true about the R-20 initiative in Indonesia.

The following paragraphs present corroborative explanation for the hypothesis and shows how communal harmony between Hindus and Muslims, and indeed across all faiths, can be achieved.

To begin, we must investigate if God exists, since we are talking about religions, and are desirous of bringing about religious harmony.

UNDERSTAING THE MYSTERY OF THE UNIVERSE

There is a consensus in the physics community that the universe came into existence pursuant to the big bang event, some 13.8 billion years ago. Then, the universe was an incredibly small (about 10-33 cm in diameter), unbelievably hot and immensely dense energy phase. This energy phase then created the universe.

Physicists have also concluded that on the other side of the energy phase, there is absolutely nothing, a void.

This is as far as science can take us.

Science cannot know how “nothing” can produce “something”, the energy phase of the big bang event.

Physicists have also concluded that the nothingness of the void cannot be anything else but undifferentiated consciousness.

Says His Holiness, the Dalai Lama, The universe may end one day, but consciousness will remain for it is eternal. His Holiness received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989.

Various faiths give different names to undifferentiated consciousness: God, Allah, Paramatma, etc.

UNDERSTANDING THE MYSTERY OF LIFE

Without the intervention of the creator, life cannot take root either.

Darwin’s theory of evolution asserts that all life on our planet began with a single-cell organism, which evolved into ape-like creatures over billions of years, who then evolved into human beings over millions of years.

Science cannot explain how the single-cell organism sprang to life.

Put it another way, given all that is contained in the human body, scientists have not been able to create life. The missing elements are consciousness and energy. Consciousness and energy come into us when we come out of the mother’s womb and take the first breath and leave us when we exhale for the last time and die.

CONSTITUENTS OF CREATION

Saamkhya hypothesis asserts that all creation comprises of five principal elements: (1) Prithvi (Earth), (2) Jal (Water), (3) Agni (Fire), Vayu (Air) and Akash (Differentiated Consciousness & Energy).

There are temples dedicated to the five principal elements in India, four in Tamil Nadu and one in neighboring Andhra Pradesh.

The Saamkhya hypothesis further suggests that all creation is endowed with three components: S, R, and T.

It is difficult to reconcile for how inanimate objects can be endowed with consciousness, energy and the S, R, T components until we realize that the S, R, T components are linked to the two emotions. 

Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose had proved that plants feel pain and metals feel stress. He is considered as father of radio science. He was the first Indian Fellow of IEEE (US).

GOAL OF LIFE

We all came from the source and should want to return to the source.  Yogis and Buddhist monks have understood this.

The Tibetan word, “thukdam” refers to a Buddhist meditative practice in which an accomplished meditator is absorbed in the process of inner dissolution of the five principal elements and consciousness back into the Primordial Light after clinical death (Wikipedia).

His Holiness the Dalai Lama explains, “When an ordinary person dies, there is a dissolution of the five principal elements (at the moment of clinical death). My senior tutor, Ling Rinpoché, remained in thukdam for 13 days. Recently, a monk at Kirti Monastery remained in this state for 37 days.”

Continued His Holiness, the body of the meditator in thukdam can remain warm and free from decomposition for many days indicating that the Earth, water and fire elements have remained. This is an observable reality that must be investigated scientifically.

Russian neuroscientists, collaborating with His Holiness, examined 104 monks in meditation, and observed a monk in thukdam for 37 days at the Gyutö Monastery. A forensic physician examined the physical body at various stages after death. The scientists noted that the body of a person in thukdam was in a quite different state from the body of someone undergoing the ordinary process of death. They said this was the first scientific evidence of the phenomena. See this video clip of a Buddhist monk preparing to enter thukdam. In little over six minutes, the monk relinquished his body consciously.

TOWARDS COMMUNAL HARMONY

With this background, we are now ready to discuss communal harmony.

The citations of monks in thukdam are extreme examples in that they may not be of general interest, but the phenomena of thukdam is of interest nonetheless, because the monks traverse through a high level of emotional excellence on way to their destination.

The shift from negative emotions towards positive emotions is not an intellectual exercise and it cannot be brought about with any products of reason; the required positive changes have to come about from within.

Regardless of faith, if you are endowed with the feelings of Shraddha (faith), bhakti (devotion), vishwas (trust) and samarpan (surrender), then, prayers in a mosque or temple could be sufficient to bring about a positive shift in emotional excellence.

If not, meditation is the pathway to achieve the desired shift. Buddhist monks and yogis have proved this.

Choose the meditative practice that is best suited to your faith and disposition.

Since emotions can now be measured, progress can be audited (EQ Radio, Bio-Well). This is important as the measurement provides a sense of comfort to the practitioner that the practices are working serving as an impetus to continue with the practice regularly.

Clearly, children of today are adults of tomorrow, and therefore, the ideas and concepts in this article should be introduced in schools. This will also be supportive of religious harmony.

DISCUSSION

Religious discord is only one of the myriad of significant problems facing humanity. Among others are, a rise of political extremism, racial and caste discrimination, poor performance in human activities, etc., etc.

The root cause of all of these problems is that humanity continues to insist on limiting itself to the products of reason (sciences, laws, and policies). These approaches are important and useful but they must be complemented with the understanding and practices to transcend reason where the solutions often lie. This is how ancient Eastern seers made breakthrough discoveries.

Meditation is the appropriate tool to transcend reason which brings about positive changes from within for a better and more peaceful world.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This article is written with the explicit blessings of H. H. Guru Mahan, Founder, Universal Peace Foundation, Thirumurthi Hills, TN, India. Guru Mahan has been going into three weeks of meditation with no food for the past thirty-two years for global peace. Guru Mahan’s Guru was Muslim.

The author thanks Jim Kowall, a friend and coauthor of several of a book and several articles for his review and feedback.

The author also thanks Tony Belak, former Ombudsman, University of Louisville for his feedback and editorial assistance.

REFERENCES

  1. 1. Kowall, James P., Why the Foundations of Physics are Built on Nothing but God , Medium, October 27, 2022
  2. Deshpande, Pradeep B., East Meets West: What It Will Take to Be Vishwa Guru, amazon, 2022.
  3. Deshpande, Pradeep B. and Kowall, James P., The Nature of Ultimate Reality and How It Can Transform Our World: Evidence from Modern Physics; Wisdom of YODA, amazon, 2015.
  4. Deshpande, Pradeep B., Six Sigma for Karma Capitalism, amazon, 2015.
  5. Deshpande, Pradeep B., A Flaw in the Theory of Evolution: A Perspective, ThePulse.One, September 14, 2022.
  6. Deshpande, Pradeep B., Scientific Framework for World Transformation, Dialogue and Alliance, a Publication of Universal Peace Federation, New York, 33, 1, June 2019. (Dialogue and Alliance is a publication of the Universal Peace Federation, a New York City-based international organization with consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Cultural Council).
  7. Kowall, James P., The Physicist’s Dilemma: Ultimate Reality Non-physical nature of consciousness, Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research, 5, 4, 2014.
  8. Kowall, James P. and Deshpande, Pradeep B., The Role Consciousness Plays in Creation, The Pulse.One, November 24, 2021.  

Democracy is Not the True Arbiter of Societal Excellence

democracy-is-not-the-true-arbiter-of-societal-excellence

The real threat to democracy in America is declining levels of societal emotional excellence. Democracy is not the true arbiter of societal excellence.

There is a widespread admiration for democracy across the world. This fondness for democracy arises from the belief that democracies are best equipped to deliver fairness and justice to all its citizens.

Fairness and justice imply that the rule of law, equality before the law, separation of church and state, freedom of religion, gender equality, human rights, etc., are all built into the democratic system of governance.

Ancient Greeks invented the term “democracy,” meaning, rule by the people.

After making a myriad of contributions to human civilization for over a thousand years, Greece declined. Today, Greece is counted as one of the weakest links in the European Union. Depicted below is a plot of all people born in Greece and listed in all 23 volumes of the 1991 edition of Encyclopedia Britannica. The rise and decline of Greece is self-evident.

Similar plots for Great Britain, Germany, and the United States are available.

A second example. In Vedic times, thousands of years ago, India was on top and remained on top for more than a thousand years at a time when Western nations hadn’t made much progress.

In Vedic times, seers pioneered a novel method of discovery which goes by the Sanskrit name, Shruti, meaning revealed, and therefore beyond the reach of reason, that remains more or less out of reach of the most advanced civilizations of today. The Vedas are an example of Shruti discoveries. Products of reason include sciences, laws, policies, etc.

In contrast, today, India is a hundred years or more behind the most advanced Western civilization. It is only now rising. I predicted the rise of China and India, in that order, in the nineties. My graduate students at the University of Louisville scoffed at the idea at the time, but at my retirement dinner in 2008, several said, we withdraw our comment.

In ancient times, the notion of fairness and justice for all was known as Ram Rajya (The kingdom of Lord Ram). There was no democracy then.

Eventually, India, too, declined as did some other civilizations like Egypt, China, Rome, and the Ottoman Empire.

What causes societies to rise and then decline? It is the societal level of emotional excellence. Human emotions are of two types: Positive emotions and negative emotions. Positive emotions include unconditional love, kindness, empathy, and compassion, while negative emotions include anger, hatred, hostility, resentment, jealousy, frustration, fear, sorrow and the like.

Rising positive emotions lead to societal rise, while rising negative emotions lead to its decline.

No one knows why such a transformation should take place, but we can be certain it does. Relatedly, truthfulness, honesty, steadfastness and equanimity lead to rise, while lying, cheating, causing injury in words or deed promote decline.

This discussion brings us to the present time.

Polling suggests that threat to democracy has emerged as issue No. 1 for the American electorate, but no one has investigated why the threat has emerged to begin with and how it can be attenuated?

Cultivation of positive emotions at the exclusion of negative emotions is the only way, but it is not an intellectual exercise; the required positive changes have to come about from within.

We are fortunate to be living in an era when emotions can be measured, and the process with which to bring about positive changes from within is meditation, or more generally yoga, known for thousands of years. Seers of the ancient past used these practices to make Shruti discoveries. The availability of a measurement device for emotions means progress can be audited.

For best results, the science and practices to enhance emotional excellence must begin in schools as today’s students are tomorrow’s leaders.

Note that societal decline can only be postponed, not prevented, as rise and decline are natural phenomena.

Relatedly, I introduced a mandatory Six Sigma Greenbelt Training program in the MBA curriculum of the Gatton College of Business & Economics at the University of Kentucky in Lexington, KY around 2005, and then taught the Six Sigma course in their MBA program at TEI/Piraeus in Athens, Greece for the ensuing twelve years. I had discovered that exemplary performance in the external world is not possible in the absence of an adequate level of emotional excellence. Raise emotional excellence and the performance will zoom.

Therefore, the MBA students also learned the science and practices of emotional excellence and they thoroughly enjoyed it. In one of the classes, students gave me a replica of Aristotle’s book with a card signed by all of them which contained a remark by Socrates, “The one thing I know for sure is that I know nothing.” It appears Socrates understood that the universe came out of nothing, and the students realized that he understood the true meaning of nothing.

Heartwarming!

In closing, what is threatening democracy in America today is not Democrats vs. Republicans, but a declining societal level of emotional excellence, and therefore, serious efforts must be made to reverse the trend. The article has also attempted to explain why democracy is not the true arbiter of societal excellence.

Acknowledgments

The editorial assistance of Tony Belak, Mediation Consultant and former Ombudsman, University of Louisville, is gratefully acknowledged. Graduate students Bharat Sanghavi and Sundeep Dronawat scrutinized the 23 volumes of the Encyclopedia Britannica in the early nineties and prepared the plots for Greece, Great Britain, Germany and the United States.

A Flaw in The Theory of Evolution: A Perspective

a-flaw-in-the-theory-of-evolution:-a-perspective

According to the theory of evolution, all life on Earth began with a single-cell organism, billions of years ago which eventually evolved into ape-like creatures over millions of years, who then evolved into human beings.

Regression in evolution, like for example humans reverting to ape-like creatures, metaphorically speaking, is not permitted, and yet, this is precisely what has happened.

Today, India is perhaps a hundred years or more behind the most advanced civilization. The article demonstrates that ancient Indians possessed knowledge that the most advanced civilizations do not yet possess, or they have acquired it only in recent years which means the theory of evolution is flawed.

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The Bhagvad Geeta can accommodate this flaw. The tweaked theory of evolution is, “From time to time, civilizational evolution comes under siege due to a decline in emotional excellence that may last thousands of years. Thereafter, emotional excellence begins to rise again and the civilizational evolution continues.”

Not only does the tweaked theory conform to historical observations, it explains how the world can become more peaceful. This is because emotions can be measured and a shift from negative emotions toward positive emotions can be brought about with yoga known for thousands of years.

There is a consensus in the scientific community that all life on Earth has evolved from a single-cell organism several billion years ago and that humans have evolved from ape-like creatures over millions of years.

Studies also suggest that humans first evolved in Africa and later moved to other parts ofthe world. These studies are backed up by substantial evidence.

All of these studies suggest that human capabilities have continually improved over time,side-by-side with their evolutionary progress.

For example, as humans evolved and began to walk upright, they learned how to light a fire, to hunt, and to grow food all the way to the present time when humans have mastered the science and knowhow of how to build airplanes, send spacecraft to distant planets, build powerful computers, and self-driving automobiles, harness nuclear power, etc., etc.

This explanation of evolution implies that the most advanced civilization today has to be far more advanced than any civilization of the distant past. Just compare where humanity is today and where it was just a century ago.

In the process of evolution, the theory of evolution does not permit regression of evolutionary progress, as for example, humans regressing into ape-like creatures, metaphorically speaking, but this is exactly what has happened.

In the following paragraphs, I present several examples involving a civilization from the distant past which apparently possessed knowhow not known to the most advanced civilization today or it has been developed only in recent years, thus contradicting certain aspects of the current theory of evolution. Therefore, the theory needs to be tweaked.

  1. How the universe was created.

In her 2014 New York Times best-seller, “Trespassing on Einstein’s Lawn,” Amanda Gefter showed that the universe came out of nothing, a void. From that nothingness of the void evolved the energy phase of the big bang event, incredibly small (about the size of Plank length, 10 -33 cm in diameter), unbelievably hot, and immensely dense some 13.8 billion years ago, which then created the universe.

Later that year, Jim Kowall, MD (Neurology, Internal Medicine), PhD (Theoretical Physics),a friend and coauthor of an earlier book on the Nature of Ultimate Reality, published his finding that only something nonphysical must have been present in the nothingness of the void and that nonphysical entity cannot be anything else but undifferentiated consciousness. That is, undifferentiated consciousness produced the energy phase of the big bang event by its own desire, which then created the universe.

Physics can explain how the energy phase of the big bang event created the universe but cannot explain how “nothing” can create “something,” the energy phase of the big bang event.

Ancient Puranic stories assert that creation requires two things: Shiva (Undifferentiated consciousness) and Parvati-Adyashakti (primordial energy). Says Shiva, Adyashakti is incomplete without me, and I am like a corpse without her. Shiva is also known by several other names: Shunya-zero, Ardhanareshwara – half-male half female.

How life was created

The Saamkhya hypothesis states that all creation, including life here on Earth, comprises of five principal elements: Prithvi (matter), Jal (water), Agni (fire, heat), Air (oxygen) and Space, which, in turn, comprises of consciousness and energy.

Saamkhya hypothesis was probably developed sometime between the Vedic period and the time of the Bhagvad Geeta which has a chapter on Saamkhya Yoga.

Successive generations of human beings have procured their consciousness and energy from their mothers when they were born and inhaled for the first time, but from where did the first single-cell organism get its consciousness and energy? It must have been from the undifferentiated consciousness just as the Saamkhya hypothesis proposes.

The theory of evolution explains how humans evolved from the single-cell organism but cannot explain how the single-cell organism sprang to life.

His Holiness the Dalai Lama explains, “When an ordinary person dies, there is a dissolution of the five principal elements, but, when an accomplished meditator enters “thukdam,” his body can remain warm and free from decomposition for many days after clinical death implying that the Earth, Water, and Fire elements have remained.” He also tells us, the universe may end one day but consciousness will remain for consciousness is eternal. His Holiness received the Nobel Prize in Peace in 1989.

Inculcation of Intuition.

Intuition is instant cognition without the benefit of the five senses and the rational mind. Modern civilizations have no means to purposefully inculcate intuition. Yogic processes exist that can enhance intuition provided the training is given at a young age. This is consequential since intuition is important to leadership as leaders are often called upon to make split-second decisions at a moment’s notice.

Sanskrit Mantras Can Bring about Positive Changes in the Human organism

The Rig Veda is the most ancient storehouse of knowledge of humanity. Scholars have found gems of wisdom in the Vedas.

One such gem is Gayatri mantra, listed in the Rig Veda, Mandala 3.62.10. A Cambridge trained scientists specializing in nuclear magnetic resonance at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi has investigated the effect of Gayatri mantra and found that it removes the asymmetry in neurochemicals between the right-half and left-half hemispheres of the human brain.

An American researcher based in Spain who specializes in brain science has published an article in Scientific American showing on the basis of MRI scans that memorizing ancient Sanskrit mantras increases the size of the brain regions associated with cognitive function. 

Ancient Indian seers developed a large number of mantras most of which remain to be scientifically investigated. They may hold the key to acquiring superhuman abilities.

CIA’s The Gateway Process

While communicating its report, “Analysis and Experience of Gateway Process” to the US Army in 1983, the Central Intelligence Agency acknowledged that the agency found it exceedingly difficult to understand why and how the process works.

The CIA report cited an ancient Indian example reflective of the profound wisdom. Sid the report, “In the heaven of Intra there is said to be a network of pearls so arranged that if you look at one you see all the others reflected in it.” (The holographic principle).

The report writer continued, “I have cited this quotation because it shows that the concept of the universe which some physicists are coming to accept is identical in its essential aspects with the one known to the learned elite in selected civilizations and cultures of high attainment in the ancient world.”

The report acknowledged the choice of transcendental meditation and yogic processes as means to transcend the realm of reason for the purpose of solving problems and discussed the usefulness of audio tapes that it has developed to accelerate progress.

e =mc 2

In 1905, Albert Einstein realized that energy and matter are manifestations of the same thing. He proposed that they were related to each other through the famous equation e = mc 2 . Here, c represents velocity of light, 186,000 miles/sec. Since c is so large, a tiny amount of mass holds a tremendous amount of energy.

Since then, scientists have learned how to covert mass into energy (atom bomb) but most do not know how to transform e into m. One rare scientist who does, was the late W. A. “Bill” Tiller, renowned Professor Emeritus of Materials Science and Engineering at Stanford, and a former Chair of that Department. Bill was in his nineties when died in February 2022. He had liked my article, The Brahma Uncertainty Principle.

Indian seers have preserved the knowhow of how to transform m into e and e into m for millennia.

The said, humans can only transform one form of energy into another, but, they being creatures with differentiated consciousness, cannot create something from nothing. That privilege is reserved for the undifferentiated consciousness.

These examples are but a small sample of the accomplishments of Indians in ancient times. In contrast, modern day India is probably one hundred years behind the most modern culture.

The Bhagvad Geeta is the Missing Link

In the Bhagvad Geeta, Sri Krishna says, “All civilizations, no matter how great, eventually decline only to rise again some time later. The phenomenon of rise and decline is cyclical.” Rise and decline of civilizations occurs due to the corresponding rise and decline in emotional excellence.

Emotional excellence has nothing to do with race, religion, caste, gender or national origin.

After making profound contributions to human civilization, ancient India declined several thousand years ago, and it has only now begun to rise.

The Tweaked Theory of Evolution

The forgoing discussion leads to a tweaked theory of evolution:

“From time to time, civilizational evolution comes under siege due to a decline in emotional excellence that may last thousands of years. Thereafter, emotional excellence begins to rise again and the civilizational evolution continues.”

How the Tweaked Theory of Evolution Can Lead to a Better, More Harmonious World

The tweaked theory of evolution revealed that the X- factor for a more peaceful world is emotional excellence. Emotional excellence can be enhanced through meditation or, more generally, yoga, and since emotions can now be measured, progress can be audited. Appendices I and II shed additional light on this topic. Also, the articles listed in the References provide additional details.

The importance of emotional excellence is being recognized in America. Daniel Goleman’s book, Emotional Intelligence has sold 5 million copies and it has been translated into 45 languages. HBR says, Goleman’s articles on emotional intelligence are the most archived in their publication.

Emotional intelligence is the recognition of its importance in leadership and performance but the pursuit of emotional intelligence is not an intellectual exercise. Products of reason, such as sciences, laws and policies, are useful but they are inadequate. The required positive changes have to come about from within.

Acknowledgements

This article is written with the blessings of H. H. Guru Mahan, Founder, Universal Peace Foundation. Thirumurthi Hill, TN, India. Guru Mahan has been going into three weeks of meditation annually with no food for the past thirty-two years for world peace.

The author thanks Dr. Jim Kowall and Dr. Mohan Bhalodia for their review and comments on the article.

The editorial assistance of Tony Belak, former Ombudsman, University of Louisville, is gratefully acknowledged. Special thanks are due to Shashank Dhadphale for taking the time out from his busy schedule to draw the sketch on evolutionary progress shown on page 1.

Further Reading

  1. Aha Dharana Program for Enhancing Intuition, Universal Peace Foundation, Thirumurthi Hills, TN, India, 2019 (https://youtu.be/lJQ48QMJNx0).
  2. Buddhist Monk Leaves Body Consciously in Six Minutes, (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OwlyYHGVwic&t=21s).
  3. Eleven-Year Old Girl Reads Blindfolded on Indian version of “Who wants to be a Millionaire” (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f9pRJO_TGtw&t=13s).
  4. Deshpande, Pradeep B., Scientific Spirituality, The Pulse.One, March 23, 2022.
  5. Deshpande, Pradeep B. and Kulkarni, B. D., The Brahma Uncertainty Principle, Journal of Consciousness & Research, 3, 2, 2012 (https://jcer.com/index.php/jcj/article/view/199).
  6. Deshpande, Pradeep B. and Kowall, James P., The Nature of Ultimate Reality and How It Can Transform Our World: Evidence from Modern Physics; Wisdom of YODA, 2015 (amazon). James P. Kowall is a physician trained in theoretical physics. He retired from private practice several years ago to spend time researching the nature of ultimate reality. Jim succeeded in his quest in 2014.
  7. Deshpande, Pradeep B., East Meets West: What It Will Take to Be Vishwa Guru, amazon,

    2022.
  8. Deshpande, Pradeep B., Scientific Framework for World Transformation, Dialogue and Alliance, a Publication of Universal Peace Federation, New York, 33, 1, June 2019. (Dialogue and Alliance is a publication of the Universal Peace Federation, a New York City- based international organization with consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Cultural Council).
  9. Hartzell, James, A Neuroscientist Explores the “Sanskrit Effect”, Scientific American,

    January 2, 2018.
  10. Jaisundar, Rama, Scientific Investigation of Gayatri Mantra, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g1ZVnEc5sKc).
  11. Kasanoff, Bruce, How to Measure and Strengthen Your Intuition, Forbes.Com, November 26, 2020.
  12. Kowall, James P., The Physicist’s Dilemma: Ultimate Reality Non-physical nature of consciousness, Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research, 5, 4, 2014.
  13. Kowall, James P. and Deshpande, Pradeep B., The Role Consciousness Plays in Creation,

    The Pulse.One, November 24, 2021.
  14. McDonnell, Wayne, Analysis and Assessment of Gateway Process, Central Intelligence

    Agency Report, 9 June 1983. (https://www.cia.gov/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP96-

    00788R001700210016-5.pdf
    ).
  15. The Tiller Foundation: Intention (https://www.tillerfoundation.org/).
  16. What Does it Mean to Be Human, https://humanorigins.si.edu/education/introduction-

    human-evolution.

Appendix I. Why Darwinian Evolution Derails. By James P. Kowall and Pradeep B. Deshpande

Emotions have to do with the nature of personal self-identification which is emotionally driven. At the level of the body, emotions are all about body survival. The primitive emotions of fear and desire, as in the desire to eat and the fear of being eaten, are about defending the survival of the body in a body-eat-body world. Even the social emotions of emotional attachments are about defending the survival of the body since the immature body of a child cannot fend for its own survival and is dependent on the care given by a caretaker. That caretaking always arises in an emotional attachment between the child and its caretaker. At the level of the body, the expression of all emotions is only about defending the survival of the body. Those emotional expressions have been selected for by natural selection (Darwinian evolution) in the sense that the bodies that are most likely to survive and reproduce themselves in the form of another body are the bodies that are best able to express survival emotions. Survival emotions are what are being selected for by natural selection (the survival of the fittest body). Fitness for survival is being selected for in terms of the expression of body survival emotions. At the level of the body and its survival and reproduction, that’s all that’s really going on here. That’s the essence of Darwin’s theory of evolution.

The big question is about what is going on at the level of consciousness. Whatever consciousness is, when consciousness identifies itself with the body (personal self-identification), consciousness feels compelled to defend the survival of the body as though its existence depends on it. That’s when survival emotions are expressed. That emotional expression leads to personal self-identification since consciousness feels emotionally self-limited to the emotionally animated form of the body as consciousness perceives that emotional expression. Personal self-identification is always emotionally driven as survival emotions are expressed, which leads to the expression of more survival emotions that perpetuate the vicious cycle of personal self-identification.

How can this vicious cycle be broken? Consciousness has to realize the true nature of what it is. When consciousness realizes the true nature of what it is and that its existence does not depend on the survival of the body, then there is no good reason to continue to express body survival emotions. That’s how consciousness breaks the vicious cycle of personal self-identification. That emotional energy is no longer wasted on defending the survival of the body. That energy is released and can be utilized in the pursuit of other endeavors, like the expression of creativity. In other words, when consciousness realizes the true nature of what it is and that its existence does not depend on the survival of the body, consciousness overcomes the expression of body survival emotions. That overcoming of body survival emotions is really nothing more than Darwinian evolution derailed. What the main article is describing is really nothing more than consciousness freeing itself from the emotional bondage of Darwinian evolution. Great civilizations have understood the true nature of consciousness all along.

Appendix II: Understanding the Limitations of Science and Reason

Progress toward a better, more peaceful world will require a clear understanding of when the use of science is appropriate, when products of reason will deliver success, and when it will become necessary to transcend reason.

Science is the appropriate body of knowledge to use when the fundamentals of a system under scrutiny are well understood, and when they are not, but measurements are available so data can be procured, then, data-driven strategies such as six sigma are appropriate. When system fundamentals are not well understood and measurements are not available, then, these two methods cease to be useful. Transcending reason by enhancing the focus of attention, as with meditation, will then remain the only route to solving problems and to make new discoveries.

Put it another way, sciences, six sigma, laws and policies are all products of reason. Often, they are sufficient to solve problems, but when they are not, it will become necessary to transcend reason to the domain of undifferentiated consciousness, and meditation is the way to do so.

Open-mindedness and a willingness to think outside the box are essential to progress. Ask not how and why the process works, but rather, validate the observations at a high level of confidence. Let the future generations of scientists and seers tackle the bigger mystery.

It is essential to remain steadfastly committed to relying on data (evidence) alone for decision- making at all times except at the time of meditation. Then, send your rational mind on a well- deserved vacation or else it will turn into your worst enemy.

The discoveries in the examples presented have occurred by transcending reason. Actually, all discoveries occur when the focus of attention Is enhanced, often unknowingly as the did to Albert Einstein. In 1905, the year that is touted as his miracle year, Einstein published four breakthrough papers, one of which earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics. Smoking a pipe, deeply engrossed in his famous thought experiments, Einstein must have enhanced his focus of attention and transcended reason and discoveries came to him.

The example of mathematical genius, S. Ramanujan is one where the discoveries came to him in prayer which too is beyond the realm of reason.

Ancient Indian seers recognized this method of discovery earns ago and capitalized on it. This route may well hold the promise to solve some of the intractable problems such as global warming, desalination, renewable energy and the like.