For All The State Jural Assemblies – 40 Grocery Shopping


By Anna Von Reitz

When you get a taste for baked potatoes and you go grocery shopping to buy some spuds, you don’t head over to the pile of lemons, do you? 
 
No. Lemons aren’t potatoes. You are looking for potatoes, so…. you trundle over to the potato bin and start rooting around. 
 
It’s the same way when you decide to populate and operate your States of the Union. You don’t mess around looking at the Federal Constitutions. You look at the State Archives and the documents that actually set up your State.

Why? Because you are looking for potatoes, not lemons.

You are in the process of revitalizing your States, not States of States.
Because our States entered the Union at various times and under varying circumstances, the documents found in the State Archives will vary, too.

The original States deriving from the thirteen United Colonies of America will have a slightly different history and paper trail than the States entered into the Union via the North West Ordinance up to 1860 and their records will be different from the States created after 1860. 
 
So there are three principal groups of States: Original, Northwest Ordinance, and Post Civil War, but all three processes result in the creation of land and soil jurisdiction States and the records associated with that entity, your actual State, is what you are after. 
 
These documents are normally called Statehood Compacts and they are separate from any documents related to “Commonwealths” of “State of State” organizations.

Once you realize that States are completely separate and different entities apart from “States of States” you will see that in fact most things are clearly labeled “State” or “State of State”. 
 
The only place where this gets confusing is back during Civil War times and just before, where the original Federal States of States are all being called Confederate States, because all these entities like The State of Georgia and The State of Massachusetts were members of the Confederation of States set up under The Articles of Confederation (1781). 
 
People used to know (and be taught) that “confederate” meant “State of State” and that these “States of States” were commercial corporations owned and operated by their actual State of the Union. 
 
Know that little fact and use your eyes and ears as you research your State Archives and you won’t be confused between the two. 
 
And stay out of the Lemon Bin. Anything having to do with the Federal Government or any “State of State” is operating in a completely different jurisdiction than you are operating in as a State National or State Citizen.

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For All The Jural Assemblies -39 Parting of the Waters

By Anna Von Reitz
So, the original American Government as of 1781, consisted of
 a Union, a Federation, and a Confederation of different kinds of “states” and “states of states” operating in different jurisdictions — and there is a hard and fast demarcation between Soil/Land and Sea/Air.

The Soil/Land jurisdictions are populated by people, that is, Lawful Persons.
The Sea/Air jurisdictions are inhabited by persons, that is, Legal Persons.

And never the twain shall meet, like the land is separated from the sea. 

The only interface is located in international jurisdiction where Lawful Persons populate the land and Legal Persons inhabit the sea, and they may be converted either unlawfully or lawfully, one into the other. 

What we are doing by reclaiming our birthright political status as American State Nationals and American State Citizens and by expatriating from all presumed Territorial and Municipal citizenship(s) is to lawfully convert Legal Persons back into Lawful Persons. 

We are explicitly declaring our political status and officially returning our Good Names, our Trade Names, to the Soil/Land jurisdiction of our actual States of the Union.  We are doing this specifically and one by one serving Notice on the Public Records of the commercial corporations operating the Sea and Air jurisdictions so there can be no further “accidentally on purpose” mistaking us for ‘US Citizens” or “Citizens of the United States” or “citizens under the 14th Amendment” to the Territorial Constitution reconfigured as the Articles of Incorporation for a Scottish Commercial Corporation that went bankrupt in 1907.

So what is a “State of the Union”?  It’s the soil jurisdiction Union of republican states being referenced, which holds the underlying land jurisdiction States as possessions.  You could just as well read it as “State belonging to the Union” in the sense of ownership, while the State itself is a member of The United States of America, an unincorporated Federation of States. 

In the same way, the States of States that were members of the original Confederation of States belonged to the States in the sense of ownership.
Georgia owns The State of Georgia, which operates under Georgia’s Sovereign Letters Patent.  The State of Georgia which has been mothballed since 1868 along with all the other actual Federal States of States is an American State Corporation held under Sovereign Letters Patent.

These States of States can be called Federal States of States, since they belong to States that are members of the Federation of States, or they can be called Confederate States because they are members of the States of America Confederation formed under The Articles of Confederation in 1781.

This original Confederation of States of States doing business as the States of America was enabled to carry out all the business of the States in several jurisdictions: international jurisdiction of the sea, territorial jurisdiction, municipal jurisdiction, commercial jurisdiction — the States of America was a Jack-of-All-Trades operating in all the jurisdictions of the Sea and the Air, owned and operated by the American States and People.

The Constitutions were to break up the functions of this original Confederation doing business as the States of America. 

The Lion’s share of the business remained with the States of America under the actual Federal Constitution called “The Constitution for the united States of America”.  To put it simply, the States chose to Delegate certain Powers to their own commercial corporations, which were then liable for providing the services stipulated under the Constitution. 

Another portion, the Territorial functions and business, including control of the Naval Armed Services, Commercial Fleet, Trade Policies, and U.S. Territories
was split off and delegated to the British Monarch under the Territorial Constitution called “The Constitution of the United States of America”.  The services stipulated under this Constitution were determined by Treaties leading up to the end of the Revolutionary War and were administered by British Territorial United States inhabitants temporarily residing in our States and the District of Columbia.

As part of the Great Fraud they try to pretend that we are all “United States Citizens’ who are unpaid volunteers working for the Territorial United States and its commercial corporations while temporarily residing in our own country.

Finally, a portion of the business was split off and delegated to the Temple Government operated by Westminster, the so-called Inner City of London, which is an independent international city-state and part of the Municipal Government of Rome under the Roman Pontiff and the Holy Roman Empire.
The functions of this Municipal Government affiliate were severely limited to the ten miles square of the District of Columbia.  This global Jurisdiction of the Air entity received a separate Constitution called “The Constitution of the United States”. 

Thus, the Federal Government was carved out of the States of America Confederation. 

The Federal Branch of the Federal Government was operated under the States of America as an extension of delegated power belonging to the States and their Federation doing business as The United States of America. According to the duty, it could operate in the international Jurisdiction of the Sea or the global Jurisdiction of the Air. 

The Federal Branch of the Federal Government was sometimes referred to as The Republic, a reflection back the to republican states that ultimately own everything.  This entity was operated by Deputies chosen by The State of State Legislatures– Senators elected to serve as part of the Federal United States Congress and by popularly elected Delegates serving the Federal House of Representatives.

However, please note that the Federal Congress, also known as the United States Congress, was composed entirely of Confederate “States” — that is, commercial corporations run as “States of States”, operating in the Sea/Air jurisdictions, as opposed to the Continental Congress operated by the Soil/Land jurisdiction States.

The Territorial Branch of the Federal Government was operated by the British Territorial United States as a Democracy.

The Municipal Branch of the Federal Government was operated as an independent international city-state, the Washington Municipality. This Municipal Government was entrusted to the members of the Federal Congress, who were supposed to operate the District of Columbia and Municipality of Washington, DC, as a neutral meeting ground for the States and People. The members of the Federal Congress were given power to operate the Municipal Government as a plenary oligarchy.

All of these entities, the commercial corporations making up the States of States of the Confederation that were responsible for running the Federal Congress and overseeing the Municipal United States Government, the Territorial United States Government and the Municipal United States Government, can be called in some respect “the” Federal Government, because they are all part of the original Federal Government, and yet, it takes the sum total of all three functioning together as intended to make up the actual Federal Government owed to the member States of The United States of America. 

In 1860, this entire arrangement was torn apart. The members of the original Confederation split apart.  The Northern States of States in support of the original Confederation adopted the stance of being champions of the Federal cause and became known as “Union” troops.  The Southern States of States which were more honest simply reorganized a new Confederation doing business as The Confederate States of America.

Emerging on the other side of the mercenary conflict misnamed “The American Civil War”, which was all fought by the commercial corporations that were States of States members of the original Confederation, the Federal Branch of the Federal Government was destroyed and subject to Reconstruction. 

Before that Reconstruction could be properly addressed or the population given adequate Notice, the British Territorial Government operating the Armed Forces of the Northern States of States of the original Confederation substituted Territorial States of States for the Federal States of States, a cuckoo bird maneuver that took place in 1868. 

The original Territorial Constitution called “The Constitution of the United States of America” was also deceitfully reconfigured as the Articles of Incorporation of a new Scottish commercial corporation doing business as “The United States of America, Incorporated”. 

As a single commercial corporation under foreign control, the members of the new Territorial United States Congress took over as a Board of Directors.  Amendments to the Articles of Incorporation disguised as the actual Territorial Constitution didn’t require ratification by the States, only approval by the deceitful traitors occupying vacant Federal Congressional offices under false pretenses.

This is why no Amendments since the 14th Amendment have ever been properly ratified by the States of the Union.  This is also how the United States Senators of the Federal United States Congress ceased to function as Deputies (Fiduciary Officers) of the States and became instead merely popularly elected Territorial United States “Senators” whose only fiduciary allegiances were to the foreign Scottish corporation masquerading as “The United States of America—–Incorporated”. 

Grant, Sherman, and other Union Generals were no match for the European bankers and corrupt politicians who were equally influenced by British and Holy Roman Empire agents and the American Robber Barons — American Industrialists, especially steel, railroad, newspaper, arms, and drug/medical empire builders who made vast fortunes during the Civil War and who fully intended to continue to capitalize on their gains after the war. 

They did so at the expense of this country and its States and its People.

And the British Monarchs and the Lords Mayors of Westminster and the Popes who all owed us Good Faith Service, sat mum and ordered their minions to do likewise.  Generations of American military and police and yes, even Bar Attorneys, have been dumbed down and told that all of this is a “matter of National Security”.  They simply haven’t been told which nation’s security is at risk, and as it turns out, it’s Great Britain, followed closely by Westminster and Vatican City.

The Gross Breach of Trust which has taken place has no equal in the history of the world and the damage done to our States and our People cannot be estimated either in terms of natural resources, lives, or money lost, embezzled, and frittered away by the mixed bag of criminals, British sympathizers, banker flunkies, and fools that have sat in the Territorial United States “Congress” ever since, all under conditions of fraud, color of law, and false pretenses. 

Called to account for it, John Paul II, apologized, but maintained that it was our fault for wanting too many government services and not paying better attention to the corruption of the commercial corporations providing those services. 

Please note that the Federal United States Congress –neither before nor after the Civil War — ever had any authority to interfere with the States or the People of the Soil and Land jurisdictions.  We were never part of the Civil War, even though millions of Americans suffered and died then and for 150 years afterward as a direct result of it. 

As long as we claim and maintain our birthright political status, none of this skullduggery pertains to us, and we are not subject to the Queen nor the Pope nor any repugnant legislation coming out of either the Territorial or the Municipal “United States Congress”, nor any of their numerous Territorial or Municipal State of State franchises.

Above and beyond all else, this is because we are Lawful Persons and they are all Legal Persons.

When Abraham Lincoln was forced to declare the Northern States of States bankrupt in 1863, he issued the Lieber Code to the military leaders of the Grand Army of the Republic.  The British Territorial United States Government has continued to operate under the Lieber Code (also known as General Order 100) ever since.  The Code has since been adopted as the Hague Conventions. 

Lincoln also began operating exclusively as the Commander in Chief of the US Military, and exercising this power via the issuance of Executive Orders, a practice which is the basis of Territorial Presidential executive powers to this day.  Thus, at the Territorial level, we have a military junta and “Presidents” of foreign commercial corporations acting as dictators and at the Municipal level we have members of the Territorial Congress grossly usurping powers intended for the Federal Congress and attempting to extend the hegemony of their largely illegal oligarchy far, far beyond the borders of the District of Columbia. 

And none of this has anything to do with the American States or the American People, except that we have been asleep for a 150 years, and we have been repeatedly raped and robbed by our erring Hired Help. 

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For All The Jural Assemblies – 38 The American Government Structure


By Anna Von Reitz

You can now see the outlines of the actual American Government:
The people — all living, breathing beings operate as Natural Persons, and operate the soil jurisdiction, which is the national jurisdiction of their republican states which are members of The United States, an unincorporated Union.

The People — all Lawful Persons acting in the international land jurisdiction owed to the republican states operating as States that are members of The United States of America, an unincorporated Federation of States.

The United States: Combined National Soil Jurisdiction Union of State Republics

Union Formed: July 1, 1776
Declared: July 4, 1776 via The Unanimous Declaration of Independence
Nature: lawful, unincorporated, Union of State Republics
Jurisdiction: soil, top six inches of land, national, domestic
Units: Unincorporated Counties
Government: Lawful Republican Assemblies
Language: English

Members:
The Wisconsin Republic (soil) / The Republic of Wisconsin (surface water)
The Texas Republic (soil) / The Republic of Texas (surface water)
…. et alia

Citizenry: living people conducting business as Natural Persons

The United States of America – Combined International Land and Sea Jurisdiction – Federation of States

Federation Formed: September 9, 1776
Declared by: Act of The Continental Congress
Nature: Lawful, Unincorporated Federation
Jurisdiction: Land (below six inches deep) and Sea, International
Units: Unincorporated States
Government: Lawful State Assemblies
Language: English

Members:
Ohio (land) / Ohio State (sea)
Wisconsin (land) / Wisconsin State (sea)
….Et Alia….

Citizenry: Lawful Persons

****Note that some powers of the States in the international Jurisdiction of the Sea were contracted away via Delegation of Powers under the Constitutions, but not all such powers. See Amendment X.****

And now comes the Big Surprise: We, the People, are crossing the Bar:

States of America, Combined Global Commercial and Municipal Jurisdiction of the Air, Confederation of States

Confederation Formed: March 1,1781
Declared by: Adoption of The Articles of Confederation
Nature: Legal, Incorporated
Jurisdiction: Global, Municipal, Commercial, Territorial
Units: Incorporated and Sovereign – Patented States of States
Government: Federal, Territorial, Municipal
Language: English

Members:
The State of Georgia / The Georgia State
The State of Wisconsin / The Wisconsin State
….Et Alia….

Citizenry: Legal Persons

****Notice that the States of America Confederation originally conducted the business of all three branches of the future Federal Government. Notice that although the actual members of this Confederation were States of States, they were nonetheless all referred to as “Confederate States” beginning in 1781. Notice that the citizenry of these States of States is all composed of Legal Persons, not Lawful Persons.****

****Notice that the official language of all three is English.****

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For All The Jural Assemblies – 37 The Interface


By Anna Von Reitz

So we have studied the issue and meaning of “Lawful Persons” and two basic jurisdictions — soil (national) and land (international).

We have seen that we have two kinds of states: republican states of the soil and international States of the land, both of which are unincorporated and geographically defined.

We have also observed that these states are members of two unincorporated Unions of states. 

The republican states are members of The United States.

The land States are members of The United States of America.

Both of these states are populated by people.

When the people of the soil jurisdiction republican states operate their national jurisdiction as citizens of, for example, The Wisconsin Republic, they operate as Natural Persons.

When the people of the republican states enter the international land jurisdiction of their State of the Union,  they act as the People of their State, and as Lawful Persons.

Lawful Persons differ from Legal Persons. 

Lawful Persons are connected to specific actual, factual, geographic and physical reality.

Legal Persons are fictional legal constructs devoid of such connection to physical fact.

There is only one interface between Lawful Persons and Legal Persons and that interface occurs in international jurisdiction. 

The international land jurisdiction is populated by Lawful Persons.
The international sea jurisdiction is inhabited by Legal Persons.

What happens when a Lawful Person crosses this invisible boundary and becomes a Legal Person is known as an “unlawful conversion”. 

What happens when a Legal Person crosses this same boundary in the opposite direction and becomes recognizable as a Lawful Person is known as a “lawful conversion”. 

When a Lawful Person crosses into the international jurisdiction of the sea and attacks Legal Persons already there it is known as a “transgression”.

And when the opposite occurs and a Legal Person crosses into the international jurisdiction of the land and attacks a Lawful Person it is known as a “trespass”. 

Both can be considered errors worthy of forgiveness, or as crimes, depending on the acts and/or the expressed intention of the parties.

When Lawful Persons transgress again Legal Persons it most often results in obstruction of the business or other activities of the Legal Persons.

When Legal Persons trespass against Lawful Persons it most often results in in inland piracy, conscription, kidnapping, press-ganging or other crimes.

For the purposes of the State Jural Assemblies this interface is of special importance and deserves to be thoroughly understood. There is a barrier, or “bar” involved that has to be properly manipulated and it is analogous to the veil between life and death.

This is the so-called “corporate veil”.

Lawful Persons are connected to life and physical actuality, but Legal Persons are not, so that Lawful Persons are metaphorically “alive” and Legal Persons are “dead”.

Our lawful State Governments, represented by both The United States and The United States of America, have treaties with the British Monarch and the separate government of Westminster, as well as commercial service and trust agreements set forth in the respective Territorial and Municipal Constitutions, that govern how Americans are supposed to be treated when we cross back and forth over this invisible barrier, this interface between “Lawful” and “Legal”. 

Specifically, the British Monarch and the Papal Temple Government of Westminster are to act as the Trustees of our Lawful Persons when we venture over the Bar. They are obligated to protect our National Trust, which includes our Natural and Unalienable Rights and to “aid and assist” us on the High Seas and Navigable Inland Waterways (the international Jurisdiction of the Sea) and the Global Jurisdiction of the Air (commerce) “in perpetuity”.

They have gotten around these obligations and the limitations of the Constitutions by pretending that we have all knowingly contracted with them to work for them and their commercial corporations as unpaid volunteers– that is, under conditions of peonage and enslavement.

This shameful breach of trust and legal chicanery based on unconscionable contracts with babies and undisclosed unilateral contracting processes taking place on the land and soil of our country is a part of what we now need to address. 

They have grossly trespassed against us and arbitrarily tried to redefine the living people and Lawful Persons of this country as chattel properties belonging to them and their commercial corporations and they have gotten away with this fraud for many years undetected. 

Now comes the day of reckoning for six generations of venal fraud, but in order to make it stick, we must mind our “p’s” and “q’s” and maintain our lawful standing as American State Citizens — not “US Citizens”.  We must take up our duties and run our sovereign States of the Union and reconstruct our Federal States of States and put an end to the crass and despicable false claims in commerce that have been made against us.

For now, know that when we, Lawful Persons, cross the interface and enter the international jurisdiction of the sea or the global jurisdiction of commerce and therefore function as Legal Persons on a temporary basis, we are owed safe conduct. 

For the time that we are conducting business in the international Jurisdiction of the Sea we are considered to be “Foreign Situs Trusts” under the protection of the British Monarchs– Legal Persons operating under the same Proper Name that we use as Lawful Persons, owed all the guarantees and protections of the Territorial Constitution.  

There is no visible difference between “Mary Jane Ellis” standing on the land and “Mary Jane Ellis” at sea.   This is what FDR used to attempt to “vacate” our entire country and promote a national identity theft scheme of staggering proportions. 

For the time that we are conducting business in the global realm of commerce — that is, in the Jurisdiction of the Air, we are considered to be “friends” of the Government of Westminster under the protection of the Pope. 

Instead, we have been deliberately and fraudulently misidentified as “US citizens” and “US citizens” have never had any constitutional guarantees and have never had any treaty protections, either. 

This identity theft unlawfully converting our Lawful Persons (American State Nationals and American State Citizens) into Legal Persons – British Territorial 
United States Citizens and Municipal Citizens of the United States under
false pretenses, has led to six generations-worth of abuse of our States and our People and has allowed the British Monarchs and the Popes to prey upon us and cynically make false claims in commerce against our “Persons” and our assets.

It was all done “accidentally-on-purpose” via manipulation of the Bar — the interface between Lawful Persons and Legal Persons and their purposeful misidentification one for the other, so as to avoid treaty and contractual obligations.

As American State Citizens you must thoroughly grasp the importance of your Lawful Person — your Trade Name — and the necessity of maintaining your Trade Name’s permanent domicile on the land and soil of your State. 

As members of the State Jural Assembly and recognizably, one of the People of your State, you are the ones enabled to enforce the guarantees of the Constitutions and also the ones responsible for upholding and enforcing the Public Law and running the People’s Courts we are all owed.  It is a noble and necessary endeavor. 

It is also necessary to notice that your courts for Natural Persons (County Courts) and Lawful Persons (State Courts) are not the same as the Nisi Prius For-Hire Courts that are presently sitting in your courthouses and doing business under the guise of “State of State” commercial contractors. 

The best way to understand this situation is to think of it as a baseball club from another town using your public ball field. 

These “State of State” courts don’t belong to you, are not operating in your jurisdiction, and are foreign in all respects.  They literally have nothing to do with you and need to be avoided and left alone to conduct their business with their citizenry. 

At all times, you must maintain your awareness of the interface between “Lawful” and “Legal” and know who you are with respect to this interface. You are American State Citizens and Lawful Persons, one of the People of your State of the Union owed every jot of every treaty and every service contract. 
You own the land and soil of this country and you are home again. 

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For All The Jural Assemblies – 36 State Assemblies


By Anna Von Reitz

Now that you know what a “Lawful Person” is, be aware that our assemblies, both the soil jurisdiction assemblies of the state republics, and the land jurisdiction assemblies of the States are exclusively populated by Lawful Persons.  

This is because only Lawful Persons who are still attached to physical reality and to specific locations in space can populate the soil and land jurisdictions which are likewise geographically and physically defined Lawful Persons. 

This follows the Biblical Law of Kinds.  Lawful Jurisdictions (land and soil) 
are populated by Lawful Persons. 

So the American Government is composed of three Unions of different kinds of states, and two of those Unions, The United States (soil) and The United States of America (land) are owned, operated, and governed by Lawful Persons.  

The State Assemblies control the international jurisdiction of the land and sea, which includes international trade, except that the Constitutions made significant concessions delegating away some of their powers in the international jurisdiction of the sea (not all) to the British King.  

The State General Assembly is composed of Electors  — both State Nationals and State Citizens who own land within the borders of their State can serve as Electors of the General Assembly.  They are chosen at the County level by people who are qualified members of the soil jurisdiction republican states; two Electors act as Deputies (Fiduciary Officers) for each County.  Most States hold their General Assembly after the holidays and it can run for as little as a weekend or stretch on for months, depending on the business that has to be addressed.  

Because the land and soil are inextricably combined, eligibility as a soil jurisdiction republican state national or citizen automatically qualifies one to be a State National or State Citizen, and for practical purposes people from the republics act as People representing their State in international jurisdiction, so that both land and soil are populated at the same time and by the same people, only some of them are further tasked to do business for the State. 

The State Jural Assembly takes up judicial issues that affect the People of the State and the enforcement of the Public Law, including enforcement of the Constitutions and running the People’s Court and elections related to the Courts and Peacekeeping functions and officials.  Unlike the State General Assembly, the State Jural Assembly runs all year long and pretty much twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week.  

The State Jural Assembly, like the State General Assembly, is composed of qualified Jurors who are State Citizens and State Electors, that is, people of the republican states who have volunteered to serve the State Government in the capacity of Jurors. 

Jurors are typically not paid unless they are called to serve as part of a jury, either a Grand Jury or a Trial Jury.  Sheriffs and Justices, both State Justices and Justices of the Peace, Clerks, Bondsmen, Coroners, and other elected and hired members of the People’s Court are paid either a monthly salary or on a case by case basis, or as agreed upon.  

The State Executive Assembly is elected at the State General Assembly as one of the first acts of the State General Assembly each year.  The State Executive Assembly continues to function throughout the year and is enabled to conduct routine business for the State, including issuing Public Notices, conducting 
Elections, overseeing use and sale of State resources such as timber sales and public land leases, preparing ballot initiatives for the General Assembly, and serving as an interface for communications with the Federal Government.—including direction of the Federal State of State Corporation, once we get organized to complete the Reconstruction of the Federal States of State. 
The State Executive Assembly also has the power to call the  State General Assembly into Special Session if needed. 

State Executive Assemblies are basically committees of astute businessmen who have a State Assembly Chairman and a State Treasurer and a State Secretary and State Executive Assembly Members from the land districts within the State.  These are called Postal Areas today to delineate them from the sea-going Postal Districts.  

Together the General Assembly, Jural Assembly, and State Executive Assembly conduct the international business of each State of the Union, and work together to enforce the Public Law, make decisions about land and natural resources, ensure protection of property rights, postal roads, free public elections and other business of the State.  

As has already occurred to many people, the lack of regularly meeting and well-defined State General Assemblies has left Federal Caretakers like the BLM in charge of state lands and policies regarding state land and resources for far too long.  

Let us also note that our Federal States of States are supposed to be involved at a “federal” level in representing our States internationally and globally, but owing to the fact that we have not reconstructed our confederated States of States that “federal” duty has been usurped by Territorial “States of States”, a situation that leaves our States and People largely at the mercy of the British Monarchs and Popes.  

We must reclaim our natural birthright political status now that we know that we have suffered gross Breach of Trust and unlawful contracting processes pretending to establish commercial contracts with infants, and we must boot up our State Assemblies and enforce the actual Constitutions on these renegade Service Providers.

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For All The Jural Assemblies – 35 Lawful Persons


By Anna Von Reitz

It important for the State Jural Assemblies and the State General Assemblies, which follow, to understand the concept of ‘Persons”. 

A “person” is created every time we name someone or something, be it a baby or a business— every time we create any form of office, job title, military rank, pen name, married name, performer’s name or nick name, too.  

A person is not a living being.  Your name is not you.  It is a “handle”, a “utility”, a means of identifying you among billions of other people.  It is a “representation” or “image” or “persona” of yours, that you are supposed to own and care for in the same way that you own a bicycle. 

Your Proper Name, also called your Good Name, your Trade Name, or your Given Name (because it is given to you—literally) is your Lawful Person when you are standing on the land and soil of your State. 

Persons fall into three basic categories: (1) unincorporated, (2) corporate, and (3) incorporated. 

The first two kinds of Persons—unincorporated and corporate — are “Lawful Persons”.  The distinction between unincorporated and corporate is based on degree of separation from physical actuality. 

Unincorporated Lawful Persons are sometimes called First Degree Sovereigns and Corporate Lawful Persons are considered Second Degree Sovereigns. 
Sovereignty is an element of free will and it is only possessed by Lawful Persons; only unincorporated entities are truly free. 

So we each have our own Proper Name, which is a Lawful Person—sometimes referred to as a “Natural Person”. 

Private unincorporated businesses are another class of Lawful Persons known as “Business Persons”.  These also naturally occupy the land and soil jurisdiction of the American States. 

A third kind of Lawful Person is called a Corporate Business Person — not “incorporated” — merely “corporate”.  

A Lawful Corporate Business Person is typically formed by one or more unincorporated businesses.  Unions, Leagues, Clubs, Holding Companies,  Fellowships, Federations, and some forms of Trusts are Lawful Corporate Business Persons.  

Our unincorporated state republics joined together to form the unincorporated union of states doing business as The United States.  

The United States is a “Lawful Corporate Business Person” called a “Union” doing business for other businesses— the member state republics. 

The United States of America is also a “Lawful Corporate Business Person” called a “Holding Company” doing business for other businesses — the member States. 

All Lawful Persons are unincorporated entities.  All Lawful Persons can freely conduct domestic trade and international trade on the land or sea.   

Lawful Persons are of a different class and kind of Person than Legal Persons.

It’s important to know that the entire actual American Government is unincorporated and populated by Lawful Persons.  

When you return “home” to the land and soil of your State of the Union, you do so as a Lawful Person. When you act as a State Citizen and as a member of your State Jural Assembly, you do so as a Lawful Person. 

It’s equally important to know that the Federal Government — all three branches of it: Federal, Territorial, and Municipal — is incorporated and inhabited by Legal Persons, instead.  All Federal Citizens whether defined by Article 1 Section 2, Clause 2 or Article 1, Section 3, Clause 3 or by the 14th Amendment are acting as incorporated franchises or agents or officers of commercial corporations and are acting in a different capacity and a separate jurisdiction.  We shall treat Legal Persons as a separate topic. 

The American Government is composed of Lawful Persons and the Federal Government is composed of Legal Persons.

This is an important distinction and deserves your careful thought, notice, and consideration.  

The Bible, which is the source of Land Law throughout most of the world, takes a dim view of “persons” and “personages” —- criticism which is largely addressed to officials bearing titles, royal persons, and legal persons who fail to live up to their duty: 
Acts 10:34
Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons:

Psalms 26:4
I have not sat with vain persons, neither will I go in with dissemblers.

Job 13:10
He will surely reprove you, if ye do secretly accept persons.

James 2:9
But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors.

Proverbs 28:21
To have respect of persons is not good: for a piece of bread that man will transgress.

Psalms 82:2
How long will ye judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked

Proverbs 24:23
These things also belong to the wise. It is not good to have respect of persons in judgment.

Proverbs 28:19
He that tilleth his land shall have plenty of bread: but he that followeth after vain persons shall have poverty enough.

Zephaniah 3:4
Her prophets are light and treacherous persons: her priests have polluted the sanctuary, they have done violence to the law.

Proverbs 12:11
He that tilleth his land shall be satisfied with bread: but he that followeth vain persons is void of understanding.

Ezekiel 27:13
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy merchants: they traded the persons [Slaves] of men and vessels of brass in thy market.

Ephesians 6:9
And, ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening: knowing that your Master also is in heaven; neither is there respect of persons with him.

Lamentations 4:16
The anger of the LORD hath divided them; he will no more regard them: they respected not the persons of the priests, they favoured not the elders.

Malachi 1:9
And now, I pray you, beseech God that he will be gracious unto us: this hath been by your means: will he regard your persons?saith the LORD of hosts.

1 Peter 1:17
And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man’s work, pass the time of your sojourning here in fear:

1 Timothy 1:10
For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;

1 Samuel 22:22
And David said unto Abiathar, I knew it that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul: I have occasioned the death of all the persons of thy father’s house. 

These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling words, having men’s persons in admiration because of advantage.
James 2:1
My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, with respect of persons.

2 Chronicles 19:7
Wherefore now let the fear of the LORD be upon you; take heed and do it: for there is no iniquity with the LORD our God, nor respect of persons, nor taking of gifts.

Deuteronomy 10:17
For the LORD your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nortaketh reward: [Work for free in other words, as ‘everything acquired by the Slave/Person is acquired for the Master’ ]

Colossians 3:25
But he that doeth wrong shall receive for the wrong which he hath done: and there is no respect of persons.

Jonah 4:11
And should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and also much cattle? 

Deuteronomy 1:17
Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; but ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God’s: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it unto me, and I will hear it.

Deuteronomy 16:19
Thou shalt not wrest judgment; thou shalt not respect persons, neither take a gift: for a gift doth blind the eyes of the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous.

Romans 2:11
For there is no respect of persons with God. 


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For All The Jural Assemblies – 34 Reconstruction: Your Mission


By Anna Von Reitz

Strange as it may seem to us today, the Reconstruction required as a result of the Civil War has never been finished.  In truth, it was never properly started.  No adequate Notice and Disclosure of the circumstance was ever given to the general populace of America.  And there are obvious, self-interested reasons for that. 


Let’s take a step back and look at the close of the Civil War.  

We have now properly understood who the parties to the armed conflict were: commercial corporations owned and operated by the States went to war with each other.  These entities operated as, for example, The State of Ohio, The State of Florida, The State of Wisconsin and so on, chose sides and fought, but this was a private sector quarrel among corporations — as if General Electric and Westinghouse hired mercenaries and solicited volunteers and got into an armed conflict in the middle of the village green. 

As such, it was a patently illegal and lawless event, and by definition, there could be no actual Declaration of War, no Peace Treaty, and no actual Victory. 

The idea behind The Articles of Confederation was to create an internal alliance of “capital business interests” devoted to the welfare of all the States and People.  This is why The Articles of Confederation which sought to bind together the commercial corporations operating as an “instrumentality” of each State in the global municipal jurisdiction overseen by the Office of the Roman Pontiff, proposed to be a “perpetual” union.  

From the very first, it was realized that if commercial interests were in conflict such that The States of States opposed each other, and this schism was allowed to spread far enough, it would endanger the entire country.  So the Founders were at pains to impress upon The States of States the necessity of working together for the common good and maintaining the perpetual union of the original Confederation —and a united front in the global municipal jurisdiction. 

Unfortunately, agent provocateurs — as we now know, members of the Rothschild banking cartel and other European banking interests — kept watch for an issue that might create such a schism between The State of State commercial corporations, and they found it: slavery.  

The last Congress of the Federal States of States adjourned for lack of quorum when the Southern States of States walked out.  The Deputies known as “United States Senators” who were essentially the CEO’s and Fiduciaries of these commercial corporations could no longer conduct business.  

The remaining Delegates representing the Northern commercial corporations collaborated with the British Territorial Government to continue operations under the guise of acting to “preserve the Union” and “the Constitution” — meaning the Territorial Constitution and its role for the British King as Trustee over our Naval and Trade and Commercial activities.  

The entire “war” was fought by colluding American commercial corporations and foreign interests and had nothing to do with our actual States and People, except that the conflict was fought illegally on our soil, many of our people were killed, maimed, and otherwise harmed, the Federal State of State commercial corporations were decimated, and  the British-backed Territorial Branch of the original Federal Government installed itself as a military junta. 

Even Ulysses S. Grant was stunned when, after the end of the hostilities, he arrived in Washington, DC, and realized the extent of the manipulation, corruption, and hypocrisy involved in promoting the Civil War.  As a man and a soldier he had been sure of his moral cause throughout the actual fighting, only to discover that slavery was never the actual issue at all, and that those who now claimed victory were intent on creating a new kind of slavery: public slave ownership, instead of private slave ownership. 

What remained was this: the Northern Federal States of States — commercial corporations owned and operated by the Union side of the conflict were bankrupt and in reorganization.  The Southern States of States — also commercial corporations owned and operated by the Confederate States were bankrupt, too, but never sought bankruptcy protection.  A British Territorial Military junta was in control of Washington, DC, and soon puppet governments installed by force in the South would send Territorial Delegates to Washington.  

These Territorial Delegates would join their colluding Northern brethren who had operated in the same Territorial capacity throughout the war to operate a British Territorial-level “Congress” as a substitute for the Federal Congress.

There were still enough people left alive who knew the truth and who wished to restore our rightful Government, so numerous attempts were made to do so. 

President Andrew Johnson did what he could to protect the States and People by formally declaring the land jurisdiction at peace, three times, in public. (May 10, 1865 – April 2, 1866 – August 20, 1866) 

Members of the Territorial “Rump” Congress admitted the circumstance by passing the “Reconstruction Acts”.  These were undertaken as “emergency” measures by a foreign military government — essentially, an American “Raj” — to maintain control over the civilian population during a transition back to normal government operations.  

That transition has never taken place.  The vast bulk of the Reconstruction Acts have never been repealed and are still in full force and effect.  

The Reconstruction Acts which were supposed to be temporary measures violated the original Constitutions at least five different ways, but the three most immediate violations did three things that we still struggle with today. 

Article IV, Section 4 was violated when, under the Reconstruction Acts of the Territorial Congress, the actual Southern States were denied their republican form of government and control of their own soil jurisdiction after the end of the “war”.  

Article I, Section 8, Clause 17 was violated by the Territorial Congress unlawfully exercising exclusive legislative power outside their Districts. 

Article IV, Section 3 was violated when the Territorial Congress formed Territorial “States of States” to replace and substitute for the Federal States of States. 

The sum total result of all this is that the Federal Government — three levels of subcontracting commercial corporations that are supposed to be providing our States and People with Good Faith Service — have been operating unlawfully and illegally ever since. 

Remember that there are in fact three Branches of the Federal Government, all composed of either our own or foreign commercial corporations in the business of providing governmental services: 

Federal Branch = The States of States chartered by our States, like The State of Maine,  The State of Iowa, etc.  These self-chartered commercial corporations are supposed to be providing us with all goods and services stipulated under the Constitutions except for those services noted below:

Territorial Branch  = British King acting as Trustee of our private, trade, and commercial business interests on the High Seas and Navigable Inland Waterways; caretaker of our Territorial holdings. 

Municipal Branch = Holy Roman Empire -commercial jurisdiction, supposed to be controlled by the Territorial Government and limited to the ten miles square of the District of Columbia, with plenary control of the Washington, DC Municipality.  Supposed to provide a safe meeting ground for commercial business and uniform laws and standards for conduct of such business. 

After the Civil War, only two out of three Branches of the Federal Government remained in operation.  The primary and most important subcontractor, the Federal Branch, was never “reconstructed”. 

Instead, our primary contractor, the States of America organization was knocked out of commission, left disorganized (reconstruction never took place), and the secondary British Territorial subcontractors secretively usurped in and substituted their own Territorial “States of States”  in 1868.

We have been operating on two wheels instead of three, our guys have been cut out of all the juicy government contracts since 1868, and as a result, the Brits and the Popes have been in illegal and unlawful control of our Federal government ever since.    

The substitution of British Territorial “States of States” for American Federal “States of States” was accomplished via similar names deceit (fraud).  The average people were left unaware of any change.  To them and to their eyes, there was a “State of State” government before the war and after.  The switch from The State of Georgia to the State of Georgia passed them by.  

In the same way, the switch from the unincorporated American Holding Company doing business as The United States of America —which is another level of our American Government entirely— was deliberately confused by the introduction of a Scottish commercial corporation doing business as “The United States of America, Incorporated” as of 1868, so as to illegally access our credit and make it appear that we were bankrupted, when in fact no unincorporated entity is eligible for bankruptcy protection. 

This is all identity theft of the same kind that occurs when a credit card hacker illegally accesses your accounts. 

The Popes who were supposed to be running the Holy Roman Empire/Office of the Roman Pontiff and policing commercial operations worldwide— and who are obligated by treaty to act as our Trustees in the Global Jurisdiction of Commerce— sat on their velvet tuffets and did nothing to stop it.  Instead, they happily profited themselves and helped organize the expansion of the fraud. 

The British Kings ordered the members of the Territorial Government to keep mum about it — see 18 USC 472.  The military was told that all this was a matter of “National Security”.  

What it is really a “matter of” is gross Breach of Trust, Treaty Violations, Theft, Embezzlement, Fraud, Inland Piracy,  Racketeering, and other Crimes by Treaty Allies against the interests of the American States and People. 

Your Mission as members of your State Jural Assemblies and as members of your State Assemblies proper, is to reclaim your stolen identity as American State Nationals and American State Citizens and to Assemble your State and finish the Reconstruction. 

Only you have the power to re-charter your Federal States of States and retrieve their assets– that is, all the State land trusts doing business under names like: the Wisconsin State, Ohio State, et alia.,  from the Territorial Caretakers.  

Only you can put the American subcontractors back in place and in control of the services we are owed by the “Federal” Government. 

One of the great ironies is that in spite of all the evidence of fraud, bad faith, the use of similar names deceits, rampant identity theft, securities fraud, and other crimes committed by our purported Trustees and Allies against us, they still attempt to blame us and say that it’s all our fault because we didn’t boot up new Federal States of States after the Civil War.  

Well, folks, lets put that complaint to rest, act in our actual capacity as State Nationals and State Citizens, and do the work of Reconstruction—- create our own American Subcontractors to do the principle share of work as assigned under the actual Federal Constitution. 

The People of each one of our States need to charter their State’s commercial corporation under their own State’s sovereign authority, and then join as a member of the States of America—– a perpetual union and Confederation of States of States serving as the Federal Branch of the Federal Government.  

That will put an immediate end to a lot of monkey business and leave nobody any cause to complain about our action to take back control of our country and its assets and its service contracts.  

Also, acting as the People, as members of our State Assembly and our State Jural Assembly, we can address the multitude of international crimes which have been practiced against us.

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For All The State Jural Assemblies – 33 The American Civil War


By Anna Von Reitz

From our discussions we have now fully realized that the Constitutions and the Federal Government arising from these venerable agreements only affected our country’s operations in the municipal jurisdiction’s realm of commerce  — that is, business conducted between two fully incorporated, chartered legal fiction entities.  

Adoption of the Federal, Territorial, and Municipal Constitutions didn’t affect our soil jurisdiction estates, doing business as The United States, nor did they impact our land jurisdiction States doing business as The United States of America, but they did change the operations of the States of America, a union of commercial corporations chartered by the States. 

The impact of the Constitutions on the States of America and on the member commercial corporations doing business under names styled like this: The State of Pennsylvania — was dramatic. 

The most important immediate change was that control of our fledgling Navy and our Naval operations was ceded to the British King, who was obligated to function as our Trustee on the High Seas and Inland Waterways, and to protect our private and international and commercial interests in those venues.  

Control of our international trade policy was also given away to the King.  At least in the realm of commerce, we traded our freedom for safety, though it is doubtful that many Americans realized this at the time.  

The overall result of adopting the Constitutions was to split up the functions originally taken care of by the States of America, and assign some of them to foreign governments to take care of “for” us.  

This power-sharing concession was pre-destined by the Treaties and earlier agreements that allowed for the end of The Revolutionary War.  In other words, these concessions and promises to share power with the British King and the Holy Roman Empire were obligations our Forefathers accepted as part of the Peace Negotiations and the Constitutions that resulted — Federal, Territorial, and Municipal — were simply the instruments used to implement the pre-existing deal. 

So, the States of America remained the fundamental Federal Service Provider as we came out of the Constitutional Convention, and as of 1787, The Constitution for the united States of America, emerged as “the Federal Constitution”.  That is, this is the Constitution creating the Federal Branch of the Federal Government.  

Though its powers and turf were battered and beaten in this process. the States of America was still a very potent force, with responsibility for the nation’s money and many other key services.  

The loss of control of the Naval Powers and the loss of control of our international trade policy was grievous, but was deemed necessary at the time: coming out of the Revolution we had a huge commercial fleet, but almost no Navy.  We had lots of raw materials to ship to eager markets in Europe and a need to get paid for them, but our unprotected commercial fleet was being decimated by privateers.  

Most of the American-based private commercial fleet belonged to two groups — British American former colonists sailing out of Rhode Island and Massachusetts and Virginia, and Dutch New York and Southern interests derived from the “disappeared” Dutch East India fleet that mysteriously vanished circa 1702 and wound up in New York and the Pacific.  They were the primary movers insisting on the surrender of our Naval Powers so that they could continue their commercial shipments unmolested. 

The rest of the people were tired of war and accepted the new inroads against our sovereignty rather than continue to fight and starve. 

Still, for many, these losses remained a sore point and the adoption of the Constitutions was by no means unopposed— nor, were the losses unforgotten. 
As the British Parliament began to impose ever-more disadvantageous trade policies on the American Federal States of States — all commercial corporations with their own axes to grind, tempers flared. 

Malfeasance by British Merchant Marine Officers known as Bar Attorneys led to the War of 1812, which was a push-back against unequal trade policies and unfair tariffs and market rigging.  

In 1819, the States of America responded by toughening already existing constitutional provisions against conflicts of interest and “buying of loyalty” by foreign powers bestowing foreign “Titles of Nobility” on Americans.  This was applied to the practice of bestowing the title “Esquire” on American Bar Attorneys. 

Frustrated by our resistance to their interference and manipulation of our commercial interests to our own detriment, the British Monarch and the then-Pope signed a clandestine treaty known as The Secret Treaty of Verona, in 1822, in which they agreed that our American system of government was intrinsically opposed to both feudal monarchies and papal authority.  

In gross Breach of Trust they agreed to secretively undermine our government — a course of action which they have pursued ever since and which has finally led to the present circumstance. 

This is the Big Picture, but to further understand, we must necessarily revisit what has euphemistically been called “The American Civil War”. 

First one must ask — what is a “Civil” War as opposed to any other kind of war? 

Civil = City = Municipal = Global Commercial Jurisdiction = war between Persons, not People = war between commercial corporations. 

This “War” called “The American Civil War” was not properly termed a war, but was instead a “Commercial Conflict” like the Vietnam Conflict, fought by foreign mercenaries on our shores, and by employees and volunteers backing the various Federal State of State commercial corporations.  

Those Federal States of States that remained loyal to the original Confederation doing business as the States of America represented the North and were called “Union” troops.  Many Americans even at the time mistook which “Union” they were fighting for and in what context. 

The Federal States of States that broke away from the original Confederation and formed their own version doing business as The Confederate States of America, represented the Southern State’s commercial corporations, and their troops were called “Confederates” as a result.  

The King of England gleefully funded both sides of the conflict and the separate international City State of Westminster lost no time setting up effective blockades and conscription services and issued privateer licenses against all our shipping North and South.  

From the standpoint of the Monarchists and the Holy Roman Empire, the object of the American Civil War was to defeat the South and take Southern Cotton out of the European markets, permanently end the cost saving advantages that slavery provided the Southern Plantations, and to reduce the Northern States of States to a condition of bankruptcy.  They succeeded in all respects. 

And Americans and America paid for it all.  

You must remember what we are talking about — a commercial “war” for markets and profits, waged by commercial corporations that are essentially no different than any other commercial corporation except that they are chartered directly by actual States instead of being chartered secondhand by States of States.  

The British and French-backed Northern States of States resented slavery for profit and market reasons, so they encouraged the Abolitionists.  Private slavery was already out of fashion in Europe and of no great economic consequence to their domestic markets— except that it gave the American Southern States of States a cost advantage in the marketplace, and they competed against British and French cotton plantations established elsewhere in the world.  

The British and Holy Roman Empire backed Southern States of States favored slavery for profit and market reasons, so they encouraged the Pro-Slavery Plantation owners — many of which produced products other than cotton.  Remember that the addictive properties of high nicotine tobacco were just beginning to be exploited as a de facto drug trade prior to the Civil War, and the squabble over cotton production interfered with tobacco, sugar, rum, molasses, and many other products.  

Last but not least, this commercial “war” was a bonanza for the railroads, the arms manufacturers, and the U.S. Armed Forces, especially the British-controlled Navy, which received privateer kickbacks.  There had never been a better opportunity for professional soldiers in this country and men like Ulysses S. Grant and William Tecumseh Sherman made the most of it. 

So it is not a pretty picture, but it is an accurate one.  The members of the original Confederation of Federal States of States doing business as  the States of America —- all of them commercial corporations chartered by their States, all of them assigned service contracts under The Constitution for the united States of America — took the European bait and went to war with each other.  

By 1863, the Northern States of States were bankrupt.  By 1865, the Southern States were in ruins and the Southern States of States gave up the fight.  

Since it was not an actual war according to the definition of “war”, there was never any Declaration of War issued by any Congress related to the American Civil War, nor was the surrender of Lee’s Army at Appomattox a peace treaty. The corporations and those backing them simply decided to stop fighting and went home, leaving the Federal Government in chaos that has persisted and been capitalized upon until this day. 

The Federal States of States are separate entities though they were all chartered by the actual States.  The Confederation of States founded in 1781 was in ruins.  It would require a concerted effort to “Reconstruct” the Federal States of States and form new commercial corporations to service their obligations under The Constitution for the united States of America.  

That job of reconstruction of the Federal States of States has never been accomplished, and it can only be done by the actual States and People.  
So the People must assemble and the States must assemble and they have to take care of long-overdue business.  As we shall see, certain parties who owed us better service left us unaware of this urgent necessity and deliberately lulled us into the assumption that the Reconstruction Era was long over, and that we had no work to do. 

Until this long overdue process of reconstruction is undertaken, the entire Federal Branch of the Federal Government is out of commission, moth-balled, and the assets of the original Federal States of States that came through the ruination and bankruptcies have been rolled into “land trusts” — meaning that these trusts belong to the land jurisdiction States and People.  

The assets of The State of Maryland and The State of Maine and The State of Pennsylvania…. and so on, have been rolled into the Maryland State (land trust), Maine State (land trust), Pennsylvania State (land trust)….

The actual States and People of this country are being summoned to take action in their own behalf and to reconstruct their Federal States of States and to restore the Federal Government they are owed—- all of it, not just the Territorial and Municipal bits.  

Please bear in mind and be aware that your actual soil jurisdiction states, dba The United States, and your land jurisdiction States, dba The United States of America, and all their member republics and States, have never been involved in any of this commercial uproar.  Our only duty and our only failure thus far is to recognize certain semantic deceits, to organize ourselves into competent State Jural Assemblies, and to re-charter our Federal States of States to provide the services owed to our States under The Constitution for the united States of America.  

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