For All the Jural Assemblies – 48 Banking Corrections


By Anna Von Reitz

There are two kinds of banking institutions available — Federal and State. These institutions operate under different kinds of charters.  As American State Nationals and American State Citizens, we should be using and supporting State-chartered banks and credit unions.  

Why?  Because of the legal presumptions involved and the relative safety provided to Depositors by State-chartered banks and credit unions.  

We long ago advised that non-federal employees and their dependents, should shift their small business and private trust and Trade Name accounts to State-chartered banks and credit unions.  

We also suggest that people who have accounts in Federal banks and credit unions provide the bank CEO’s with a Registered Letter, Return Receipt Requested, specifically instructing that all funds being deposited in and transferred out of such accounts held in our NAMES be “denominated” as “lawful funds”.  

This prevents them from getting grabby in the case of a bank holiday or “bail-in” or similar fiasco.  Federal banks don’t actually have sufficient United States Notes to trade in them — USN’s are a foreign currency — but they are required to “denominate” the digits held in their accounts “as” United States Notes, if and when Depositors require this.  

Many people have had trouble locating the State-chartered banks and credit unions in their State.  In Alaska, this information is available from the State of Alaska, Division of Banking and Securities.  The State Banking Commissioner in all States should have that information or be able to direct you to the proper office.

A search by one of our more diligent researchers shows that there are only four State-chartered banks left in Alaska, only one of which is truly accessible and statewide in scope.  

There is only one State-chartered credit union — Credit Union One.  Thankfully, Credit Union One has State-chartered organizations in every State of the Union. 

Each State Assembly needs to research this topic for their State and their Members, and make the information available to them.  State-chartered banks and credit unions are in-state Depositories by definition, and as such, are not as likely to be affected by any international banking collapse resulting in the loss of Depositor’s assets.  

To bring this home to Americans — the State-chartered banks and credit unions are “George Bailey” and the Federal-chartered banks and credit unions are “Mister Potter”.  It has been this way since the days when the movie, “It’s a Wonderful Life” was made, and it continues to be true today.  

The trouble with banking began in 1913 with the passage of The Federal Reserve Act, which imposed conditions that can only be described as contractual lunacy— leaving only Section 16 of the Act as remedy for it.  From that time on, federally-chartered banks were obligated to function under this patently criminal scheme.  Section 16 of The Federal Reserve Act was “codified” as Title 12, Section 411, [12 USC 411] which spells out the remedy via proper endorsement of all banking instruments. 

Is it a check?  It’s a banking instrument. 
Is it a signature card?  It’s a banking instrument. 
Is it a court case?  It’s a banking instrument. 
Is it a savings account?  It’s a banking instrument. 
Is it a safety deposit agreement?  It’s a banking instrument. 
Is it a mortgage application?  It’s a banking instrument. 
Is it a mortgage closing document?  It’s a banking instrument. 

All these and more are being bonded, subject to bailment—- and unless you specify otherwise using your signature correctly, you leave the federal agents free to presume whatever they like and whatever profits them.

You have a choice.  You can deal in “Federal Reserve Notes” — I.O.U.’s, or, you can deal in lawful money, “United States Notes”.  You can use the bank as a “Gratuitous Bailee” or the bank can use you as a “Subject BAILOR”.  

As American State Nationals and American State Citizens, we should not be using federal “notes”—-but as our identity was stolen while we were still babies in our cradles and we were never told otherwise, we were never given disclosure, afforded our exemptions, or told about this choice.  

When we endorse anything, that is, sign a banking instrument, we need to use a by-line, reserve our rights, and declare our intent by writing “Redeemed– 12 USC 411–  in lawful money”.  This backs up our instruction to the local bank CEO regarding our accounts and assures that our instruction regarding each instrument will be followed. 

Every time we do this, we reduce the so-called “US National Debt” by the amount being transferred.  

Since the Perpetrator’s intention was to create an insurmountable, eternal “National Debt” nobody was ever told how to discharge it via proper signature, and thus we didn’t sign the bank instruments in this way—- and the debt simply grew and grew and grew…… ad infinitum. 

So we need to use the Magic Words and say, “There has been a mistake.” and we need to transfer our accounts and we need to instruct any Federal banks or credit unions we have to work with and we need to properly endorse all bank instruments from now on.  

A small red-ink stamp set up with the by-line like this:  By:_________________ with space for your signature, a small “c” with a circle around it providing copyright notice immediately following, and the disclaimers, “All Rights Reserved” and “Redeemed– 12 USC 411–  in lawful money” underneath. You might also add your account number, but if you are going to change banks, maybe not. 

This will make properly endorsing checks and other bank instruments far less tedious and make sure you get the verbiage right every time from now on.
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For All the Jural Assemblies – 47 Actual Constitution and Codicils


By Anna Von Reitz

The Original Equity Contract — The Constitution for the united States of America was passed in 1787, ratified by the States in 1789.

As soon as it was finished dealing with the first Constitution, the Congress was “reseated” and acted as the Territorial United States Congress which allowed it to address the British Trusteeship while the Original Equity Contract was being ratified— so they worked next on The Constitution of the United States of America, and adopted as a codicil to the Original Equity Contract by a simple vote of the Congress operating as the Board of Directors for the States of America. 

Finally, the Congress was “reseated” a third and final time in their Municipal United States Congress capacity to write the Municipal Constitution known as The Constitution of the United States, which was adopted as a codicil to the Original Equity Contract by a simple vote of the Congress operating as the Board of Directors for the States of America in conformance with The Jay Treaty. 

Thus there is one ratification process by which the actual States approved the Original Equity Contract — The Constitution for the united States of America, and the subordinate Constitutions were attached as codicils approved by the Congress acting first as the Territorial Congress and next as the Municipal Congress—-and further sharing out “powers” vouchsafed to the States of America under the Original Equity Contract — which is the only one ratified by the States.

One must remember that everything taking place during the adoption of the Constitutions — is a power-sharing agreement between the States operating the original Confederate States of States, and two foreign subcontractors, according to the dictates of the peace process and treaties ending the Revolutionary War. 

They are divvying up the “powers” being “delegated” by the actual States to their own States of States and two foreign subcontractors.  

At  each step, the Congress is operating in a different capacity and jurisdiction — first acting in public to restructure and limit the American Confederation of States [of States] dba “States of America”, then acting to structure and adopt the British Territorial “share” via The Constitution of the United States of America, then acting again to adopt the Municipal “share” via The Constitution of the United States. 

And at each step, the Congress changed hats and jurisdictions, moving from General Session to Territorial business to Municipal business.

You can see the actual names of the entities involved from the titles of the Constitutions:

The Constitution for the united States of America  — our Federal Government operating in international and global jurisdiction
The Constitution of the United States of America  — our Territorial Government being operated by the British Territorial United States
The Constitution of the United States — the Municipal Government being operated by the Holy Roman Empire

Originally, only the States of America were formally chartered by their own States; the foreign Territorial and Municipal service providers were doing business as private, unincorporated businesses under what are called prescriptive charters — that is, they were not directly chartered and incorporated by the foreign governments (UK and Holy See) acting as subcontractors.

After the Civil War, both the Territorial and Municipal entities restructured as incorporated entities operated by the Queen and the Holy See respectively; they had no permission to do this, but there was nothing in our contract with them prohibiting it, either.  This is what the flap over the (repealed, by the way) Act of 1871 was about, and this is what cleared the way for them to be able to work all the insurance and pre-planned international bankruptcy frauds that took place in 1907, 1933, etc.

As unincorporated and lawful businesses these foreign subcontractors had to be accountable for their behavior, but as incorporated “legal” franchises of the UK and Holy See, they enjoyed bankruptcy protection — which motivated them to secretively hypothecate debt against our American assets on the pretext that they were working for us, and then seek bankruptcy protection for themselves, while leaving us on the hook to pay off their debts — all, conveniently, without our actual conscious knowledge or consent.

This is a crime on many levels, but most essentially is a constructive fraud involving unconscionable contracts and deliberate and premeditated bankruptcy, breach of trust, and false claims in commerce. 

The crime is only magnified because both governments chartering these organizations — the Queen’s UK Government and the Pope’s Government — had cause to know that: (1) the American States were the actual Parties to the Constitutions, (2) the American States were, as the Delegators of all the Delegated Powers, owed Good Faith and Due Diligence from their Subcontractors and Trustees,  including Full Disclosure and Assistance in resolving The Mess caused by the Civil War staged on our shores.

There is absolutely no doubt that both the Queen and the Pope and their respective governments which chartered, supported, and offered bankruptcy protection to the Offenders, are at fault, in proven Gross Breach of Trust, in violation of the Treaties and Commercial Contracts owed to our States and People, and lacking any plausible Cause in their Defense.


Now that you know that the only Constitution actually ratified by our States is “The Constitution for the united States of America” and the other two “constitutions” were simply applied as subcontracts, it becomes a lot easier to sort the wheat from the chaff.  

The actual Federal Government we are owed is supposed to be American owned and operated. The Territorial Government and the Municipal Government are both strictly defined and limited in their scope by the controlling contract, The Constitution for the united States of America, but have usurped authority by claiming “an emergency” that didn’t actually exist in 1860 or at any time since with respect to our lawful State Governments. 

1. In order to enforce the Constitution and the Territorial and Municipal Subcontract Constitutions, we must be acting as Lawful Persons — People — of our States of the Union.  We are the only ones that are Parties to the Constitutions, therefore the only ones with the standing to enforce them. 

2. Our States are populated exclusively by Americans operating as Lawful Persons.  Our States do not allow US Citizens to participate in actual State Government, because they are at best Dual Citizens and may act in conflict of interest as a result.  

3. Only our States have the standing, authority, and capability to recharter and reconstruct the “missing” American Federal States of States (Confederation States) and designate American owned and operated Successors.  Only American Successors assigned by our States have the ability to reclaim the actual ancient and hereditary interest in the States of States doing business as, for example, The State of Georgia, The State of Maine, and The State of Texas. 

4. All “assemblies” that include US Citizens are not “State Assemblies”.  They are by definition “State of State” Assemblies, either Territorial or Municipal. 

5. There is no provision for Territorial States of States or Municipal STATES OF STATES allowed under the Constitutions, therefore, none of these organizations have any actual public function or authority at all with respect to our States and People.  They are merely franchises of foreign commercial corporations in the business of providing “essential government services” per Article IV.  

6. Read that: Territorial States of States and Municipal STATES OF STATES are “Administrative Units” of foreign commercial corporation service providers, acting as franchises of the Territorial USA, Inc. and the Municipal UNITED STATES, INC. like Dairy Queen franchises, merely calling themselves “States of States” and usurping upon and substituting themselves for our missing Federal States of States.  

7.  “Administrative Law” and “Administrative Courts” are therefore private institutions that do not have any obligation to impose the Public Law, but operate instead upon Public Policy of their corporation’s Board of Directors and Shareholders.  

8.  The problem we face is that millions of Americans have been deliberately shanghaied and misidentified and mislabeled as “US Citizens”, both as “United States Citizens” — Territorials and as “Citizens of the United States” — Municipals — and have been subjected to the Public Policies of these foreign corporations instead of having access to the Public Law and the Constitutional Guarantees they are heir to. 

9.  The further problem is that these same Americans who are being robbed and defrauded have been indoctrinated to believe that they are “US Citizens” of some kind or stripe, and many persons employed by the various levels of these foreign corporate “private government units” know no better.  Educating people on both sides of the fence — both Americans and US Citizens (actual employees and dependents of the Federal Territorial and  Municipal Corporations) is a fundamental duty of the State Assemblies and the State Assembly Members.  

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For All The Jural Assemblies 46 — No Pledges Ever


By Anna Von Reitz

We all grew up being exposed to “The Pledge of Allegiance” as schoolchildren.  We were indoctrinated from an early age to mindlessly recite something without knowing what it really meant.  

Start with the fact that a “Pledge” is a Feudal Oath given by a Serf or Tenant to a sovereign, promising “allegiance” another word from the feudal relationship vocabulary, subjecting yourself to the sovereign and promising to support and protect the sovereign.  

And what was standing in the “sovereign” position in “The Pledge of Allegiance”? 

The flag of something calling itself “the United States of America” — they just didn’t bother to tell anyone which United States of America.  

Most Americans have been kept from ever knowing that there are many different variations of both “United States” and “United States of America” and yes, it does matter which one you are talking about.  

There is the unincorporated version of The United States which refers to the sovereign soil jurisdiction State Republics and their “Union” formed in 1776, and there is the unincorporated version of The United States of America, our Holding Company formed September 9, 1776, which refers to the sovereign International Land Jurisdiction of the unincorporated States of the Union.  

These are the two entities that Americans naturally think of when someone says, “United States” or “United States of America”, but in addition to these unincorporated entities that hold the land and soil jurisdictions of our country, there are other incorporated entities that are supposed to work for our States and People.  

These include two other “kinds” of United States and United States of America that operate in the Municipal jurisdiction of the the Holy Roman Empire and the International Jurisdiction of the Sea, respectively.  

These incorporated versions are “doing business names” of foreign corporations that are on our shores, purportedly to provide specified governmental services under the provisions of their respective Constitutions. 

Their “United States” which is actually “the United States, Inc.” is run by the members of the Territorial Congress acting as the government of the Washington, DC Municipality, which is an independent international city state like Vatican City and the Inner City of London known as Westminster and more recently, New York City and the United Nations have made bold to become —without our permission, separate international governments standing on the land and soil of New York.  

Time for the People of New York to wake up and put these Freebooters in their place, but that’s another story.  

Right now, just take in the fact that “United States” in this context means the Municipal Government being run by the members of Congress as a “plenary oligarchy” that is only supposed to operate and exist within the ten miles square of the District of Columbia.  [Article I, Section 8, Clause 17]  

Also take note that when this version of incorporated foreign “United States” is being referenced, the definite article associated with it is not capitalized and not part of the name.  That is, our actual government’s Proper Name is “The United States”, while their strictly limited foreign Municipal government providing services “in our names” is “the” United States.  

The same sort of confusion occurs with “the” United States of America, which refers to the British Territorial service providers under contract to our States.  In the same way, the Proper Name of our unincorporated version is “The United States of America” and “The” is both capitalized and part of the name.  Their foreign incorporated version — again — is “the” United States of America. 

So when we look at their “Pledge of Allegiance” what do we see?  Which “United States of America” is being referenced?  Ours or the British version? 

We already know that a “Pledge” is a Feudal Oath and we know our Founders weren’t into Feudalism, so we should not be surprised to observe that the Queen’s subjects are pledging themselves to “the” United States of America via their Pledge of Allegiance to the Queen and the British Territorial corporation doing business as “the” United States of America. 

Read it and weep:  

“I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America” —- this is the war flag of the British Territorial Commercial Corporation doing business “in our name” — the United States of America, Inc. 

“and to the Republic for which it stands” —–   we got a passing mention and a presumed Dual Citizenship obligation thrown in.  

“one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all” —- and the problem with this is?   (1) It isn’t clear which “God” we are subjecting ourselves to; (2) they are just subcontractors and we owe them no more loyalty than they show us; (3) we, Americans, enjoy freedom, not “liberty” which is what British sailors get when they arrive in ports of call.  

As you can see, pledging is a British thing.  It has nothing to do with us, our American Government, or any natural obligation we have as Americans. 

Americans don’t do pledges because we are sovereigns in our own right, and pledging to a foreign sovereign obligates us to serve them instead of serving our own sovereignty. 

So we never, ever, under any circumstance make “pledges” to anyone or anything, including the flag being flown “for” us by a British Territorial Corporation.  

Think of the insanity of what is being employed against us?  A living man subjects himself to an inanimate symbol like a flag?  Can you think of a worse form of idolatry?  

This innocent-sounding “pledge” disrespects all three major western religions. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all forbid the worship of idols. 

Yet, here we have had generations of clueless American schoolchildren — and adults, too— pledging their lives and substance to an inanimate object, an idol,  being used under contract by a British Territorial Commercial Corporation as a war flag.  

Needless to say, this venal and undisclosed practice of “pledging” has to stop and it has to be known and repudiated by any and every thinking man and woman in this country.  

No sentient Christian, Jew, or Muslim can ever take such a pledge, nor should they.  

If you do knowingly ever take a “pledge” of any kind, be aware that whatever you are “pledging” is encumbered and that whatever you are “pledging to” becomes the ruler over you.  

Do you want to be ruled over by a war flag being borrowed from our actual government by a British Territorial Commercial Company operating out of Puerto Rico under Spanish Law and calling itself “the United States of America”?  

Didn’t think so, but had to ask, because that is what happens when you recite “The Pledge of Allegiance”.  

Much of what we have been told in Public Schools across America and also taught to accept and to do, is wrong, or a half truth, or a sin by omission leading us to make wrong assumptions to our detriment.  

This is just one particularly evil example of betrayal of our trust. 

As American State Jural Assembly members we never take pledges.  We operate in our capacity as Lawful Persons and the only sovereign State we serve is our own.  

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Warning to All True State Assemblies


By Anna Von Reitz

No State Coordinator or member of any State Assembly should support or have anything to do with any organization that includes U.S. Citizens as members and which pretends to be organizing a “State”.

Be forewarned: what they are assembling is not a true State of the Union. 

What these Tories are organizing is by definition another British Territorial State-of- State for their Queen, which they are attempting to substitute like cuckoo birds for the actual American Federal States of States which we are owed.

They are trying to pull the same trick on us that they pulled in the wake of the Civil War, only this time, we have the weather gauge.  We know what they are doing.  We know who they are. 

We know the difference between us and them: they include US Citizens as members. The only thing they can assemble is a foreign State of State corporation. 

And only those of us who can and who are willing, can act in the capacity of American State Citizens, and assemble a true State of the Union. 

The object of assembling our actual States is to give proof to the world that the American Government is still here, and to take care of our own business — which includes re-chartering our own Federal States of States to serve the needs of the American States and People.

We are not interested in serving the British Queen or the Pope or whatever other foreign interest is lurking in the shadows behind these would-be usurpers and the deluded brethren supporting them.

Be sure to spread the word and drive home the importance of the message.

Any group purporting to be a “State Assembly” which includes US Citizens as members is not one of our States and is not a member of our Union and is not American. 

We will ruthlessly expose these groups as fakes and their leaders as traitors acting in Gross Breach of Trust against the States and People they are bound to serve.

We will expose them and their activities on our shores and we will take them and their Queen and their Pope to the Court of World Opinion for judgment of their Breach of Trust and Bad Faith and criminal abuse of Americans. 

We will redouble our efforts to educate other Americans, to bring pressure upon the military and political leadership, and to oust these impostors once and for all.

Ours is a government of the People, by the People, and for the People — Lawful Persons all, and all standing firmly on the land and soil of our beloved country. 

Our Government is not a government of the Persons, by the Persons, or for the Persons. 

Legal Persons– “US Citizens”– have no inheritance of our land and soil and no right to be confusing themselves with or competing against our lawful government in any way, shape, or form.

It is time for Americans to rise up and reclaim their stolen birthright, to assemble our States, and put an end to The Great Fraud.  Join the right effort.

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For All the Jural Assemblies – 45 Religion and State Assemblies


By Anna Von Reitz

While it is each State’s right to determine its day to day organizational course within the Public Law, the Organic Law, and the International Treaties we inherit, it requires negotiation with the other States and the convening of a Continental Congress to address issues of fundamental change. 

Various religious groups have offered to take over and use the reins of the civilian government to promote their own beliefs and practices, which is a violation of the fundamental separation between church and state. 

While the vast majority of our ancestors were Christian, most of them had suffered or had family members who suffered religious persecution.  They well understood that giving the government any oversight at all of religion led to abuses of religious freedom.  To secure and guarantee religious freedom for themselves, they guaranteed the same for everyone and set religion outside the purview of government. 

As a result, our State Assemblies are not religious organizations, however dedicated the various people making up an Assembly may be to their faith and their views as a private matter.

Most State Assemblies traditionally have a Chaplain and open with a prayer or moment of silence allowing members to say a prayer prior to their business meetings — a prudent and respectful practice that does not however suggest that the nature of the Assembly itself is anything but that of a secular and civilian government.

We need to observe that the present attempts to enslave everyone on this continent began with the successful re-enslavement of former Plantation slaves by the Territorial United States Government following the Civil War.  In essence, the British-backed Territorial Government abolished private slave ownership with one hand, and institutionalized public slave ownership with the other hand. 

Because we did not understand what they were doing and it did not affect us, we did not object, and this insidious form of enslavement originally applied to black Americans has eventually borne its cancerous fruit in the present attempt to enslave all Americans.

These abuses are typical of what happens when the coercive force of government is allowed to impinge upon any Natural Right,  and the reason that the Founders placed such issues as free speech, religious freedom, and freedom of assembly beyond the reach of government.  We would do well to remember the lessons they had already learned the hard way and to respect our history and our foundational principles.

It is also worth observing that by far the majority of the churches in this country took the bait and incorporated their operations as franchises of commercial corporations, thereby subjecting themselves to the International Jurisdiction of the Sea — which is ruled by Satan. 

If they were not wise enough to save themselves as churches, why should we assume that their leadership in the secular realm would be better informed? 

Let each man and woman hold firmly to their best ethical standards and with Good Faith and common sense and clarity of purpose move forward together.  We are assembling the actual States of the Union to restore our lawful civilian government, to conduct business that is long overdue, to enforce the Public Law, and to preserve our inheritance.  To succeed, we need to keep focused.

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For All The Jural Assemblies – 44 Legal Persons and Territorial Courts


By Anna Von Reitz

As we learned when we first discussed the international jurisdiction of the States, there are no living people in international jurisdiction — only Lawful Persons on the land and Legal Persons on the sea. 

All Persons are legal fictions, varying only in the degree of their separation from the actual world and the jurisdiction in which they operate.

Directly across the Bar from our Lawful Persons operating on the international jurisdiction of the land, are Legal Persons operating in the international jurisdiction of the sea. 

The international jurisdiction of the sea, especially when it overlaps onto the land, is also known as “Territorial Jurisdiction” and the Legal Persons occupying this jurisdiction may be referred to in come old law books as “Territorials”. 

Legal Persons all operate under systems of law known as Codes, Statutes, and Regulations. 

All transactions and interactions are accomplished by contracts, both public and private, and those Legal Persons engaged in carrying on business in the international jurisdiction of the sea act as employees of corporations or officials representing corporations and/or the various governments chartering the corporations.

This particular jurisdiction has long been the realm of the British Monarchs who have policed and dominated it for centuries.  It should not surprise us, then, that a majority of those connected to this jurisdiction follow British nomenclature and traditions, one of which is the tradition of holding offices as trusts.

A trust requires a donor, a holder or trustee, and a beneficiary.  In the British system of things, the Queen acts as the donor, the recipient of her office or commission acts as the holder/trustee, and at the end of the day, the office or commission granted returns to the Queen, her heirs or successors.

The office holder in such a grantor system receives a “title” — a label designating exactly what their rank and responsibility is.  This is again a reference to the office being held as a trust, where the office holder holds the liability and duty (the legal title) and the Queen holds the benefit (the equitable title). 

The title “Mister” indicates that the person being addressed is a Warrant Officer in the British Merchant Marine Service.  It may also be applied to a Midshipman in the Queen’s Navy.  So this one title, “Mister”, can refer to someone engaged in international trade, or to a junior officer in the navy, depending on the context in which it is used. 

The use of this term to address any man of legal age has become commonplace in this country, though obviously, it should not be. Misapplying it to average Americans creates the basis for legal presumptions that are inappropriate and disadvantageous to those Americans who appear to accept the title of “Mister” or “Missus” (a Mister’s wife) or “Miss” (a Mister’s spinster daughter).

The title “Esquire” indicates that the person being addressed is working as a Squire, the lowest rank of the British Nobility, from which they can aspire to become a Knight, a Lord, or even higher dignitary. 

Each and every one of these titles and offices is a separate Legal Person, quite apart from the Legal Person bearing the title.

These titles are foreign to America and Americans, however, because we contracted to receive certain stipulated services from the British Government they have gradually insinuated themselves upon our shores.

Make no mistake, however, that clueless as Americans may be, our British counterparts are fully aware that when they call you “Mister” or “Missus” or “Miss” they are attaching a title to you— and along with the title go the responsibilities and duties associated with it, all owed to the Queen.

By using these titles to address you they are establishing the contractual basis of prosecuting you under maritime or admiralty law.  If you call someone “Mister” and he answers to it, that is “probable cause” to assume that he is operating in a capacity subject to the Queen.

The most egregious example of this occurs when millions of Americans fill out 1040 Forms and claim under penalty of perjury that they are acting as “Withholding Agents” — that is, as Warrant Officers in the British Merchant Marine Service.  These innocent people have no idea what a “Withholding Agent” is, much less the jurisdiction in which a Withholding Agent functions, but they have mistakenly acted as a Legal Person working as an unpaid volunteer of a foreign (British) government, which then obligates them to perform according to the standards of the job.

Our Forefathers were not as ignorant as we are today and saw the manner in which this application of titles to living people could be misused and how the benefits and privileges of some titles, such as “Esquire” could become the basis for conflict of interest and split loyalties, so they banned their use on our shores, but could not ban their use in the international jurisdiction of the sea. 

What does all this mean for us as members of American State Jural Assemblies?

First and foremost it means that we must be able to distinguish the difference between our courts and their courts, their law and our law, their officers and our officials, their titles and our public offices. 

We do not use a class system nor do we grant or use titles.  Esquires are not allowed in our courts.  Our courts function on self-representation aided by Lawful Counsel; this means that our Lawyers do not speak for us.  We speak for ourselves with their assistance and guidance with respect to such issues as prior case law and standards of evidence.

In our courts, the only time that a lawyer is allowed to speak for anyone is when the Public Prosecutor presents a murder case in behalf of the victim or if someone has been harmed to the point that they cannot physically or mentally present their own case.

We do not have “petit juries” which use six jurors to decide cases in municipal courts.  All our juries require twelve Jurors, including Grand Juries.  Likewise, we maintain the effort to establish peerage as much as possible when selecting jury panels.  Workmen should sit in judgement of workmen and academics should sit in judgement of academics, and so on, so as to promote a fair and insightful outcome.

We do not have Bailiffs, we have Bondsmen.

Our Justices do not swear any oath. They accept their elected Public Office as a Public Trust owed to the People of their State in front of Witnesses, but there is no talk of swearing (prohibited by the Bible-based land law) and no statements such as “so help me, God” appear in soil or land jurisdiction courts. 

Though most of our Forefathers were earnest Christians, they understood that the only way to preserve religious freedom for themselves, was to preserve religious freedom for everyone.  Thus, they adopted the separation of Church and State. 

Even though we may have Chaplains assigned to serve our Assemblies and even though they may offer opening prayers and convocations, when the business meeting kicks in, and we begin to act for the People of our States, we understand that we are acting to the best of our ability to protect the rights and security of everyone concerned without religious, racial or political bias.

Our Justices do not decide the law or the facts of any case.  That is left to the members of each jury.  The role of the Justice is to provide a level playing field and to enforce the rules of evidence; once the jury has reached a decision, it is the duty of the Justice to “pronounce” the sentence for the Public Record and it is the Sheriff’s duty to execute the sentence.

Our courts are based upon Local Law (soil jurisdiction) and Public Laws (land jurisdiction) that are enrolled in the Public Record as General Assembly Session Laws. All such laws are subject to jury nullification.

If our Assemblies adopt a law that is unfair, unwieldy, or inappropriate, any jury in our system of law can nullify it and state the reasons why, whereupon it is held in abeyance as if it never existed and returned to the State General Assembly for correction or repeal.  In this way the people maintain direct control over the standards of law that are being applied to them and weed out any laws that are ill-conceived or unfair.

This precious process of jury nullification also provides a natural curb on the endless proliferation of new laws poking into every corner of our lives.

Our law is simple, draconian, and based on the Ten Commandments.  There has to be a specific Injured Party claiming injury to himself or to his property.  There is no such thing as a “thought crime” or a “hate crime” until and unless it results in verifiable harm and then it is addressed in terms of what the actual harm is.

The law of the Legal Persons, by comparison, is endlessly complex, subtle, and based on Codes and Maxims that rule the law of contracts.

No doubt this is striking a cord with those familiar with the foreign maritime and admiralty court system of the Legal Persons functioning in Territorial (International Jurisdiction of the Sea) Jurisdiction.

Their laws are enacted instead of being enrolled and they take the form of enumerated Codes and Statutes and Regulations adopted by the Territorial United States Congress and the Territorial State of State Legislatures. 

There is no end to the number of these Codes, Statutes, and Regulations that can be adopted and no process of jury nullification to weed them out, with the result that the proliferation of these private  “laws” grows with cancerous ferocity and the burden and cost of enforcing them increases exponentially.

The Territorial and Admiralty Courts operated by and for the use of Legal Persons are operated by Bar Attorneys (Esquires)  and presided over by Judges who act as Hired Jurist Referees and Administrators.  These courts make no attempt to address the law or the facts of any case and focus instead on whether or not a contract exists, and if a duty owed under that contract was dishonored.  They are all run as “Nisi Prius” Courts, that is, Contract Courts for Hire.

Legal Persons have no Natural nor Unalienable Rights so issues pertaining to claims of such rights and arguments based on constitutional guarantees do not apply to them nor enter into their courts. At most, Legal Persons may ask for “Equal Civil Rights” — which may be provided or denied upon the discretion of the Judge.

Legal Persons, unless they have a degree in law, are considered incompetent and must be “represented” by a Bar Attorney, who will speak for them both in court and privately under Power of Attorney, which basically grants him or her the right to act as your Proxy and cut deals in your behalf.  Obviously, this is a position of Private Trust under contract that can be greatly abused and often is.

The form of law used by these courts is private, also.  Statutes, Rules, Codes, Public Policies, Resolutions, and Regulations are not law, they are evidence of law, and each one represents a contract that Legal Persons are bound to.  If you are acting as a Legal Person and operating in Territorial Jurisdiction (International Jurisdiction of the Sea) you are presumed to know and obey all such obligations and to honor all contracts. 

Of course, the proliferation of 80 million such “laws” makes it impossible for anyone to know much less enforce them, and instead of providing any matrix for the pursuit of justice or order, such a system devolves into an excuse for raising revenues through fines and stealing property via arbitrary asset seizures.

You may readily recognize the Territorial Courts of the Legal Persons by their use of Statutes at the State (of State) level and use of Federal Code at the Federal level.  They may also use Military Code. They often deceptively refer to this as “COMMON LAW” — as in “Military Common Law” — which is obviously not the Common Law owed to the American People and not any standard that should ever be applied to a civilian Lawful Person.

As our American State Jural Assemblies and our People’s Courts have ceased to function, more and more of our People have been misidentified as Legal Persons and held to these foreign standards of law and railroaded into these foreign courts.

The plain fact is that we don’t belong in their courts and they don’t belong in ours.  Lawful Persons exist in an entirely different and separate jurisdiction apart from Legal Persons and operate under different standards and conventions, but the lack of Lawful Courts and the temptation to profit from this circumstance by guile has led to the present morass.

As we begin the long overdue process of restoring our Lawful Courts we have the option to handle conflicts and controversies via private binding arbitration and may assert our standing as Lawful People and request such arbitration whenever any complaint is brought against us in a Legal Court setting.

Private arbitration should be used as a stop-gap measure until our own courts are up and functioning again. 

In all this bear in mind that our courts are not their courts and vice versa. Our laws, except for the Constitutions, do not apply to them –and their laws do not apply to us.

A large part of the work set before the State Jural Assemblies is to set up and convene your own State Court System for the Lawful People returning to the land and soil jurisdiction of your State.  At first this will be a daunting task as you struggle to sort things out and research the history of your State, but ultimately, the rewards of freedom and self-determination which follow from this work are the fruits of your labor and the fulfillment of your heritage.

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For All The Jural Assemblies – 43 Legal Persons


By Anna Von Reitz

Let’s review:

There are exactly three (3) branches that make up the American Government:

1. The United States — an unincorporated union of soil jurisdiction republican states which are geographically defined and populated by living people.  This is our National Jurisdiction.  Founded July 1, published July 4, 1776.

2.  The United States of America — an unincorporated federation of land and sea international jurisdiction States which are geographically defined and populated by Lawful Persons on the land and inhabited by Legal Persons on the sea. This is our International Jurisdiction.  Founded September 9, 1776.

3. the States of America — an unincorporated confederation of inchoate, non-physical States of States that operate in the global and municipal realm of commerce inhabited by Legal PERSONS in the Jurisdiction of the Air.  This is our Global Jurisdiction.  Founded March 1, 1781.

This is our government founded before and apart from any Federal Government. 

As we also discussed, the Constitutions impacted only the States of America portion of our government, and had the effect of power-sharing some of the former functions of the States of America with two foreign governments — Britain and the Holy Roman Empire, acting under solemn trust agreements.

We also learned that the interface between Lawful Persons and Legal Persons is in the International Jurisdiction, and that the boundary between Lawful Persons on the land and Legal Persons on the Sea is an invisible barrier called “the bar” or “the corporate veil”.   This is in a legal sense, the “veil” between life and death, as Lawful Persons are deemed to be alive, and Legal Persons are deemed to be fictional and dead. 

We have dealt at some length with the fact that all Lawful Persons are unincorporated.  We have also observed that Lawful Persons can be “corporate” though not “incorporated” —- for example, an unincorporated Mom and Pop business called “Bill’s Bicycle Shop” is “corporate” but not incorporated.

All Lawful Persons everywhere stand on the living side of the corporate veil and on the land and soil of their respective countries.

Now we come to the obverse, the mirror image, of the Lawful Person — the Legal Persons inhabiting the international jurisdiction of the sea and the airy realms of the global municipal jurisdiction. 

Legal Persons can be Corporate or Incorporated, but they are never totally unincorporated.   They always derive their “personhood” from some other entity and have no basis to exist on their own. 

The prior sentence should be underlined and properly taken note of. Lawful Persons and the people they represent have a quality of independent being that Legal Persons always lack. 

A Legal Person does not exist on land, except as a temporary sojourner called an “inhabitant” and they are not considered to be part of the “population” because they are not one of the “people”. 

The realm in which they operate– the work they do for the most part– obligates them to operate in the reduced capacity of a “thing”, a dead legal fiction, and it also obligates them to live under either the international jurisdiction of the sea and its laws, or the global jurisdiction of the air and its commercial laws. 

Land Law and National Law (Soil Jurisdiction Law) do not apply to Legal Persons.

Statutes, Codes, and Regulations apply to Legal Persons.

A statute is not a law.  It is evidence of a law and that law is the “law” of private contract. 

One becomes a Legal Person instead of a Lawful Person by subjecting oneself to a foreign sovereign, by enfranchising oneself to a commercial corporation, by registering oneself as property of a commercial corporation, or by other acts creating a presumption of obligation to act in the capacity of a Legal Person. 

A Lawful Person can only be “converted” into a Legal Person as a result of such a private contract. 

Obviously, this could be an employment contract, as when one accepts a Federal Civil Service job or a job in the US Military.  It could be an application for political asylum “in the United States”, or an application for unearned Federal Welfare benefits, an application for a Driver License, a US (as opposed to USA) passport, or a voter registration.  It could in some instances also be a contractual condition by birth, as when someone is born in Puerto Rico or Washington, DC.  Or, such an obligation could arise as the result of incorporating a business as a United States commercial corporation.

For insight into the current situation, we are all born as Lawful Persons on the land and soil of our respective States, and we are supposed to be protected by the most sacred bonds of international trust and treaty and commercial obligation —- but a ruse and an excuse has been used to “pretend” that you are a Legal Person instead, and resultingly, owed none of the protections of these treaties, trusts, and commercial contracts. 

The ruse goes back to the Civil War and the Federal Government’ practice of calling “States of States” — commercial corporations — “States”, as in “Confederate States”.  They even go so far as to call it “The War Between the States” —- but no actual States were involved.

All the entities involved in the so-called American Civil War, both North and South, were commercial corporations — States of States, and whether they knew it or not, all those engaged in that horrific conflict were acting as Legal Persons. 

Those who have undertaken this giant fraud against the People of this country have pretended that those long-vanquished commercial corporations were in fact our States, but they were not.  They have also pretended that we, a 150 years later, are still combatants acting as Legal Persons and Mercenaries of either the States of America or the Confederate States of America.

Either way, it’s total baloney and it’s part of what we have to address as actual State Assemblies today. 

As a result of the foregoing false presumptions being held against us at birth, the United States Military controlled by the British Territorial United States Government has made sure that a false record of assumed contract has been created for each and every one of us: the Birth Certificate.

This is the first and primary evidence against us, suggesting that we are from birth “United States Citizens” or rather, that we were “volunteered” into that political status by our unwary Mothers.  However, in order to make this legal the perpetrators also had to record the actual event of your birth, so that both you actual birthday and the birthdate of the Legal Person they created in your name appear on the same document, giving evidence of an unconscionable contract.

You were only a few days or weeks old when this “unlawful conversion” of your political status from Lawful Person to Legal Person took place. You could not possibly engage in any such assumption of contractual obligation on your own, so your Mother was coerced under conditions of non-disclosure and color of law to do it “for” you.

After that, a number of adhesion contracts were foisted off on you, all under color of law, all without full disclosure.

You were told that you had to sign up for a Social Security Account and get a Social Security Number before you could have a job.  (True only if you were seeking Federal Employment.)

You were told that you had to “register” to Vote, but you weren’t told that doing so would surrender all your labor and private property rights to the commercial corporation hosting those elections.

You were told that you had to similarly “register” your “vehicle” and get a Driver License, too. 

And so on and on.  These various applications and registrations — all induced under color of law and threat of force as adhesion contracts– are added to the Birth Certificate information to create evidence that you are voluntarily contracting with these commercial corporations and choosing to live your life as a Legal Person instead of as a Lawful Person.

Legal Persons are dead, legal fiction entities.  They have no rights or guarantees. 

When you, a Lawful American State National or American State Citizen go out and “cross the bar” into the International Jurisdiction of the Sea, the British Monarch is obligated to protect you, but a Legal Person has no such protections.

When you, a Lawful American State National or American State Citizen create a commercial corporation to do business for you in the realm of commerce, the Pope is obligated to protect that, too, but a Legal Person has no such claim upon the Holy Roman Empire.

People and their Lawful Persons are born.  Persons are birthed.

People have their genesis in physical actuality, in land and soil and water.
Persons have their genesis in the realm of thought, office, and employment.

People are created by the union of flesh and the mystery of creation.
Persons are created by statutes, which are contracts, by applications, registrations, enfranchisements, and so on.

People live on the land and soil.
Persons sail on the sea and in the air.

If you read the Federal Constitutions you will see the statute (contract) creating Federal Legal Persons known as “United States Citizens” and “Citizens of the United States” in Article 1, Sections 2 and 3, respectively. 

These Legal Persons are created when someone accepts employment from the Federal Government, or when one “volunteers” to serve the Federal Government in some capacity — like “Withholding Agent” or “Voter”.

These Legal Persons, like all other Legal Persons, are not Parties to the Federal Constitutions and are not able to access their protections and guarantees.

Rather, they are subject to the Federal Constitutions, meaning that they must honor and obey and fulfill and perform the duties and responsibilities that go along with the right to exercise the delegated Powers of the People of the land jurisdiction States.

You can see now how “redefining” our Lawful Persons as Legal Persons strips us of protections and guarantees and services and assets we are owed and gives us nothing in return.

You can also see that as Lawful Persons operate on the land and soil, and Legal Persons operate in the sea and air, that redefining you as a Legal Person results in kidnapping you from your original birthright jurisdiction on the land and soil and trafficking you into a foreign jurisdiction of the law without your knowledge or consent.

You can also see that this is happening right under the noses of your own employees and the international trustees, both the Queen and the Pope, who are under obligation to protect you, and that they are excusing both their action and inaction by “mistaking on purpose” the difference between the Legal Persons and the Confederation of States of States that took part in the Civil War and the People populating the actual States of this country then and now.

The fraud against us has been institutionalized over the past hundred years and those operating it have grown fat on the theft of our assets, the plundering of our credit, and the sale of our labor.  And it all hinges on this unlawful conversion of our Lawful Persons into Legal Persons and this false pretense that Confederation “States of States” –commercial corporations– are the same as our physical States of the Union.

The Queen, the Pope, the various Presidents, the members of Congress, the US Military and other parties are all guilty of Gross Breach of Trust, conspiracy against the Constitutions, and worse.  This has all been practiced against us under color of law and conditions of non-disclosure, fraud, and deceit. 

The division between Lawful Persons and Legal Persons also results in the necessity of two court systems and two completely different sets of law.

Our Lawful Persons are owed American Common Law, Public Land Law, and Organic Law.  We are now in the process of fully restoring our Courts to provide the services we need for ourselves and to enforce the Public Law, including the Constitutions.

Legal Persons function solely under Statutes, Codes, and Regulations, all forming a type of private law based on private contracts with other Legal Persons, including commercial corporations.

Legal Persons are limited to functioning in the jurisdiction of the sea and the air, with the result that such legal fiction entities can only create more legal fiction entities as franchises owned by the same foreign sovereignty that claims ownership of the Legal Persons. 

Lawful Persons can issue charters to both corporate and incorporated entities.

To overcome the legal presumption that you are voluntarily choosing to act and live as a Legal Person and to regain protections owed to your Lawful Person and to assert your identity as one of the People and to operate as such, it is necessary to create superior evidence rebutting their evidence to the contrary.

Creating the superior evidence that you are choosing to act as a Lawful Person is the entire purpose of creating and recording the paperwork which The Living Law Firm has developed.

Although you might choose to work for the Federal Government in some capacity during your lifetime, you should be aware that doing so obligates you to operate as a Legal Person and deprives you of rights and saddles you with duties that you would not have otherwise.

It is also important to know that upon severance or retirement from such duties, it is necessary to give your former employers Notice that you are leaving Federal Service and returning to your permanent home and domicile on the land and soil of your State.  This should be done in a formal but simple way, just stating the facts, sent to your former federal employer and to the Social Security Administration or Military Pension Office, etc., via Registered Mail, Return Receipt Requested.  

This precludes any possible misunderstanding or pretense on their part that you are continuing to serve as a Legal Person in any quasi-military volunteer status.

There should be no onus for Federal Service or United States Citizenship or Citizenship of the United States.  Quite the contrary.  It is a largely thankless and subordinate political status of indentured servitude, sometimes amounting to outright slavery, and involving many duties and responsibilities and sacrifices.  Some grave injustices have been inflicted on United States Citizens and Citizens of the United States.  

This, too, is part of what needs to be redressed. 

Not only have we been left uninformed, and deliberately misidentified and defrauded, but our employees have also been left without critical information and abused.  Worst of all, our sons and daughters have been sacrificed as cheap mercenaries in wars for profit— while being led to believe that it was all about defending our country.

All of this needs to stop, and all of this can be stopped once the actual American People stand up, shake off the dust and the lies, and assume their duty posts as American State Nationals and American State Citizens — Lawful Persons owed every jot of the Constitutions and Treaties. 

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For All The Jural Assemblies – 42 The United States Raj


By Anna Von Reitz

Many of the people reading this can remember film clips of Mahatma Gandhi and news reels being shown of the massive population-wide but largely peaceful demonstrations taking place in India in the late 1940’s against the British “Raj”.

The whole point was to free the Indian Subcontinent from British rule and oppression that began in the 1860’s and to restore self-government to India.

How ironic. 

The British did the same thing here and at the same time, the 1860’s, but they could use deceit to get away with it here, because they had many Tory sycophants ready to willingly subject themselves to the Queen, and even more clueless wonders ready to do anything for a paycheck, and most of all because they could pass themselves and their flunkies off as “Americans” –its a lot harder for a Brit to pretend to be a native of Calcutta than it is to say he’s from Maine.

The historical evidence of a worldwide coup in the 1860’s that secretly restored a British military hegemony in America and which accomplished the same basic aims using the same basic means in Australia, Canada, India, South Africa, Scotland, Ireland, and England herself, is incontrovertible and it all stems from Benjamin Disraeli, Queen Victoria, and their completely cynical and non-disclosed contractual “enfranchisement” of the working classes in all these countries.

The end result is the equivalent military “Raj” ruling the United States has endured for over 70 years longer than the Raj in India, with most people being none the wiser.  Until now.

The British Territorial Military Government usurped upon us beginning in 1863, at the about the same time (a little after in some steps and a little earlier for others) that Disraeli and Queen Victoria were enfranchising British workers and taking over India.  They basically enslaved and “hypothecated debt” against all of us to raise the capital to enslave India. 

So as we were sitting there as good little British and American and Aussie and Canadian Schoolchildren being fed propaganda daily, and as the world was cheering the more or less peaceful separation of Pakistan from India and then cheering the people of India for facing down the pitiless Raj and showing them up for the brutal thugs they really were —- little did we know, that our very own beloved “US Military” was cut from nearly the same cloth. 

Perhaps the native Christian ethics and the honesty of the Heartland served to somewhat moderate the brutality of the so-called “American Military” which hasn’t been “American” since the 1860’s, but we made up with clueless stupidity and brute strength what we lacked in guile and sophistication. 

Through two World Wars we served our British Masters to our own detriment and this is the thanks that we have received — the complete undermining of our Government, our school system, our monetary system, our morals, and our property rights.  And now we stand threatened by our own employees. 

Both Obama and Trump have armed the Alphabet Soup Civilian Agencies belonging to the Holy Roman Empire Municipal Government to the teeth in preparation for the precipitation of another Civil War that the Benelux and French banking interests plan to unleash against the British-led Banksters on our soil. 

Both sides are as nasty and dirty as two Nazis in a sun bed.

We are supposed to be sucked into this planned conflagration which is meant to blossom into yet another “final” World War against “Evil”, but the fact is that both sides are evil and there are no winners. 

Before it comes to that, let’s expose the situation and decline to host any such war on our soil.  It was bad enough during the similar mercenary conflict known as the Civil War.  No repeats welcome nor necessary. 

We will paddle our own boats, reconstruct our own Federal States of States, and provide our own services.  Thank you, very much. 

It is this Third Path that beckons us, to restore our country and our lawful and actual Government by peaceful means, and which also calls on the conscience of the whole world, so that these venal men who have enslaved and murdered our people, cheated and defrauded entire generations, and misrepresented America to the rest of the world, can be seen for what they are and what they do.  Let the fruits be exposed and speak for themselves.

As Jural Assembly members and lawful American State Citizens, it is long overdue for us to take our employees in hand and put an end to the so-called Reconstruction, and also put an end to the self-serving lie that our Government is in any kind of “abeyance”, and finally, to totally reform the United States Raj.

For the last several months we have been inundated with commercial corporations operating on our shores under deceitful, duplicitous names designed to fool people regarding their true identities, natures, and intents.
We have “The Republic of the United States of America” and “The Republic for the united States of America” and “The Republic” and “THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA—(INC.) and “The United States, Inc.” and you name it, we have it.

There’s a virtual smorgasbord of dishonest commercial corporations offering their services and pretending to be us, but the fact remains that our actual Government operates under exactly three Proper Names styled like this:

(1) The United States
(2) The United States of America
(3) the States of America

And nothing else. 

Similarly, there is a plague of other lesser franchise corporations trying to pull the same wool over our States of the Union and to impersonate them for the purpose of securing control of our assets for their benefit and abuse. 

We’ve had “ALABAMA” and “AL” and “ALASKA” and “AK” and all sorts of variations on these themes and what it all comes down to is this — they are fakes.  Not our States.  Not our People. 

Whatever else they are, they are not us, and many of them have unsavory associations with the same fraud artists and organizations which have defrauded and abused us for decades, including The United States Raj.

Forewarned is forewarned.  Everyone can now see what is going on and the urgency with which a restoration of our lawful Government of, for, and by the People of this country is sought. Let every good man and woman from every corner of the globe do all that they can in support, by thought, by word, by prayer, and by deed. 

Both the British Hegemony and the Holy Roman Empire Atrocities have had their day.  It’s time for different answers and we must find them. 

Nobody can do for us what we need to do for ourselves, which is simply to update and restore our own government under our own power, acting in our own proper capacity as Lawful Persons and as American State Citizens—but just as we cheered the People of India three-quarters of a century ago, the public opinion of the world must be turned against the British Interlopers and the HRE with equal force.   

We have experienced first-hand their guile and mistreatment for 150 years. It’s time for America and the rest of the world to be truly free and assembling our States is a first and most important requirement.   

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