Monarch Fauci Turns Increasingly Desperate

From theepochtimes.com:

There’s a famous story about the 11th-century King Canute of England, who, while in front of his courtiers, commanded the tides to stop—and yet, they kept on rolling. This likely apocryphal anecdote is generally misrepresented as illustrating the monarch’s presumptuous folly in thinking his writ could control the elements, but, in fact, it proved exactly the opposite: There are some things beyond the powers of secular authority, Mother Nature among them.

Flash forward a millennium. As we enter year three of “two weeks to flatten the curve” and “15 days to slow the spread,” where do we stand in Dr. Anthony Fauci’s quixotic battle against the latest variant of the CCP virus, aka Omicron? And the answer is, about as well as Canute, but without the king’s self-knowledge.

The simple truth is that as long as Fauci is permitted his unconstitutional sway over American public policy, his mandates will never, ever, ever, ever stop. The only tool this undistinguished career bureaucrat has in his arsenal is a hammer, and you are his nails. No matter how erratic or contradictory his advice has been, the fact that COVID is still among us is your fault. Therefore, the punitive ukases will continue until morale improves.

You masked when you shouldn’t have and unmasked too soon, or didn’t mask at all. You gamely lined up for the first “vaccine” shots when the left decried them because they were developed under the hated Donald Trump. And then you became vaccine-hesitant—and thus an Enemy of the People—as soon as it became clear that they didn’t work as advertised.

Further, your pitiful attempts to selfishly salvage your puny livelihoods was an offense against the health of the American public—and, after all, what could possibly be more important than health?

Certainly not your children’s education. Certainly not the formerly booming U.S. economy, including energy independence, that long-sought bipartisan goal that became reality under the hated Trump. Certainly not the Bill of Rights, including free speech, free assembly, and freedom of religion. Only Fauci, the Great and Powerful Oz of the 21st century, seems to have noticed the asterisk the Founders wrote into the Constitution in invisible ink, which allows him to nullify the entire document in case of a bad chest cold anywhere in the land.

To question Fauci is to question the goddess Science herself, the highest deity in the atheists’ pantheon because, as the saying goes: When you’ve got your health, you’ve got everything.

Case in point, the Omicron “variant,” a virus that has spread far and wide with almost no adverse consequences and now, as viruses do at the end of their lifespans, is fading from the scene. But Fauci long ago adjusted his algorithms to arbitrarily downplay actual deaths from COVID in favor of “cases.” With its high survival rate, COVID even from the outset posed little or no mortal danger to the vast majority (99.8-plus percent) of the earth’s population.

But by substituting “cases,” the hullabaloo could be hyped even more, the alleged danger blown out of all proportion, deaths with COVID conflated with deaths from COVID … and then:

The national security state, institutionalized after 9/11 by the Bush administration to its eternal shame, gradually merged with the medico-tyrannical state, to produce the artificial atmosphere of fear and loathing Americans have come to know so well: shot cards, QR codes, PCR tests, vaccine passports, the works. And elsewhere, riots, police truncheons, concentration camps—all coming to a country near you if this madness isn’t stopped.

Now, comes Fauci advocating the next logical step in his crazed determination to “vaccinate” every man, woman, and child in America, even if it kills all of us. With the failure of the vaccines to prevent infection (or, frankly, to do much of anything at all, other than necessitate more shots), Canute/Fauci is doubling down on his long-held fantasy that people who demonstrably aren’t sick are nonetheless still a threat to “public health.”

The monarch of all he surveys is now floating the idea of requiring—under what authority?—a negative COVID test to accompany a mandatory five-day self-isolation period for those who test positive for Omicron but show no symptoms. The CDC recently lowered the quarantine period for such reprobates to five days from 10, bringing on pushback from “health officials” who adamantly oppose any lessening of restrictions, of course.

What Fauci floats, however, has a funny way of becoming pungent reality, especially given his mania for more “testing”—as if testing could somehow ameliorate things, rather than simply handing the government your name, address, and phone number for future reference. Especially now as—miraculously!—the news media breathlessly reports stories of the incredible comeback of the seasonal flu (driven nearly to extinction by the dreaded COVID last year) and warning that it’s hard to distinguish between Omicron and the flu.

Watch for an increasingly desperate Fauci—“the acceleration of cases that we’ve seen is really unprecedented, gone well beyond anything we’ve seen before”—to issue further demands. Universal testing! Mandatory vaccines, delivered house to house by the military (now working in U.S. hospitals, in case you hadn’t noticed), if need be. More lockdowns! Having gone all-in on the weaponizing of the medical establishment to destroy his political enemies and bring on the Great Reset (about which much more in future columns), for Fauci, the sky’s the limit.

Fauci’s list of sins is long, and only some of them are listed above. But you know them. You’ve felt them. You’ve watched your businesses fail and your children needlessly suffer. You’ve watched your fellow Americans turn into shrieking Karens, the American Stasi who are ready to rat out non-conformists wherever they are found. Heck, you’ve even put on 30 or 40 pounds since this absurdity started, with the comfort of knowing that if you drop dead of a heart attack, or stroke, or cancer, at least you didn’t succumb from COVID.

Although that’s probably how they’ll list your death anyway.

Worst of all is the unforgivable sin of Fauci’s reign of error: He has made you hate and shun your fellow man. No longer are we all Americans, going about our lives in the land of the free in the pursuit of happiness. Today, we eye suspiciously anyone not wearing a slave muzzle, convinced by Fauci & Co. that they’re all spewing deadly radioactive COVID particles, which are sure to infect and sicken us, and the only thing that can save us is the elimination of the unvaccinated. Just ask Joe Biden, who’s promising them “a winter of severe illness and death.”

Forget the Canute model. Fauci’s heading toward his final incarnation as the second coming of the Emperor Nero. And you know how well that ended, both for Nero and for Rome.

CDC Admits, Again, that Pharma Participates in its Decision-Making Process

Legal Update from ICAN:

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has a track record of trying to hide its communications with representatives of pharmaceutical companies.  ICAN has sued the agency in the past for this very conduct.  Apparently, CDC has not learned its lesson because it is now trying to hide emails between Dr. Amanda Cohn, the former Executive Secretary of CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, and pharmaceutical companies.

Even more troubling is that the CDC asserts it must hide these communications with pharmaceutical companies from the public because they involve the “process by which government decisions and policies are formulated.”  What?!  CDC is supposed to be a watchdog over pharmaceutical companies, not set policy with them!

Here are the details:  On February 2, 2021, ICAN, through its attorneys, submitted a Freedom of Information Act request for communications between Dr. Cohn and GlaxoSmithKline, Sanofi, Merck or Pfizer.  The CDC located 1,999 pages of responsive records, many of which it redacted or withheld to protect “the decision-making process of government agencies.”  The CDC, the primary federal health agency responsible for vaccine safety, is supposed to be regulating vaccine manufactures, not making secret policy decisions with them!

ICAN has formally challenged the agency’s inappropriate redactions and will continue to demand transparency and accountability from the CDC.

A Tale of Two Omicrons. And what the future looks like if we don’t salvage our self-respect

From our friends at holding-the-line.com:

Attached is another press release from top HTL research writer, Rusere Shoniwa, that examines the two versions of Omicron that have appeared: one existing in the world of statistics and the other in the world of subjectivity, one existing in the world of much of the MSM and another existing across much of independent news.

The word ‘Omicron’ had barely fallen off the lips and pens of Big Media’s propagandists when the Mayor of London used it to declare ‘a major incident’ on 17 December.

Meanwhile, the PM and his Minister of Jabbing issued the usual thinly veiled threats to the citizenry to get ‘boosted’ or have the privilege of stepping outside your front door or allowing others to step inside it severely curtailed. Your elected leaders sincerely don’t want to do this, but you give them no choice unless you obey. Your freedom really is in your hands and yours alone: all you have to do to retain it is to continue being a slave to measures that haven’t worked, won’t work and weren’t intended to work. Assuming ‘work’ here means prevent the spread of the Covid virus.

To addicts of the official Covid narrative, it’s welcome to day 634 of ‘flattening the curve’ or ‘protecting the NHS’ or ‘not killing granny’. If you’ve got a prescription for the red pills, it’s welcome to the Christmas panto called ‘The End of the Illusion of Western Liberal Democracy.’

Omicron and shifting the vaccine goalposts

The Omicron variant is the latest fear tool being rolled out in the Western hemisphere and it’s a pretty lousy sequel to the scariant pantos that have come before it. Omicron was first reported on 24 November. Undeterred by the widely accepted fact that the vaccines don’t protect against transmission and infection, Pfizer moved at its customary ‘speed of science’, an imbecilic phrasing belched out by the Pfizer CEO, announcing a mere two weeks later (8th December) that getting boosted with a third jab is just the ticket for combatting the new variant.

The language it used – “protection against severe disease” – is in line with the new watered-down definition of a vaccine. So, not a vaccine that prevents infection and transmission of the target pathogen. If the new bastardised definition of vaccine sticks, vaccines will no longer have to perform that once foundational function – foundational at least in principle if not always in practice. This choice of language is, I will argue, important, but equally important is that no reliable scientific inquiry (in vivo peer reviewed clinical trials) could possibly have taken place between 24th November and 8th December to confirm Pfizer’s claim about the ‘protective’ power of a third dose against the new variant.

The BBC, acting on the signal from Big Pharma, relayed the warning of ‘scientists’ that “two doses of a Covid vaccine are not enough to stop people catching the Omicron variant, but a booster dose prevents around 75% of people getting any symptoms.” [emphasis added]. (I’ve put ‘scientists’ in ‘ ’ because when I click through on the claim, I can’t find the names of the scientists who have made this claim.) One amusing aspect of this claim is that research shows that 86% of people who test positive for Covid have no symptoms anyway. So it’s valid to ask how it’s possible to know that the absence of symptoms in 75% of those ‘boosted’ can be credited to the booster when 86% of them wouldn’t have symptoms anyway.

Another important aspect of this claim is the BBC’s choice of words. Look at the deceitful elision, in a single sentence, of the concepts of ‘catching the Omicron variant’ (infection) and symptom reduction. At two doses they admit the vaccine is ineffective as a vaccine (infection and transmission) but, at three doses, they claim it morphs into an effective symptom reducer. If Omicron is the mildest of the variants that have emerged so far, and the evidence for that is mounting, the symptom people should care about most is death. This claim is not supported, either by a recent clinical in vivo trial to weigh the vaccine against Omicron or by the original vaccine trials which never proved that the jabs would improve your chances of surviving Covid, which in any case were around 99.85% and even higher the healthier and younger you are.

All of this helps to confirm that we have arrived at a point where no one – not the BBC, not the government, not Pfizer – is claiming that these ‘vaccines’ do what vaccines are, or more accurately were, supposed to do, namely prevent transmission and infection. Instead, recognising the power of the word ‘vaccine’ in the mind of the general public, the definition of a vaccine has been bastardised to accommodate the failure of the Covid ‘vaccines’. The infection and transmission narrative has been shot down in a ball of flames by independent media but, rising like a phoenix from the ashes, it has morphed into a symptom reduction narrative while the ‘vaccine’ has illogically been permitted to retain its title as a vaccine through semantic sleight of hand.

There are at least two blowback consequences of this deceit. Firstly, as the editor of the BMJ, Dr Peter Doshi, pointed out, if claims about the Covid ‘vaccines’ have been reduced to symptom alleviation, some irritatingly rational questions surface: would you take a dose of this drug every six months for possibly the rest of your life if that’s what it took for the drug to stay effective? Or would you choose instead to use other available medicines – the kind we take when we’re sick and want to get better? And crucially, why would you mandate it?

The second blowback consequence of changing the definition of vaccines to accommodate Covid vaccine failure is that those who have claimed for decades that vaccines don’t create immunity to targeted pathogens have been handed a white flag by a leading global vaccine licencing authority. In dropping the claim to immunity and replacing it with fuzzy ‘protection’ language, the CDC has effectively admitted that ‘anti-vaxxers’ were right all along. Vitamin D3, vitamin C, zinc and a whole host of other nutraceuticals make compelling claims to protection against a wide variety of illness including Covid while also having immune protective characteristics.

While trying to claim that a vaccine is a unique ‘preparation’ with magical properties not possessed by other preparations, the new definition is in fact a broad tent for thousands of other ‘preparations’.

Meanwhile, the Daily Sceptic’s analysis of the latest UK ONS data on Omicron infections reveals that:

“According to early data published on Tuesday by the ONS, the triple-vaccinated are 4.5 times as likely to test positive for a probable Omicron infection than the unvaccinated. The double-vaccinated, meanwhile, are 2.3 times as likely to have a probable Omicron infection.”

No matter. Minor details like this did not stop the WHO from stepping into the fray in its role as equal vax enforcer, telling the West to let go of its supplies and spread some of that vaccine joy to Africa.

So, this is the story of Omicron in most of the Western world. Tonnes of fear porn and massive coercion to get ‘vaccinated’ accompanied by dubious claims that ‘vaccination’ will ‘protect’ against Omicron. The narrative is a leaky boat riddled with contradictory holes. But there is another glaring contradiction which takes the form of a parallel Omicron universe in which the variant is not being treated with the fear and awe accorded to it in the West. A universe in which the variant is eliciting a rational response. That parallel universe is South Africa, the so-called original epicentre of the Omicron outbreak.

A parallel universe

On 16th December, South Africa’s Ministerial Advisory Committee (MAC) on Covid, a similar body to UK’s SAGE, wrote to the South African Health Minister recommending that all contact tracing and self-isolation of contacts for Covid be stopped because it is unnecessary and ineffective. Highlights of the memo are :

  • Strongly hinting that Covid has reached endemicity, it points out the limitations of quarantining stating that it “does not generally have a role for endemic diseases, where control is not possible.”
  • Levels of immunity to Covid are now “exceeding 60-80% in several serosurveys.”
  • It states: “Crucially, it appears that efforts to eliminate and/or contain the virus are not likely to be successful. Therefore, it is critical that the role of containment efforts like quarantine and contact tracing is re-evaluated.” [bold emphasis added]
  • Referring to the ineffectiveness of testing it said that “testing is heavily skewed towards detecting symptomatic cases” but that as much as 84% of cases are asymptomatic. (That is supported independently by a study to which I have referred earlier in this article.) It added that “among the small proportion of symptomatic cases, testing is far from universal, since patients may not seek testing when their symptoms are mild and when testing would be burdensome and expensive.”
  • Referring to the unreliability of testing it added: “Furthermore, the SARS-CoV-2 test sensitivity is suboptimal, sometimes leading to false negative results.”

It reads like a diplomatic, firm, rational and scientific two-fingers-up at the Covid containment debacle.

ICU admissions in South Africa are 79% lower than their July peak and new data from Denmark finds the hospitalisation rate from Omicron 60% lower than from other variants. All the evidence so far points to Omicron being less severe than previous variants and more contagious – the ideal combination for hastening herd immunity with minimal population health impact.

So what’s going on?

They lie to us, we know they’re lying, they know we know they’re lying. And yet still the sick charade continues. Why? What is the real purpose of the charade?

The charade itself consists of the Covid containment policies together with a barmy narrative riddled with holes you could drive a lorry through. So far, we can see that these policies have not worked if we define ‘worked’ as successful virus containment. On the other hand, if you define ‘worked’ as the implementation of vaccine passports, then all of this has in fact worked since the government has introduced them, albeit in limited form so far.

The ‘vaccines’ are the delivery system for vaccine passports. Whether the vaccines ‘work’ from a medical standpoint is not relevant to the goal of rolling out vaccine passports, although such a dramatic failure in vaccine safety and efficacy can’t have helped the government’s main aim of implementing digitalised biometric ID systems of population control. To the extent that people remain unconvinced of the merits of the ‘vaccines’, the deprivation that might accompany not having a passport serves as coercion to get vaccinated.

Only 75 years ago, Nazi doctors were tried and hung for forced experimentation on Jews. These trials produced the Nuremberg code, which was used by countries across the Western world to enshrine the right to bodily autonomy by espousing the principle of voluntary informed consent in medical practice – the right to refuse a treatment without fear of punishment in any way.

While it is shocking to see no less a figure than the European Commission President unashamedly encouraging the trashing of the Nuremberg code, the unjustified and demonic fury with which governments in the formerly liberal West are ganging up on unvaccinated citizens must be seen as the overzealous attempts of freshly qualified tyrants desperately trying to embed vaccine passports in the everyday life of citizens.

The West’s newly minted despots understand only too well that vaccine passports themselves play no role in virus containment, as a parliamentary committee confirmed back in June 2021, before the vaccine narrative had collapsed in a heap of smoking rubble. The little Hitlers know that, like the ‘vaccines’ themselves, the vaccine passports have not worked to contain the virus in any country that has introduced them. They know that vaccine passports are an affront to human dignity, but it is human dignity they seek to crush.

A government whistleblower told Laura Dodsworth that ‘masks were a softening up exercise for Plan B’ – Covid passports. And because totalitarian control can’t work unless it’s total, the government will continue to push for maximum population coverage with all the levers of fear and coercion at its disposal, courtesy of the draconian Coronavirus Act 2020.

The tried and tested method for getting people to willingly give up freedom is to terrorise them. And so the organ grinder’s monkeys in the media continue to screech incoherently about Omicron, testing, severe disease and boosters.

Obedient citizens will get boosted and flash a QR code to gain access to increasingly wider aspects of life. Compliance will make life easier. And there’s the added feel-good bonus of ‘keeping others safe’ – just one more little lie in a lifeboat constructed out of lies to prevent mental drowning if reality were allowed to flood in. This act of compliance instils the citizen with the glow of goodness, the kind that comes from ‘knowing’ that you’re saving granny.

In time and with sufficient take-up, the passport app will be tethered to other systems and technologies that will morph into a total system of financial and social control. But you might not actually mind it because by then, your capacity for independent thought and engaging with difference will have been destroyed. You won’t want difficult thoughts, ones that you have to work for, wrestle with, argue and fight about. Thoughts which, if entertained, may require you to take real risks. Our culture is all about eliminating risks, down to zero. You’ll only want the thoughts that have been approved and given to you by the tightly controlled web.

The future, as Paul Kingsnorth hauntingly describes it, is “a QR code flickering across a human face forever”. Except that this doesn’t quite convey the relentless attempt to stamp out what makes us human – being inquisitive, curious, and seeing where that curiosity can take you.

While I believe that the Covid vaccination programme is the springboard for technocratic control through biometric ID passports, right now it is hardly a remote possibility that mandated (polite language for forced) vaccination will become a permanent feature of life. For one thing, Big Pharma has perhaps just experienced the single biggest injection of profit into its bank accounts from one product in its history. It is hooked on easy vax cash and it wants us, needs us, to be hooked on the vax. Any vax will do. Just give it a name and a good story. And there are 7.5 billion human pin cushions at its disposal to continuously siphon off billions in taxpayer funds, aided and abetted by their marketing arms, government medicines regulatory bodies.

And then of course there’s the Fourth Industrial Revolution, a.k.a The Great Reset, of which Klaus Schwab speaks so fondly and for which his billionaires’ club, the World Economic Forum, is the driving force that has world governments in its thrall. The Fourth Industrial Revolution envisages a world in which human beings will own nothing and be happy nodes in the matrix of the internet of things. Is it too far-fetched to imagine that ‘vaccines’ could morph into vectors of technology that promote the transhumanist aspirations of the Fourth Industrial Revolution? With one quick website update in September, they morphed from ‘providing immunity’ to ‘providing protection’. Vaccines could morph at Warp Speed into anything Big Pharma and its government partnership wants them to morph into.

You are not a passive bystander in all of this

If this interpretation of the government’s bad, mad, and contradictory pursuit of vaccines and vaccine passports seems too fanciful for you, why not think of it as just plain good old-fashioned bullying.

How so? Well, on the government’s own terms and by its own admission, nothing has ‘worked’, if we define ‘worked’ as successful virus containment. Lockdowns, masking, vaccination were all supposed to contain the virus and yet, after we have endured these humiliations for nearly two years, the government is telling us that cases are still rising, the vaccine doesn’t stop infection and transmission, the NHS is within a hair’s breadth of being overwhelmed and Covid deaths might skyrocket if we don’t behave ‘responsibly’. And despite the NHS being on the verge of collapsing, the government will sack 100,000 NHS employees who refuse to take a vaccine that won’t stop them or their patients from being infected with Covid.

And to address these failures, their plan is to apply the definition of madness – piling on more and more of what has been proven, by their own standards and definitions, not to work.

If Covid containment policies have not worked but continue to be applied in the full knowledge that they are not working, then the government is just humiliating you. It is simply exercising power for its own sake, otherwise known as bullying. The thrill of control over the victim is the psychological reward for bullying and submission by the victim is confirmation of control.

I’ve written about why every single pillar of the Covid narrative from lockdowns, masking, testing to mass vaccination is nothing short of voodoo garbage. And it doesn’t require lengthy references to long lists of scientific studies to demonstrate this although that must and is being done to seal the coffin of the government’s response measures. But a fool-proof shortcut to understanding that the government and the chiefs of its medical bureaucracy have played one hell of a number on us is to understand that the politicians and bureaucrats who have analysed and understand all the information about Covid don’t believe in the medical efficacy of the policies they are enforcing.

That is the only kernel to grasp from the Cabinet Office 2020 Christmas party scandal. If you’re upset because they broke the rules while you dutifully obeyed them, you’re missing the point. You should be upset because they never believed in the rules. The people deciding on the minutiae of your ritual humiliation understood that, unless you were elderly and frail, there was no reason to be unduly frightened or to put your life on hold in the way they were telling you to.

They acted in accordance with their beliefs. It’s almost impossible not to. So, they did not put their lives on hold. But you did because you acted in accordance with their instructions. Which should be a good argument for developing your own beliefs before following anyone’s instructions.

Huge amounts of power and control have been transferred to politicians and the medical bureaucracy and they are not about to be relinquished voluntarily. Power is never surrendered. It must be taken back. The bullying ends when the victims collectively dig into their reserves of self-respect and take the decision to stop cooperating with the humiliation. If you want to delve deeper into the psychology of bullying, the dance between the victim and the bully and how it ends, listen to this conversation between Charles Eisenstein and Tessa Lena.

Life at its worst is possibly a game of competing fears. Understanding that the senior ministers and heads of SAGE aren’t anywhere near as afraid of the virus as the nation seems to be may allow us to collectively replace the fear of Covid with the fear of a not-too-distant future in which everything you do and say is tracked and traced by algorithms that reward or punish you depending on whether you have acted and spoken in accordance with government policy and the consensus of the day.

It’s a future in which most rebellious or dissenting thoughts are blocked from ever reaching you. A future in which any remaining such thoughts that might accidentally seep through the guarded gates are voluntarily emptied from your mind because to do otherwise would jeopardise your ability to live. In such a ‘life’ I would suggest you needn’t bother taking out a life insurance policy because you would already be dead.

You can find more of Rusere’s work at https://plagueonbothhouses.com

China’s ‘artificial sun’ burns at 70 MILLION degrees for 20 minutes in new experiment five times hotter than real sun

From the-sun.com and noted on Benjamin Fulfords post:

CHINA’S “artificial sun” ran for 20 minutes at a whopping 70 million degrees in its latest experiment – five times hotter than the real sun.

Scientists hope the machine will help harness the power of nuclear fusion, which would bring humanity one step closer to creating “unlimited clean energy” by mimicking reactions that naturally occur inside the sun.

Researchers working inside the Experiential Advanced Superconducting Tokamak in Anhui

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Researchers working inside the Experiential Advanced Superconducting Tokamak in AnhuiCredit: Xinhua

Researchers have been busy running tests at the Experiential Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST), a nuclear fusion reactor facility, to make its auxiliary heating system more “hot” and “durable”, Xinhua News Agency reported.

The facility is called an “artificial sun” because it mimics the nuclear fusion reaction that powers the real sun – which uses hydrogen and deuterium gases as fuel.

Designed and developed by the Chinese, the EAST has been used since 2006 by scientists from all around the world to conduct fusion-related experiments.

But the project has just hit an important milestone.

Researchers managed to run the “artificial sun” at 70 million degrees for as long as 1,056 seconds, or 17 minutes, 36 seconds, South China Morning Post reports.

The real sun hits temperatures of around 15million degrees at its core.

Gong Xianzu, a researcher at the Institute of Plasma Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, told Xinhua: “The recent operation lays a solid scientific and experimental foundation towards the running of a fusion reactor.”

Gong was in charge of the latest experiment at EAST, located at the Hefei Institute of Physical Science in the eastern province of Anhui.

More than 10,000 Chinese and foreign scientific researchers have worked together to bring to life the “artificial sun”.

The EAST harnesses extremely high temperatures to boil hydrogen isotopes into a plasma, fusing them together and releasing energy.

China has already spent around £701 million on the project.

The latest experiment, which started in early December, will last until June.

Institute of Plasma Physics director Song Yuntao said: “[The experiment] once again challenged the world record.

“We have comprehensively validated the technology, driving it a major step forward from basic research to engineering applications.”

In May, EAST achieved another milestone, running at a plasma – or hot gas – temperature of 120 million degrees for 101 seconds.

Song Yuntao, deputy director of the Institute of Plasma Physics at the Hefei Institute of Physical Science, said he hopes to generate power by 2040.

He said: “Five years from now, we will start to build our fusion reactor, which will need another 10 years of construction.

“After that is built we will construct the power generator and start generating power by around 2040.”

The two main challenges are keeping the temperature over 100 million degrees and operating at a stable level for a long time, Xinhua report

China’s ‘artificial sun’ that’s SIX TIMES hotter than the real Sun ‘will be ready this year’

US Govt Requests Delay To 5G Wireless Deployment Over Aviation Safety Concerns

From nworeport.me:

The US government has asked AT&T and Verizon to postpone the deployment of 5G wireless technology due to aviation safety concerns according to reports.

The aviation industry and FAA raised concerns about the potential interference of 5G with sensitive aircraft electronics like radio altimeters that could disrupt flights.

RT reports: Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Administrator Steve Dickson sent a letter to the heads of AT&T and Verizon, asking for a delay of no more than two weeks as part of a “proposal as a near-term solution for advancing the co-existence of 5G deployment in the C-Band and safe flight operations,” Reuters reported.

“We ask that your companies continue to pause introducing commercial C-Band service for an additional short period of no more than two weeks beyond the currently scheduled deployment date of January 5,” the letter was quoted as saying.

AT&T and Verizon confirmed to Reuters that they had received the letter and we’re reviewing it.

The news came after Airlines for America (A4A), a union whose members include American Airlines, United Airlines, and Delta, asked the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) on Thursday to postpone the deployment of the C-band spectrum planned on January 5.

“Aircraft will not be able to rely on radio altimeters for numerous flight procedures and thus will not be able to land at certain airports,” the group wrote.

The most important computer you’ve never heard of

From arstechnica.com:

It’s not unusual to hear that a particular military technology has found its way into other applications, which then revolutionized our lives. From the imaging sensors that were refined to fly on spy satellites to advanced aerodynamics used on every modern jetliner, many of these ideas initially sounded like bad science fiction.

So did this one.

Consider the following scenario:

To defend the United States and Canada, a massive array of interconnected radars would be set up across the two nations. Connected by high-speed links to a distributed network of computers and radar scopes, Air Force personnel scan the skies for unexpected activity. One day, an unidentified aircraft is discovered, flying over the Arctic and heading toward the United States. A quick check of all known commercial flights rules out a planeload of holiday travelers lost over the Northern Canadian tundra. At headquarters, the flight is designated as a bogey, as all attempts to contact it have failed. A routine and usually uneventful intercept will therefore fly alongside to identify the aircraft and record registration information.

Before the intercept can be completed, more aircraft appear over the Arctic; an attack is originating from Russia. Readiness is raised to DEFCON 2, one step below that of nuclear war. Controllers across the country begin to get a high-level picture of the attack, which is projected on a large screen for senior military leaders. At a console, the intercept director clicks a few icons on his screen, assigning a fighter to its target. All the essential information is radioed directly to the aircraft’s computer, without talking to the pilot.

By the time the pilot is buckled into his seat and taxiing to the runway, all the data needed to destroy the intruder is loaded onboard. A callout of “Dolly Sweet” from the pilot acknowledges that the data load is good. Lifting off the runway and raising the gear, a flip of a switch in the cockpit turns the flight over to the computers on the ground and the radar controllers watching the bogey. A large screen in the cockpit provides a map of the area and supplies key situational awareness of the target.

The entire intercept is flown hands-off, with the pilot only adjusting the throttle. The aircraft, updated with the latest data from ground controllers, adjusts its course to intercept the enemy bomber. Only when the target is within the fighter’s radar range does the pilot assume control—then selects a weapon and fires. After a quick evasive maneuver, control returns to the autopilot, which flies the fighter back to base.

This isn’t an excerpt from a dystopian graphic novel or a cut-and-paste from a current aerospace magazine. In truth, it’s all ancient history. The system described above was called SAGE—and it was implemented in 1958.

SAGE, the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment, was the solution to the problem of defending North America from Soviet bombers during the Cold War. Air defense was largely ignored after World War II, as post-war demilitarization gave way to the explosion of the consumer economy. The test of the first Soviet atomic bomb changed that sense of complacency, and the US felt a new urgency to implement a centralized defense strategy. The expected attack scenario was waves of fast-moving bombers, but in the early 1950’s, air defense was regionally fragmented and lacked a central coordinating authority. Countless studies tried to come up with a solution, but the technology of the time simply wasn’t able to meet expectations.

Whirlwind I

In the waning days of World War II, MIT researchers tried to design a facility for the Navy that would simulate an arbitrary aircraft design in order to study its handling characteristics. Originally conceived as an analog computer, the approach was abandoned when it became clear that the device would not be fast or accurate enough for such a range of simulations.

Attention then turned to Whirlwind I, a sophisticated digital system at MIT, with a 32-bit word length, 16 “math units,” and 2,048 words of memory made from mercury delay lines. Importantly, Whirlwind I had a sophisticated I/O system; it introduced the concept of cycle stealing during I/O operations, where the CPU is halted during data transfer.

After a few years, the Navy lost interest in the project due to its high cost, but the Air Force evaluated the system for air defense. After modifying several radars in the Northeast United States to send digital coordinates of targets they were tracking, Whirlwind I proved that coordinating intercepts of bombers was practical. Key to this practicality were high-reliability vacuum tubes and the development of the first core memory. These two advances reduced the machine’s otherwise considerable downtime and increased processing soon made Whirlwind I four times faster than the original design.

SAGE architecture

 

The United Staes was divided into 20+ SAGE sectors, each with its own Direction Center.
Enlarge / The United Staes was divided into 20+ SAGE sectors, each with its own Direction Center.

Buoyed by the promising results, MIT, IBM, and the Air Force conceived what would become SAGE. North America would be divided into 23 sectors, each with its own “direction center,” several of which would feed into a “Combat Direction Central” system. Each direction center would be connected to a number of radars and have several fighter squadrons available to launch interceptors. If a direction center was destroyed in an attack, redundant communications links would be rerouted to a surviving center that would continue the air defense effort. To simplify the problem of redundancy, all centers used a technique called “cross-telling,” a synchronization protocol that exchanged data on tracking, aircraft, and bogeys. 

Creating such a system was a massive undertaking. Stoked by Cold War fears of a nuclear attack, the Air Force developed an air defense architecture that was far beyond the current state of the art. Much of the size and complexity came from the requirement to defend the United States and Canada, an area nearly the size of the Soviet Union itself. The resulting effort became far larger than the Manhattan Project of World War II.

SAGE was the name of the overall system, which included not only the centers that housed the computers but the architecture of processing, the interceptors, the radars, and the ground-to-air missiles. The main computer itself, known as the AN/FSQ-7 in military parlance, was (and still is) the largest computer ever built. Consisting of two processors, one always active and the other operating in a standby mode, the AN/FSQ-7 required 49,000 vacuum tubes and 68K of 32-bit core memory. It operated at about 75,000 instructions per second. As moving-head disk drives were only just coming into commercial use, drum memory was used for permanent storage. Each of the 26 drums held about 150K, had an access time of 20 milliseconds, and was shared between processors and displays. Since any computer is blind and deaf without data flowing in and out, the processors also had a sophisticated I/O system connecting radars, displays, and other direction centers. Critically, the AN/FSQ-7 was a true real-time system, unlike the commercial batch-oriented system that came before and for many years afterward.

 

A typical SAGE blockhouse, in Stewart, N.Y.
Enlarge / A typical SAGE blockhouse, in Stewart, N.Y.

This required a huge physical plant. Each of the 23 centers was housed in four-story blockhouses. (These were not hardened against nuclear blasts, but the two-meter thick walls offered significant protection from potential attacks.) One 2,000-square-meter floor was dedicated to the 250-ton processors and their support electronics. Diesel generators supplied the 3 MW of power needed to keep each complex running.

 

About 90 consoles were manned in each direction center, each tasked with a different part of the air defense problem. One group was for general air surveillance. Similar to what might be found in a modern air traffic control center, this group tracked all flights in a particular sector. If a controller confirmed an aircraft as an unknown, the data was forwarded to the weapons director. After evaluating the threat, the weapons director could order intercept missions or send targeting information to missile batteries around major cities.

The intercept director accepted the handoff from the weapons director and assigned individual aircraft to particular targets. By clicking on the fighter and the bogey, an optimal intercept course and altitude were calculated and radioed to the fighter. If radar detected a change in the target’s course, the system would automatically recalculate the intercept and send updated data to the fighter. No verbal communication with the pilot was necessary.

Pointing and clicking before “point and click”

Selecting a specific radar track on a screen full of blips would be completely impractical without some form of “point and click” interface for identifying a target. With the invention of the computer mouse still a decade away, Whirlwind engineers developed the “Light Gun,” a pistol-shaped pointing device that allowed controllers to select a target on the screen. Once the target was selected, the operator could assign a track identifier, order an intercept, or select a target for a ground-to-air missile.

The computer itself did not drive the displays directly. As the position and height of an aircraft were fed from radars into the processor, the tracking data was computed and written onto drums. Each console read from these drums, extracting only the data it was responsible for. The radar operator display was mostly decoupled from the processor, and its image was generated locally. A bank of switches on the console changed the display or changed the focus to a particular aircraft. With the processor freed from the duties of managing a large number of consoles, its limited horsepower was available to process incoming radar data.

 

Data was stored on a number of drums.
Enlarge / Data was stored on a number of drums.
Computer History Museum

Data-sharing on drums was a key part of the “cross-tell” feature. One of the two processors was always on standby and had to be ready to assume control in the event of a primary system crash. The primary processor was always updating the cross-telling drum, which the standby system would read if brought online. The standby system wasn’t always updating itself, as it was often preoccupied with maintenance or training exercises. With continual maintenance, the reliability of SAGE was impressive, especially for its era. On average, it experienced only about four hours of unplanned downtime per year. 

The first part of identifying friend from foe was knowing who was expected to be in the air. SAGE kept detailed records on all flight plans filed, and a controller could check a track against the list of flights. While this seems commonplace today, most airlines didn’t have computerized flight planning at the time. All information was inputted by hand onto the SAGE storage drums using punch cards.

The pointy end of the spear

SAGE was the ground-based component of air defense, and it required an equally capable fighter to intercept the bombers. Early plans were to use the popular but marginally performing F-102 as the frontline aircraft. After extensive redesigns of the F-102, Convair delivered a reimagined aircraft in the F-106, introducing it as the “Ultimate Interceptor.” The moniker was hardly hyperbole. Finely tuned aerodynamics exploited the latest NACA area rule concepts that gave the F-106 its distinctive “coke bottle” fuselage and exceptional performance. It remains the holder of the world speed record—Mach 2.3—for a single-engine aircraft. Its low wing loading and large engine made it very maneuverable, especially at high altitudes.

The F-106 was equipped with electronics that were far beyond the capabilities of any other aircraft of its day. The heart of the aircraft was the Hughes MA-1 system, which integrated all navigation, radar, communications, and autopilot functions in a 2,500 pound (1,140 kg) collection of boxes at the front of the aircraft. At the center of the MA-1 was the Hughes Digitair, the first digital airborne computer, an 18-bit, one’s-complement vacuum tube system with 2K words of core memory. Impressively, mission data was recorded to onboard drum storage, which could hold 13,000 words. All intercept data was stored on the drum, as was target information and radio and navigation data.

 

The F-106 was the most advanced interceptor in its day. The Tactical Situation Display is behind the stick.
Enlarge / The F-106 was the most advanced interceptor in its day. The Tactical Situation Display is behind the stick.

With such an automated system, the pilot needed a way to maintain situational awareness of the intercept. A large screen in the cockpit displayed a map of the area, projecting the positions and tracks of the fighter and its target in real time. This screen, known as the Tactical Situation Display, was updated with data from the direction center, giving the pilot “the big picture” of the attack, an essential feature when voice communication was not possible.

Operation Sky Shield

The nationwide two-day air-traffic shutdown after September 11, 2001, was unprecedented, but it was hardly the first time the FAA grounded all commercial traffic in the United States. Starting in 1960, three annual exercises called Sky Shield had the Air Force work with the FAA to ground all commercial and private flights for several hours during the drill. These international exercises were intended to test the capabilities of SAGE. Large groups of bombers were assigned targets to “attack” in the United States, with the SAGE units controlling the response with fighters and ground-to-air missiles.

The UK’s Royal Air Force, flying their new Vulcan bombers, got orders for the exercise, but the plucky Brits ignored some of the details. Flying their own attack profiles (essentially cheating) and using highly effective radar jammers, the Brits exposed wide gaps in SAGE capabilities. Despite a generally high success rate claimed for the fighters in “destroying” their targets, the best estimates were that only a quarter of the bombers were intercepted.

IBM’s benefits from SAGE

IBM had recently entered the computing realm in the early 1950s, and it was already dominant in punch-card tabulating. With its emphasis on research and development and customer support, IBM was chosen by the Air Force in 1953 to design and construct the AN/FSQ-7 systems. While the project contributed about 10 percent to IBM’s bottom line for several years, the real benefit to IBM was access to the advanced designs at MIT and to revolutionary technologies such as core memory. As the SAGE project wound down, IBM engineers used their accumulated skills and applied them to the newer commercial offerings for years afterward.

While flying on airlines today has its own unique set of hassles, actually booking a flight is (relatively) painless. This wasn’t so in the 1950s, when schedulers went through racks of index cards, each with a particular flight’s info, all stored in what resembled a library card catalog. Only a few schedulers could fit around the card catalogs, and making a flight reservation could take an hour or two. Through a chance encounter, an IBM executive met the president of American Airlines, and they discussed how the airline needs paralleled the capabilities of SAGE. Recognizing the competitive advantages of a computerized reservation system, American contracted with IBM to develop SABRE. SABRE quickly became a huge success and through multiple corporate reorganizations now operates now as Travelocity and Expedia.

The most important computer you’ve never heard of

From arstechnica.com:

It’s not unusual to hear that a particular military technology has found its way into other applications, which then revolutionized our lives. From the imaging sensors that were refined to fly on spy satellites to advanced aerodynamics used on every modern jetliner, many of these ideas initially sounded like bad science fiction.

So did this one.

Consider the following scenario:

To defend the United States and Canada, a massive array of interconnected radars would be set up across the two nations. Connected by high-speed links to a distributed network of computers and radar scopes, Air Force personnel scan the skies for unexpected activity. One day, an unidentified aircraft is discovered, flying over the Arctic and heading toward the United States. A quick check of all known commercial flights rules out a planeload of holiday travelers lost over the Northern Canadian tundra. At headquarters, the flight is designated as a bogey, as all attempts to contact it have failed. A routine and usually uneventful intercept will therefore fly alongside to identify the aircraft and record registration information.

Before the intercept can be completed, more aircraft appear over the Arctic; an attack is originating from Russia. Readiness is raised to DEFCON 2, one step below that of nuclear war. Controllers across the country begin to get a high-level picture of the attack, which is projected on a large screen for senior military leaders. At a console, the intercept director clicks a few icons on his screen, assigning a fighter to its target. All the essential information is radioed directly to the aircraft’s computer, without talking to the pilot.

By the time the pilot is buckled into his seat and taxiing to the runway, all the data needed to destroy the intruder is loaded onboard. A callout of “Dolly Sweet” from the pilot acknowledges that the data load is good. Lifting off the runway and raising the gear, a flip of a switch in the cockpit turns the flight over to the computers on the ground and the radar controllers watching the bogey. A large screen in the cockpit provides a map of the area and supplies key situational awareness of the target.

The entire intercept is flown hands-off, with the pilot only adjusting the throttle. The aircraft, updated with the latest data from ground controllers, adjusts its course to intercept the enemy bomber. Only when the target is within the fighter’s radar range does the pilot assume control—then selects a weapon and fires. After a quick evasive maneuver, control returns to the autopilot, which flies the fighter back to base.

This isn’t an excerpt from a dystopian graphic novel or a cut-and-paste from a current aerospace magazine. In truth, it’s all ancient history. The system described above was called SAGE—and it was implemented in 1958.

SAGE, the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment, was the solution to the problem of defending North America from Soviet bombers during the Cold War. Air defense was largely ignored after World War II, as post-war demilitarization gave way to the explosion of the consumer economy. The test of the first Soviet atomic bomb changed that sense of complacency, and the US felt a new urgency to implement a centralized defense strategy. The expected attack scenario was waves of fast-moving bombers, but in the early 1950’s, air defense was regionally fragmented and lacked a central coordinating authority. Countless studies tried to come up with a solution, but the technology of the time simply wasn’t able to meet expectations.

Whirlwind I

In the waning days of World War II, MIT researchers tried to design a facility for the Navy that would simulate an arbitrary aircraft design in order to study its handling characteristics. Originally conceived as an analog computer, the approach was abandoned when it became clear that the device would not be fast or accurate enough for such a range of simulations.

Attention then turned to Whirlwind I, a sophisticated digital system at MIT, with a 32-bit word length, 16 “math units,” and 2,048 words of memory made from mercury delay lines. Importantly, Whirlwind I had a sophisticated I/O system; it introduced the concept of cycle stealing during I/O operations, where the CPU is halted during data transfer.

After a few years, the Navy lost interest in the project due to its high cost, but the Air Force evaluated the system for air defense. After modifying several radars in the Northeast United States to send digital coordinates of targets they were tracking, Whirlwind I proved that coordinating intercepts of bombers was practical. Key to this practicality were high-reliability vacuum tubes and the development of the first core memory. These two advances reduced the machine’s otherwise considerable downtime and increased processing soon made Whirlwind I four times faster than the original design.

SAGE architecture

 

The United Staes was divided into 20+ SAGE sectors, each with its own Direction Center.
Enlarge / The United Staes was divided into 20+ SAGE sectors, each with its own Direction Center.

Buoyed by the promising results, MIT, IBM, and the Air Force conceived what would become SAGE. North America would be divided into 23 sectors, each with its own “direction center,” several of which would feed into a “Combat Direction Central” system. Each direction center would be connected to a number of radars and have several fighter squadrons available to launch interceptors. If a direction center was destroyed in an attack, redundant communications links would be rerouted to a surviving center that would continue the air defense effort. To simplify the problem of redundancy, all centers used a technique called “cross-telling,” a synchronization protocol that exchanged data on tracking, aircraft, and bogeys. 

Creating such a system was a massive undertaking. Stoked by Cold War fears of a nuclear attack, the Air Force developed an air defense architecture that was far beyond the current state of the art. Much of the size and complexity came from the requirement to defend the United States and Canada, an area nearly the size of the Soviet Union itself. The resulting effort became far larger than the Manhattan Project of World War II.

SAGE was the name of the overall system, which included not only the centers that housed the computers but the architecture of processing, the interceptors, the radars, and the ground-to-air missiles. The main computer itself, known as the AN/FSQ-7 in military parlance, was (and still is) the largest computer ever built. Consisting of two processors, one always active and the other operating in a standby mode, the AN/FSQ-7 required 49,000 vacuum tubes and 68K of 32-bit core memory. It operated at about 75,000 instructions per second. As moving-head disk drives were only just coming into commercial use, drum memory was used for permanent storage. Each of the 26 drums held about 150K, had an access time of 20 milliseconds, and was shared between processors and displays. Since any computer is blind and deaf without data flowing in and out, the processors also had a sophisticated I/O system connecting radars, displays, and other direction centers. Critically, the AN/FSQ-7 was a true real-time system, unlike the commercial batch-oriented system that came before and for many years afterward.

 

A typical SAGE blockhouse, in Stewart, N.Y.
Enlarge / A typical SAGE blockhouse, in Stewart, N.Y.

This required a huge physical plant. Each of the 23 centers was housed in four-story blockhouses. (These were not hardened against nuclear blasts, but the two-meter thick walls offered significant protection from potential attacks.) One 2,000-square-meter floor was dedicated to the 250-ton processors and their support electronics. Diesel generators supplied the 3 MW of power needed to keep each complex running.

 

About 90 consoles were manned in each direction center, each tasked with a different part of the air defense problem. One group was for general air surveillance. Similar to what might be found in a modern air traffic control center, this group tracked all flights in a particular sector. If a controller confirmed an aircraft as an unknown, the data was forwarded to the weapons director. After evaluating the threat, the weapons director could order intercept missions or send targeting information to missile batteries around major cities.

The intercept director accepted the handoff from the weapons director and assigned individual aircraft to particular targets. By clicking on the fighter and the bogey, an optimal intercept course and altitude were calculated and radioed to the fighter. If radar detected a change in the target’s course, the system would automatically recalculate the intercept and send updated data to the fighter. No verbal communication with the pilot was necessary.

Pointing and clicking before “point and click”

Selecting a specific radar track on a screen full of blips would be completely impractical without some form of “point and click” interface for identifying a target. With the invention of the computer mouse still a decade away, Whirlwind engineers developed the “Light Gun,” a pistol-shaped pointing device that allowed controllers to select a target on the screen. Once the target was selected, the operator could assign a track identifier, order an intercept, or select a target for a ground-to-air missile.

The computer itself did not drive the displays directly. As the position and height of an aircraft were fed from radars into the processor, the tracking data was computed and written onto drums. Each console read from these drums, extracting only the data it was responsible for. The radar operator display was mostly decoupled from the processor, and its image was generated locally. A bank of switches on the console changed the display or changed the focus to a particular aircraft. With the processor freed from the duties of managing a large number of consoles, its limited horsepower was available to process incoming radar data.

 

Data was stored on a number of drums.
Enlarge / Data was stored on a number of drums.
Computer History Museum

Data-sharing on drums was a key part of the “cross-tell” feature. One of the two processors was always on standby and had to be ready to assume control in the event of a primary system crash. The primary processor was always updating the cross-telling drum, which the standby system would read if brought online. The standby system wasn’t always updating itself, as it was often preoccupied with maintenance or training exercises. With continual maintenance, the reliability of SAGE was impressive, especially for its era. On average, it experienced only about four hours of unplanned downtime per year. 

The first part of identifying friend from foe was knowing who was expected to be in the air. SAGE kept detailed records on all flight plans filed, and a controller could check a track against the list of flights. While this seems commonplace today, most airlines didn’t have computerized flight planning at the time. All information was inputted by hand onto the SAGE storage drums using punch cards.

The pointy end of the spear

SAGE was the ground-based component of air defense, and it required an equally capable fighter to intercept the bombers. Early plans were to use the popular but marginally performing F-102 as the frontline aircraft. After extensive redesigns of the F-102, Convair delivered a reimagined aircraft in the F-106, introducing it as the “Ultimate Interceptor.” The moniker was hardly hyperbole. Finely tuned aerodynamics exploited the latest NACA area rule concepts that gave the F-106 its distinctive “coke bottle” fuselage and exceptional performance. It remains the holder of the world speed record—Mach 2.3—for a single-engine aircraft. Its low wing loading and large engine made it very maneuverable, especially at high altitudes.

The F-106 was equipped with electronics that were far beyond the capabilities of any other aircraft of its day. The heart of the aircraft was the Hughes MA-1 system, which integrated all navigation, radar, communications, and autopilot functions in a 2,500 pound (1,140 kg) collection of boxes at the front of the aircraft. At the center of the MA-1 was the Hughes Digitair, the first digital airborne computer, an 18-bit, one’s-complement vacuum tube system with 2K words of core memory. Impressively, mission data was recorded to onboard drum storage, which could hold 13,000 words. All intercept data was stored on the drum, as was target information and radio and navigation data.

 

The F-106 was the most advanced interceptor in its day. The Tactical Situation Display is behind the stick.
Enlarge / The F-106 was the most advanced interceptor in its day. The Tactical Situation Display is behind the stick.

With such an automated system, the pilot needed a way to maintain situational awareness of the intercept. A large screen in the cockpit displayed a map of the area, projecting the positions and tracks of the fighter and its target in real time. This screen, known as the Tactical Situation Display, was updated with data from the direction center, giving the pilot “the big picture” of the attack, an essential feature when voice communication was not possible.

Operation Sky Shield

The nationwide two-day air-traffic shutdown after September 11, 2001, was unprecedented, but it was hardly the first time the FAA grounded all commercial traffic in the United States. Starting in 1960, three annual exercises called Sky Shield had the Air Force work with the FAA to ground all commercial and private flights for several hours during the drill. These international exercises were intended to test the capabilities of SAGE. Large groups of bombers were assigned targets to “attack” in the United States, with the SAGE units controlling the response with fighters and ground-to-air missiles.

The UK’s Royal Air Force, flying their new Vulcan bombers, got orders for the exercise, but the plucky Brits ignored some of the details. Flying their own attack profiles (essentially cheating) and using highly effective radar jammers, the Brits exposed wide gaps in SAGE capabilities. Despite a generally high success rate claimed for the fighters in “destroying” their targets, the best estimates were that only a quarter of the bombers were intercepted.

IBM’s benefits from SAGE

IBM had recently entered the computing realm in the early 1950s, and it was already dominant in punch-card tabulating. With its emphasis on research and development and customer support, IBM was chosen by the Air Force in 1953 to design and construct the AN/FSQ-7 systems. While the project contributed about 10 percent to IBM’s bottom line for several years, the real benefit to IBM was access to the advanced designs at MIT and to revolutionary technologies such as core memory. As the SAGE project wound down, IBM engineers used their accumulated skills and applied them to the newer commercial offerings for years afterward.

While flying on airlines today has its own unique set of hassles, actually booking a flight is (relatively) painless. This wasn’t so in the 1950s, when schedulers went through racks of index cards, each with a particular flight’s info, all stored in what resembled a library card catalog. Only a few schedulers could fit around the card catalogs, and making a flight reservation could take an hour or two. Through a chance encounter, an IBM executive met the president of American Airlines, and they discussed how the airline needs paralleled the capabilities of SAGE. Recognizing the competitive advantages of a computerized reservation system, American contracted with IBM to develop SABRE. SABRE quickly became a huge success and through multiple corporate reorganizations now operates now as Travelocity and Expedia.

Drs Zelenko & Malone Drop COVID & Jab Truth Bombs All Over Politicians

From redvoicemedia.com:

Christmas Day for Australian politicians may have come with a few surprise gifts of truth from Dr. Geert Vanden Bossche, Dr. Robert Malone, and Dr. Vladimir Zelenko.

These are some of the most world-renowned doctors in their respective fields.

Watch here: https://www.redvoicemedia.com/2021/12/drs-zelenko-malone-drop-covid-jab-truth-bombs-all-over-politicians-on-christmas-day-zoom-forum-videos/?utm_source=daily-email-breaking&utm_medium=email