The Uncommon Type of Heart Attack That Kills Healthy, Young Women

By Dr. Mercola

As noted in recent news, the symptoms of an uncommon type of heart attack known as spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)1 is dangerously easy to overlook, as few SCAD patients have any history of or risk factors for heart disease. SCAD is a leading cause of heart attacks in healthy women under 55; the average age of SCAD patients is 42.

ABC News recounts the stories of two women whose sudden heart attacks were triggered by SCAD.2 Five weeks after giving birth to a healthy baby girl, Maryn Cox suddenly developed troubling symptoms. “It felt like pressure, possibly gas; acid reflux, I wasn’t sure what it was. One of my arms went numb, I started getting nauseous; cold sweats,” she says. The symptoms, while common, turned out to be SCAD, a condition few have ever heard of.

While SCAD is a cause of heart attack, it’s different from a heart attack caused by coronary artery disease. Essentially, SCAD occurs when the layers of your blood vessel wall tear apart from each other, trapping blood between the layers. As the blood pools and collects between the layers, your blood vessel gets choked off, killing heart muscle tissue downstream from the blockage, thereby triggering a heart attack.

Signs and Symptoms of SCAD

Commonly reported signs and symptoms of SCAD include the following. If you experience these symptoms, call for immediate emergency medical assistance (in the U.S., call 911). It’s important to realize that many who develop SCAD are otherwise quite healthy and most do not have risk factors for heart disease. For this reason, it’s important to seek medical attention if you experience symptoms of SCAD, in order to avoid a lethal heart attack.

Indeed, the No. 1 symptom of a heart attack is sudden death, and the same applies to SCAD. In essence, by the time recognizable symptoms of a heart attack occur, you’re well on your way toward death, so early intervention is crucial.



Radiating pain in your neck, back or jaw

Shortness of breath

Pain, tightness, pressure or discomfort in your chest (some women report feeling like their bra is suddenly too tight, even though they know it’s not)

Stomach pain


Pain radiating down one or both arms

For whatever reason, SCAD tends to be more common in women — especially younger women, and following pregnancy — although it’s a relatively rare condition overall. While the cause for SCAD is unknown, medical experts have theorized the gender difference may have something to do with hormonal variations. Common risk factors for SCAD include:

  • Being female (80 percent of SCAD patients are women)
  • Recently giving birth (20 percent of SCAD patients have recently given birth)
  • Underlying blood vessel conditions such as fibromuscular dysplasia (a condition that causes abnormal cell growth in the arteries)
  • Extreme physical exercise
  • Severe emotional stress

Best Treatment for SCAD Is Allowing Body to Heal Naturally

Because the underlying cause of SCAD is still unknown, the best course of treatment has been equally uncertain. However, according to a recent scientific statement by Mayo Clinic researchers, SCAD sufferers tend to benefit the most from “conservative treatment, letting the body heal on its own.”3

Dr. Sharonne Hayes, the Mayo Clinic cardiologist who since 2010 has dedicated herself to the study of SCAD (see videos above), says, “It may seem counterintuitive, but we discovered that treating SCAD the same way we treat heart attacks due to atherosclerosis can cause further tearing and damage to the vessel. [T]he initial proper diagnosis is critical in guiding the care.”

The Mayo Clinic consensus statement is a significant step forward, providing health care providers with information about how to diagnose and treat SCAD. Importantly, their findings reveal that, in most patients who were not treated with a stent, the dissection in the blood vessel healed on its own within weeks or months.

In some patients, healing began within mere days. The statement also recommends a tailored cardiac rehabilitation program for patients, and stresses the importance of addressing mental health, as anxiety and depression tend to be quite common in SCAD patients.

Many Women Mistake Heart Attack Symptoms With Anxiety or Stress

In related research,4,5 researchers found women are less likely to report chest pain when having a heart attack. According to the authors, compared to men, “women were more likely to perceive symptoms as stress/anxiety (20.9 percent versus 11.8 percent) but less likely to attribute symptoms to muscle pain (15.4 percent versus 21.2 percent).” They were also more likely to use terms such as “pressure,” “tightness” or “discomfort” in the chest rather than referring to it as chest pain.

They also found that a significantly greater number of women reported their doctor did not think their symptoms were heart-related. Overall, 53 percent of female heart attack patients reported this, compared to just 37 percent of men.

Nearly 30 percent of women had actually sought medical help prior to being hospitalized with a heart attack, compared to just 22 percent of men. What these findings suggest is that both women and their doctors tend to misdiagnose or dismiss symptoms of heart attack, placing them at increased risk of death than men. As noted by the authors:

“The presentation of [acute myocardial infarction] symptoms was similar for young women and men, with chest pain as the predominant symptom for both sexes. Women presented with a greater number of additional non-chest pain symptoms regardless of the presence of chest pain, and both women and their health care providers were less likely to attribute their prodromal symptoms to heart disease in comparison with men.”

Top 6 Factors That Predict Your Heart Attack Risk

If you want to reduce your risk of a heart attack, you should absolutely pay attention to your diet and exercise habits. These, along with four other habits, are said to make young women more or less “heart attack-proof,” according to research published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.6 Women who adhered to all six guidelines lowered their heart disease risk by 92 percent. Based on these findings, the researchers estimated that more than 70 percent of heart attacks could be prevented by implementing the following:

1. A healthy diet discussed in my two most recent books “Effortless Healing” and “Fat for Fuel

2. Normalizing your body weight (your waist-to-hip ratio being a more reliable risk predictor than body mass index, as it reflects your visceral fat deposits)

3. Getting at least 2.5 hours of exercise each week and moving regularly throughout the day

4. Restricting your TV watching to seven or fewer hours per week

5. Not smoking

6. Limiting alcohol intake to one drink or less per day

These results echo those of a 2014 study,7 which concluded that the following five healthy lifestyle strategies could prevent nearly 80 percent of first-time heart attacks in men. As noted by the authors, “It is not surprising that healthy lifestyle choices would lead to a reduction in heart attacks … What is surprising is how drastically the risk dropped due to these factors.”

  • A healthy diet
  • Being physically active (walking/bicycling ? 40 minutes/day and exercising ? one hour/week)
  • Maintaining a healthy waist circumference (waist circumference < 37.4 inches or 95 centimeters)
  • Moderate alcohol consumption (10 to 30 grams/day)
  • No smoking

Tests to Evaluate Your Heart Disease Risk

While SCAD is an exception, most heart attacks are caused by heart disease. Unfortunately, many are still evaluating risk based on the flawed cholesterol hypothesis. In reality, high cholesterol is not a significant risk factor for heart disease or heart attacks at all. As you evaluate your risk of cardiovascular disease, there are specific ratios and blood level values that will tell you much more than your total cholesterol numbers. The following tests will also give you a better assessment of your potential risk for heart attack or coronary artery disease:

Cholesterol ratios: Your HDL to cholesterol ratio and triglyceride to HDL ratio are strong indicators of your risk. To calculate your HDL/cholesterol ratio, divide your HDL by your total cholesterol and multiply by 100. That percentage should ideally be above 24 percent. For your triglyceride/HDL ratio, divide your triglyceride total by your HDL and multiply by 100. The ideal percentage is below 2 percent.

NMR LipoProfile: The size of your low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is more important than your overall total LDL level. Large particle LDLs are not harmful to your health while the smaller, denser LDL particles may create problems as they squeeze through the lining of your arteries, oxidize and trigger inflammation. An NMR LipoProfile that measures the size of your LDL particles is a better assessment of your risk of heart disease than total cholesterol or total LDL.

Fasting insulin level. Sugar and carbohydrates increase inflammation. Once eaten, they trigger a release of insulin, promoting the accumulation of fat and creation of triglycerides, making it more difficult for you to lose weight or maintain your normal weight. Excess fat around your midsection is one of the major contributors to heart disease.8

Your fasting insulin level can be determined by a simple, inexpensive blood test. A normal fasting blood insulin level is below 5 microunits per milliliter (mcU/ml) but, ideally, you’ll want it below 3 mcU/ml. If your insulin level is higher than 3 to 5, the most effective way to optimize it is to reduce net carbs, replacing them with higher amounts of healthy fats, including saturated fats.

Fasting blood sugar level. Studies have demonstrated people with higher fasting blood sugar levels have a higher risk of coronary heart disease.9 In fact, when your fasting blood sugar is between 100 and 125 mg/dl, your risk of coronary artery disease is 300 percent higher than having a level below 79 mg/dl.

Iron level. Iron creates an environment for oxidative stress, so excess iron may increase your inflammation and increase your risk of heart disease. An ideal iron level for adult men and non-menstruating women is between 40 and 60 nanograms per milliliter (ng/ml). You do not want to be below 20 ng/ml or above 80 ng/ml.

Learn to Identify Heart Problems and Implement Heart Healthy Lifestyle Strategies

Any time you experience any kind of chest pain or discomfort, it’s important to take it seriously and contact your doctor. Keep in mind that not everyone experiences chest pain or discomfort during a heart attack. Other signs and symptoms include:

  • Upper body pain or discomfort in your arms, back, neck, jaw or upper stomach
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea
  • Lightheadedness
  • Cold sweats

You’re far better off getting a diagnosis of heartburn than dying, which is the most common “symptom” of a heart attack. Your chances of survival are greater if you get emergency treatment quickly. Especially if you’re a woman, be extra mindful of troublesome symptoms that might be heart related, as women are misdiagnosed far more often than men. You may even have to insist on a more in-depth evaluation by your doctor if he or she seems immediately dismissive.

Last but not least, remember that heart attack prevention is primarily lifestyle related, as indicated by the studies above. In addition to the strategies mentioned earlier, consider:

Reducing, with the plan of eliminating, grains and sugars in your diet. It is vitally important to eliminate gluten-containing grains and sugars, especially fructose. Also consume a good portion of your food raw.

Replacing harmful vegetable oils and synthetic trans fats with healthy fats, such as olive oil, butter, avocado, organic pastured eggs and coconut oil (remember olive oil should be used cold only; use coconut oil for cooking and baking).

Also make sure you’re getting plenty of high-quality, animal-based omega-3 fats, such as krill oil.

Eating more fermented foods. In addition to optimizing your intestinal microflora, which will boost your overall immunity, it will also introduce beneficial bacteria into your mouth. Poor oral health is another powerful indicator of increased heart disease risk.

Optimizing your vitamin D levels, ideally through appropriate sun exposure as this will allow your body to also create vitamin D sulfate — another factor that may play a crucial role in preventing the formation of arterial plaque.

Ideally, incorporate high-intensity interval exercises into your fitness routine, as this will also optimize your human growth hormone production. One fast and easy way to boost your heart health is to do the Nitric Oxide Dump exercise, discussed and demonstrated in “The Best Exercise for Aging Muscles.” This three-minute exercise releases nitric oxide, which expands your blood vessels, increases blood flow and decreases plaque growth and clotting.

Getting plenty of high-quality, restorative sleep.

Practicing regular stress-management techniques.

Walking While Counting Backward Could Diagnose Dementia

By Dr. Mercola

About 0.2 percent of people in their 70s, and close to 6 percent of those in their 80s, suffer from idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH),1 a neurologic disorder caused by excess fluid on the brain that leads to disturbances in gait, urinary incontinence and dementia. When identified in its early stages, iNPH is treatable and the disease can often be reversed.

Unfortunately, it often goes undiagnosed or, because the symptoms mimic other neurological conditions, may be misdiagnosed, often as progressive supranuclear palsy, or PSP, a form of dementia caused by damage to nerve cells that currently has no cure.

“As of now, diagnosis is difficult because iNPH symptoms are similar to other neurocognitive diseases. To distingue the difference, excellent clinical skills and diagnostic/imaging modalities are required,” researchers wrote in Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine,2 but new research suggests a simple walking test may accurately diagnose iNPH 97 percent of the time.

Walking Test May Accurately Diagnose iNPH

Monitoring a person’s walking ability while doing something else, namely counting backward or carrying a tray, may be the key to diagnosing iNPH as well as distinguishing it from PSP. Researchers from the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich in Germany monitored 27 people with iNPH, 38 people with PSP and 38 healthy volunteers, comparing their gait under different testing conditions.

Study volunteers were asked to walk at their preferred speed, a slow speed and a fast speed, as well as while counting backward or carrying a tray. Notable differences were identified, with the PSP and iNPH patients displaying poorer gait than the healthy volunteers. According to CNN:3

“Generally, patients with PSP tend to fling their legs forward while walking, and when turning, they do so abruptly and uncontrollably. By contrast, iNPH patients appear as if their feet are glued to the ground, and some swing their arms in an exaggerated way. Patients with PSP fall more frequently than those with iNPH, but in both disorders, hitting the ground is believed to be related to motor and cognitive impairments.”

The most notable differences were observed, however, during the dual-task tests, in which volunteers were asked to walk while doing something else at the same time. This proved to be more challenging for the PSP patients compared to those with iNPH. In fact, when PSP patients walked while counting backward, their pace slowed by 34 percent, compared to 17 percent for iNPH patients.

Similarly, compared to iNPH patients, PSP patients walked slower and had worsened gait overall when they walked while carrying a tray. By assessing patients’ gaits, the researchers were able to accurately diagnose patients with PSP or iNPH 82 percent of the time, but this rose to 97 percent when their scores on the dual-task walking test were factored in.

Study author Dr. Charlotte Selge told the Daily Mail, “People with PSP appear to be more sensitive to these dual-task walking tests than people with iNPH … Our findings suggest that adding these dual-task tests would be an inexpensive and effective way to improve diagnosis of iNPH.”4 With improved diagnosis comes an improved chance of reversing the condition, as treatment — surgical implantation of a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt5 — works best when started early.

The surgery, which works by diverting cerebrospinal fluid, has been deemed successful in reversing iNPH symptoms in more than 80 percent of patients6 while other research described it as both an effective and cost-effective medical treatment that could add 2.2 additional life years and 1.7 quality-adjusted life years to a 70-year-old’s life.7 On the other hand, the Alzheimer’s Association gave a much less favorable report to shunt surgery for iNPH, stating:8

“The effectiveness of shunting in NPH has never been demonstrated in a randomized clinical trial. Most of these studies were small and followed people for a limited time. Available data suggest that difficulty walking is the symptom most likely to improve. Several studies found a significant rate of postsurgical complications. Findings also showed that short-term benefits of shunt insertion tended to decline over time.”

Early Warning Signs of Dementia

Many people worry if their forgetful moments are normal memory lapses or a sign of something more serious. Memory impairment is a hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia, and is not seen as often in iNPH, which is associated more with executive frontal lobe and attention deficits.9 However, not every blip in memory is cause for alarm.

If changes in your memory or thinking skills are severe enough to be noticed by your friends and family you could be facing mild cognitive impairment (MCI). MCI is a slight decline in cognitive abilities that increases your risk of developing more serious dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease. If your mental changes are so significant that they’re interfering with your ability to function or live independently, it could be dementia. Warning signs of MCI or dementia include:

Difficulty performing daily tasks like paying bills or taking care of personal hygiene

Asking the same question over and over

Difficulty making choices

Exhibiting poor judgment or inappropriate social behaviors

Changes in personality or loss of interest in favorite activities

Memory lapses that put people in danger, like leaving the stove on

Inability to recognize faces or familiar objects

Denying a memory problem exists and getting angry when others bring it up

Whereas an estimated 6 percent of those in their 80s suffer from iNPH, Alzheimer’s affects 10 percent of people age 65 and older.10 The Alzheimer’s Association compiled these differences between symptoms of dementia including Alzheimer’s and typical age-related changes:11

Signs of Alzheimer’s/dementia Typical age-related changes

Poor judgment and decision-making

Making a bad decision once in a while

Inability to manage a budget

Missing a monthly payment

Losing track of the date or the season

Forgetting which day it is and remembering it later

Difficulty having a conversation

Sometimes forgetting which word to use

Misplacing things and being unable to retrace steps to find them

Losing things from time to time

What Causes Dementia?

The fluid buildup associated with iNPH typically occurs for unknown reasons. The cause of Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia is also typically said to be unknown, although it’s estimated that genetics account for around 5 percent of Alzheimer’s cases.12 In reality, there are dozens of other factors that are also involved; genetics is only one small piece of the puzzle.

For instance, research presented at the 2014 Alzheimer’s Association International Conference (AAIC) revealed Alzheimer’s patients with TDP-43, an infectious protein, were 10 times more likely to have been cognitively impaired at death than those without.13 Mounting research also suggests Alzheimer’s disease is intricately connected to insulin resistance; even mild elevation of blood sugar is associated with an elevated risk for dementia.14

Diabetes and heart disease also elevate your risk, as all three conditions are rooted in insulin resistance. Arterial stiffness (atherosclerosis) is even associated with the buildup of beta-amyloid plaque in your brain.15

As such, according to Dr. David Perlmutter, a board-certified neurologist and author of “The Grain Brain Whole Life Plan: Boost Brain Performance, Lose Weight, and Achieve Optimal Health,” your diet is by far the greatest contributing risk factor. To prevent Alzheimer’s, you need to focus on a diet that powers your brain and body with healthy fats, not net carbs (total carbohydrates minus fiber), i.e., a ketogenic diet.

That being said, it’s a complex issue and Dr. Dale Bredesen’s ReCODE protocol evaluates 150 factors, including biochemistry, genetics and historical imaging, known to contribute to Alzheimer’s disease. He believes there are disease subtypes or combinations of subtypes that dictate which treatment protocol is best. For instance, Bredesen states that type 1 Alzheimer’s is “inflammatory” or “hot,” and patients present predominantly inflammatory symptoms.

Type 2 is atrophic or “cold,” with patients presenting an atrophic response. In type 3, or toxic “vile” Alzheimer’s, patients have toxic exposures. There’s also a mixed type, type 1.5, which is referred to as “sweet” and is a subtype that involves both inflammation and atrophy processes, due to insulin resistance and glucose-induced inflammation.

An algorithm is used to determine a percentage for each subtype based on the variables evaluated, and an individualized treatment protocol is created. For example, if you have insulin resistance, you want to improve your insulin sensitivity.

If you have inflammation, then you’ll work on removing the source of the pro-inflammatory effect. Oftentimes you’ll need to eliminate toxins and/or address leaky gut or a suboptimal gut microbiome. Interestingly, they also place great focus on the rhinosinal microbiome, the microbes residing in your nose and sinuses. Further, restoring mitochondrial function is a cornerstone of successful Alzheimer’s treatment, and one of the most powerful ways to optimize mitochondrial function is cyclical ketosis.

Screening Tests to Evaluate Your Alzheimer’s Risk

Alzheimer’s research suggests preclinical signs of Alzheimer’s disease may be evident as early as 20 years before the disease actually sets in, allowing for much earlier intervention if these changes are identified.16 However, normally by the time your memory begins to noticeably deteriorate, about 40 to 50 percent of your brain cells have already been damaged or destroyed.

Just as the simple walking test has the potential to identify iNPH in its early stages, it’s possible to gauge your risk of Alzheimer’s in order to take early action as well. Bredesen recommends the following Alzheimer’s screening test so you can evaluate your risk and then get on an appropriate program for prevention or, if you’re already symptomatic, reversal:

Test Recommended range


40 to 60 ng/mL


Less than 16 U/L for men and less than 9 U/L for women

25-hydroxy vitamin D

40 to 60 ng/mL. You can get test here.

High-sensitivity CRP

Less than 0.9 mg/L (the lower the better)

Fasting Insulin

Less than 4.5 uIU/ml (the lower the better)

Omega-3 index and omega 6-to-3 ratio

Omega-3 index should be above 8 percent and your omega 6-to-3 ratio between 0.5 and 3.0. You can get the omega-3 index test here.

TNF alpha

Less than 6.0


Less than 2.0 microunits/mL

Free T3

3.2 to 4.2 pg/mL

Reverse T3

Less than 20 ng/mL

Free T4

1.3 to 1.8 ng/mL

Serum copper and zinc ratio

0.8 to 1.2

Serum selenium

110 to 150 ng/mL


5.0 to 5.5 ?m

Vitamin E (alpha tocopherol)

12 to 20 mcg/mL

Body mass index (which you can calculate yourself)

18 to 25

ApoE4 (DNA test)

See how many alleles you have: 0, 1 or 2

Vitamin B12

500 to 1,500

Hemoglobin A1c

Less than 5.5 (the lower the better)


4.4 to 10.8 mcmol/L

Novel Methods to Help Diagnose Dementia

A mobile game called Sea Hero Quest, and its virtual reality sequel, may help in the search for a reliable method of early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease. The game tracks players’ spatial navigation abilities, which are among the first skill sets lost in dementia cases. Neuroscientists are hoping to use data collected from hundreds of thousands of players to identify a normal range of navigation skills and ultimately develop guidelines to identify dementia early on.17

Blood tests measuring brain proteins (lysosomal proteins) may also help predict Alzheimer’s up to 10 years before the disease develops. Another biomarker panel may predict the disease within a two- to three-year timeframe with over 90 percent accuracy; PET scans and retinal tests also offer hope of early detection. If you want to further test your own cognitive function, try the Self-Administered Gerocognitive Examination (SAGE) test.

It’s a 15-minute at-home test developed by Dr. Douglas Scharre of the Division of Cognitive Neurology at Ohio State University’s Wexner Medical Center. You can download the SAGE test from the university’s website. According to Scharre, this simple test correlates very well to more comprehensive cognitive tests and is an excellent way to get an early assessment of your cognitive function.

If taken at regular intervals over time, it can also serve as an early warning if your scores begin to decline. The only downside is that answers to the questions aren’t provided so to find out your score you’ll need to find a physician who can score it for you. The test is ultimately designed to evaluate your thinking abilities and help your doctor know if further evaluation is warranted. In addition to prevention and early detection, there are exciting treatment strategies in the works as well.

Photobiomodulation, which involves stimulation of the brain with near-infrared light, is among them and has been found to boost cognition and reduce symptoms of Alzheimer’s, including more advanced stages of the disease. Dr. Lew Lim has developed a device called the Vielight, which employs light-emitting diodes at these frequencies. Alzheimer’s patients using the device for 20 minutes a day report remarkably positive results. You can find more information in my interview with Lim, below.

Is Peru Balsam Oil a Wise Choice for Healing Wounds?

Peru balsam oil, which is also known as black balsam, quina, tolu, Balsam fir oil and balsamo, comes from the balsam of Peru, a resinous substance obtained from the tree called Myroxylon balsamum or Myroxylon pereirae.This tree grows in the wild in countries like El Salvador and Belize,2 although it also grows in other South and Central American countries such as Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Colombia and Guatemala.3

The said tree is cultivated in Ghana, Sierra Leone, Fiji, India and Sri Lanka, too. The oily resin from the balsam of Peru smells like a mixture of clove, cinnamon and vanilla, and is deep brown in color.5 Meanwhile, the essential oil it produces is pale yellow.6

Uses of Peru Balsam Oil

The balsam of Peru tree was used medicinally by the Aztecs and the Incas during the peak of the Mayan civilization. They used balsam extracts to help treat external wounds and ease symptoms of asthma,7 colds and rheumatism. Peruvians also used balsam to help relieve fever, bronchitis and coughs,8,9 while Indians utilized Peru balsam to trigger diuretic action in the body, stop wounds from bleeding and promote healing, as well as to expel worms.10 Nowadays, balsam and Peru balsam oil are:11

Used as fragrance in cosmetic products like perfumes, shampoo and soap

Added to flavor candies, baked goods, gelatins and pudding

When applied topically as a cream, salve or in wound dressings,12 the balsam of Peru may help alleviate:13,14,15

Dry socket





Dry skin18




Leg ulcers

Anal itching


Worm infections caused by pinworms and tapeworms

Scabies and skin sores

Benefits of Peru Balsam Oil

Peru balsam oil may deliver antifungal, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties,20 and has been linked to the following health benefits:21,22

Addressing respiratory conditions. Peru balsam can act as an expectorant,23 helping alleviate coughs and clear congested lungs.24

Acting as an insecticide: According to a June 2012 article in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, components from the Peru balsam oil and a jowan oil exhibited a 100 percent mortality rate against mosquitoes.25

Helping heal skin graft donor sites: A 2003 Ostomy/Wound Management article highlighted that an ointment composed of castor oil, Peru balsam and trypsin assisted with healing the said wounds without yielding complications.26

Assisting with scabies treatment: It can alleviate or help treat scabies, specifically by killing the tiny scabies mites.

Helping curb bacterial growth. When combined with other antibacterial essential oils like tea tree and eucalyptus, Peru balsam oil may help eliminate some varieties of bacteria lingering in the air.27

Composition of Peru Balsam Oil

Some of the components of Peru balsam oil include:28

Benzyl benzoate

Benzyl cinnamate (a derivative of cinnamic acid, which is moderately toxic)

Cinnamyl cinnamate

Small amounts of nerolidol, free benzyl alcohol and free benzoic and cinnamic acids

Traces of vanillin, styrene and coumarin

How to Make Peru Balsam Oil

Peru balsam oil is derived from balsam trees, which are tapped like rubber trees to collect their oily resin.29 From this resin, the oil is extracted via high vacuum dry distillation.30 It may blend well with essential oils of black pepper, ginger, ylang ylang, rose otto, lavender, nutmeg and patchouli.31

Is Peru Balsam Oil Safe?

While Peru balsam oil has numerous medicinal uses, there is a major allergy issue linked to it. The resin from the tree is one of the most allergic substances in nature, as it contains five food allergens. It is also not safe to take orally, since it can potentially damage your kidneys.32 I advise that you consult a physician before using Peru balsam oil to avoid side effects.

Other standard precautionary measures when handling Peru balsam oil include diluting it with a safe carrier oil like coconut, jojoba, sweet almond and olive. Performing a skin patch test before using Peru balsam oil topically is highly recommended too. Simply apply a few drops of the essential oil on a small portion of your skin and wait for at least 24 hours. If any reaction occurs, stop using it immediately.

Potential Side Effects of Peru Balsam Oil

The allergen content of Peru balsam oil can put you at risk of:33

Redness, swelling and soreness of the skin


Severe inflammation of the lips, mouth or tongue

Rhinitis with symptoms like runny nose and watery eyes


Allergic contact dermatitis35

Poisoning among breastfed infants if their mothers have applied the Peru balsam herb or oil on their nipples

Flare-up of hand eczema36

A different theory of cancer

A different theory of cancer

by Jon Rappoport

March 7, 2018

“The scrambling of chromosomes is so massive that no two cancer cells are identical. This means there is no typical cancer cell for vaccines or drugs to target and drug resistance is inevitable. All this without gene mutations.” (David Rasnick, PhD, former mainstream researcher, who has now become an outsider.)

A theory to explain the failure of the war on cancer? A theory that indicates in simple terms why mainstream treatments fail? A door that could open up on new alternative treatments?

There is a fascinating book-in-progress by chemist David Rasnick, PhD. It proposes a quite different view of cancer.

Here is an excerpt from David’s bio: “The past 21 years I have studied cancer from a completely new perspective. Prior to that, I worked in the pharmaceutical/biotech industries developing drugs against cancer, emphysema, arthritis, and parasites.”

“I…synthesized the first peptidyl-fluoromethanes. These molecules are…used around the world in the development of therapies for the tissue-destroying diseases of arthritis, cancer, and parasites, among others.”

David presents an explanation of cancer by tracing the cause to CHROMOSOME MALFUNCTION—which is a major departure from the current GENE-MUTATION hypothesis.

Merriam-Webster: “[A gene is] a unit of DNA that is usually located on a chromosome and that controls the development of one or more traits and is the basic unit by which genetic information is passed from parent to offspring.” “A chromosome is a strand of DNA that is encoded with genes. In most cells, humans have 22 pairs of these chromosomes plus the two sex chromosomes…”

David writes: “Cancer is a disease of the chromosomes! This simple understanding changes everything—from prevention to diagnosis to treatment. It explains spontaneous remission, inevitable drug resistance, and strongly supports alternatives to radiation and chemotherapy. It can help you and your family make better informed choices.”

David is raising funds for the purpose of completing his book. You can go to his Indiegogo site and watch David explain his cancer research, and if so moved, make a contribution.

I asked David to make a few comments about his new work—now that he has moved from the scientific mainstream to an “outsider” position. Here are his remarks:

“The biggest mark against [gene] mutations causing cancer is that every attempt to experimentally, or any other way, to prove it has failed. Second, basing diagnosis and treatment on the gene theory have failed to reduce the incidence of cancer and mortality. Third, theoretical and experimental proof that unbalanced chromosomes cause cancer continues to amass. So far, the chromosomal imbalance theory has successfully explained everything we know about cancer: how it starts and progresses over years to decades, its physical and behavioral characteristics, inevitable drug resistance, the impossibility of a vaccine against cancer…”

“Anything that becomes entrenched is difficult to replace. The trillion dollars spent on the gene centric war on cancer has created a mighty citadel. Huge egg in the face of government, drug companies, academics and opinion leaders to say whoops folks, sorry, we got it wrong.”

“Unbalanced chromosomes completely disrupt the species specific and tissue specific location of chromosomes. The chromosomes still orchestrate the production of proteins but in bizarre and uncoordinated ways. Again, without mutation of genes.”

“…there is an overall gain in chromosomes as…unbalanced cells divide over a period of years to decades. The amount of protein in a cell is proportional to the number of chromosomes, which means that cancer cells have considerably more protein than normal cells. The extra protein leads to the secretion of very dangerous digestive enzymes and other proteins responsible for invasion of adjacent tissues and metastasis.”

“The scrambling of chromosomes is so massive that no two cancer cells are identical. This means there is no typical cancer cell for vaccines or drugs to target and drug resistance is inevitable. All this without gene mutations.”

“The chromosomal imbalance theory changes everything about cancer. It offers young researches a very powerful and productive alternative to the hopelessly failed gene mutation theory.”

The Matrix Revealed

(To read about Jon’s mega-collection, The Matrix Revealed, click here.)

Jon Rappoport

The author of three explosive collections, THE MATRIX REVEALED, EXIT FROM THE MATRIX, and POWER OUTSIDE THE MATRIX, Jon was a candidate for a US Congressional seat in the 29th District of California. He maintains a consulting practice for private clients, the purpose of which is the expansion of personal creative power. Nominated for a Pulitzer Prize, he has worked as an investigative reporter for 30 years, writing articles on politics, medicine, and health for CBS Healthwatch, LA Weekly, Spin Magazine, Stern, and other newspapers and magazines in the US and Europe. Jon has delivered lectures and seminars on global politics, health, logic, and creative power to audiences around the world. You can sign up for his free NoMoreFakeNews emails here or his free OutsideTheRealityMachine emails here.

Big Pharma’s contradictory JUNK SCIENCE: Merck pulls “promising” Alzheimer’s drug from trials the same day Cleveland Clinic hails its success

(Natural News) Testing on what drug giant Merck & Co. had tried to claim was going to be a breakthrough new remedy for Alzheimer’s disease came to a sudden halt recently after it was determined that the drug in question actually doesn’t work at all. But interestingly enough, the trial’s cessation occurred on the very…

TCM found to be effective at treating premature ovarian failure

(Natural News) A traditional Chinese medicine was found to be effective at treating premature ovarian failure, according to a study published in the Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. The study was carried out by a team of researchers in China who looked into the effectiveness of a formula from traditional Chinese medicine known as Bushenjianpi…