Why Some Nitrates Are Healthy While Others Are Harmful

By Dr. Mercola

Nitrate-rich plant foods are a valuable part of your diet as they help promote heart health. Meanwhile, the nitrates in cured and processed meats such as bacon and hotdogs are known to be carcinogenic. So, what’s the deal? Why are plant-based nitrates healthy and animal-based nitrates harmful? The answer to that question has to do with biochemistry — how the nitrates are processed in your body based on cofactors found in their source.

Plant- Versus Animal-Based Nitrates

In a recent Nutrition Action article on this topic, Gunter Kuhnle, professor of food and nutritional sciences at the University of Reading, U.K., explains the core differences between plant- and animal-based nitrates:1

“When you eat nitrates, they are converted to nitrites by bacteria in your mouth. Once the nitrites reach the stomach’s acid, they can turn into either nitric oxide [NO] or N-nitroso compounds. N-nitroso compounds like nitrosamines are carcinogenic. What makes processed meats so ideal for forming N-nitroso compounds is that they have a combination of nitrite and proteins from the meat. And the meat’s heme seems to help convert them into N-nitroso compounds.”

Nitrates are also more prone to converting into carcinogenic nitrosamines when heated. According to a review of more than 7,000 clinical studies, the World Cancer Research Fund concluded there’s no safe lower limit for processed meats2 and that they should be avoided altogether to minimize your cancer risk.

Plants, on the other hand, contain antioxidants (such as vitamin C and polyphenols) that impede the formation of harmful nitrosamines. The presence of these compounds help to ensure that the nitrites are converted into beneficial NO once they reach your stomach rather than harmful N-nitroso compounds.3 Most plant foods are also not cooked or fried at high temperatures, which further minimizes the chances that harmful substances will be produced.

The Benefits of Nitric Oxide

NO is a soluble gas, and while it’s a free radical, it’s also an important biological signaling molecule that supports normal endothelial function and protects your mitochondria — the little “power stations” in your cells that produce a majority of your body’s energy in the form of ATP. NO is a potent vasodilator, helping relax and widen the diameter of your blood vessels, thereby allowing a greater volume of blood to flow through.

Healthy blood flow in turn helps your body function optimally, carrying oxygen and nutrients to your tissues and organs while removing waste material and carbon dioxide. Importantly, NO infuses into areas that are hypoxic, meaning in need of oxygen, and both your heart and brain4,5 are heavy oxygen users.

NO has actually been shown to improve brain neuroplasticity by improving oxygenation of the somatomotor cortex (a brain area that is often affected in the early stages of dementia).6,7 As for your heart, cardiologist Dr. Stephen Sinatra explains the importance of NO, saying:8

“Adequate NO production is the first step in a chain reaction that promotes healthy cardiovascular function, while insufficient NO triggers a cascade of destruction that eventually results in heart disease… NO promotes healthy dilation of the veins and arteries so blood can move throughout your body. Plus, it prevents red blood cells from sticking together to create dangerous clots and blockages.”

Nitrate-Rich Foods Offer Potent Benefits

While NO is continually produced from the amino acid L-arginine inside your cells, you can also boost your body’s NO production by eating certain NO-boosting foods and/or performing high-intensity exercises such as the Nitric Oxide Dump (see demonstration below). Research9 shows a nitrate-rich diet can be a powerful strategy for the treatment of prehypertension and hypertension (high blood pressure), and as such helps protect against heart attacks.

In conventional medicine, nitrates are used to treat angina and congestive heart failure, and research shows a glass of beetroot juice has the same effect as prescription nitrates.10 Raw beets — which are high in nitrates — have been shown to lower blood pressure by an average of four to five points within a few hours.11

Another study12 found drinking 8 ounces of beet juice per day lowered blood pressure by an average of nearly eight points after the first week, which is more than most blood pressure medications. Raw beets have also been shown to boost stamina during exercise by as much as 16 percent,13 courtesy of increased NO production.

The caveat with beets is they’re high in sugar, which is why I recommend them only in limited amounts or in fermented form. Fermenting your beets rather than eating them raw gives you all the health-boosting benefits of raw beets without the concerns of high sugar content, as the beneficial bacteria created during fermentation consume most of the naturally occurring sugars.

The Hazards of Nitrosamines

While NO has potent health benefits, the same cannot be said for the nitrosamines formed when nitrites from processed meats react with gastric acid in your stomach.

Again, the reason meat-based nitrites don’t boost NO production but rather turn into harmful N-nitroso compounds has to do with the presence of proteins and heme14 (an iron-containing compound that makes up part of the hemoglobin molecule in blood) and the absence of antioxidant compounds. The evidence against processed meats — including bacon, ham, pastrami, salami, pepperoni, chorizo, hot dogs, sausages, hamburgers and more — is fairly extensive. For example:

Studies have linked processed meats like sausages, hot dogs and sandwich meats to an increased risk of cancer, male infertility and early death.

A 2007 analysis15 by the World Cancer Research Fund found eating just 1.8 ounces of processed meat per day — about one sausage or two to three slices of bacon — was found to raise your likelihood of bowel cancer by 20 percent.

The American Institute for Cancer Research16 recommends avoiding processed meats entirely to minimize your risk of bowel cancer, and explicitly warns that “there is no safe threshold” for eating processed meats. They also recommend limiting red meat a maximum of 18 ounces per week, to avoid raising your risk for colorectal cancer.

After reviewing some 800 studies, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), which is part of the World Health Organization, concluded that processed meat can cause colorectal cancer in humans,17,18 and has classified processed meat as a Group 1 carcinogen, right next to tobacco and asbestos. The agency estimates a daily serving of 1.8 ounces of processed meat can increase your risk for colorectal cancer by 18 percent. Higher amounts may raise your risk even higher.

(Keep in mind the IARC’s classifications of carcinogens are based on strength of evidence, not degree of risk, so this does not mean processed meats are as hazardous as smoking and asbestos exposure. It simply means the strength of the evidence is the same.)

A British study19 published in January this year, which evaluated data from more than 262,000 women, found eating just 9 grams of bacon per day significantly raises a woman’s risk for breast cancer later in life.

Nitrate-Free Bacon Is a Safer Alternative

While the presence of saturated fat is not a valid reason to shun bacon, the presence of nitrates is of real concern. Still, bacon can be a healthy addition to your diet, in small amounts, provided you take certain precautions. First, make sure your bacon comes from organic pasture-raised pigs, as this will reduce the risk of pathogenic contaminations20 that factory farmed pigs are prone to. Second, make sure it’s free of added nitrates. The easiest way is to check the label, but the color of the meat can also be a powerful tipoff.

As noted in The Guardian,21 “The pinkness of bacon — or cooked ham, or salami — is a sign that it has been treated with chemicals, more specifically with nitrates and nitrites.” The article includes commentary from French journalist Guillaume Coudray, author of the book “Cochonneries,” which loosely translates into “junk food,” but also means “piggeries.”

In his book, Coudray argues that it’s really the addition of nitrates that creates the problem, and the processed meat industry could easily make these foods far less hazardous. As reported by The Guardian:

“’Pure insane crazy madness’ is how Coudray described the continuing use of nitrates and nitrites in processed meats … The madness, in his view, is that it is possible to make bacon and ham in ways that would be less carcinogenic. The most basic way to cure any meat is to salt it — either with a dry salt rub or a wet brine — and to wait for time to do the rest.

Coudray notes that ham and bacon manufacturers claim this old-fashioned way of curing isn’t safe. But the real reason they reject it is cost: it takes much longer for processed meats to develop their flavor this way, which cuts into profits … The health risk of bacon is largely to do with two food additives: potassium nitrate (also known as saltpetre) and sodium nitrite.

It is these that give salamis, bacons and cooked hams their alluring pink color … when otherwise it would be a murky greyish brown … It is this nitrite that allows the bacteria responsible for cured flavor to emerge quicker, by inhibiting the growth of other bacteria …  It is the use of these chemicals that is widely believed to be the reason why ‘processed meat’ is much more carcinogenic than unprocessed meat.”

Healthy Nitrate Sources — Fresh Veggies

Hopefully, you can now appreciate the difference between nitrates from plants versus those from processed meats. A nitrate-rich diet is indeed a boon to your health, but only when the nitrates come from the plant kingdom. Here’s a list of the Top 10 most nitrate-rich ones to add to your diet.22,23,24 Eating garlic also helps boost NO production. While low in nitrates, garlic increases nitric oxide synthase, which converts L-arginine to NO in the presence of cofactors such as vitamins B2 and B3.25

  1. Arugula, 480 mg of nitrates per 100 grams
  2. Rhubarb, 281 mg
  3. Cilantro, 247 mg
  4. Butter leaf lettuce, 200 mg
  5. Spring greens like mesclun mix, 188 mg
  6. Basil, 183 mg
  7. Beet greens, 177 mg
  8. Oak leaf lettuce, 155 mg
  9. Swiss chard, 151 mg
  10. Red beets, 110 mg

Three-Minute Exercise to Boost NO Production

As mentioned earlier, high-intensity exercise will also trigger NO production in your body and, ideally, you’d both eat nitrate-rich veggies and exercise. The Nitric Oxide Dump exercise, developed by Dr. Zach Bush and demonstrated in the video above, will help:

  • Improve blood flow by relaxing and widening your arteries, thinning your blood and decreasing its viscosity. The latter also decreases platelet aggregation, which will discourage the development of blood clots that may cause a heart attack or stroke
  • Lower your blood pressure
  • Boost your mitochondrial health
  • Slow down age-related muscle decline
  • Improve immune function

Your body stores NO in the lining of your blood vessels (the endothelium). It’s produced inside your endothelial cells from the amino acid L-arginine, and acts as an important signaling molecule throughout your body. When you exercise and your muscles ache, it’s because you’ve run out of oxygen, which your body compensates for by releasing NO (to dilate your blood vessels making it easier for oxygen to be delivered).

This process fuels muscle development, but here’s the secret that’s not widely known: When you exercise, it takes only about 90 seconds for your blood vessels to run out of stored nitric oxide and begin the process of making more. “So working each major muscle group out for 90 seconds,” says Bush, “gives you the most efficient workout to tone and build muscles.”26 Indeed, the key to harnessing your body’s NO-generating powers is to engage in short bursts of high-intensity activity.

You also want to wait at least two hours between sessions because that’s how long it takes for NO to synthesize for subsequent release. “Your body has the ability to regenerate nitric oxide every couple of hours, giving you the opportunity to release it multiple times a day,” Bush says. “What that means is the most effective way to increase your muscle function is to work out very briefly every few hours.”27

Increasing NO Is an Important ‘Antiaging’ Strategy

Your body loses about 10 percent of its ability to produce NO for every decade of life, which is why it’s important to take steps to increase your NO production, especially as you age. One way to do this is by eating nitrate-rich plant foods such as arugula and beets, as the plant-based nitrates are converted into NO in your body.

Just remember that nitrates from processed meats will not have this effect. On the contrary, processed meats will encourage the creation of carcinogenic substances — again because of the combination of a lack of antioxidants and the presence of proteins and heme, which triggers the creation of N-nitroso compounds rather than NO. This is an important distinction, so don’t get confused.

Beyond diet and high-intensity exercises such as the Nitric Oxide Dump, you can also increase NO by getting sensible sun exposure on large portions of your body, as NO is released into your bloodstream when UVA from sunlight touches your skin.28,29 Certain supplements, like olive extract and bitter melon, as well as acupuncture,30 may also enhance your body’s generation of NO, as may using a sauna31 or even taking a hot bath.32

Fasting Regenerates Your Pancreas

By Dr. Mercola

Fasting is a powerful tool nearly anyone can use to take control of their health. Animal research indicates a fasting-mimicking diet not only can help your pancreas regenerate itself, but it can also reverse diabetes symptoms. In another study, also involving lab mice, restricting daily calories to a six-hour window significantly reduced levels of a particular mutant protein known to play a role in Huntington’s disease.

Given these results, as well as other research, the tremendous benefits of fasting continue to emerge. If you haven’t yet considered how fasting can make a positive difference to your health, I encourage you to keep reading and also consider one of three methods: the fasting-mimicking diet, intermittent fasting or water-only fasting. Fasting is one of the best tools you can use in the fight against chronic disease.

Fasting-Mimicking Regenerates Pancreas, Eliminates Diabetes in Lab Mice

In a study published in the journal Cell,1 a group of U.S. researchers, most of whom were affiliated with the University of Southern California (USC), suggest your pancreas may be able to regenerate itself through a fasting-mimicking diet.

In animal experiments, the scientists, led by Valter Longo, Ph.D., professor of gerontology and biological sciences and director of the USC Longevity Institute, were able to restore pancreatic function using a modified version of the fasting-mimicking diet. This diet is characterized by periods of feast and famine.

Longo notes the diet promoted the “generation of insulin-producing beta cells, resembling that observed during pancreatic development.”2 (Beta cells detect sugar in your blood and release insulin if blood sugar levels get too high.) Given its restorative effects on the pancreas, the fasting-mimicking diet also reversed diabetes symptoms in lab mice.

Said Longo, “Our conclusion is by pushing the mice into an extreme state and then bringing them back — by starving them and then feeding them again —the cells in the pancreas are triggered to use some kind of developmental reprogramming that rebuilds the part of the organ that’s no longer functioning.”3 The experiments reflected noticeable benefits for mice with diabetes: Fasting-mimicking diet cycles restored insulin secretion and glucose homeostasis in both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mouse models. Longo stated:4

“Medically, these findings have the potential to be very important because we’ve shown — at least in mouse models — that you can use diet to reverse the symptoms of diabetes. Scientifically, the findings are perhaps even more important because we’ve shown you can use diet to reprogram cells without having to make any genetic alterations.”

How Does the Fasting-Mimicking Approach Work?


Unlike traditional fasting centered on abstinence from all food for a period of time, a fasting-mimicking diet allows you to consume a greatly reduced number of calories, usually for a five-day period, in a way that allows you to realize some of the same therapeutic benefits of traditional foodless fasting.

Longo’s fasting-mimicking diet involves restricting your calories to 800 to 1,100 calories per day for five days each month. This approach greatly improves compliance, as many would find a five-day water-only fast to be too difficult. The low-calorie strategy provides many benefits while also reducing your likelihood of suffering adverse side effects.

The five days of calorie restriction come in the form of choosing foods low in carbohydrates, low in protein and high in healthy fats. The rest of the month, you are free to eat whatever you want. The goal is to mimic periods of feast and famine. While all of this sounds simple, Longo is quick to suggest the diet is best undertaken with medical guidance. “It boils down to: Do not try this at home.” Longo says, “This [diet] is so much more sophisticated than people realize.”5

Calorie Restriction Also Shows Promise for Huntington’s Disease

New research by Canadian scientists, published in the journal Acta Neuropathologica Communications,6 indicates restricting food intake to a specific daily time period could benefit sufferers of Huntington’s disease. More than 30,000 Americans are affected by this progressive neurological condition, which typically appears between the ages of 30 and 50.7

Symptoms of Huntington’s include cognitive impairment, involuntary movements (chorea) and mobility problems. Most conventional approaches involve taking drugs such as tetrabenazine to manage symptoms like chorea. Using lab mice, the researchers found that limiting calorie intake to the same daily six-hour period improved mouse models of Huntington’s disease.8

Specifically, this strict eating schedule, which involved fasting for the remaining 18 hours a day, resulted in significant reductions in the levels of a particular mutant protein that plays a role in Huntington’s disease. The disease is caused by an inherited mutation in the huntingtin (HTT) gene known to pass from parent to child. The mutant form of HTT is referred to as mHTT; it is thought to work with other bodily proteins to accelerate progression of the disease.

The study revealed food restriction triggered a process in the mice called autophagy — a cell self-cleaning process known to remove damaged or unnecessary components. Researchers noticed fasting-induced autophagy reduced levels of mHTT in the rodents’ brains.9 About the research, lead study author Dagmar Ehrnhoefer, Ph.D., principal investigator at BioMed X Innovation Center in Heidelberg, Germany, stated:10

“We know specific aspects of autophagy don’t work properly in patients with Huntington’s disease. Our findings suggest, at least in mice, when you fast, or eat at certain very regulated times without snacking in between meals, your body starts to increase an alternative, still functional, autophagy mechanism, which could help lower levels of the mutant huntingtin protein in the brain.”

Study coauthor Dale Martin, Ph.D., assistant professor, department of biology, Waterloo University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, said, “More studies are needed, but perhaps something as simple as a modified dietary schedule could provide some benefit for [Huntington’s disease] patients and could be complementary to some treatments currently in clinical trials.”11

Multiday Water Fasting Is Another Great Metabolic Intervention

After some initial hesitations, I am now embracing multiday water fasting as one of the best metabolic interventions available. I say that because this type of fasting switches your cells to a protected “antiaging mode.” It also promotes autophagy, the cell self-cleaning process mentioned earlier, thanks to the activation of stem cells.

I have completed several five-day water-only fasts in recent months and highly recommend this as a regular practice. Assuming you are properly prepared, if you are dealing with insulin resistance, I believe you could benefit from monthly water-only fasts. Provided you’re not anorexic, old and frail, pregnant or dealing with a serious health issue, fasting for three to seven days will likely be beneficial; a short fast certainly won’t kill you, nor will it cause significant muscle loss. With respect to water-only fasts, ABC Science states:12

“After two or three days of fasting, you get your energy from two different sources simultaneously. A very small part of your energy comes from breaking down your muscles — but you can avoid this by doing some resistance training … The majority of your energy comes from breaking down fat.

But very soon, you move into getting all your energy from the breakdown of fat. The fat molecules break down into two separate chemicals — glycerol (which can be converted into glucose) and free fatty acids (which can be converted into other chemicals called ketones). Your body, including your brain, can run on this glucose and ketones until you finally run out of fat.

In humans, fasting seems to have health benefits for high blood pressure, diabetes, asthma and epilepsy in children. In animals, fasting seems to reduce the cognitive decline that happens in conditions such as Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease.

You may find that starting with intermittent fasting first can prepare your body (and your mind) for a water-only fast. Simply by lengthening the number of hours you go without food can condition your body for completely foodless days. My habit of intermittently fasting 20 hours a day definitely made water-only fasting easier for me. Even if you intermittently fast short of 20 hours, you will be helping your body begin using fat for fuel.

I recommend you take a high-quality multimineral supplement any time you do a water-only fast, and you should continue taking your regular nutritional supplements, too. If you supplement with magnesium, be aware it may cause severely loose stools during foodless fasts. You also need to consume high-quality salt.

Health Benefits of a Fasting-Mimicking Style of Eating

In his book “The Longevity Diet: Discover the New Science Behind Stem Cell Activation and Regeneration to Slow Aging, Fight Disease and Optimize Weight,” Longo suggests the fasting-mimicking protocol supports your overall health and well-being because it helps you maintain healthy levels of:

  • C-reactive protein, a marker of inflammation
  • Fasting glucose
  • Insulin-like growth factor 1, a marker associated with increased mortality and DNA damage
  • Stem cells and regenerative markers

Beyond that, according to Longo, the fasting-mimicking diet both protects and rejuvenates your body by going after multiple body systems and causing regeneration and improved performance in those systems. Among the health benefits, Longo says the fasting-mimicking diet:

  • Reduces cancers by nearly 50 percent
  • Delays cancer onset and results in more benign tumors than malignant ones
  • Improves your cognition and markers for aging
  • Strengthens your immune system, which is transformed to a more youthful state
  • Lowers risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes

Fasting-Mimicking Boosts the Effectiveness of Treatment for Malignant Disease

Given his years of research and experience, Longo strongly recommends actively incorporating the fasting-mimicking diet with cancer treatment. Not only will it radically improve the effectiveness of your cancer therapy, he says, but it will also decrease some of the unpleasant side effects. Longo states:

“This has been a difficult battle. We work with the top oncology hospitals in the world: MD Anderson, Mayo Clinic [and] USC Norris Cancer Center … we really didn’t want to be the rebels …  We fought very hard, but also, we wanted them to agree with us. We wanted the oncologists to basically say, ‘Yes. This [diet] is a good way to do it.’

The safety concerns … are really minimal and the potential benefits are very high … In mice, we consistently see cancer-free survival even in the metastatic models.”

Longo believes fasting-mimicking diets are particularly beneficial in cases of more advanced cancers that have metastasized, leaving the patient with very few options. In those instances, he has encouraged oncologists to seriously consider integrating the fasting-mimicking diet with standard cancer care. To date, Longo and his team have demonstrated the effectiveness of the fasting-mimicking diet for kinase inhibitors, chemotherapy and all kinds of cancers.

He says hundreds of clinical trials are underway that involve the fasting-mimicking diet, and new data comes in regularly about new therapies. One of the new therapies, Longo suggests, is immunotherapy. It makes cancer visible to your immune system so it can be attacked by your immune system.

Whatever your situation with respect to cancer treatment, Longo recommends you bring the fasting-mimicking diet to the attention of your oncologist. For starters, you might suggest he or she “at least … read the clinical trials that are already published,” said Longo. He adds, “I think it’s important to talk to [cancer] patients about this [diet], and give them an opportunity, particularly where they don’t have any other viable options.”

Important Cautions About Fasting

Certain health conditions require more stringent medical supervision to ensure the safety of fasting. Regardless of your health, be sure to talk to your doctor before undertaking any fasting program. If you have a chronic disease, your doctor will need to closely monitor your condition and any potential complications related to fasting. I advise you avoid, or at least cautiously evaluate, fasting if you are:

Anorexic or seriously underweight

Pregnant or breastfeeding

Fragile or in ill health

Taking medication, especially if it must be taken with food

Have liver or kidney disease

Taking an antihypertensive or hypoglycemic medication, due to the risk of overdosing

More than 70 years of age, unless you’re exceptionally healthy

Cycling Is Vital for Success With the Fasting-Mimicking Protocol

If you are in good physical health, you may be able to realize benefits from adopting a fasting-mimicking diet for five days every 90 days. However, if you are facing health challenges such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol or obesity, you may have more success by cycling on and off the diet monthly, at least until you see improvement in your health.

Longo underscores the need for some form of cycling on and off the diet because the cycling is vitally important to your success. The episodic fasting and refeeding is one of the keys that unlocks the many benefits of this diet. Notably, cycling also helps circumvent the negative effects associated with continuous fasting or chronic underfeeding.

If the information presented in this article has stimulated your thinking about fasting, you may be ready to take your diet to the next level. The potential benefits of fasting make each type of intervention worth checking out, mainly because your body was designed to: 1) run on fat as its primary fuel and 2) cycle through periods of feast and famine. As a means of taking control of your health, I encourage you — under the guidance of your doctor — to seriously consider one or more of the following types of fasting:

Since many who are interested in fasting also may be sensitive to lectins, you might want to read my article How Fasting and Minimizing Lectins Can Benefit Your Health.

Weekly Health Quiz: Vitamin D, Cherries and Concussions

1 Which of the following nutrients is required for the activation of vitamin D in your body?

  • Vitamin K1
  • Vitamin C
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium

    Magnesium is necessary for the activation of vitamin D. Without sufficient amounts of it, your body cannot properly utilize the vitamin D you’re taking. Learn more.

2 Health officials often claim getting an annual flu shot will lessen your symptoms should you contract influenza. Recent research from France found influenza vaccination resulted in:

  • Significant reduction of all flu symptoms
  • Complete avoidance of influenza
  • A reduction in flu-associated headache

    French research shows flu vaccination resulted in insignificant lessening of symptoms in those who contracted influenza anyway — limited to a reduction in initial headache complaints among those who had been vaccinated. Learn more.

  • Shorter flu duration

3 To improve public health, lower health care spending and reduce environmental pollution by 2025, the global population is called to:

  • Boycott GMOs and factory-farmed food, and make organic, regenerative and grass fed food the norm

    Industrial agriculture, factory farms and GMOs have devastated the environment and public health. To solve these issues, the Organic Consumers Association is calling for a boycott on GMOs and factory-farm food, and to make organic, regenerative and grass fed food the norm by 2025. Learn more.

  • Exercise at least 2.5 hours per week
  • Become vegetarians or vegans
  • Support and invest in meat substitutes

4 Which of the following strategies are a potent combination for preventing and treating depression and other mood disorders?

  • Walking barefoot in nature and getting regular talk therapy
  • High intensity exercise and hydrating after exertion
  • Eating real food, exercising regularly and avoiding EMF exposure

    Studies show unprocessed foods help optimize your gut microbiome, thereby supporting optimal mental health, whereas sugar, gluten and processed foods have been linked to a greater risk for depression, anxiety and even suicide. Exercising regularly and minimizing EMF exposure are also potent weapons against depression. Learn more.

  • Taking antidepressants and eating foods fortified with minerals

5 The average cherry tree will start producing fruit in two to four years. What’s the average annual yield for a fully mature cherry tree?

  • 150 to 300 cherries
  • 1.5 to 3 pounds
  • 15 to 30 pounds
  • 150 to 300 pounds

    Cherry trees will grow about 1 foot per year, start producing fruit in two to four years, and can produce anywhere from 150 to 300 pounds of cherries per tree per year once fully mature. Both tart and sweet cherry are easy to grow in your backyard. Learn more.

6 Monsanto has steadfastly claimed that Roundup is harmless to animals and humans because the mechanism of action it uses (which allows it to kill weeds), called the shikimate pathway, is absent in all animals. However, the shikimate pathway is present in:

  • Human gut bacteria
  • Soil bacteria
  • Plants
  • All of the above

    Monsanto has steadfastly claimed that Roundup is harmless to animals and humans because the mechanism of action it uses (which allows it to kill weeds), called the shikimate pathway, is absent in all animals. However, the shikimate pathway is present in human gut bacteria as well as soil bacteria and plants. Learn more.

7 Low-grade accumulation of concussions over time accelerates the process of:

  • Alzheimer’s

    Long-term, chronic traumatic encephalopathy — low-grade accumulation of concussions over time — accelerates the process of dementia, raising your risk for neurological dysfunction and disease later in life. Learn more.

  • Parkinson’s
  • Coma
  • Meningitis

Siberian Ginseng Benefits

By Dr. Mercola

Siberian ginseng may be the common term for the versatile root recognized in ancient Eastern cultures as a powerful medicinal, but the botanical term, or at least part of it, is eleuthero. The entire scientific designation is Eleutherococcus senticosus, and it’s been used for thousands of years for overall longevity, endurance and to boost immunity.

These and a multitude of other benefits have made the odd-looking root a very expensive commodity all over the world. It’s right behind gingko as the most popular herbal supplement, but it’s often confused with other roots with “ginseng” on the label.

It doesn’t help that other monikers for it around the world include Russian ginseng, devil’s shrub, touch-me-not, wild pepper and shigoka. A thorny shrub that can reach 10 feet in height, Siberian ginseng bears yellow or violet flowers that develop in umbrella-shaped clusters and, later, round black berries. But it’s the wrinkly, twisted root that gets all the attention. Its active ingredients are phytochemicals known as polysaccharides.

For centuries, healers from Russia, where it originated, to Asia and other Eastern countries and beyond have used it extensively to remedy colds and flu. One of the most effective aspects of Siberian ginseng is that it’s an adaptogen, which means your body is better able to adapt to stressors, whether physical, mental or emotional. Multiple studies on E. senticosus indicate the root is good for a number of diseases and disorders, often rivaling the drugs and medications prescribed by doctors.

Research on Siberian Ginseng: E. Senticosus

While saying scientists aren’t sure how it works, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC)1 states that compounds from Siberian ginseng stimulate immune cells and protect the nervous system. It also notes, “Siberian ginseng extract was shown to moderately inhibit breast cancer resistance.”2

The MSKCC website either asserts that claims Siberian ginseng can increase strength and stamina and reduce side effects of chemotherapy are unsubstantiated scientifically, or that “more research is needed.” Patented drugs with ginseng components, however, were given much more credence. Acknowledgment of plant chemicals with active ingredients note:

“In vitro studies indicate that eleuthero contains chemicals that bind to estrogen, progestin, mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptors. In macrophages, a Siberian ginseng extract suppressed LPS-induced iNOS expression and thus nitric oxide production by possibly inhibiting nuclear factor-kappa B activity or Akt and JNK signaling, and inhibited reactive oxygen species production.

Eleutheroside B, eleutheroside E and isofraxidin — active constituents of Siberian ginseng — showed protective effects against A?(25-35)-induced atrophies of axons and dendrites in rat cultured cortical neurons. Isofraxidin also inhibited cell invasion and the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-7 by human hepatoma cell lines HuH-7 and Hep G-2, possibly through the inhibition of ERK1/2 phosphorylation.”3

In a 2004 randomized double-blind study,4 20 elderly hypertensive participants undergoing digitalis treatment who reported feeling weak and tired with no energy were given either Siberian ginseng or a placebo. At the end of the four-week study, the subjects were tested and found to have higher scores in social functioning and mental health, noticeable after four weeks of therapy and none noted “adverse events” in any of the patients.

Seventy percent of the patients on ginseng supplementation said they received “active therapy” compared to 20 percent in the placebo group. The same study noted that the definition of “adaptogen” was first referenced in the late 1950s. Subsequent research noted pharmacological results in cell cultures, animal and human subjects, listing improvements in several areas in regard to:

Antioxidant activity

Anticancer action

Immune system stimulation

Lowered insulin levels

Radioprotection

Decreased inflammation

Fever reducing

Antibacterial activity

Studies Reveal Siberian Ginseng Health Benefits

The effect involves the adrenal glands and supports their function, along with stress hormones such as cortisol.5 Bulletproof lists a number of studies that have explored different ways Siberian ginseng helps, treats and prevents illnesses and conditions in several ways:

  • It produced an immune-boosting effect both in cancer patients and healthy controls, according to one study, resulting in “nonspecific resistance and immunologic vigor in the course of cytostatic and radiation treatment for breast cancer.”6
  • According to Europe PMC, ginseng showed potential for maintaining healthy T4 lymphocytes, which are the specific immune cells that weaken in patients with HIV and AIDS.7
  • Neuroprotective aspects were improved via hippocampal and microglial cell signaling;8 one example is its effectiveness in preventing the slow and sometimes lost motor function associated with Parkinson’s.9
  • Antiviral capability of ginseng was measured and found to inhibit the replication of “all RNA viruses studies thus far,” which included human rhinovirus (HRV), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza A virus in cell cultures.10
  • Siberian ginseng may also have antidepressive effects11 and may also help with insomnia and alleviate behavioral and memory problems, according to an animal study.12

One study showed that Siberian ginseng improved endurance, initiated through improved oxygen utilization.13 Further, it may protect DNA14 and enhance cardiovascular function,15 and bacterial cultures treated with ginseng compounds were resistant to radiation16 and even protected study subjects from ionizing radiation exposure. Research also strongly suggests that Siberian ginseng has a positive and significant effect on several types of cancer cell cultures, including breast,17 stomach,18 lung and colon cancers.19

History and Ginseng Types: Siberian, Korean and American

Incidentally, there’s something known as Korean ginseng or Asian ginseng, which also contains healing properties, but it presents a perfect example of the phrase “the word is not the thing.” In other words, just because it has the word ginseng in its name doesn’t mean it’s synonymous with Siberian ginseng (which is not considered a “true” ginseng”). SFGate notes:

“Korean ginseng and Siberian ginseng, despite both being called ginseng, are not from the same family. Siberian ginseng does not belong to the Panax family, so it is not considered a “true” ginseng … Siberian ginseng contains polysaccharides which are associated with lower blood sugar levels, and eleutherosides are its active ingredient.

They are also both associated with increased mental ability and concentration, greater alertness and higher stamina levels. Both are also associated with potentially helping lower triglyceride and blood pressure levels, and may be helpful in treating and avoiding cardiovascular complications.”20

There’s also American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), an endangered, wild-growing, shade-loving and widely poached root. While Korean or Asian ginseng is known in Chinese medicine as a “hot” or mild stimulant, the American variety is “cool” or calming, useful for enhancing memory, mood and possibly lowering blood sugar levels.21

All have ginsenosides, but in varying levels, Smithsonian.com22 says. The American type found in moist patches of Appalachian Mountain regions was used by Native Americans and even propagated by the Cherokee tribe as a medicinal. Samples and then boatloads of the roots were shipped from North Carolina, Minnesota, Wisconsin and Canada to Chinese markets as early as the early 1700s.

Precautions Regarding Siberian Ginseng

While adaptogens such as Siberian ginseng are generally fine for most people, don’t typically cause allergic reactions and can be taken for extended periods of time, caution is advised with both Siberian and Korean ginseng. If you’re on medication, keep in mind they can interfere with a number of them, including immune system suppressants, blood thinners, heart medications and any types of sedatives or stimulants.23

Precautions should be taken due to a number of potential side effects, including accelerated heartbeat, insomnia, mood swings, sudden changes in blood pressure and feeling dizzy and/or jittery. Anyone with sleep apnea, narcolepsy, heart disease, mental illness such as mania or schizophrenia, autoimmune diseases such as Crohn’s disease or rheumatoid arthritis should also pass it up.24

Importantly, children should not be given ginseng. The University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC) notes that women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, as well as those with estrogen-sensitive breast cancer, should avoid ginseng as it can have an estrogen-like effect;25 women with a history of uterine fibroids may also be vulnerable.26

It’s imperative that you check your sources when buying ginseng, whether it’s in supplement or root form, as one lab reported that only nine of 22 samples met quality and purity criteria. At the same time, harvesting methods, handling techniques and high-heat processing can damage the therapeutic compounds. Livestrong notes:

“Supplements are available in liquid and solid extracts, powders, capsules, tablets and tea form. Up to 25 percent of Siberian ginseng supplements sold in the United States do not contain the herb, and it can pose side effects. For these reasons, pharmacist and doctor guidance is recommended.”27

Remember That Not All Ginseng Is Created Equal

Ginseng has become one of the most popular additives in multivitamins, energy drinks, teas, chewing gum and snacks, claiming to impart all manner of benefits. But it should be noted that most Americans aren’t aware there’s any difference between the ginseng varieties, which are so intermingled in advertising their advantages that governmental agencies have stepped in. For instance, Smithsonian.com observes:

“‘What is most striking about ginseng is the amount of misinformation in ads and on packages,’ says nutritionist David Schardt at the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI). ‘Panax ginseng, the most commonly available type, does not boost energy levels, mood, or memory and doesn’t reduce stress.’

After reviewing studies over the past two decades, the CSPI asked the Food and Drug Administration three years ago to halt phony claims. During the past two years, the FDA has sent letters to about half a dozen manufacturers, ordering them to limit product health claims due to the lack of evidence to support them.”28

For arguably any disease, prevention is a wonderful thing, but don’t take advantage of Siberian ginseng by assuming that the compounds that stimulate your immune response can make up for living irresponsibly. Bulletproof notes:

“Adaptogens are worth exploring, but don’t use them to make up for a crappy diet and lifestyle. Making sure to eat good food, get outside and sleep well, and generally take care of yourself will do more for your stress, energy, and longevity than any one herb will do. Pay attention to adaptogens and key supplements, but don’t forget the basics.”29

Cobra Update 3-18-18… “Contact”

A new Cobra update. I’ll be honest… parts of this seem a little “strange”. My “contact” experiences, until the latest Kauai-Pacific mission (and here), have been internal, not external.

But read on…

“Galactic Confederation forces of Light have decreed the surface of this planet to be turned into Confederation domain according to the Galactic Codex, section IV/2. Not much intel about surface operations can be given to surface population for obvious reasons.

“…there is quite a high number of Chimera-controlled Draco and Reptilian hybrids that were incarnated into human clone bodies.. After 9-11 false flag event in 2001, they started coming to the surface and infiltrating higher echelons of power inside human society. This situation is being addressed right now by the Light Forces as part of Operation Mjolnir… [this] situation… is very difficult and liberation might take a little bit longer than expected.

“This is the reason the Light forces… suggest you rather start focusing on your mission and living your life to its fullest in the Now:

“If the Event would be triggered before toplet bombs are dealt with, the number of casualties would be much much higher. To prepare the planet for Compression Breakthrough, the Light Forces have asked me to instruct the surface population to change the surface of the planet into a Contact Dish.

“Instructions: If you own a property that has a small flat area big enough for a small Pleiadian saucer craft to land, you can silently say the following decree: “In the name of my I Am presence, I decree and I command a landing of a Pleiadian ship on the land that I own, and my physical first contact with the Pleiadians from that ship, as soon as possible in the best possible way.“ It is very important that you NEVER say this decree aloud…

“Combined free will of thousands of people making this decree worldwide will send a coherent contact signal of pulsating Light into the energy grid of the planet and to the Pleiadians. It will effectively turn the whole planet into a Contact Dish. The critical mass needed for this to happen is around 12,000 people.”

—————————————————

Contact

Galactic Confederation forces of Light have decreed the surface of this planet to be turned into Confederation domain according to the Galactic Codex, section IV/2.

Not much intel about surface operations can be given to surface population for obvious reasons. The only thing I can say is that there is quite a high number of Chimera-controlled Draco and Reptilian hybrids that were incarnated into human clone bodies inside underground bases during the last Archon invasion between 1996 and 1999. After 9-11 false flag event in 2001, they started coming to the surface and infiltrating higher echelons of power inside human society. This situation is being addressed right now by the Light Forces as part of Operation Mjolnir.

Let me just say that the hostage situation on the surface of the planet is very difficult and liberation might take a little bit longer than expected.

This is the reason the Light forces advise against any speculation about the timing of the Event to avoid disappointment and suggest you rather start focusing on your mission and living your life to its fullest in the Now:

Each day, tens of thousands of people die of hunger and malnutrition:

https://www.quora.com/How-many-people-die-of-hunger-every-day-How-can-we-decrease-that-number

This indicates the power of control that the Dark forces still have on the surface of the planet. If the Event would be triggered before toplet bombs are dealt with, the number of casualties would be much much higher.

To prepare the planet for Compression Breakthrough, the Light Forces have asked me to instruct the surface population to change the surface of the planet into a Contact Dish.

Instructions:

If you own a property that has a small flat area big enough for a small Pleiadian saucer craft to land, you can silently say the following decree:

“In the name of my I Am presence, I decree and I command a landing of a Pleiadian ship on the land that I own, and my physical first contact with the Pleiadians from that ship, as soon as possible in the best possible way. “

It is very important that you NEVER say this decree aloud and that you never speak about your decree to anyone, otherwise you can not become part of the Contact Dish project.

Combined free will of thousands of people making this decree worldwide will send a coherent contact signal of pulsating Light into the energy grid of the planet and to the Pleiadians. It will effectively turn the whole planet into a Contact Dish. The critical mass needed for this to happen is around 12,000 people. This will be an indication for the Pleiadians and the Galactic Central Race that the awakened part of the human population has reached a spiritual maturity that equals 0.75 on the Kardashev scale:

http://www.veronicasicoe.com/blog/2014/04/the-kardashev-scale-0-to-6/

This will be an indicator that contact sequence can begin.

Humanity is ready for contact:

http://www.astronomy.com/news/2018/02/a-new-study-shows-mankinds-reaction-to-alien-life-would-be-quite-positive

The contact sequence is correctly described in the last pages of the following book:

Let the contact sequence begin. Let us turn this planet into a Contact Dish!

Victory of the Light!

#QAnon (#Q) Added Postings of 3-17-18, 3-18-18… “Boom Boom Boom”… “Call in the Marines”

These additional Q’s came out last night, after the prior long long one. It had a couple of items that were briefly discussed in this Jerome Corsi video (related Kp blog post). Looks like next week (this week) may be BIG. We shall see!

“Next week. BOOM. BOOM. BOOM… USMC activated. US (3).

“[Kp note: the (3) may refer to the divisions of the US Marine Corp, where page ii of their organization manual shows three “Functional Components”, Marine Forces Strategic Command, Marine Forces Special Operations Command, Marine Forces Cyber Command (but essentially I have no real idea what the (3) actually refers to)).

“Panic mode. Enjoy the show.”

————————————————————————-

From https://qanon.pub

954
Mar 17 2018 20:44:01 (EDT) Q !UW.yye1fxo ID: b02328 701978
Next week.
BOOM.
BOOM.
BOOM.
Q

955
Mar 17 2018 20:44:01 (EDT) Q !UW.yye1fxo ID: b02328 701978
Next week.
BOOM.
BOOM.
BOOM.
Q

Mar 17 2018 20:44:59 (EDT) Q !UW.yye1fxo ID: b02328 702000
>>701978
USMC activated.
US (3).
Q

956
Mar 18 2018 02:10:23 (EDT) Q !UW.yye1fxo ID: 90d3e8 705183
Panic mode.
Enjoy the show.
Q

957
Mar 18 2018 02:17:42 (EDT) Q !UW.yye1fxo ID: 5f0f27 705264
Why are trips allowed?
Whitelist.
Q

Fundamentals 3: Your Flags


By Anna Von Reitz

Every country on Earth has both a martial flag, otherwise known as a “war flag” and a civil flag known as a “peace flag”.

They also have a military — armed forces in charge of the war flag, and a civilian service –civilian government employees in charge of the peace flag.

In this country, “Old Glory”, the “Stars and Stripes” is the war flag.  And the United States Civil Flag, the one with vertical stripes, is what it says it is— the peacetime flag of the civil service.

In America, we are served by principle branches of military service: Army, Navy, Air Force, and US Marine Corps, plus other forces, like the National Guard, all of which fly the war flag, the Stars and Stripes, for obvious reasons. 

We are also supposed to have a federal civil service and that service is supposed to be flying the United States Civil Flag, a distinctively different version of our flag with vertical stripes—–but isn’t.  Why not?

The United States Civil Flag should be flying over post offices, customs houses, departmental office buildings like the United States Department of Labor, etc., and agencies like the FBI, FAA, BLM, and so on. 

Instead, all of these federal entities, whether martial or civil, are flying the Stars and Stripes — the war flag — and have done so as far back as anyone can remember. 

There isn’t an American now living who can remember when the Post Offices flew the United States Civil Flag.  It disappeared in the confusion and aftermath of the Civil War, in the so-called “Reconstruction Era” which, it turns out, should have more aptly been called the “Obstruction Era”.

We have very early tin-type photographs from newspapers and drawings and lithographs from before the Civil War showing the United States Civil Flag flying over post offices and courts and other civil office buildings —all with vertical stripes; there are notable letters and official documents and period publications confirming these facts, and we even have photographs documenting the use of the United States Civil Flag at polling places and other public events after the Civil War ended.   

The most accessible and easiest proof of the existence and use of the United States Civil Flag is at the very beginning of Nathaniel Hawthorne’s classic novel, The Scarlet Letter, where he describes the United States Civil Flag in detail, flying over a federal custom’s house.  The Scarlet Letter was published in 1850, a few years before the illegal mercenary conflict we have been taught to call The American Civil War.

Our National Government– the federal government we are supposed to have running the delegated federal services— has been secretively mothballed by the foreign British Territorial United States Government ever since the end of the Civil War.  They have usurped upon the American National Government in Breach of Trust and Commercial Contract and substituted themselves as the primary federal service providers, having unlawfully converted the original States of State into Territorial States of States, and otherwise “re-constructed” things to suit their best interests, howbeit, without the knowledge or consent of the American states and people. 

Our national level flags — both of them — have their origins during the Revolutionary War.  The Stars and Stripes was (and is) the banner of the Federation of States doing business under The Unanimous Declaration of Independence as The United States of America (Unincorporated) (1776) 

The so-called “rebellious flag” with vertical stripes was adopted as the banner of the Confederation of States doing business under The Articles of Confederation as the States of America (1781).

Thus from the infancy of the government of this country, there were two Unions of “States” — a Federation and a Confederation. 

The Federation operated under the auspices of The United States of America (Unincorporated) includes the international land jurisdiction States known as Maine, Florida, Wisconsin, Texas, California, et alia. 

The Confederation operated under the auspices of the States of America (Unincorporated) included the original State of Maine, State of Florida, State of Wisconsin, State of Texas, State of California, et alia.

The United States of America (Unincorporated) and its States occupy the land jurisdiction of this country and retains the undelegated powers of the combined states in the international jurisdiction of the sea per Amendment X. 

The States of America (Unincorporated) and its States of State, such as the original State of Georgia, occupied the international jurisdiction of the sea and exercised the delegated powers vouchsafed to the National Level Federal Government. 

The British-backed Territorial United States had a limited Trustee role to play on “the High Seas and Navigable Inland Waterways” and in providing security for the District of Colombia, Puerto Rico, Guam and other “Insular States” but was never intended to serve in any National Level government capacity for us and has no consent to do so. 

What should have happened after the so-called American Civil War, which was in reality an illegal mercenary cat-fight among federal government service providers and would-be government service providers, is that the States of America (Unincorporated) should have been allowed to hold new elections and seat new delegates in the National Congress, and life should have gone on peaceably and normally in this country. 

Instead, shysters serving “as” the members of Congress during the armed hostilities, decided to make a buck after the fighting stopped. Acting in sheer treason they pretended that the National Level Federal Government owed to the actual states and people of this country was “in abeyance” and they substituted Territorial States of States for the original National States of States, deceptively calling one by the same name as the other. 

That is, they substituted a British Territorial State of Florida for the National State of Florida we are owed.  They operated the (Territorial) United States Congress to do this, and rolled all the assets of the original National State of Florida into land trusts which they named Florida State, Wisconsin State, and so forth—-which they also controlled.

On the surface, so far as average Americans could see, everything stayed the same.  There was a State of Florida before the war and a State of Florida after the war.  In fact, a profound fraud and change had taken place.  The original National State of Florida was under the direct control of the actual Florida Legislature, which was in turn elected by the living people.  The Territorial State of Florida was operated as a corporate franchise, dba “State of Florida, Inc.” operated by the British Crown and controlled by British subject shareholders.

In this way, by fraud, deceit, and Breach of Trust, the British contrived to control what appeared to be our National Government and to get their filthy fingers into our pockets and steal our resources, to control our commercial dealings, our trade policies, and our war-making decisions via the substitution of their own (Territorial) United States Government operating as our National United States Government— all the while excusing this to the rest of the world and pretending that our government was “in abeyance”. 

It was the Biggest Con Job in human history and they have played it to the hilt. 

Bear in mind that all this was accomplished by owning and controlling a relative few Americans who were elected to serve in something calling itself the “United States Congress”.  The perpetrators just neglected to tell us which “United States” this Congress was supposed to be serving — the actual National-Level United States Congress?  The Territorial United States Congress?  The Municipal United States Congress? 

Most of this evil was accomplished by such simple omissions and obfuscations and by “deceptively similar names deceits”—and it is all purposeful fraud undertaken in self-interest from 1860 onward. 

The (Territorial) United States Congress embarked on a series of copyright infringements and more Breaches of Trust by naming its principal corporate franchise after our legitimate and still-standing unincorporated government. In 1868, they created “The United States of America, Incorporated” which they bankrupted in 1907.  They also created “the United States of America, Incorporated” which they bankrupted in 1933. 

They used this similar names deceit to give Americans and the rest of the world the false assumption that we were bankrupt, when in fact, it was only their own territorial and municipal corporations being deliberately bankrupted as a means to promote our assumption of their debts.

The British Crown and the Bank of England and their Buddies have carried on with all of this fraud and duplicity and criminality and have promoted all this treasonous activity in Breach of Trust and violation of their Treaties and Commercial Contracts right under our noses.  They would like for us to interpret this situation as a political issue, but in fact, it is a matter of international crime — theirs. 

The Territorial United States can fly the Stars and Stripes in wartime.  They can’t fly the National Level United States Civil Flag, which is the property of the States of America— our mothballed and purportedly  “in abeyance” National-level Government.

Since 1999, they haven’t even been able to fly the official version Title IV Stars and Stripes they adopted.

In that year, the bankruptcy of the “United States of America, Incorporated” which began in 1933, ended.  As part of the settlement, the Territorial United States Government had to abandon the District of Columbia and decamp, leaving behind all the buildings and the flag and other public property rightfully belonging to The United States of America (Unincorporated), the American States and the American People, who were then and who are now their Priority Creditors. 

Commander Russell-J:Gould stepped into the gap, rescued the Title IV Stars and Stripes, reopened the Post Offices we are owed, and established the continuance of the evidence of our actual government’s existence–that is, the National-Level unincorporated government and our unincorporated Territorial Government, as well. 

The perpetrators of these fraud schemes could not fly the actual Title IV Stars and Stripes during the corporate bankruptcies they engineered as a means of picking us clean, so they flew decorative versions with gold fringe and caps on the flagstaffs as “National Colors” instead.  They hung the Stars and Stripes vertically in the Congressional Chambers as a pretense of civil authority and substitute for the United States Civil Flag. The perpendicular hanging of the Stars and Stripes also “strikes” that version and gives Notice of their international bankruptcy. 

Here’s the cheerful news.  The United States of America (Unincorporated) owns it all, absolutely, all across the board.  The unincorporated government is the sovereign government.  All the rest of this is just international crime by foreign governments and foreign corporations– Breach of Trust, Fraud, Unlawful Conversion, False Claims in Commerce, etc., etc., etc.  None of it has any validity and none of it is our fault.

As important as the States of America organization was as our National Level Government exercising our Delegated Powers and as outrageous as it is that our then-elected public servants and international Trustees allowed and committed these frauds against us and our lawful government, we are still in control and the flags are still ours. Both of them.

During the Obama Administration the perpetrators had one last throw at us. 

They couldn’t work out a way to force us to void the constitutional agreements, so they contrived to vacate them, instead, by bankrupting both the Territorial United States Government and the Municipal United States Government at the same time.  That would leave all three levels of the Federal Government inoperative and all the constitutional agreements vacated.  We would be at the mercy of every pirate and bounder and international bank in the world.

The mothballed National Government — all those juicy State trusts — and all the “personal” ESTATE TRUSTS the perpetrators established and operated “in our NAMES”, would then be easy pickings for the Secondary Creditors of the bankrupt Territorial and Municipal Government organizations to claim as “abandoned trust property”.  We would be left with nothing, penniless and homeless in our own country.

Instead, we re-issued our Sovereign Letters Patent and concluded agreements with new “Federal” Partners, the American Indian Nations. 

This action prevented any “vacating” of the constitutional agreements from the federal side and again gave Notice to the world that our assets are not abandoned.

Just to drive the point home again, the Hereditary Head of State and owner of both The Great Seal of the United States of America and The Great Seal of the United States, issued the Declaration of Flag/Conveyance of the Abeyance/End of Presumed Interregnum and Proclamation in Addendum on October 21, 2017—and placed it in the public records internationally.

Our United States Civil Flag is fully restored and in use again and our Stars and Stripes has never been retired. 


Despite all the lies, all the criminality, all the effort to overcome our lawful government by fraud and deceit and Breach of Trust and every other means— we are still standing, and you can be proud of both your flags and your seals.

In celebration of the restoration of your National-Level Government, we advise and invite everyone to fly the United States Civil Flag. Both flags are ours and they are both honorable for our part, but of the two, the United States Civil Flag is most uniquely and recognizably our own.  No foreign territorial or municipal government in the world can fly it, including those that claim to exercise some of our delegated powers. 

We continue to press our charges and our claims and to absolutely rebut any presumption by any party anywhere that our actual sovereign government is now or ever has been in any sort of bankruptcy or interregnum. We claim every cubic centimeter of American soil, and all trusts private and public naturally belonging to the American states and people. 

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See this article and over 800 others on Anna’s website here: www.annavonreitz.com
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