Research Reveals Plants Can Think, Choose & Remember

Modern science is only beginning to catch up to the wisdom of the ancients: plants possess sentience and a rudimentary form of intelligence. 

Plants are far more intelligent and capable than we given them credit. In fact, provocative research from 2010 published in Plant Signaling & Behavior proposes that since they cannot escape environmental stresses in the manner of animals, they have developed a “sophisticated, highly responsive and dynamic physiology,” which includes information processes such as “biological quantum computing” and “cellular light memory” which could be described as forms of plant intelligence. Titled, “Secret life of plants: from memory to intelligence,” the study highlights one particular “super power” of plants indicative of their success as intelligent beings:

“There are living trees that germinated long before Jesus Christ was born. What sort of life wisdom evolved in plants to make it possible to survive and propagate for so long a time in the same place they germinated?”

According to the researchers, “plants actually work as a biological quantum computing device that is capable to process quantum information encrypted in light intensity and in its energy.” This information processing includes a mechanism for processing memorized information. For example:

“plants can store and use information from the spectral composition of light for several days or more to anticipate changes that might appear in the near future in the environment, for example, for anticipation of pathogen attack.”

According to the study, “plants can actually think and remember.”

Moreover, plant not only possess a mechanism for information gathering and processing, but appear to exercise agency or “choice” vis-à-vis different scenarios:

“different group of chloroplasts and cells in the same leaf under identical constant and stable light, temperature and relative humidity condition have different opinion “what to do” in such conditions and tests different scenarios of possible future development.”

The study also offers an explanation for why plants absorb more light energy than is needed for photosynthesis alone:

“Another possible answer to the above question is a light training of young naïve leaves. Let’s imagine when young leaf or flower is emerging out of a plant, it would be nice for that leaf or flower to know about the conditions in which it is going to emerge. Older, more experienced leaves that actually are acclimated to outside conditions can train naïve emerging young leaves with the PEPS [photoelectrophysiological signaling ]and cellular light memory mechanisms. This explains why plants possess a natural capacity to absorb more light energy than that required for photosynthetic CO2 assimilation. They need this absorbed energy in excess for optimization and training of light acclimatory and immune defenses.”

The authors leave us with the provocative conclusion:

“Our results suggest that plants are intelligent organisms capable of performing a sort of thinking process (understood as at the same time and non-stress conditions capable of performing several different scenarios of possible future definitive responses), and capable of memorizing this training.17 Indeed leaves in the dark are able to not only “see” the light,8,34 but also are able to differently remember its spectral composition and use this memorized information to increase their Darwinian fitness.”

Why is this discovery important?

There are many reasons why recognizing the sentience and intelligence of plants may have positive implications for the future of humanity. For one, it helps us all to transcend the dominant worldview that non-human life forms are best defined in strictly mechanistic terms, and that attributing a “life essence” or consciousness to them is a form of magical thinking. French philosopher Maurice Merleau-Pointy called this world view the “Great Object,” namely, that everything in the universe is compromised of material objects externally related to one another, and with consciousness merely an ephemeral subjectivity found only in humans.

To the contrary, if we open ourselves to the possibility that we are all participants in an interconnected web of life, as many indigenous peoples believed and actually experienced things to be, destroying the natural world simply to serve the essentially suicidal infinite economic growth model will be identified for the insanity that it is. If we recognize, as biologist James Lovelock proposed, the Earth as a whole should be looked upon more like a self-regulating organism (Gaia hypothesis), or as mycologist Paul Stamet envisions, that there is a fungi-based internet within the ground connecting all living things on the planet in an information-sharing network, we will be less likely to both perceive and to treat the natural world as “other” to be dominated. We’ve also been reporting on the role of exosomes as cross-kingdom messengers, which provides a plausible mechanism for how all of the Earth’s inhabitants — plant, fungal, bacteria, animal, etc. — are linked together in an open access, information sharing network.

Recognizing that plants, for instance, have consciousness, or that their simple presence in our environment has healing effects, reintroduces an element of wonder and mystery back into the experience of the natural world. A perfect example of this can be found in the singing plants of the sacred forest of Damanhur. Damanhurian researchers in the mid-70’s reported using custom equipment to capture electromagnetic changes on the surface of leaves and roots and transforming them into audible signals. The researchers also observed that the plants learned to control their electrical responses, indicating they had some rudimentary awareness of the music they were creating. To learn more visit the Damanhur project website, and watch the video below.


Sayer Ji is founder of Greenmedinfo.com, a reviewer at the International Journal of Human Nutrition and Functional Medicine, Co-founder and CEO of Systome Biomed, Vice Chairman of the Board of the National Health Federation, Steering Committee Member of the Global Non-GMO Foundation.


Original Article


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Strep Throat: an Introduction

To say that the throat is a vital part of the body is a huge understatement. This passageway found behind your nose and mouth ensure that the connections between your respiratory and digestive systems are working efficiently. It’s also vital in speech and vocal functions.1

When a part of the throat becomes painful because of a bacterial infection, the other areas can be affected, too. Even worse, the infection could result in other diseases and complications. If you’re experiencing throat pain, difficulty swallowing, swollen tonsils and rashes on your soft or hard palate, it’s possible that you have strep throat.2

Strep Throat by the Numbers

A contagious infection mainly caused by group A streptococcus bacteria (Streptococcus pyogenes), strep throat can be passed from one person to another via close contact with an infected person or by touching bacteria-contaminated surfaces.3,4 Strep throat is known to cause other infections, one of which is pharyngitis or sore throat. In fact, pharyngitis is the most common bacterial infection that triggers a sore throat.5

Strep throat is more common among children ages 5 to 15 years old,6 and is responsible for 20 to 30 percent of sore throat cases in this age group. Adults are susceptible to strep throat too, but have a lower risk. Only around 5 to 15 percent of pharyngitis cases in adults are due to this bacterial infection.7

How Can You Reduce Your Risk for This Disease?

While strep throat may seem daunting because of the pain that it causes, the disease can heal in around three to seven days.8 Most doctors usually recommend pharmaceutical drugs to address strep throat, but there are also effective but less harmful options.9

This comprehensive guide to strep throat will give you helpful information you need to know about this sickness, such as in-depth facts about the type of bacteria that causes it, effective natural strep throat remedies and other tips that will help prevent the onset of the disease.

MORE ABOUT STREP THROAT

Strep Throat: Introduction

What Is Strep Throat?

Is Strep Throat Contagious?

Strep Throat Symptoms

Strep Throat Causes

How Do You Get Strep Throat

Strep Throat Without Tonsils

Strep Throat Duration

Strep Throat vs Sore Throat

Strep Throat Treatment

Strep Throat Prevention

Strep Throat Diet

Strep Throat FAQ

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What Is Strep Throat?

No-Bake, Keto, Nut-Free Strawberry Cream Pie

Recipe by Brenda of Sugar-Free Mom

Valentine’s Day is just around the corner and there’s one thing that most people worry about — the perfect gift for their loved ones. Giving chocolates or flowers sounds great, but aren’t handcrafted presents better and more genuine?

If you have no idea where to start, this strawberry cream pie recipe by Brenda of Sugar-Free Mom will make a luscious and romantic surprise. Instead of the usual cornstarch pudding layer, this recipe uses heavy cream, cream cheese and gelatin for a healthier but equally satisfying filling that complements the strawberries’ tanginess. This dessert is perfect for sharing, and will be a wonderful end to your romantic dinner date.

No-Bake Keto, Nut-Free Strawberry Cream Pie

Makes: 12 servings
Prep time: 20 minutes

Ingredients:

For the crust
1 cup organic, raw sunflower seeds, unsalted
1 cup unsweetened coconut, shredded
1/4 teaspoon salt
1/4 cup organic grass fed butter, softened

For the filling
1/4 teaspoon berry- or vanilla-flavored liquid stevia
1 teaspoon gelatin
4 ounces organic strawberries
8 ounces raw organic cream cheese, softened
1 tablespoon lemon juice
1/2 cup organic raw heavy cream
2 tablespoon water
8 ounces organic strawberries, sliced

For the topping
1/2 teaspoon vanilla liquid stevia
2 cups organic raw heavy cream

Procedure:

  • Place all crust ingredients into a food processor or blender and pulse until they are the consistency of fine crumbs.
  • Grease a 10-inch pie pan, and then spread the crust mixture on the pan.
  • Place the water into a small saucepan and sprinkle the gelatin over it.
  • Heat on low, stirring constantly until the gelatin completely dissolves. Allow to cool.
  • Place all the remaining filling ingredients into the food processor or blender, except heavy cream, and process until smooth.
  • Remove and place this filling mixture into a bowl or stand mixer and add heavy cream. Combine, on high, until mixture is whipped. Slowly blend in the cooled gelatin for another minute. Spread this mixture onto the crust.
  • .For the final layer, pour the heavy cream and liquid stevia into a bowl or stand mixer and blend until whipped. Taste and add liquid stevia as needed.
  • Spread the mixture evenly over the previous layer.
  • Lay sliced strawberries over the final layer.  
  • Refrigerate for two to three hours or overnight.

Strawberry Cream Pie: A Sweet and Nutritious Way to End Your Meals

Pies are known to be the most traditional American dessert. The early varieties were mostly made of meat and their crusts were thicker than the fillings. It was during the 1500s that fruits were added in pies.

Cream pie, its variant, is usually made by preparing baked crusts and layered with cornstarch pudding, meringue or whipped cream. This classic dessert is loved by many people, as pies may come in different flavors and fillings such as banana, chocolate, coconut, pecan and lemon.

As mentioned, this recipe uses gelatin as a thickener, similar to cornstarch. It is colorless and tasteless, and helps set desserts such as mousse, pudding and fillings. Whipped heavy cream also helps thicken the filling, giving it a creamy texture.

When buying dairy products like heavy cream, look for the American Grassfed Association (AGA) logo, to ensure that the animal sources are grass and forage fed, not treated with antibiotics or hormones, pasture-raised without confinement to feedlots, and born and raised on American family farms.

The main ingredient is strawberry — it may be small, but comes packed with nutrients such as vitamins A and C, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, folate and calcium.  Strawberries are also known to contain phenolic compounds that exhibit anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. These juicy and bright red fruits may also contribute to achieving optimal health as their phytochemical contents may help reduce your risk of:

  • Cancer
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Neurodegeneration


 

However, you should ensure that they’re organic because they may contain toxic pesticides. Strawberries are on top of the “Dirty Dozen” list of the Environmental Working Group (EWG) 2018 Shopper’s Guide to Pesticides in Produce, as most strawberries commercially sold today are grown in fields sprayed with “jaw-dropping volumes of poisonous gases” to sterilize them and eliminate pests, weeds and other organisms in the soil.  

If organic strawberries are unavailable in your area, you can easily grow your own strawberries by planting their seeds in a reusable shopping bag, in pots or in a garden bed. Read this article, “How to Grow Strawberries,” for useful tips when planting this fruit.

 

Sunflower Seeds Add Nutritional Benefits to This Dessert

Sunflower seeds, which are actually the fruits of the plant, are generally harvested and utilized for their oil, but also may be consumed as a snack, salad garnish or mixed in baked goods. They contain numerous nutrients such as:


  • Calcium
  • Fiber
  • Iron
  • Magnesium
  • Phosphorus
  • Thiamin or vitamin B1
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin B6
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E
  • Zinc

A 2009 study found that sunflower seed extracts have high antioxidant properties that may help reduce the risk of diseases such as cancer. Another study found that sunflower seeds’ methanolic extract also exhibits antibacterial effects against fungi that cause typhoid fever (Salmonella typhi), skin infections (Staphylococcus aureus) and cholera (Vibrio cholera), and antifungal effects against disease-causing fungi (Rhizopus stolonifer, Aspergillus fumigatus and Candida albicans).

8 Tips in Storing Strawberries

If you’ve got a few more strawberries left after whipping up this luscious dessert, here are ways to store them: ,

  • Leave the strawberries at room temperature if you intend to use them immediately.
  • If you plan to consume them within five to seven days, store them in your refrigerator’s crisper drawer. Keep them whole and unwashed in a partially closed container.
  • If you’ll be consuming them in the next few weeks or months, remove the stems, place them in an airtight container or zip-close freezer bag, and then freeze them. You may also slice the strawberries if desired.
  • Line paper towels inside the container so they can soak up excess moisture and avoid the growth of molds.
  • Arrange the fruits in a single layer so they won’t get squished or bruised.
  • Remove moldy pieces from the container to prevent the mold from spreading.
  • Do not wash the strawberries before storing them because they can easily absorb the water, making them mushy.
  • Always remember to rinse them before consumption.

About the Sugar-Free Mom

Brenda Bennett is on a mission to remove unnatural forms of sugar from her family’s lives. She focuses on using natural sugars and natural sugar-free substitutes to create healthier versions of popular and beloved recipes. Although her three children keep her very busy, she strives to balance it all and still provide healthy, homemade meals that don’t require too much time in the kitchen.

Since 2011, her blog, “the Sugar-Free Mom,” has become the most popular sugar-free source on the web today. She has a devoted following of those looking to simply reduce sugar consumption, many who follow a low-carb diet and/or struggle with allergies.

Treating Mercury Toxicity With Emeramide

Boyd Haley, Ph.D., is a chemist specializing in the development of chemicals to chelate toxic metals, both from the environment and the human body. I had the opportunity to interview Haley (above) at the 2018 Academy of Comprehensive Integrative Medicine (ACIM) conference in Orlando.

Haley has a Ph.D. in chemistry and biochemistry and conducted research funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for 25 years at the University of Wyoming and at the University of Kentucky. Early in his career, he developed a biochemical detection system called nucleotide photoaffinity labeling and has published studies on its usage.1 Haley explains:

“I took ATP and made it radioactive, which isn’t a big feat. But then I attached to that a molecule that would explode when it hit a photon of light. When it exploded, it made a very reactive intermediate that had a half-life of something like 10-12 or 10-13 seconds.

If ATP was bound to a protein, such as sodium potassium ATP [and] … you hit it with light, it would form a covalent bond at the binding site of ATP on the enzyme it was interacting with …

You could use these kinds of probes to see the difference between the ATP, guanosine diphosphate (GDP), cyclic adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) — all these binding proteins, to see how the energetics of the cell was changing.”

Haley’s Alzheimer’s Research

He later took a position with the Alzheimer’s Center, a research center for Alzheimer’s disease, where he collaborated with a former graduate student of his. The NIH funded their research for five years, which used Haley’s technology to assess the differences of ATP, GDP and cyclic AMP binding proteins in normal brains versus those with Alzheimer’s disease.

“There were dramatic differences,” he says. For example, the enzyme creatine kinase, which is a fundamental enzyme, is 98 percent inhibited in Alzheimer’s patients. They also discovered that tubulin — a major brain protein that holds an axon in its extended form and controls the growth direction of axons and dendrites — is inhibited by more than 80 percent.

In 1989, he published the paper2 “Aberrant guanosine triphosphate-beta-tubulin interaction in Alzheimer’s disease” in the Annals of Neurology, stating that “These results support the hypothesis that microtubule formation is abnormal in brains affected by Alzheimer’s disease.”

Haley goes on to recount the story of how he got into trouble with the NIH when he decided to investigate the influence of heavy metals on Alzheimer’s susceptibility. A popular theory at the time was that Alzheimer’s was caused by aluminum toxicity.

Using his technology, he was able to show that mercury was the only heavy metal capable of causing a normal brain to develop the same biochemical abnormalities — including abnormal tubulin — that you find in Alzheimer’s disease.

Haley claims his research has since been replicated and confirmed. According to Haley, mercury causes the synaptic clefts to disappear and triggers the formation of neurofibrillary tangles, a major diagnostic hallmark of Alzheimer’s, by causing abnormal hyperphosphorylation of tau.

He also published a paper3 in the respected medical journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in 1992, detailing how the presence of glutamine synthetase in the cerebrospinal fluid may be a potential diagnostic biochemical marker of Alzheimer’s disease, as well as more than 100 other studies,4 including a review of the relationship between mercury and autism, 5 and research showing how the chelating agent he developed, emeramide (NBMI), protects against the cytotoxicity of mercury.6

All Biochemical Abnormalities and Hallmarks of Alzheimer’s Are Stimulated by Mercury

Beta-amyloid, which many associate with Alzheimer’s, is not the actual cause of the disease. It’s just a marker; it’s a result of the disease. However, you can cause beta-amyloid buildup in the brain by treating neurons with mercury.

“What happens is mercury inhibits the expression of neprilysin, which is the main protease in the brain used to chew up beta-amyloid. Mercury doesn’t affect beta-amyloid, but what it does do is it keeps the protease, the cleanup enzyme, from being expressed,” he explains.

“If you give mercury at low levels, very low levels, to tissues that are going to live for a while, you’ll see a buildup of beta-amyloid protein. The bottom line is: 6 out of 6 of the major biochemical abnormalities and pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease can be stimulated by adding mercury.

I can tell you that was something that NIH, or the people who run NIH at the very top, did not want to hear … They said beta-amyloid is the cause of Alzheimer’s disease. That made them heroes — they found the cause, so now they would find the cure …

But they don’t want to look at it being something simple. There’s no money to be made if you tell people, ‘If you don’t want to get Alzheimer’s disease, don’t expose yourself to mercury.’

Mercury is not the only cause. I would never say that, and I never did say that. I said, ‘Mercury is the major exacerbating factor7 because we put dental amalgams in our mouth, and the major exposure, the source of mercury in our body, comes from them [sic] amalgams, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).'”

The Transformation of a Skeptic

It’s interesting to note that Haley was in fact highly skeptical of the idea that dental amalgam released mercury before he started studying the matter. Like so many others, he assumed the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the American Dental Association would never allow something truly toxic to be placed in people’s mouths.

His scientific investigations eventually convinced him that amalgams are a major source of mercury exposure that can indeed exacerbate and trigger chronic illness — something he details in his 2014 paper,8 “Evidence Supporting a Link Between Dental Amalgams and Chronic Illness, Fatigue, Depression, Anxiety and Suicide.”

Haley also recounts the twists and turns in his life that brought him to investigate the links between mercury toxicity and autism, and how vaccines can be a source of toxic mercury exposure. While thimerosal (mercury-based preservative) has been removed from many childhood vaccines, it’s still used in some.

One tipoff that thimerosal was bad news came from a 1977 report from Toronto Hospital, where 10 of 13 infants died after having their umbilical region treated with merthiolate (thimerosal) to kill bacterial infection. Merthiolate is no longer in use, as it was discovered that these infants died from mercury toxicity.

This report revealed that thimerosal turned into ethyl mercury, which the infant body cannot eliminate. Despite that, a mere decade later, in 1988, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) decided thimerosal was an appropriate preservative for use in vaccines given to newborn babies and infants.

How Genetics Influence Your Mercury-Elimination Capacity and Therefore Alzheimer’s Risk

Haley completed his Alzheimer’s research in 1988, just over 30 years ago, yet he’s never been invited to an Alzheimer’s conference to present his work. He has also published a book in which he proposed a mechanism for why having two copies of the ApoE2 gene renders you more or less immune to Alzheimer’s.

The ApoE2 gene has two cysteine molecules on the surface, whereas ApoE4 — which is a major risk factor for Alzheimer’s — has two tyrosine molecules. These are amino acids on the structure. The cysteine amino acid on E2 binds effectively to mercury, whereas the tyrosine on E4 cannot bind to mercury at all.

As a result, having two copies of the ApoE4 gene places you at a significant disadvantage, as your brain cannot eliminate mercury naturally, whereas having two copies of ApoE2 is highly protective because your brain has the ability to clear out mercury.

It is also helpful to note that Dr. Dale Bredesen who wrote the book “The End of Alzheimer’s,” believes the ApoE4 allele may actually protect against Alzheimer’s if you are metabolically flexible and regularly engage in intermittent or partial fasting.

Therapeutic Interventions to Address Mercury Toxicity

Alzheimer’s disease is associated with oxidative stress. While mercury is not a redox metal, meaning it cannot create hydroxyl free radicals, mercury does displace iron and kaempferol, and when mercury displaces iron it stops ATP production in that electron transport system.

By displacing iron from the iron sulfur centers mercury also blocks the cytochromes, as cytochromes require iron to work. “There are publications now showing that mercury exposure totally screws up the metabolism of iron in the body,” Haley says.

The chelating compound he developed, called emeramide or NBMI,9 tightly binds to both mercury and free iron, which is also highly toxic. As such, emeramide can also be used in the treatment of hemochromatosis, a genetic disease that causes chronic iron overload.

Drawbacks of Most Popular Chelating Agents for Mercury

Haley also discusses the drawbacks of using dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) or 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanesulfonic acid (DMPS) to detoxify mercury — the two most commonly used chemical chelators. According to Haley, they are in fact not true chelators. Rather they form a “sandwich complex” where each molecule of mercury will have two DMSA molecules attached to it, opposed to just one.

A significant problem is their ability to translocate mercury from the blood and other organs and concentrating it in the kidneys, thereby causing renal failure. What’s more, most of the mercury is not in your blood but rather in your cells, and neither DMPS nor DMSA can enter the cell, Haley claims. They only remove mercury from your blood.

“I initially developed the idea that I had to have a hydrophobic chelator that would get into the mitochondria, into the DNA … Mercury is hydrophobic. It’s uncharged. It’s a gas. It goes through the biomembrane. You have to have a chelator that does the same thing.

[The mercury] starts out as a gas. It goes in as Hg0 when you breathe mercury vapor [from your mercury dental fillings], and then it goes wherever it wants. [If you’re eating fish], then it will be methyl mercury, but it’s the same thing. Methyl mercury is also membrane-permeable.

It goes right through membranes because it binds. It’s CH3Hg+. But if it’s in the blood, there’s a high level of chloride, and chloride binds that negative charge, so you end up with some of the Hg methyl mercury in the chloride form that can go right through the membrane because it’s uncharged. That’s the reason it gets through the brain so effectively,” Haley says.

“[T]hen, in the brain or in any tissue, it gets converted into Hg2+ by an enzyme called catalase … and then it becomes very toxic; it’s charged, and then it won’t go out [of the cell].”

Haley’s Decision to Develop a Better Chelator

Haley’s decision to develop a better chelating agent for mercury was the result of failed attempts to alert health authorities to the very real dangers of thimerosal in vaccines.

“One night I was sitting at home. I have a daughter who has a Ph.D. in molecular biology and toxicology. She called me up when she was writing her Ph.D. thesis. She said she found a website that mentioned me, and it wasn’t very complimentary, to say the least.

She was kind of sad and teary. It made me angry that I just let those people go and say those things … I remember that night [in 2002] very vividly. I sat down with a glass of red wine … and said, ‘How do I win? I can’t out-PR these guys. You cannot out-PR the CDC’ … That was the night I decided, ‘I’m a chemist. I make things. I’m going to make a better chelator.’ That’s the way I went.

I wrote a grant. I got some funding to try and make the chelators that would enter the cells … If you’re going to use a chelator, the first thing it has to be is nontoxic itself … It had to be hydrophobic [to] pass the blood-brain barrier and get in the cells …”

Haley recounts the history of how emeramide was developed— and describes the differences between it and DMPS and DMSA. Importantly, emeramide is nontoxic and binds very tightly to mercury. It’s also a very potent antioxidant, with two glutathione “arms.” (Glutathione is a powerful antioxidant produced in your body that is instrumental in detoxifying mercury and other toxins.)

Haley believes its antioxidant power comes from the glutathione components, which scavenge hydroxyl free radicals. Other testing showed each molecule of emeramide scavenges three hydroxyl free radicals. While it stops the toxicity, it does not repair any of the damage already done, which will need to be addressed through other means.

Why Was Haley’s Initial Product Shut Down by the FDA?

Haley’s first product, developed in 2006 and sold between 2008 and 2010 under the name Oxidative Stress Relief (OSR), was shut down by the FDA in 2010 after a complaint was filed. Haley explains the circumstances:

“When they shut me down, [my attorney, an FDA expert] told me, ‘Dr. Haley, this is silly. The compound has in-structure, dicarboxyl benzoate, which is found in cranberries and cystamine, which is on the terminal end of coenzyme A. It’s just cysteine without the carboxylic acid group. It’s a natural product.

Two natural products [combined], just like slow-release niacin and n-acetyl cysteine … It can be [sold as] a natural product and a supplement if it contains any one of a natural product or any combination of two’ …

That’s what [the FDA rules] said. And then they changed that. We call it the Boyd Haley rule now. [The FDA] said, ‘Not if you put [two natural products] together chemically’ …”

In essence, Haley was targeted, and the FDA changed the rules to make their targeting stick. In the end, Haley chose not to fight the FDA in court. “I don’t have that kind of money,” he says. He closed down his business and no penalties or formal legal action were ever taken by the FDA.

Haley’s attorney told him he would need to develop a chemical chelator that doesn’t exist naturally, and go through drug approval. This is the route he took with emeramide.

Emeramide Phase I Studies

Emeramide is the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API). The drug itself is called Irminix, and it is designated as an orphan drug for use as a mercury chelator in both the U.S. and the European Union, because neither the FDA nor the European Medicines Agency (EMA) have an official treatment for mercury toxicity.

“We got it started and we took it through all animal trials that they requested we do. You have to get incredibly high levels to have an effect on an animal — 100 times more than you would ever give a human being. We use 4 to 5 milligrams (mg) per kilogram of body weight to treat a person for mercury toxicity.

We were giving these animals a minimum of 290 mg per kilogram of body weight to make them sick. Some animals don’t get sick at all. Humans don’t. I mean it’s different. But there’s nothing in there that’s not reversible. It’s something that you stop and it goes away. It’s totally safe …

We did all that, and then we got permission to do a Phase I study in Sweden. That’s when you give the drug in single doses for a period of time and go up higher and higher, and then you give multiple doses for a week …

We got up to 600 mg a day for two weeks in a Phase I study in humans with no adverse effects at all. I mean nothing happened; 600 mg is way more than you and I may ever need to take; 300 mg would be a good amount …

It peaks in your blood within two hours. About 60 to 80 percent … is absorbed … In test animals, we showed that it did the same thing and that it concentrates and it peaks in all tissues of the body at the same time. It gets in the brain. You get more of it in the kidney and the liver than you will get in the brain, but it does get into the brain. It crosses the blood-brain barrier and is effective in eliminating the iron out of the brain [as well] …”

Phase II Studies

Phase II studies were done on Ecuadorian gold miners, who use mercury during the refining and purification process, showing it decreased the mercury level in 10 of 11 miners. “Their urinary mercury levels dropped dramatically. Their blood levels went down also,” Haley says.

“It was the people at the EMA advisory group who told us to go to South America or Africa or someplace where mining gold is thrust on those people. The adverse effects [of the mercury exposure] — stomachaches, headaches and diarrhea — were [also] dramatically improved in those who took the drug.

Mercury does all of this and some other toxic side effects. The problem with mercury is there’s no endpoint that you can point at that the FDA will say they’ll accept as a proof that you’ve done it.”

Once you’ve taken the emeramide, the mercury is excreted through your stool. And, contrary to most other chelators, you are not required to use a binder to get it safely out. Haley adds:

“We’ve looked at the cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes or the P450 system and the mercury NBMI complex, which when it binds to it, it never lets go … The toxicity is eliminated very quickly when you take NBMI … [In] about a month, most of it is out … [after] just one dose.”

The applications, of course, include not only those with mercury dental fillings, but also autistic children who have mercury toxicity, and people with neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, ALS, Parkinson’s, Huntington’s and others. To hear anecdotal reports of improvements and recovery for some these conditions, please listen to the interview in its entirety.

Haley has himself been taking about 200 to 300 mg of emeramide daily since 2006, as a preventive measure. He’s now 78 years old, and claims the compound has helped him maintain his cognition. He also has the blood glutathione level of a teenager.

It may also help people who struggle with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) due to smoking, which exposes you to high amounts of toxic metals. A Phase II study has also been performed on COPD patients to make sure it’s not toxic for this groups of patients.

More Information

Emeramid is still under drug development but can be obtained via expanded access, named patient use, compassionate use or special use, depending on the country you’re in. An early access application and prescription, required by the EMA, is available on the company’s website, EmeraMed.com, along with more details by country.

If you have questions about the company itself, which is based in Ireland, you may request an information packet via email at Info@EmeraMed.com. While the product is given away for free to those who qualify for early access, a two-week treatment package costs about $600 for Irish medical board fees, insurance and mailing.

OSR used to sell for $30 for a month’s worth of treatment and was sold as a dietary antioxidant. “When you make it a drug, it’s a lot more expensive,” Haley says. It’s still unclear exactly how much Irminix will sell for.

“I mean it’s definitely not going to be anything like ($600),” Haley says. “The real slowdown here is that if you’re going to get it drug-approved, you have to show it’s nontoxic. You have to do the Phase I study. And then you have to do the Phase II study and the Phase III study. Those are efficacy (tests) to show your drug works.

How do you show that your drug is binding mercury in a group of Americans in which none of them — according to the FDA or to science or the NIH — are mercury-toxic? Because you have to be [at a certain level] in your urine level to be [considered] mercury-toxic.

That is scientifically incorrect because the people who don’t excrete mercury have very low urinary and blood levels. They build it up in their cells, and that’s what goes down [when using Irminix] …

We now have found a [test] group in Colombia, South America — A young boy found a jar of liquid mercury. He took it to his school, shared it with his friends. The process of all that made about 125 people very mercury-toxic, and they’re not gold miners, so they’re not being [continuously] exposed. We initiated a study in Colombia on those people, because they … do have very high levels. That’ll be able to show [that emeramide works].”

Agarttha: Taking the Lid Off the Underground Kingdom

In 1884 the French occultist Saint-Yves d’Alveydre (1842-1909) decided to take lessons in Sanskrit.

Having just published his definitive work on the secret history of the world, called Mission des Juifs (“Mission of the Jews”),2 he was anxious to deepen his understanding of the sacred languages which, he felt sure, concealed the ultimate mysteries.

Hebrew had already revealed much to him; now it was time to tackle the even more ancient language of Sanskrit, parent of all the Indo-European tongues.

Saint-Yves’ Sanskrit teacher, who called himself Hardjji Scharipf, was a character of hazy origins and the subject of various rumours. Born on December 25, 1838, he supposedly left India after the Mutiny of 1857 and set up in the French port of Le Havre as a bird-seller and professor of Oriental languages.

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Open Challenge


By Anna Von Reitz

Many years ago, in North Carolina, I was sitting at a table in front of an open window looking out onto a covered veranda and gardens beyond.  My companion was a retired Judge from South Carolina, who was in his nineties and still sharp as a tack.  He drank “coffee” made from dried dandelion roots.

It may strike people as odd, but the Civil War wasn’t really so long ago. My Grandfather was born during the Civil War, and this man, old enough to have been my Grandfather, was born twenty-five years after it ended.  For him as a child growing up, the wounds and events were still fresh.  His Grandparents lived through it.  One of his Grandfathers died in it.  His Father remembered the Carpetbagger Era that followed. 

Our conversation that day and for several days following was meandering and thoughtful as he paged through his memories, often pausing to pick and choose his words as well as his topics.  He was a careful, methodical, logical man with a shrewd view of the world well-honed from fifty years on the bench.

At one point, he stopped and shot me a glance and said, “You don’t like lawyers much, do you?”  And then he tilted back his head and looked at the ceiling and said, “I can’t much blame you, but remember— it’s the sins you commit that you aren’t even aware of that damn you.  Pray to be forgiven for them.”

We ranged far and wide and deep through the history of the South after the Civil War, and also, unavoidably, through the history of jurisprudence in the South from the Civil War Era through the 1970’s.  He wouldn’t allow a tape recorder so all I have are notes I took down.

Among the other things he told me was the fact that the actual States never allowed Dual Citizenship, even though the States of States did. 

I underlined that in my notes, because he said it with great emphasis and intensity and roused himself to lean forward as he said it.  There’s no doubt that he meant for me to catch that bit of information and keep it. 

The reason, he said, was to forestall conflict of interest. No man can serve two Masters.  So the land law, which is based on the Bible, dictates that if we serve the land, we have to give up any other political affiliation and stand as State Citizens, not Federal Citizens, aka, United States Citizens or Citizens of the United States.  

Almost fifty years have passed and I have been down many, many rabbit holes since then.  I have never once in all my researches nor in the research of others who have probed these issues, encountered any contrary evidence.

No actual State ever allowed Dual Citizenship.

Nothing that man told me has ever proven to be anything but 100% correct and true.  Nothing in my own research contradicts him.  Nothing in any other research about this topic that I know of contradicts him.    

So I am more than willing to stand here and say— if you have proof that any actual land jurisdiction State in this country ever allowed Dual Citizenship (allowing Federal Citizens to act as State Citizens)— bring it now, and I will eat all the crow you want. 

I’ll put a big banner on my website saying, “I Was Wrong About This!” and I will write an article explaining why I was wrong and how many ways I was wrong.  But I don’t believe I am wrong about this one. 

And I do believe it matters, because if you assemble oranges you get a bushel of oranges, and if you assemble apples you get a bushel of apples.

I am not going to waste my time or anyone else’s doing things that can’t be done or that don’t need to be done. 

If some foreign corporation wants to come in here and call itself a “State” and try to foist that off onto the gullible public, they can do so on their own dime and our team will continue to expose them for what they are.

No need for a bunch of well-meaning Americans to get sidetracked by something like that.

So let’s drop the dime and get to the Finish Line.  We have all these people claiming that you can be a Federal Citizen aka United States Citizen or Citizen of the United States and at the same time act as a State Citizen, and I am saying no actual land jurisdiction State ever allowed that.

Since we are looking for “negative evidence” and they made the claim, it’s up to them to find a valid exception: at least one pre-Civil War land jurisdiction State that allowed Dual Citizenship.

I certainly don’t know of one, but maybe the people bad-mouthing me do. Maybe that old judge from South Carolina was senile and didn’t really know what he was talking about. 

But I wouldn’t bet my life, my land, or my Bill of Rights on that, if I were you.

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See this article and over 1600 others on Anna’s website here: www.annavonreitz.com
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They Want to Censor and Control the Internet, But Activists Reject EU Plan to Pre-Censor Copyright Violations

An estimated 5,000 people braved freezing temperatures in Berlin on March 2 to protest a proposed EU copyright rule that could radically shift the dynamics of posting and sharing content online.

The latest draft of the EU Copyright Directive would require internet platforms like YouTube to install “upload filters” — a technical mechanism that would block users from uploading copyright-protected content, effectively imposing a system of “prior censorship” on major internet and social media platforms.

Demonstrators carried colorful signs reading “We are not bots,” “Diesel filter instead of upload filter,” “Save the Internet” and chanted the lyrics of the song “Wir sind keine bots” (We are not bots) made by YouTuber Willboy specifically in opposition to the provision. The song was released on Friday, a day before the demonstration, and became a viral hit with over half a million views in just a few days.

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Rumors of Change on the Horizon: Child Sacrifice, Pedophilia and the Global Banking System

(Judy Byington) Dutch Banker Ronald Bernard had reached the highest levels of the Illuminati, crashed national economies, bankrupt companies and was an expert at money laundering. As with most involved in international banking, he was involved in a Satanic cult – until while at a party, he was asked to sacrifice a child. It was then he turned into a heroic whistleblower, exposing the dark secrets of our global financial system. 

The post Rumors of Change on the Horizon: Child Sacrifice, Pedophilia and the Global Banking System appeared on Stillness in the Storm.