The purslane plant (Portulaca Oleracea) is one of those herbs that sometimes you just can’t decide whether to keep or remove from your garden. It’s often viewed as unwelcome because it pops up beside plants you want to showcase or eat. Purslane has become so widespread in gardens1 today that the U.S. Department of Agriculture has branded it a noxious weed.2
Purslane, which may reach up to 30 centimeters (11 to 12 inches) high, can grow in almost any place, as long as there is loose, sandy and nutrient-rich soil. You can find it in gardens, roads, fields or orchards.3 The plant has a green or red stem,4 spoon-like succulent leaves5 and small flowers with a distinct yellow color. On hot and sunny days, the buds usually open from midmorning until early afternoon.6
But is purslane edible? It surely is. This herb is widely embraced in certain cuisines as a wonderful addition to salads and other recipes.7 In the U.S., however, it’s still seen as an unwelcome plant.8
Remember that if you remove this herb from your garden, you may be casting aside the numerous health benefits that it can actually offer you. In fact, purslane may be called a “superfood” because of the vitamins and minerals that can be found in this herb.9
Purslane’s Many Health Benefits
Owning up to its title as a “superfood,” purslane has a wide variety of vitamins and minerals in its arsenal. It has antibacterial, antiscorbutic (combats scurvy10), depurative (detoxifying and purifying11), diuretic (increases amount of fluids expelled from the body12) and febrifuge (fever-reducing13) properties.14 Plus, you can also receive these beneficial nutrients when you consume purslane:
• High amounts of omega-3 fatty acids15— The leaves of the purslane plant are abundant in omega-3 fatty acids that may help prevent high cholesterol and blood pressure levels and aid in lowering the risk for heart disease and, possibly, cancer.16 Omega-3 fats also have anti-inflammatory abilities, and they may help manage cognitive function17 and promote normal growth and development.18
• Minerals like zinc, phosphorus, manganese, copper and calcium19— Zinc is responsible for maintaining and improving immune system function,20 and combating free radicals that may cause inflammation and cancer.21,22 Calcium is also essential for nerve, muscle and blood function,23 and in promoting optimal bone24 and dental health.25
The copper in purslane can help ensure absorption of iron from your intestines, and assist with hemoglobin production in your body.26 Lastly, manganese acts as an antioxidant27 and helps fight off free radicals.28,29 It’s also useful in breaking down fats, protein and carbs to use as energy by your body.30
• Vitamin A — Compared to other leafy vegetables, purslane contains the highest amounts of vitamin A,31 which may be beneficial for improving and maintaining visual health32,33 and cell growth.34 Vitamin A has also been linked to better bone health, although you may need to consume it in moderation to reap this benefit — some studies revealed that too much vitamin A may lead to adverse effects, such as increased fracture risks.35,36
• Low in calories — Purslane contains only 20 calories per 100 grams.37 This is good news if you’re trying to limit your caloric intake. It’s also packed with dietary fiber,38 which helps you feel full after meals, limit your food intake39 and aid in weight loss.40,41
What Is Purslane Used For?
Purslane can actually be used in different ways to help relieve illnesses such as headaches,42 fever and inflammation, to name a few.43 Purslane, when made into a juice, may also be used as a remedy for dry cough and shortness of breath.44
The 16th century English botanist Nicholas Culpeper also claimed that purslane leaves can be placed under the tongue to quench thirst,45 though I would still recommend drinking enough high-quality filtered water to address dehydration.
Aside from these medicinal purposes, purslane can be added to salads, soups, omelets,46 stews, casseroles and tomato sauces.47 The stems and leaves have a crunchy texture and mild flavor,48 which is reminiscent of spinach or watercress.49
How to Grow Purslane
Purslane can be propagated in two ways: through purslane seeds or plant cuttings.50 Tiny purslane seeds, which can be reddish brown to black, can be found in small pods51 that appear in the spring or summer.52 When the seeds become mature, the pods burst and are released into the surroundings.53 The purslane seeds usually take roughly three to seven days to germinate when exposed to temperatures between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit.54
Purslane plants can thrive anywhere, even indoors.55 Here are tips on how to successfully cultivate purslane plants indoors by using seeds, courtesy of the website Garden Guides:56
Acquire seeds. You can buy purslane seeds online or get them from scattered plants. If you choose to gather seeds from wild purslane, make sure the plants haven’t been treated with pesticides or herbicides.
Fill a pot with rich soil. You can also add soil from your compost bin as a fertilizer. When planting purslane seeds, make sure that you scatter them evenly on top of the soil. Use your fingers to gently rake the soil and cover the seeds.
Make sure that you water the soil until it’s moist.While the purslane plant is germinating, moisten the soil every day. Avoid watering the soil to the point that it gets too soggy.
Place the pot in a location where it can get enough sunlight.Purslane seeds need light to germinate.57 They usually take about two weeks to sprout.
A reminder on purslane plant care: It can become invasive,58 more so if you don’t plant it properly. It’s recommended that you harvest a purslane plant before the flowers appear since the stems may feel tougher afterward.59 Since purslane grows annually, you may need to acquire seeds or stems from your present plants60 to make sure your supply doesn’t run out.
How to Eat Purslane
Purslane can be eaten either raw or cooked.61 The plant’s young leaves and stems are the parts most often consumed.62 If you’re planning on eating raw purslane, make sure the plant is pesticide- and herbicide-free to prevent ingestion of harmful chemicals such as the weed killer, Roundup. As a precaution, wash purslane (no matter what part you use) thoroughly before consuming.63
You can also cook purslane, and there are numerous ways to incorporate this herb into your favorite dishes, cooked or raw. You can boil it in water for 10 minutes, drain afterward64 and eat it alone, add it raw to salads or other recipes for an added crunch,65 or mix into your recipes for soups, omelets,66 stews, casseroles and tomato sauces.67 Just make sure to avoid overcooking purslane, or it can become slimy.68
Purslane Recipes You Should Try
Even though most people don’t know that purslane is a nutritious herb, recipes have started to crop up with it as the main ingredient. This means the herb is starting to gain popularity, and people are becoming aware of its potential in improving human health. This purslane and parsley salad recipe is one way to incorporate this herb into your meals:69
• 1/2-pound cherry tomatoes (preferably assorted heirloom varieties), halved or quartered if large
• 6 cups packed tender purslane sprigs and leaves (from a 1-pound bunch)
• 4 cups packed flat-leaf parsley leaves (from two large bunches)
Whisk together oil, lemon juice, shallot and 1/4 teaspoon each of salt and pepper in a large bowl.
Add tomatoes, purslane and parsley, gently tossing to coat.
When preparing this recipe, please make sure the other ingredients you use come from organic sources. This will ensure that you’re not ingesting harmful chemicals that are most often utilized in conventional farming.
If you have trouble sleeping, you’re not alone. According to SleepHealth.org, 70% of American adults say they get insufficient sleep at least one night per month, and 11% struggle to get sufficient sleep on a nightly basis.1 As noted by this organization:
“Sleepiness affects vigilance, reaction times, learning abilities, alertness, mood, hand-eye coordination, and the accuracy of short-term memory. Sleepiness has been identified as the cause of a growing number of on-the-job accidents, automobile crashes and multi-model transportation tragedies.”
However, reaching for a sleeping pill may be just as dangerous as not getting enough sleep.
Sleep Drugs Safety Announcement
April 30, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced2 it will require sedative-hypnotics — a class of sleep medication used to treat insomnia — to carry a black box warning stating drug side effects may include dangerous behaviors done while sleeping, such as eating, walking, driving or engaging in a range of activities in your sleep that can lead to injury or death.
According to the FDA:3
“These behaviors appear to be more common with eszopiclone (Lunesta), zaleplon (Sonata), and zolpidem (Ambien, Ambien CR, Edluar, Intermezzo, Zolpimist) than other prescription medicines used for sleep.
As a result, we are requiring a Boxed Warning, our most prominent warning, to be added to the prescribing information and the patient Medication Guides for these medicines.
We are also requiring a Contraindication, our strongest warning, to avoid use in patients who have previously experienced an episode of complex sleep behavior with eszopiclone, zaleplon, and zolpidem.
Serious injuries and death from complex sleep behaviors have occurred in patients with and without a history of such behaviors, even at the lowest recommended doses, and the behaviors can occur after just one dose.
These behaviors can occur after taking these medicines with or without alcohol or other central nervous system depressants that may be sedating such as tranquilizers, opioids, and anti-anxiety medicines.”
Patients who experience an episode of activity while not fully awake, or find they cannot recall an activity that occurred while taking the medicine, are advised to stop taking the drug immediately and to contact their doctor.
Popular Sleep Drugs Linked to Accidental Fatalities
Over the past 26 years, there have been 66 documented reports of “complex sleep behaviors” occurring in patients on these drugs, the FDA says, 20 of which were fatal. These reports included:4
Research 5 has also shown that those who take hypnotic sleep aids (including zolpidem, temazepam, eszopiclone, zaleplon, benzodiazepines, barbiturates and sedative antihistamines) on a regular basis are significantly more likely to die over the course of 2.5 years than nonusers, and the link is dose dependent.
Patients prescribed 0.4 to 18 doses per year raised their risk of death by 360%; those taking 18 to 132 doses per year had a 443% greater risk, while those taking in excess of 132 doses were 5.36 times (536%) more likely to die. Heavy users were also found to have a higher risk of cancer.
As noted by the authors, “Receiving hypnotic prescriptions was associated with greater than threefold increased hazards of death even when prescribed [less than] <18 pills/year.” Other studies have reached similar conclusions. For example:
• A Norwegian study6 published in 2007, which included data from 14,451 men and women aged 40 to 42 who were followed for 18 years, found frequent use of sleeping pills increased men’s risk of death by 150% and women’s risk by 170%, after adjusting for confounding factors.
• A 2009 Swedish study,7 which followed a cohort of 3,523 men and women aged 30 to 65 for 20 years, found regular use of hypnotics raised all-cause mortality by 454% in men and 203% in women.
According to the authors, “With regard to cause-specific mortality, regular hypnotic usage in men was a risk factor for coronary artery disease death, cancer death, suicide and death from “all remaining causes.” In women it was a risk factor for suicide.”
• A 2010 Canadian study8 of 14,117 people between the ages of 18 and 102 found those who used sleeping pills were 1.36 times (136%) more likely to die than nonusers.
Sleeping Pills Provide Little or No Benefit
Considering the risks of these drugs, it’s important to realize that the benefit you receive from them is negligible at best. In 2010, after a decade-long delay, the FDA finally got around to analyzing an industry-sponsored study submitted to the agency in 1995.
The study in question evaluated the effectiveness of over-the-counter sleep aids such as Tylenol PM and Excedrin PM. The drugs, which are a combination of acetaminophen (a painkiller) and diphenhydramine citrate (a sleep aid), were found to work only slightly better than a placebo.9
In a February 16, 2010, letter to the Consumer Healthcare Products Association (which represents makers of nonprescription drugs), Dr. Charles Ganley, director of the FDA’s Office of Nonprescription Products,10 stated:11
“There is an insufficient basis to support the combination of acetaminophen and diphenhydramine as a nighttime sleep aid for relief of occasional sleeplessness when associated with minor aches and pains.”
Many other studies have produced abysmal results, raising serious questions about the value of sleeping pills. For example, an investigation by two drug safety experts commissioned by Consumer Reports revealed the sleep aid Belsomra helps you fall asleep just six minutes sooner, on average, compared to placebo, and extends sleep by about 16 minutes.12
Belsomra users also complained of drowsiness the following day, and were involved in a slightly greater number of car accidents. According to the Institute for Safe Medication Practices’ (ISMP) 2015 report13 for the first and second quarter of that year, Merck’s own tests showed a 40 milligram (mg) dose of Belsomra increased sleep time by a modest 23 minutes longer than placebo.
A dose of 10 mg, which FDA insisted on as an initial dose due to concerns about impaired driving the next day, prolonged sleep just five minutes longer than placebo. What’s more, between February and July 2015 — the year the drug launched — a whopping 1,016 consumer complaints against Belsomra were filed with the FDA.14,15
A majority, 42%, complained it didn’t work; 32% reported sleep disturbances, including nightmares, hallucinations, sleep paralysis and sleepwalking; 28% reported next-day drowsiness, headache, dizziness, fatigue, amnesia and memory impairment; 22% reported agitation, anxiety, tremors, restless leg syndrome and muscle spasms; 5% reported depression, suicidal thoughts and attempted suicide. According to Consumer Reports:16
“Some drugs have even less benefit. For example, studies show that, on average, people taking ramelteon fall asleep 9 minutes faster than those taking a placebo; those taking suvorexant got only 10 minutes more shut-eye than those who took a placebo.”
The best performing sleep drug in Consumer Reports’ “Best Buy Drugs Report,” zolpiderm, (which is one of the drugs slated to receive a black box warning), allowed patients to fall asleep 20 minutes faster and sleep 34 minutes longer on average, compared to placebo.17,18
Similarly, a 2012 meta-analysis19 of data from 13 studies submitted to the FDA found so-called Z drugs (non-benzodiazepine hypnotics) decreased the time it took to fall asleep by 11 to 33 minutes (average 22 minutes) compared with placebo.
What Actually Works?
You’d be far better off putting your money toward authentic solutions to help you sleep, like installing black-out drapes in your bedroom, than on sleeping pills, as they may actually make it more difficult for you to get a good night’s rest naturally.
One supplement that can be helpful, however, is melatonin. A 2015 systematic review20 of the efficacy and safety of three types of over-the-counter sleep aids — antihistamines (diphenhydramine and/or doxylamine), melatonin and valerian — for occasional disturbed sleep or insomnia, showed that:
“[M]elatonin, especially prolonged-release formulations in older individuals with diagnosed insomnia, demonstrated the most consistent beneficial effects (vs placebo) on sleep measures, specifically sleep onset and sleep quality, with favorable tolerability. In contrast, the clinical trial data for diphenhydramine, immediate-release melatonin, and valerian suggested limited beneficial effects.”
Another paper21 published in 2015, “Pharmacological Treatment of Insomnia,” which reviews the mechanisms of action and effects of a range of sleep medications, cited the following research findings:
“In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, a prolonged-release formulation of melatonin was associated with improvements in sleep and daytime parameters, including sleep latency, sleep quality, and morning alertness, after three weeks of treatment in adults with primary insomnia. The improvements were maintained in a subset of patients who continued treatment for a total of six months.
In another short-term (one week), randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled investigation, a physiological dose of melatonin (0.3 mg) restored sleep efficiency and elevated plasma melatonin levels to normal in adults with insomnia …”
Beware: Many Sleep Aids Will Leave You Impaired the Next Day
Lastly, it’s also important to realize that many sleep drugs have long half-life — i.e., the time it takes for the drug’s bioavailability in your blood to be reduced by half — which can leave you feeling groggy and not quite awake the following morning. As noted in the featured FDA safety announcement:22
“FDA is also reminding the public that all medicines taken for insomnia can impair driving and activities that require alertness the morning after use.
Drowsiness is already listed as a common side effect in the drug labels of all insomnia medicines, along with warnings that patients may still feel drowsy the day after taking these products. Patients who take insomnia medicines can experience decreased mental alertness the morning after use even if they feel fully awake.”
For example, as reported by ISMP,23 Belsomra has a half-life of 12 hours and accumulates with repeated use. After taking 40 mg of Belsomra for seven days, the drug’s half-life rose from 12 to 17 hours in older men, and from 12 to 20 hours in older women.
“Many patients on a 40-mg dose might experience a therapeutic effect for the entire 24-hour period, potentially leading to daytime sleepiness,” ISMP warns. Similarly, sleep aids that contain Benadryl (diphenhydramine) can have a half-life of 2.4 to 9.3 hours in healthy adults.24
As noted by Mental Health Daily,25 you can “estimate that Benadryl will be 100% eliminated from systemic circulation between 13.2 hours and 2.13 days after your final dose.” Until then, you may experience cognitive deficits and be more prone to accidents.
Optimize Your Health by Improving Your Sleep
Considering the virtually insignificant benefit sleeping pills provide — say an extra 15 minutes at best — are they really worth the potential risks? Small adjustments to your daily routine and sleeping area can go a long way toward ensuring you uninterrupted, restful sleep, without the added hazards. To get you started, check out the suggestions listed in the table below.
If you’re even slightly sleep-deprived I encourage you to implement some of these suggestions, as high-quality sleep is one of the most important factors in your health and quality of life. As for how much sleep you need for optimal health, a panel of experts reviewed more than 300 studies to determine the ideal amount of sleep, and found that, as a general rule, most adults need right around eight hours per night.
Optimize your light exposure during the day, and minimize light exposure after sunset — Your pineal gland produces melatonin roughly in approximation to the contrast of bright sun exposure in the day and complete darkness at night.
If you’re in darkness all day long, your body can’t appreciate the difference and will not optimize melatonin production. Make sure you get at least 30 to 60 minutes of outdoor light exposure in the morning or midday to “anchor” your master clock rhythm.
Once the sun sets, minimize artificial light exposure to assist your body in secreting melatonin, which helps you feel sleepy. Alternatively, wear blue-blocking glasses in the evening.
It can be helpful to sleep in complete darkness, or as close to it as possible. If you need navigation light, install a low-wattage yellow, orange or red light bulb. Light in these bandwidths does not shut down melatonin production in the way that white and blue light does. Salt lamps are great for this purpose.
Address mental states that prevent peaceful slumber — A sleep disturbance is always caused by something, be it physical, emotional or both. Anxiety and anger are two mental states that are incompatible with sleep. Feeling overwhelmed with responsibilities is another common sleep blocker. To identify the cause of your wakefulness, analyze the thoughts that circle in your mind during the time you lie awake and look for themes.
Many who have learned the Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) find it is incredibly useful in helping them to sleep. One strategy is to compile a list of your current concerns, and then “tap” on each issue. For a demonstration, see the video below.
Keep the temperature in your bedroom below 70 degrees Fahrenheit — Many people keep their homes too warm at night. According to Sleep.org, the recommended room temperature for optimal sleep is between 60 and 67 degrees Fahrenheit,26 and the National Sleep Foundation notes temperatures above 75 degrees F and below 54 degrees will disrupt sleep.27
Avoid watching TV or using electronics in the evening, at least an hour or so before going to bed — Electronic devices emit blue light, which tricks your brain into thinking it’s still daytime.
Normally, your brain starts secreting melatonin between 9 p.m. and 10 p.m., and these devices may stifle that process. If you have to watch TV or use your cellphone or computer at night, wear blue-blocking glasses.
Take a hot bath 90 to 120 minutes before bedtime — This raises your core body temperature, and when you get out of the bath it abruptly drops, signaling your body that you’re ready for sleep.
Minimize electromagnetic fields (EMFs) in your bedroom — EMFs can disrupt your pineal gland and its melatonin production, and may have other detrimental biological effects. Ideally, turn off any wireless router while you are sleeping. After all, you don’t need access to the internet while sleeping.
Develop a relaxing pre-sleep routine — Going to bed and getting up at the same time each day helps keep your sleep on track, but having a consistent pre-sleep routine or “sleep ritual” is also important.
For instance, if you read before heading to bed, your body knows that reading at night signals it’s time for sleep. Sleep specialist Stephanie Silberman, Ph.D., suggests listening to calming music, stretching or doing relaxation exercises.28 Tai chi and cognitive behavioral therapy have also been found to produce “clinically meaningful improvements in insomnia.”29
Avoid alcohol, caffeine and other drugs, including nicotine — Two of the biggest sleep saboteurs are caffeine and alcohol, both of which also increase anxiety. Caffeine’s effects can last four to seven hours. Tea and chocolate also contain caffeine.
Alcohol can help you fall asleep faster, but it makes sleep more fragmented and less restorative. Nicotine in all its forms (cigarettes, e-cigs, chewing tobacco, pipe tobacco and smoking cessation patches) is also a stimulant, so lighting up too close to bedtime can worsen insomnia. Many other drugs can also interfere with sleep.
Obesity rates have tripled worldwide since 1975, and as of 2016, 39% of adults were overweight while 13% were obese.1 Associated health risks like heart disease and diabetes are well known, but many aren’t aware that your brain may also be affected by obesity.
Rates of neurodegenerative disorders, including dementia, are also on the rise, with an estimated 115 million people expected to be living with dementia by 2050.2 It’s possible that rising rates of obesity may be one driving force behind this growing burden — and one that’s largely preventable at that.
Obesity May Shrink Your Brain
Research published in Radiology found that obesity may lead to alterations in brain structure, shrinking certain regions.3 Among men, higher total body fat percentage was linked to lower brain gray matter volume. Specifically, 5.5% greater total body fat percentage was associated with 3,162 mm3 lower gray matter volume.4
Gray matter is the outer layer of the brain associated with high-level brain functions such as problem solving, language, memory, personality, planning and judgment. Among men, 5.5% greater total body fat was also associated with 27 mm3 smaller globus pallidus volume, an association also seen in women.
In women, 6.6% greater total body fat percentage was associated with 11.2 mm3 smaller globus pallidus volume. The globus pallidus is a brain region that plays a role in supporting a range of functions, including motivation, cognition and action.5 Obesity was also associated with changes in white matter microstructure, which may be related to cognitive function.6
The researchers also noted, “[W]e showed that sex differences are manifest regarding negative associations of total body fat (TBF) percentage with regional subcortical gray matter volumes, including the globus pallidus and caudate nucleus, which have been associated with the reward circuitry of food-related stimuli.”7
Past research has also shown that people who are obese have higher concentrations of amyloid beta plaque in the brain, which is associated with Alzheimer’s disease, compared to non-obese people.
In post-mortem studies, “Alzheimer-type neuropathological changes were frequent in our small sample of morbidly obese elderly individuals without clinical history of cognitive impairment, approaching those seen in Alzheimer disease for some patients.”8
Belly Fat Also Linked to Brain Shrinkage
Excess body fat has been linked to brain changes for decades. In 2010, researchers found visceral (abdominal) fat is associated with lower brain volume, even among healthy middle-aged adults.9
In a separate study of more than 9,600 participants with an average age of 55, who received scores for both body mass index (BMI), a flawed formula that divides your weight by the square of your height, and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), a connection was also found.
The participants received structural MRI, which provided brain images, allowing researchers to measure the volume of gray and white matter in the brain. After accounting for other risk factors, such as smoking and exercise levels, the researchers found a slight link between BMI and lower gray matter volume.
However, a much more significant connection was found for people with both high BMI and WHR. “The combination of overall obesity and central obesity was associated with the lowest gray matter compared with that in lean adults,” the researchers noted.10
Participants with a BMI and WHR in a healthy range had an average gray matter brain volume of 798 cubic centimeters. This dropped to 786 cubic centimeters among those with a high BMI and high WHR.11
How Does Obesity Harm Your Brain?
Obesity is associated with inflammation, and inflammation may increase your risk of dementia. Further, higher levels of inflammatory markers have also been associated with lower brain volume, including “greater atrophy than expected for age.”12
The authors of the Radiology study believed total body fat may be negatively associated with brain volume and microstructural integrity due to underlying systemic inflammation. “This has been supported by previous findings from the Framingham Heart study, which showed that several inflammatory biomarkers linked to obesity have also been associated with lower brain volume,” they said.13,14
Insulin resistance, a hallmark of obesity, is also thought to be involved in both cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease. Both diabetes and higher fasting glucose levels are linked with lower total brain volume,15 and even mild elevation of blood sugar is associated with an elevated risk for dementia.16
Writing in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), researchers explained, “Higher glucose levels may contribute to an increased risk of dementia through several potential mechanisms, including acute and chronic hyperglycemia and insulin resistance and increased microvascular disease of the central nervous system.”17
Another one of the dangers of excess body fat, particularly visceral fat, is related to the release of proteins and hormones that can cause inflammation, which in turn can damage arteries and enter your liver, affecting how your body breaks down sugars and fats.
According to a study in the Annals of Neurology, “[A]dipose-tissue derived hormones, such as adiponectin, leptin, resistin or ghrelin, could also play a role in the relation between adipose tissue and brain atrophy.”18 Further, obesity may also be associated with lower volume in brain regions that regulate food-reward circuitry,19 possibly influencing overeating.
Are Your Neurons Making You Overeat?
Several other intriguing links also exist between your brain, your body fat levels and your inclination to overeat. The prefrontal cortex (PFC), a region of your brain involved in complex thinking and self-control, is less active in those who overeat, whereas activation in the prefrontal cortex is associated with weight loss success.20 In a Trends in Cognitive Sciences Review, researchers explained:21
“In the modern environment, dietary self-regulation is especially dependent on the capacity of the PFC to exert modulatory control over food choices. Weaker modulation increases the likelihood that individuals will overconsume appetitive calorie-dense foods.
Over time, the persistent and sustained overconsumption of calorie-dense foods can lead to weight gain and, subsequently, obesity. Diet-evoked obesity can lead to marked and enduring changes in cognitive control and PFC functionality, which, in turn, drives the maintenance of unhealthy eating behaviors.”
Researchers at The Rockefeller University in New York City have also identified a group of neurons that reduce food intake when activated. The hippocampal dopamine 2 receptor (hD2R) neurons are activated by food cues and influence food-place associations.
However, hD2R neurons connect with the entorhinal cortex (LEC) and the septal area (SA), and the resulting circuit decreases food intake in mice. “Altogether these data describe a previously unidentified LEC > hippocampus > septal higher-order circuit that regulates feeding behavior,” the study found, highlighting the many ways that your brain plays an intricate role in your eating behavior and weight.22
“These cells keep an animal from overeating,” study author Estefania P. Azevedo, a researcher in the Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, said in a news release. “They appear to make eating less rewarding and, in that sense, are tuning the animal’s relationship to food.”23
Being Obese May Age Your Brain Faster, but a Ketogenic Diet May Slow Aging
A study published in the journal Neurobiology of Aging also found structural changes in the brains of overweight and obese people — changes typically seen in far older individuals. In this case, it was white matter volume that decreased in relation to obesity, corresponding to an estimated increase of brain age of 10 years.24
It’s increasingly clear that obesity appears to increase the risk of neurodegeneration, not only via inflammation but also by increasing oxidative stress. On the other hand, caloric restriction or fasting may help to protect your brain and slow aging, as may a ketogenic diet.
A ketogenic diet is high in healthy fats and low in net carbohydrates (total carbs minus fiber), prompting your body to start burning fat as its primary fuel, rather than sugar. This produces ketones, which not only burn efficiently but are also a superior fuel for your brain. Ketones also generate fewer reactive oxygen species (ROS) and less free-radical damage.
Recent papers have also demonstrated the benefits of nutritional ketosis for brain health. In one, researchers found a ketogenic diet improved neurovascular function, in part by improving your gut microbiome.25
In the second paper, the authors concluded a ketogenic diet acted as a veritable “fountain of youth” in their animal study by significantly improving neurovascular and metabolic functions, compared to the animals eating an unrestricted diet.26 Releasing ketones into your bloodstream helps preserve brain function and protects against cognitive impairment and other neurodegenerative diseases.27
KetoFasting, the program I developed and detail in my latest book, “KetoFast: A Step-By-Step Guide to Timing Your Ketogenic Meals,” combines a cyclical ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting with cyclical partial fasting to optimize health and longevity. Not only can KetoFasting help you to lose weight, but your cognition typically improves thanks to the biological cleansing and regeneration that occurs throughout your body, including your brain.
Tips for Avoiding Obesity and Boosting Your Brain
Eating a ketogenic diet helps protect your brain from free radical damage and supplies the cells with preferred fuel while also helping you to lose weight and avoid obesity. Also important is proper sleep.
Sleep problems like insomnia can have a distinct impact on your brain over time, causing it to shrink more rapidly compared to those who sleep well.28 Meanwhile, sleeping for less than five hours a night is linked to an increased rate of abdominal fat gain over five years.29 If you’re not sleeping well, here are tips for a sound night’s sleep.
Having elevated blood levels of the stress hormone cortisol can impair your thinking skills and memory over time.30 Previous research has also linked chronic stress with working memory impairment and an increased risk for early-onset of Alzheimer’s disease.31
Chronic stress may also increase your risk for visceral fat gain over time,32 which means addressing your stress levels is imperative for both your brain and maintaining your ideal weight. As the Radiology researchers explained:33
“More research is needed to assess changes in brain architecture in obesity over time, and metabolic influences such as insulin resistance and metabolic responses to fasting and exercise, and eating and resting conditions.
Further research is needed to investigate to what extent a greater amount of visceral adipose tissue (by a low grade systemic metabolic inflammation) leads to detrimental effects on brain structure and cognitive functioning above and beyond measures of general obesity.”
However, making positive lifestyle changes, including eating a ketogenic diet, getting proper sleep and addressing your stress, has no downsides and can only help you to achieve an ideal weight while supporting the health of your brain.
Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.—“Many of the things I’m going to say today would be slanderous if they weren’t true. And, if they are not true, then Merck should sue me. But Merck won’t do that. And they won’t do that because in the United States, truth is an absolute defense against slander.”
This must-watch video details the many problems with the development and safety of Merck’s third-highest grossing product, Gardasil. Children’s Health Defense (CHD) and Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., CHD’s Chairman and Chief Legal Counsel, ask that you watch and share this video so that you, and others, may make an informed decision of whether or not to give your child, boy or girl, a Gardasil vaccine. It can also be a useful tool for pediatricians who are trying to understand how this vaccine, that is actually causing health problems with young people, could have been approved by FDA and then recommended by CDC. The video is full of jaw-dropping facts about Gardasil and the clinical trials leading up to its release upon an unsuspecting public.
Children’s Health Defense and Robert F. Kennedy Jr.—Science Day Presentation for Gardasil
Hi, I’m Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. and I’m making this video for the sake of parents who are trying to make an informed decision of whether or not to give their child, their boy or girl the Gardasil vaccine.
I’m also making this video as a tool for pediatricians who are trying to understand how this vaccine—if it’s actually causing all of these problems with young girls—could have been approved by FDA and then mandated by CDC.
Virtually all of the things that I’m going to talk about in this video are available to the public on public documents as I’m going to show.
Finally, I want to say this about Merck which is the company that makes the Gardasil vaccine.
Many of the things that I’m going to say today would be slanderous if they were not true. And if they’re not true then Merck should sue me. But Merck won’t do that and they won’t do it because in the United States truth is an absolute defense to slander. And second of all Merck knows that if they sue me, I’m going to immediately file a discovery request, and many, many, more documents are going to emerge that illustrate even more fraud by this company on the American public and the people all over the world.
Finally, as a footnote I’m not going to talk today about the specific biological mechanisms that allow this vaccine to cause harm in human beings. That information is out there it’s in dozens of peer-reviewed, published scientific documents. Many of these are described on our website and I urge people to go to the Children’s Health Defense website to educate themselves on those issues.
Today we’re going to talk about the clinical trial about Merck’s fraud in that process…and this is Merck’s claim:
The HPV vaccine will “eliminate cervical cancers and other HPV associated cancers.”
The danger of dying from HPV cancer in this country is 1 death in 43.5 thousand people.
Imagine you have a deck of cards but instead of 50 cards. There’s 43,500 on a on a big, big table and one of those cards is a black card. If you get that, you die.
So, Merck’s deal is that it’s going to remove that black card from the deck. But in order to play the game and make sure that Merck removes the black card, everybody who participates has to put in $420 because that’s the cost of the three-dose Gardasil vaccine.
So, here’s Gardasil by the numbers. So, the cost of the three-jab series average is about $420. There are 76 million children who essentially have been mandated by CDC to receive these vaccines. A blockbuster product from Merck, and global revenues from this vaccine today are about $2.3 billion dollars. It’s the third largest product in the company’s inventory.
The cost of saving one American life is 18.3 million dollars. People could argue whether or not that’s a reasonable value of a human life. What I would say was is that the criteria that we should use for evaluating reasonableness—is there a cheaper way to save more lives? And people would argue that Pap smears are the most effective way that 80 percent of cervical cancer deaths have already been eliminated by Pap smears. And this is the most effective technology.
Incidentally in another context HHS has already put a value on human life and the value is $250k. That is the maximum number that the vaccine compensation program will pay for killing an American citizen.
Prior to marketing the vaccine, the FDA licenses the vaccine, and in that licensing process Merck had to show that the vaccine was safe. According to Federal regulations the word “safety” means “relative freedom from harmful effects, taking into consideration the character of the product in relationship to the condition of the recipient at that time.”
So, what is the condition of the recipients of that target group for this vaccine. And this vaccine targets millions of preteens and teens, for whom the risk of dying from cervical cancer is practically zero. Cervical cancer’s median age of death is 58. It is first diagnosed at age 50 (median).
A teenage girl or boy has zero chance of dying of this illness. Which means the threshold for giving this medication is very, very high.
Secondly it is mandated in some jurisdictions So the government is actually—government officials are actually—coming in and ordering people to take this medical intervention. So, we have to be sure that the threshold for risk, “the risk profile” for that medical intervention should be very, very low.
Third, unlike other medical interventions Gardasil recipients are perfectly healthy. So, when you give medication to a healthy individual you have to make sure that the risk profile is practically zero. And in order to determine risk, there is a standardized protocol. And it’s called double-blind placebo studies. What does that mean?
It means that the drug company that’s trying to license this product gives the medication to one group of people, maybe 5,000 or 10,000 people, and gives a placebo, an inert placebo, either an identical looking pill that is inert—it’s either saline or sugar—to a similarly situated group of 5,000 or 10,000 people and it’s double blind meaning that neither the patients nor the researchers knew who got the placebo and who got the actual medication.
And you can see here, here’s what the NIH says about the National Institute for Health placebos: an inactive substance that looks like a drug.
So here are typical examples:
Lipitor was given during its study phase to about 17k subjects. Half of them received Lipitor half of them received a sugar pill that looked identical to Lipitor and they were observed and studied for up to 3.3 years.
Why for so long? Because many of the injuries that are caused by medication are latent—they don’t show up for two or three or four or five years cancer for example may not show up for four or five years after the exposure. Autoimmune diseases and allergies and these kind of things take a long time to diagnose. Enbrel for that reason was delayed for 6.6 years and against a control group that received a saline injection.
Botox, there was a national emergency to get Botox to market so people could get their wrinkles cured, was studied for 51 weeks and it was studied against a saline injection.
Now I’m going to show you one of the really outrageous frauds that Merck committed during the clinical trials. This is an insert that is part of every vaccine package. And you can go on the Internet right now and look up that Merck product and search and find these two tables.
In the initial table you can see a there are three columns and this is a table that just looks at injuries at the vaccine site for redness and itching and bruising and pain at the vaccine site and they use one…there were 5,000 girls—5,088 girls who got the Gardasil vaccine.
Number two, there were 3,470 girls who got the AAHS control, what is that? That is the adjuvant in the vaccine. That is a toxic neurotoxin, that’s put in the vaccine to make it more long-lasting to provoke an immune response in the subject of the vaccine.
And most people believe that it is that aluminum adjuvant that is causing all of these injuries in the girls who are getting the vaccine. And there were 3,470 people who received just the neurotoxin with no antigens and no other vaccine components.
And you have a third group which is the placebo group. What I want you to look at is at these numbers. That in the Gardasil and AAHS control there is virtually the same number of injuries.
And when you get to the saline placebo, that injury rate is cut in half.
Now let’s go to the table where they talk about real systemic injuries…autoimmune diseases, and instead of showing us real science, which is to show us what happened to the saline group, they hide the saline group as a way of fooling you, your pediatrician and the regulatory agency by compressing it into the aluminum group and they never tell us. They say this is a combination of the aluminum adjuvant and the saline placebo. They don’t tell us how many in each category were compressed there. The real thing that you need to watch here is what happened.
These are all very, very serious injuries. These are injuries that in some cases people would feel were worse than death—and that affect people and debilitate for a lifetime in many cases.
And if you look at the bottom of the Gardasil group an astonishing 2.3 percent of the girls in the clinical study who received the Gardasil vaccine got ill from autoimmune diseases, many within seven months of taking the vaccine.
And look what happened in the aluminum group—the same number exactly. 2.3 percent.
Nobody, no parent would allow their daughter to take a substance that had a one-in-40 chance of giving them a lifetime disability.
World Health Organization says that using a spiked placebo, or a faux-cebo as Merck did with Gardasil, puts you at a methodological disadvantage that “it may be difficult or impossible to assess vaccine safety.”
Dr. Stanley Plotkin, who developed the polio vaccine…who developed the pertussis vaccine, who developed the rotavirus vaccine—the Stanley Plotkin award is the Nobel Prize of vaccinology it’s given to the top vaccinologist every year—and what he says is:
Unless you have a true control group you are in LA LA LAND.
Finally, the American Medical Association says the absence of double-blind placebo testing and short-term studies of chronic disease are “the indicia of marketing masquerading as science.”
And that’s what Merck gave us.
The Cochrane Collaboration—thirty thousand scientists from all over the world who came together to create an independent assessment of medical protocols which they saw as being increasingly controlled by the industry—The Cochrane Collaboration said the use of active comparators probably increased the occurrence of harms and the comparative group thereby masking harms created by the HPV vaccine.
And that indeed was Merck’s point…to hide those harms.
So, if you do the math women are 100 times more likely to suffer serious adverse events from the Gardasil vaccine than they are to be protected from cervical cancer.
So now we have a very different bargain in this card game that we’re playing with Merck.
If 43 thousand cards and the black card—the death card is gone—but now, there are a thousand blue cards which if you pick one of those by mistake you have a good chance of getting an autoimmune disease. Nobody would take that bargain.
So, in order to get the FDA license to market this vaccine Merck did a number of studies, which are called protocols. We don’t know how many they did because they’re not telling us they never disclosed it.
The one we’re most concerned with is protocol 18. The reason protocol 18 is critical is because that was the basis for FDA giving Merck the license to produce and market the vaccine.
Why is that? Because protocol 18 is the only one in which the target audience for this vaccine. 11- and 12-year old girls was actually tested, and had a control group. The other ones looked at big cohorts of women were 16 to 25-year old and 16 to 26-year old women.
Protocol 18 looked at girls and boys from ages 9 to 15. It was a total of 1200 children. and almost 600 controls. That is a very, very, tiny group of people to study in order to determine the safety of a product is going to be marketed to billions of children around the world.
Now I’m going to show you one of the key fraudulent flimflams that Merck used to get this license. FDA said they approved Gardasil based on protocol 18 because protocol 18 was of particular interest because it’s the only protocol in which Merck used a true saline placebo instead of the aluminum adjuvant as a control.
That’s what Merck told FDA and the CDC but Merck was lying. It actually did not use a true saline placebo. It used what Merck called the “carrier solution.” Which is all of the components of the vaccine except for the aluminum and the viral particles the antigen.
Among the compounds that we know were in the carrier solution are Polysorbate 80 which we have no idea what the safety profile is because it’s never been tested for safety independently in vaccines. Sodium borate which is borax which is banned by FDA in food products and all food products in the United States, and is banned altogether in Europe, genetically modified yeast, (there’s no safety test ever been done on it in vaccines) L-histidine, the same, and possibly DNA fragments.
I say possibly because we know there are DNA fragments in the final vaccine, we don’t know how they got there. And Merck has lied about the DNA fragments from the outset.
And despite these potentially toxic components of compounds that are in the vaccine, the 596 children that were given the carrier solution fared much better in the other than any other cohort in the study. The girls and boys who receive the carrier solution were the only significant cohorts with no serious adverse events for the first 15 days.
And here’s another one of the gravamen of the fraud that Merck committed in its Gardasil trials, but it turns out in the protocol 18 study, it appears Merck cut the amount of aluminum that was given to the vaccine group in half. They tested a completely different formulation. If true, we theorize that they took the aluminum out to reduce the number of injuries and to mask the really bad safety profile of this vaccine.
And since the protocol 18 data are not based on the Gardasil vaccine formulation, the trial itself constitutes rank scientific fraud.
Here’s another bag of tricks that was used by Merck in order to skew the clinical trials results in favor of Gardasil.
Merck and its researchers use what they call exclusion criteria—for example people who had zero allergies, people who had prior genital infections were thrown out of the clinical trials. People who had over four sex partners in their entire lives were excluded from the trials. Anybody who had a history of immunological or nervous system disorders, people with chronic illnesses and seizure disorders, people with other medical conditions, people who had reactions to vaccine ingredients including the aluminum, yeast and the benzonase. or anybody with a history of alcohol and drug abuse.
If you really wanted to know whether the vaccine was helping people—if it was effective—wouldn’t you want those people in your study wouldn’t you want people who had a genetic vulnerability to cancer in your study to see if it actually was capable of preventing cancer.
Then Merck had one catch all exclusion category which was any condition which in the opinion of the investigator might interfere with the evaluation of the study objectives. Well, that gave Merck and its paid investigators complete control to throw people out of the study who they thought might make the study look not successful. All of these exclusionary categories gave Merck the ability to limit the study to people who were like All of these exclusionary categories gave Merck the ability to limit this study to people who were like an elite club of superheroes…the people who get the vaccine are not the same people they tested on. They tested it on the Avengers. They didn’t test it on, you know, Joe Bag-of-Donuts … the people are actually receiving this vaccine in day to day life. And by doing that they were able to mask whatever injury might show up in a larger and more vulnerable population who are actually receiving the vaccine.
Experts used an arsenal of sloppy protocols to again, hide vaccine injuries. Among these, Merck gave report cards—the daily journal report cards— only to 10 percent of the people who they tested the vaccine on and told those people only make reports for 14 days after the injection. And the report cards were only designed to collect jab site information. So, redness, itching, bruising, fever.
And they ignored altogether the autoimmune diseases and menstrual cycle problems and fertility problems and pain and dizziness and seizures and all of the other things that we’ve now seen are associated with the vaccine. In fact, there are numerous girls who report that they were injured that they attempted to report those injuries to Merck, and that Merck rebuffed them.
Furthermore, Merck gave extraordinary discretion to its researchers to determine what was a vaccine injury in what was not a vaccine injury and because there was no inert placebo, it was completely within their discretion. If a girl came back with seizures or autoimmune disease or menstrual cycle problems they could just say to the girl, well that’s not related to the vaccine.
In some cases, we know that Merck actively covered up and lied about injuries that it had a duty to report to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System. For example, in the case of Christina Tarsell, a Maryland girl, who died from the Gardasil vaccine, Merck lied about that death in its official reports of the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System. It told the system that Christina’s doctor had told Merck that her death was the result of a virus.
And the doctor adamantly denies that. Merck has refused to remove the misinformation from the VAERS system.
Furthermore, Merck lied to the girls who participated in these studies, telling them No.1, that the placebo was saline and that it contained no other ingredients. And No. 2, that the study in which they were participating was not a safety study. They were told that there had already been safety studies and that the vaccine had been proven safe.
What did this do for Merck? It made it so the girls were less likely to report injuries associated with the vaccine. Because they believed that the vaccine that they were receiving had already been proven safe and that any injuries they did experience maybe a month or two months or three months after the vaccine must be simply coincidental and had nothing to do with the vaccine.
Despite all of these efforts by Merck to discourage those from reporting vaccine injuries during the clinical trials, half of the girls in the Gardasil group and half of them in the aluminum adjuvant group reported serious injuries after receiving the vaccine.
In order to conceal the link between these injuries and the vaccine, Merck invented a brand new medical metric that had never been heard of before called “new medical conditions” and it dismissed all of these new injuries which affected 50 percent of the girls who received the vaccine and the adjuvant as “new medical conditions”, unrelated to the vaccines, simply sad coincidences.
Many of these diseases were serious diseases—blood lymphatic diseases, anemia, endocrine diseases, autoimmune diseases, G.I., Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, vaginal infections musculoskeletal injuries, arthritis, neoplasm, Hodgkin’s disease, neurological diseases, psychiatric diseases, depression, reproductive and breast disorders, menstrual irregularities, and pain. Over 3 percent of the girls—1 in 30—in both groups required surgical and medical procedures.
So, this card game that we’re playing with Merck has now become a really bad bet.
Merck has removed the one black card but you now have a 1 in 40 chance of drawing a blue card and getting an autoimmune disease that may afflict you for the rest of your life and you have a 1 in 2 chance of having some other serious medical condition.
So now let’s look at Merck’s central claim which is that the Gardasil vaccine will prevent cervical cancer.
Merck’s in a sweet position here, let’s face it because the target group vaccine is 11-year olds, and the median age of death for cervical cancer is age 58. Merck essentially is making this bargain.
It’s telling the 11-year old girl if you take our vaccine 47 years from now you won’t die of cervical cancer. And of course, that truth is you can’t make a vaccine that proves that it’s going to prevent cancer 47 years from now. There’s no way to test for that.
So, Merck used a shortcut. It said we’re going to prove that it prevents these what it called surrogate end points. The best thing that Merck had come up with was CIN2 and CIN3 lesions which it called precancerous lesions even though most of those lesions never mature into cancer.
So how can you call something precancerous when it was never going to turn into cancer?
And here’s what a study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology said about Merck’s scheme: CIN3 is an imperfect diagnosis of precancer, and an intermediate surrogate for cancer.
Their own attorneys told them for these products, the indication is the surrogate, not the ultimate. Promotion cannot make any claim, vis-a-vis the ultimate end point, based upon the fate of a surrogate endpoint.
Merck has another problem. Recent peer reviewed scientific studies indicate that perhaps only a third of cervical cancer cases are even associated with the HPV vaccine. That would completely put the lie to Merck’s claims that Gardasil is going to eliminate cervical cancer altogether.
So now we have a really dubious deal because we need to put that black card back in the deck because now, we have doubts about whether or not this vaccine can prevent cervical cancer at all.
But the news gets worse. Gardasil may actually cause cancer. Gardasil’s insert states Gardasil has never been evaluated for potential to cause carcinogenicity or genotoxicity. And Gardasil’s ingredients include possible carcinogens including human DNA.
And look at this…This is Merck’s own pre-clinical trial records and those records show that girls or women, who already had HPV—had been exposed at some point in their life to it—actually had a negative efficacy of 44.6 percent.
What is negative efficacy? It means those girls had a 44.6 increased risk of getting those precancerous lesions. To make things even worse, there are recent scientific studies that suggest a phenomena of what is known as type replacement—some 200 different strands of HPV, some of them are more cancerous than others, and the current HPV vaccine goes after 9 of those 200 viral types. What these studies indicate is by eliminating those particular strains of the virus it opens up an ecological niche in the woman so that more lethal and virulent viruses can actually colonize that spot and dramatically increase the risk of cervical cancer.
So now Merck’s deal is looking really grim. Not only do we have a one-in-40 chance of getting an autoimmune disease and a 50 percent chance of getting some serious medical condition but now the cancer risk has been reinserted and actually amplified.
And now let’s look at some of the non-cancer injuries that Merck found in its preclinical studies.
The miscarriage rate in the preclinical studies after Gardasil doubled the background rate. The birth defects in the Gardasil group were five times the rate of birth defects from the control group. As to reproductive disorders an astonishing 10.9 percent of the women in the pool group reported reproductive disorders within seven months of receiving Gardasil compared to 1.2 percent in the placebo group. The death rate in the Gardasil group and the clinical trials was 8.5 per 10 thousand.
Death risk from this vaccine according to Merck’s own studies is 37 times the risk of dying from cervical cancer.
Oh, now look at the deal that Merck has offered us they’ve actually increased our risk of dying by 37 times.
So now let’s look at post-licensing surveillance. So, Merck can argue that we might have missed something in our pre-licensing studies but surely if there were any injuries being caused by this vaccine we would see them in post-licensing surveillance.
And the problem with that is that the post-licensing surveillance system, the principle one, is called the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System. The system is a voluntary system that simply does not work. It’s broken. In fact, in 2010 HHS hired another federal agency the agency for healthcare research quality and a group of Harvard researchers to study Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System and those researchers found fewer than 1 percent of adverse events of vaccines are ever reported.
But even under that system, Gardasil has distinguished itself as the most dangerous vaccine ever invented.
In fact, when you compare it to Menactra which is a meningitis vaccine that’s given to the same age group—teenagers—Gardasil had an 8.5 times more emergency room visits, 12.5 times more hospitalizations, 10 times more life-threatening events and 26.5 times more disabilities than Menactra.
The vaccine court which is within HHS has made awards for numerous deaths and very, very serious injuries from the Gardasil vaccine. So, HHS itself admits that this vaccine kills people and it’s given compensation to the families that were injured.
The same wave of serious injuries and deaths that have been seen in nations around the globe, when they adopt mandates for the Gardasil vaccine. Even Gardasil’s own insert, the package insert that the company provides, acknowledges that the injuries that can be caused by this vaccine include death, pancreatitis, fatigue, malaise, immune system disorders, autoimmune diseases, anaphylaxis, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders, nervous system disorders, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, that’s brain injuries, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and other neuron diseases, paralysis, seizures, Transverse myelitis, and vascular disorders.
In Australia, in 2015, the Australian Department of Health Therapeutic Goods Administration reported that the adverse rates in girls is 17 times the incidental rate for cervical cancer throughout their lifespan. The country only looked at a handful of conditions including demyelinating disorders, complex regional pain syndrome and premature ovarian failure. There are many, many other injuries that included hospitalizations that were not subject to that study.
India suspended its Gardasil trials after numerous deaths and serious injuries.
A south Asian Journal of Cancer found that “a healthy 16-year old is at zero immediate risk of dying from cervical cancer but is faced with a small, but real risk of death or serious disability from a vaccine that has yet to prevent a single case of cervical cancer.”
Japan de-recommended Gardasil three months after it had added the vaccine to the immunization schedule. Japan’s health ministry discovered adverse events reported after Gardasil’s approval were many times higher than other vaccines on the recommended schedule—these included seizures severe headaches partial paralysis complex regional pain syndrome and an undeniable causal relationship between persistent pain and the vaccination.
Japanese researchers found that the adverse event rate for the HPV vaccine was as high as nine percent and that pregnant women injected with the vaccine aborted or miscarried 30 percent of their babies.
In 2015 the Japanese Association for Medical Sciences issued official guidelines for managing symptoms of injuries caused by the Gardasil vaccine and the association announced there was no proof that this vaccine even prevents cervical cancer.
Alarmingly Merck’s own studies indicate that the Gardasil vaccine may disproportionately impact Asian women. For example, in protocol 19 there were 8 deaths among 3800 women and 7 those were Asians. That was 87 percent for Asian women, while only 31 percent of study participants were Asian.
Denmark in 2015 announced the opening of five new HPV clinics to treat women who were injured by the Gardasil vaccine. The day that they announced that opening there were 1300 applicants for treatment in those clinics.
In Colombia in 2014 800 girls in the town Carmen de Bolivar were grievously injured by Gardasil vaccine. Protests erupted all over Columbia. The attorney general of Colombia ordered the National Health Service of that country to immediately begin treating girls who were injured by the Gardasil vaccine and 2017 Colombia’s highest Constitutional Court ruled that the HPV vaccine would no longer be considered mandatory in Colombia and ordered that girls who showed symptoms after receiving the vaccine be given appropriate medical care.
Pompilio Martinez, who now teaches at the National University of Colombia, described the HPV vaccine as “a crime against humanity.”
Recent studies have shown that in nations with robust HPV vaccination programs and heavily vaccinated populations—in the UK and Sweden and Australia—were actually seeing dramatic upticks rises in the rate of cervical cancer rather than the downtrends that Merck promised everybody.
Now I’m going to show you some of the reasons why your pediatrician is insisting despite all of this evidence that your daughter or son gets the HPV vaccine. And the reason is the pediatrician is getting his information from agencies that have compromised through financial entanglements with Merck.
This is what the FDA is telling the public about vaccine safety: it says that vaccines are regulated by FDA and undergo a rigorous review of laboratory and clinical data to ensure the safety efficacy and purity and potency of these products.
But this is a very different story the FDA is acknowledging in-house, (and this comes from a 2007 document—this is the year that Gardasil got its license from the FDA), FDA’s inability to keep up with scientific advances mean that American lives are at risk. FDA is evaluations and methods have remained largely unchanged over the last half century. The world looks to FDA as a leader today. Not only can the agency not lead, it cannot even keep up with the advances in science.
But, the most troubling problem at FDA is it has nothing to do with incompetence. It has to do with corruption. The panel within FDA that licenses new vaccines and anoints them as safe is called the Vaccine and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee, the acronym is VRBPAC. And in 2000 Congress investigated VRBPAC because of charges of corruption from outside the agency.
And here’s what the congressional committee found: the overwhelming majority of members, both voting members and consultants have substantial ties to the pharmaceutical industry.
Conflicts of interest rules employed by FDA have been weak enforcement has been lax. Committee members with substantial ties to pharmaceutical companies are given waivers to participate in committee proceedings. In many cases significant conflicts of interest are deemed to be in conflict at all.
And here are some specific examples of the conflict of the advisory committee that approves vaccines:
Three out of five FDA advisory committee members who voted to approve the rotavirus vaccine in December of 1997 had financial ties to the pharmaceutical companies that were developing different versions of the vaccine.
One of the five voting members had a 9 plus million dollar contract for a rotavirus vaccine.
One of the five voting members was the principal investigator for a Merck grant to develop the rotavirus vaccine.
One of the five voting members received approximately a million dollars from vaccine manufacturers toward vaccine development.
Once they get by FDA, vaccine companies then go to CDC, where another committee, which is called ACIP Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, will then take that vaccine that FDA has licensed and they will put it on the recommended list which means it becomes essentially mandatory for 76 million American children.
A listing on CDC’s recommended list is the holy grail for vaccine companies. It means a bonanza of wealth for those companies. If ACIP votes to add your vaccine to the recommended list, it means:
mandating the vaccine to millions of American children, (half of those are paid for by the government);
Immunity from liability for the manufacturers so nobody can sue them no matter how dangerous that vaccine is, no matter how toxic its components no matter how grievous your injury, you cannot sue that vaccine manufacturer for damages liability;
Inclusion of the Vaccine for Children’s program which is a program that guarantees that half the vaccines that you manufacturer are going to be purchased by the CDC at full cost.
This means billions of dollars for companies that are fortunate enough to get their vaccines listed on this recommended list. It means that you’re going to sell 74 million vaccines to people who have no choice—you have no marketing cost you have no advertising cost, you have limited testing expenses, and you have no liability for injuries caused by your vaccine.
In 2006 and 2007 while Gardasil was getting its approvals, ACIP did not pretend to base its recommendations on scientific evidence. It only adopted evidence-based standards in 2011.
But what did it base its recommendation on? It turns out it was mainly just friendships and money. The conflicts at ACIP are as bad as the conflicts within the FDA.
This is from the same year—2000— investigation by Congress quote the CDC grants blanket waivers to ACIP members each year that allow them to deliberate on any subject regardless of their conflicts for the entire year. ACIP members are allowed to vote on vaccine recommendations even when they have financial ties to the drug companies related to similar vaccines.
The ACIP’s prolific use of working groups to track vaccine policy is outside the specter of public scrutiny, opens the door to special interest access. ACIP’s policy of allowing government employees to vote encourage the system where government officials make crucial decisions affecting American children without advice or consent of the governed.
Here is a typical committee panel that approved Merck’s rotavirus vaccine. The majority of ACIP’s members were conflicted and their most recent vote. Again, this is Congress’s words not mine.
The chairman served on Merck’s immunization Advisory Committee the same committee that approved Merck’s vaccine.
Another member who shares the patent on a vaccine underdeveloped for this same disease at $350,000 grant from Merck to develop this vaccine and was a consultant from Merck.
Another member was under contract with the Merck Vaccine Division.
Another member received salary from Merck and other payments.
Merck another member was participating in vaccine studies with Merck.
And another member received grants from Merck.
And unfortunately, that congressional investigation had virtually no impact on the way CDC does and continues to do business. For example, a 2009 report by the inspector general of HHS on the same conditions existed at CDC had systematic lack of oversight. Ninety seven percent of committee members’ conflict disclosures had omissions. 58 percent had at least one unidentified potential conflict. 32 percent of the committee members had at least one conflict remained unresolved and the CDC continues to grant waivers.
This shows that CDC is really just an arm of the vaccine industry it shouldn’t be regulating the industry. It’s part of it.
This is CDC’s entire budget $11.5 billion, and almost half of that almost 5 billion dollars goes to purchasing and promoting vaccines. And this little sliver here is the Immunization Safety Office.
That’s how much money, less than 1 percent of the total goes to vaccine safety.
Not only that but Merck exercises control over CDC through the CDC Foundation. Merck contributes millions of dollars every year to the CDC Foundation. The CDC Foundation has received six hundred and twenty million dollars from Merck and other pharmaceutical companies to pay for 824 programs at the CDC.
Merck representative sit on the CDC Foundation Board and control the agency activities.
This is what the British Medical Journal said about those conflicts:
“Most of us were shocked to learn that the CDC takes funding from the industry. It is outrageous that industry apparently is allowed to punish the CDC if the agency conducts research that has the potential to cut into profits.”
Corruption is systemic at FDA too shockingly 45 percent of FDA’s budget comes from the industry. Pharmaceutical companies pay billions of dollars in fees annually to FDA to fast track drugs. Between 2000-2010 pharmaceutical companies paid 3.4 billion dollars to FDA to get drug approvals, and those payments by industry have caused FDA and CDC to treat the vaccine makers not as a regulated entity but as partners and clients and friends.
According to Michael Carome, who is a former HHS employee “Instead of a regulator and regulated industry, we now have a partnership that relationship has tilted the FDA away from public health perspective to an industry friendly perspective. And that’s why your doctor does not know the truth about Gardasil.”
This is another thing your doctor probably doesn’t know. The government agency NIH actually developed the key component for the Gardasil vaccine and NIH owns part of the patent and receives royalties on it. Not only does NIH the agency receive millions and millions of dollars annually from the vaccine, but also the individual scientists who worked on the vaccine within the agency are entitled to make one hundred and fifty thousand dollars a year in royalty payments from Merck.
Oh, every time your pediatrician sells one of those four hundred and twenty dollar vaccines to your child or you, NIH scientists and HHS scientists and the agencies themselves are making money on that transaction. And that’s why your doctor doesn’t know what’s happening because he’s getting his information or her information from those agencies.
So, there are many, many, other shocking conflicts that I don’t have time to talk about today between Merck and the other regulated vaccine makers and the industry that’s supposed to be protecting the public from that regulated industry.
I just want to talk for a moment about one example. From 2002 to 2009 Julie Gerberding was the director of CDC and she oversaw all, all of this crooked science that went into the approvals in 2006 and 2007 of Merck’s Gardasil vaccine. She was rewarded by Merck.
When she left the agency in 2009, she was hired by Merck as the president of its vaccine division and Merck gave her a salary of 2.5 million dollars a year, and 38 million dollars in stock options. And that kind of dough buys a lot of loyalty from regulators.
They know what’s at the end of the line for them if they behave and if they do what Merck and the other company has asked them to do. And these are the reasons that your pediatrician, who’s giving your daughter that Gardasil vaccine believing that it may someday save her life doesn’t know about the risk and perils and the inefficacy that are attended to that vaccine cause that regulators from whom he’s getting or she’s getting her information have been corrupted by this company.
And most of you probably know this is a difficult issue for people like myself who are concerned with vaccine injuries to address, because the press will not cover these issues because there’s 5.4 billion dollars that go from these companies to advertising on TV and radio and newspapers and on the web every year and nobody wants to lose advertising revenue. And the Congress has been bought off the regulatory agencies have been captured and we can’t use the courts because you can’t sue a vaccine maker for injuring yourself or your child.
We’ve figured out ways around those laws and we’re going to sue Merck. And if you are Merck and you’re listening to this tape.
We’re going to come for you and we’re gonna get justice for these girls and these boys who you’ve injured because of your greed.
And if you’re a mother or a father who are listening to this, we’d like your support. It’s just the fact that the more monetary support the Children’s Health Defense has, the more of these cases that we can bring and we’re going to get justice. And we’re going to bring these cases, and sue companies like Merck until we get that justice. We want your money and we want your support and we want your membership.
But more than anything, we want you to protect your child on this vaccine and for other injuries and for that reason we made this tape. Not only so that you can be informed about the science and you can ask the questions of your pediatrician or you can give him a copy of this tape and ask him to watch it and respond to it.
And if you’re a pediatrician I would ask you to actually look at the science and not resort to appeals to authority because, to say “well I know it’s safe because CDC says it’s safe”, or WHO says it’s safe or the AAP says it’s safe because all of those agencies and organizations have been corrupted by pharmaceutical industry money. You need to actually look at the science.
And you need to read the science critically and if you do that, you’ll find that the things that I’ve talked about in this tape are real. That these injuries are real and that we have got to save our children from this cataclysm.
I want to thank you for listening to this video and urge you to join Children’s Health Defense.
Sign up for free news and updates from Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. and the Children’s Health Defense. CHD is planning many strategies, including legal, in an effort to defend the health of our children and obtain justice for those already injured. Your support is essential to CHD’s successful mission.
At the moment of the last Archon invasion in January 1996, the dark forces have created three main dark wormhole entry points to collapse the planetary Light grid.
These three dark wormhole entry points were:
Bukavu, Lake Kivu,Congo
Santa Monica, California , USA
Ljubljana and Santa Monica were two Ascension vortexes with the most potential for Ascension on a planetary scale, and they needed to be suppressed in order for the dark forces to continue their rule.
Wormholes were created by several etheric and plasma conventional nuclear explosions at and above the beforementioned locations (with total of about 200 etheric / plasma nukes exploding worldwide), which opened a multidimensional wormhole to the Rigel star system:
Through these Rigel-Earth wormholes, many negative entities came to planet Earth and infected it.
Among most dangerous of those entities were Chimera spiders, huge plasma spiderlike beings with plasma toplet bombs attached to their skin, smaller ones being 10-100 meters (yards) in diameter, the largest ones a few kilometers (miles):
Most of those spiders have positioned themselves above the largest cities on the planet.
As now the Cosmic Central Race is depleting their energy to the point where they are threatened with extinction, the Chimera has devised a plan to reinforce their negative energy field with 5G technology which they plan to implement in large cities with the assistance of many microsatellites:
The Light forces are taking action to counteract all this.
Since the collapse of Alpha timeline in January 2018 I am in a difficult position, as I am not allowed to release any significant intel, yet I am expected to continue with this blog. Since the collapse of Alpha timeline the operations of the Light Forces have been ramped up and have gone deep black.
There are only a few things I am allowed to say. First, since December 2017 the implementation of Mjolnir with its Wipeout strategies has angered the dark forces to the point they were willing to risk everything, situation was escalating badly to the point where full military confrontation was possible, which could lead to short and open war between the Light and the dark forces which would make the surface of this planet uninhabitable.
Toplet bomb chain reaction (even much more than strangelet bomb chain reaction) has a potential to wipe out our planet, as it is explained in a very simple way in this video:
Therefore the Light forces were forced to retreat, and cease Mjolnir operations in spring 2018, which led to the collapse of the Beta timeline.
Now we are in the Gamma timeline, which is a slow and sure way to lead the planet towards the liberation without destroying the surface of the planet in the process.
Although the dark forces have misused the retreat of the Light forces and have infiltrated the Surface Alliance heavily with many dark Draco operatives who came in cloned bodies from underground bases of the Illuminati Breakaway Complex (originally coming from Taurus dark cloud), the Light is already taking certain actions to counteract this.
The problem of toplet bombs is being addressed and is in the process of being resolved slowly. Nothing more can be said about that.
The surface population is becoming more and more aware that there were cataclysmic events taking place in the not so distant past:
Here we need to clear some misconceptions about Tachyon chambers. Tachyon chambers are NOT med beds. There is only one confirmed source that makes Tachyon healing chambers available, and all public chambers are listed here:
Tachyon healing chambers are NOT designed to tachionize objects, and people claiming that they can tachionize objects in their Tachyon healing chambers, or people claiming they have designed their own tachyon chambers or are even selling or promoting them, are not telling the truth.
Some people are already having indirect contact with the Resistance Movement:
Just a heads up. Heather has initiated the protocol we have for when she expects she will be moved or released.
There is some indication something might be underfoot for the non-violent male prisoners too,
I have not seen any news articles for either male or female pardons but that doesn’t mean blanket pardons are not in the works either. But it kind of makes sense, if there are mass arrests coming up, you need space to put them in. There are so many people in for non-violent bogus “crimes” (like the homeless woman recently in CT who was put in jail recently for the “crime” of enrolling her daughter in a better school district. And there’s lots of people in Federal Prison for marijuana possession, etc…
I may be asking for assistance for getting her back to her family in Boston. We’ll see how that works out, if its in June I may be able to take care of that myself. Really depends on the timing.
BZ said she could drive down to California (a 15 hr trip) or perhaps fly. Frying from Seattle to SFO is $217. And then there would be the fare for Heather to Boston. If BZ meets her it would give Heather a chance to see her sister and dad in Seattle before going to Boston.
NOTE: There can be no denying that America’s children and young adults are at a critical juncture. Unless we start admitting what we already know about environmental culprits and become willing to do something about them, children, young adults and our nation are going to continue to get short-changed.
Millennials (the generation born between the early 1980s and approximately the mid-1990s) just got some bad news. Health insurance data from 2017 show that many of them, especially older millennials in their mid-30s, are facing unprecedented levels of mental and physical illness.
…over half (54%) of millennial respondents reported having been diagnosed with at least one chronic illness.
According to a report released in April by the Blue Cross Blue Shield (BCBS) Association, millennials’ sharp decline in health begins around the tender age of 27 and stands in stark contrast to the health of the preceding generation—Generation X, born in the mid-1960s. For eight of 10 health conditions, millennials are experiencing double-digit increases in prevalence compared to what Gen Xers experienced at the same ages. Although four out of five millennials, ironically, perceive themselves to be in “good” or “excellent” health, both the BCBS report and a 2016 Harris Poll survey put the lie to these perceptions. In the survey, over half (54%) of millennial respondents reported having been diagnosed with at least one chronic illness.Interestingly, a national survey of children’s health conducted in 2007 produced exactly the same result as the Harris Poll for children ages 0-17: 54% of surveyed children had one or more chronic health conditions. The preteens and teens who participated in the 2007 survey fall squarely into the millennial time frame and would have been in their 20s when BCBS conducted its 2017 analysis. For anyone following America’s dismal child health trends over time, the news about millennials’ health can hardly come as a surprise.
Sick working-age Americans
BCBS analyzed data for 55 million commercially insured millennials—representing about 75% of all millennials in the United States. Using a measurement tool called the BCBS Health Index, BCBS considered the “reduction in future healthy years” due to various chronic health conditions.
In addition to highlighting the strikingly poorer health of millennials compared to Gen Xers, the BCBS report noted the following:
Of the top 10 health problems affecting millennials, six are behavioral and mental health conditions (major depression, psychotic conditions, substance/alcohol/tobacco use disorders and hyperactivity) and four are physical conditions (hypertension, high cholesterol, Crohn’s disease/ulcerative colitis and type II diabetes). Behavioral health conditions affect millennials more than the U.S. population as a whole.
Looking at the three-year period between 2014 and 2017, BCBS found that nearly all of the health conditions became more prevalent—especially major depression and hyperactivity, both of which increased by roughly 30% in just three years.
Among those diagnosed with major depression, 85% had one or more additional health conditions.
Another BCBS report (released in May 2018) examined major depression in millennials and adolescents. That study, which described major depression as “the second most impactful condition on overall health for commercially insured Americans,” reported a 47% increase in depression diagnoses in millennials and a whopping 63% increase in adolescents—especially teenage girls—from 2013 to 2016. Among those diagnosed with major depression, 85% had one or more additional health conditions.Although the BCBS report on millennials does not specifically mention anxiety disorders, the 2016 Harris Poll survey found that anxiety disorders were one of the three most common diagnoses among millennials. Fourteen percent reported an anxiety disorder diagnosis in that survey, and nearly one-fourth (23%) reported being diagnosed with any mental illness. In fact, anxiety is a prominent enough affliction for this generation that some writers have half seriously proposed renaming millennials as “Generation Anxious.”
According to BCBS, millennials’ health status will likely have substantial effects on the American economy over the next two decades—including workplace productivity and healthcare costs.
Personal and societal implications
The BCBS report focuses on the impending macroeconomic impact of millennials’ declining health, pointing out that they will soon be the largest generation in the American workforce. According to BCBS, millennials’ health status “will likely have substantial effects on the American economy over the next two decades—including workplace productivity and healthcare costs.”
Equally sobering are the individual financial and quality-of-life implications of so much chronic illness at such young ages. For example, millennials carry more medical debt than older Americans “and incur it more frequently.” A news account discussing millennials’ escalating rates of formerly rare illnesses such as colorectal cancer and multiple sclerosis describes the phenomenon as “life interrupted”:
Life in your 20s and 30s is challenging enough with forging career paths, buying your first home, falling in love and deciding if you want to start a family without adding a chronic health condition to the mix. Unfortunately, there is a growing number of millennials whose lives are interrupted by chronic illness.
Other environmental factors, such as the ubiquity of glyphosate in food, air, water (and vaccines) and young people’s immersion in a wireless-saturated environment also merit close attention and an immediate response.
What is BCBS’s proposed response to the millennial health crisis? The insurer plans to conduct “Millennial Health Listening Sessions” to identify health care system fixes. A more necessary first step, however, is to call out the environmental factors that are undoubtedly at the root of the several-decades-old children’s health crisis that is now unfurling into young adulthood.Vaccines represent one group of obvious suspects, particularly if one recognizes that the millennial generation’s arrival on the scene roughly coincided with the end of manufacturer liability for childhood vaccine injuries and the beginning of the rush to pile ever-more vaccines onto the childhood schedule. Other environmental factors, such as the ubiquity of glyphosate in food, air, water (and vaccines) and young people’s immersion in a wireless-saturatedenvironment also merit close attention and an immediate response.
There can be no denying that America’s children and young adults are at a critical juncture. Unless we start admitting what we already know about environmental culprits and become willing to do something about them, children, young adults and our nation are going to continue to get short-changed.
(Natural News) An increasing number of nutritional supplement products are taking the form of transparent capsules brimming with colorful “beadlets.” Reputed to be as effective as their duller-looking conventional counterparts, the beadlets are intended to catch the eye of potential consumers browsing their stores or social media. The first company to bank its fortunes on beadlet tech is Ritual. Founded…