Sophoraflavanone G found to induce cell death of human leukemia cells

(Natural News) Researchers from the Chang Gung University of Science and Technology in Taiwan found that sophoraflavanone G (SG), which was derived from Sophora flavescens, can induce apoptosis in human leukemia cells in vitro. The results of the study were published in The American Journal of Chinese Medicine. The team had previously noted that SG…

The Dimensional Structure of Consciousness

A colossal transcendence of material thinking and clear connection to higher consciousness has to be achieved if we want to attempt to contemplate a topic as abstract as how dimensions are structured within the God Source. Today, I’m addressing my understanding of how the various frequency bands of existence are set up within the energetic field that is Source. I want to note that even though my research, readings, and learnings informed and influenced my conceptualization of this idea, none of what I’m about to propose is being regurgitated from elsewhere, nor have I found this particular imagining or “theory” anywhere else on the web. The contents of this post come from my personal downloads.

How Dimensions are Structured

Image result for dimensions existence

The body of Source is a spiraling vortex of energy, beginning from a singular point which can be called the Godhead and which uncoils like a cone to form the energy body. The central filament is a golden cord, which serves as The Creator’s figurative spinal column, which is the essence of unconditional love.

Within itself, Source created frequency bands where it could apportion and then experience itself from various levels of awareness and from differing perspectives. 11 of the dimensions are experiential, and the 12th is the essence of Unconditional Love.

Each frequency band or strata of light spins at higher frequencies as they’re ascended, and each represents a different color, along with separate makeup and activity.

Via a process of energetic division as well as frequency reduction, Source put aspects of its own consciousness inside the various levels of its creation.

These levels I’m referring to can also be called dimensions, and they exist as strata of light or spectrums of frequency that stream from the Godhead through its body.

Dimensions are not places or locations; they are levels of consciousness vibrating at certain oscillatory speeds. Consciousness acquires greater photonic density it ascends upward, and in so doing, gains a broader perspective of reality.

As Consciousness ascends the dimensions, it accumulates greater density. This means it re-acquires increased Godsource energy — more light, love, manifestation power, wisdom, and understanding.

A Word on Mathematics

I am not a mathematician or physicist, but there are a number of concepts that might help you begin to form a mental image of this concept.

Energy. First and foremost, energy is everything. All is made of energy. Do not think about dimensions as places or material layers of a cake; think of them as energy bands stacked atop one another but in the same ‘space’, like radio/TV stations.

369. Tesla’s ‘369 Keys to the Universe‘ — unveiled and explained in detail by Gary Lite — reveal the how energy is expressing itself mathematically. This math has no anomalies and shows the dimensional shape and function of the universe, which is one of many situated within Source’s omniverse.

Sacred math. Vortex-based mathematics and Sacred Geometry offer insights we can take into account to understand the dimensional structure of existence.

Image result for fibonacci in nature

In the same construction as a galaxy, a hurricane, or a seashell, dimensions are spirals of energy inside of Source.

In following the Fibonacci sequence, each dimension spirals and swirls in an unfurling manner.

Understand: up until now, I have NOT been talking about what happens in each dimension or what kind of entity/collective would correspond with or populate each. I am addressing the pattern/structure of the light-energy that constitutes dimensions within Source.

However, if you’re interested, here’s a couple graphics showing the manifestation/form that consciousness takes to experience each dimension:


I’ll publish a separate piece down the line explaining how consciousness would experience at each dimension as it ascends.

Imagine Observing the Godhead as if you were viewing it head on — directly in front of it. You’d see a golden dot in the very middle as a point, and which extends backward as the central filament of golden light. You’d also see a rotating spherical vortex filled with different and beautiful energy structures, all of different oscillations, speeds, and colors.

The Third, Sixth, and Ninth dimensions are of particular significance. They serve as the core self-actualization frequencies within Source. Dimensions can overlap but consciousness can only perceive of experiences vibrating at the same or lower levels.

Dimensions spin along the rotation of Source as it rotates itself, catapulting itself through the un-manifest. Dimensions are in constant movement, too — their placement is not fixed. But consciousnesses works among each in relatively steady environments. Think about the solar system and the way the Earth is in a state of constant motion. Dimensions work in a similar fashion.

Dimensions exist only so consciousness can experience from different levels. All things exist simultaneously within Source, but since dimensions require consciousness to experience them, your perception is dictated by your level of consciousness based on where your focal point of awareness is working. A 2D tree wouldn't perceive of a 7D planetary collective, though it could feel its love.

Dimensions are non-existent unless there’s something there to experience them. The First Dimension — rocks, minerals, and elementals — will be eliminated from the Matrix once that experience has been completely achieved by consciousness and once all 2D and 3D beings have no further learning objectives with that matter.

Once all individuated units/portions of consciousness are complete with 3D experiences, then there will no longer be any need for First, Second, or Third dimensional observation/experience/presence. Once all aspects of the Source have ascended beyond the 3D, anything less than 3D will be “closed” down, just like someone flipped a switch and the lights go off.

Final Thoughts

Dimensions exist as rotational energetic frequencies within Source and can be likened to our internal cells, arteries, and musculoskeletal system. They exist everywhere but are in constant movement. Dimensions provide different experiences and purposes, and they all work together for the totality.

I will update this article as I continue to gain new insights, downloads, and information about this complex subject.

Here’s a few recommended resources/articles to check out if you want to understand more about the dimensions of reality:

-> 12D Universe — [article]

-> What is the Meaning of Life? [article]

-> Dimensions — [article]

-> The Dimensional Structure of Consciousness: A Physical Basis for Immaterialism [Book]

Emu oil’s possible effects for your health

Most people know that the ostrich is the largest bird in the world.1 But have you ever been curious who holds the spot after it? It’s the emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae), a native Australian bird with a height that can reach up to 2 meters (6.5 feet).2 Just like ostriches, emus cannot fly, as their wings are only about as big as human hands.3 They do use them as flaps, however, to help cool their bodies, especially when it’s hot.4

Emus are often raised for their meat and other byproducts such as leather and oil.5 In fact, pure emu oil has been studied for its potential benefits and uses. Continue browsing this page to learn how you can use this oil to your advantage.

What is emu oil?

Pure emu oil is made from the bird’s fats, which have been separated from the lean meat after processing. The fats undergo a refining process6 to give the oil high amounts of fatty acids but fewer impurities.7 This process is essential for emu oil made and sold in the U.S., which must meet the standards established by the American Emu Association (AEA) for high-quality products.8

Emu oil’s potential health benefits

When it comes to determining whether emu oil could be beneficial for your health, researchers have discovered that this substance contains health-promoting antioxidants and fatty acids, such as:9

  • Oleic acid, omega-3 and omega-6
  • Palmitic and stearic acid
  • Carotenoids, flavones, polyphenols and tocopherols

These components are responsible for some of the health benefits linked to emu oil. There’s also evidence that this oil may help:

Boost skin moisture and absorption — A 2012 study notes that emu oil is a natural moisturizer that may help boost tissue regeneration.10 It can also help promote collagen synthesis.11 Collagen is a protein that helps keep your skin bright, healthy and firm.12

If you’re undergoing radiation therapy, you may also use emu oil to reduce your risk for skin damage, as emphasized in a 2015 article in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics.13

Enhance hair growth — In this 2016 Journal of HerbMed Pharmacology study, researchers concluded that an emulsion containing emu oil and eugenol (a substance extracted from clove oil) may have potential in inhibiting hair loss and stimulating hair growth.14

Address inflammation — Emu oil has anti-inflammatory capabilities that may help relieve ear inflammation and inflammatory bowel syndrome. It may also lower your risk for bone loss due to chemotherapy,15 and help alleviate arthritis when combined with curcumin.16

What is emu oil good for?

The first instances of emu oil use have been traced back to the Australian Aborigines or native Australians, who used it to counteract inflammation and promote faster wound healing.17 If you have some emu oil on hand, you can use it as:18

  • An insect repellent19 The oil may contain terpenes, compounds that are toxic to insects like the mountain pine beetle,20 flies,21 lice, cockroaches and Triatomine22 or kissing bugs.23 However, because terpenes may attract mosquitoes,24 if you’re going outdoors or to mosquito-infested areas, use another natural insect repellent.
  • A treatment for wounds, cuts or burns Multiple studies have confirmed that emu oil exhibits immense potential when it comes to alleviating these issues.25,26,27,28
  • A skin booster — Emu oil may help minimize the appearance of scars, lighten stretch marks and even help address acne.29

Studies on emu oil

There are other capabilities of emu oil that have been examined by researchers in various studies:

  • Help manage cholesterol levels — Authors of this 2004 Nutrition Research animal study discussed that hamsters fed a diet with emu and olive oils had reduced levels of both plasma total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol by the end of the study.30
  • May help address ulcers — Results of a Chinese study showed that applying emu oil onto ulcers in rats helped promote a “protective effect.” In some cases, emu oil decreased ulcer size as well.31
  • Promote protective effects against Crohn’s disease — In a 2016 animal study published in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, the anti-inflammatory properties of both emu oil and aloe vera may also have played a role in protecting rats against ulcers.32
  • Lessen fine lines and dull skin — According to an Advanced Biomedical Research study published in 2015, application of a caffeine pad containing vitamin K and emu oil may inhibit the appearance of dark circles around the eyes and may act as an emollient. This may then assist in moisturizing the eye area and in keeping it from looking dehydrated and dull.33
  • Address seborrheic dermatitis (SD) — A 2013 study published in the Journal of Research in Medical Sciences revealed that emu oil may help target common SD symptoms like itching, erythema and scales.34

Buying good-quality emu oil

Consider doing thorough research about the brand before purchasing emu oil. If you can, ascertain that the birds lived in humane conditions, meaning they had enough space to move in and consumed a species-appropriate diet.35

You can also check if the emu oil bears an “AEA Certified Fully Refined Emu Oil — Grade A” label. To earn it, manufacturers need to comply with the AEA’s Emu Oil Trade Rules.36 Ideally, the emu oil should:

  • Not be formulated (even if the substances have traces of emu oil)
  • Come from an AEA approved refinery and bottler37
  • Be registered with the AEA in batches
  • Be examined by a member of the American Oil Chemistry Society38

If the emu oil passes the AOCS’ analysis, the manufacturer can forward the results to the AEA, which will allow use of its certification label on the product.39

Side effects of emu oil

Talk to a physician or doctor before trying emu oil and undergo a skin patch test to check for allergies.40

If you’re pregnant or breastfeeding, avoid taking emu oil internally because of the lack of scientific evidence supporting its use during these stages of a woman’s life. Children aren’t recommended to use emu oil either.41

Frequently asked questions (FAQs) about emu oil

Q: Where does emu oil come from?

A: Pure emu oil comes from the emu bird’s fats, which are gathered after its lean meat has been processed.42

Q: How is emu oil made?

A: Once the bird’s fats are obtained, it undergoes further refining to minimize the contaminants but preserve the fatty acids, producing high-quality, pure emu oil.43

Q: How do you use emu oil?

A: Emu oil can be used as an insect repellent, treatment for wounds, burns, cuts and scrapes,44,45,46,47 or skin booster that may help reduce the appearance of wrinkles (when combined with vitamin K),48 scars and stretch marks.49

Q: Does emu oil work in reducing cholesterol levels?

A: Results published in the journal Nutrition Research in 2004 found that decreases in plasma total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were seen in hamsters that were fed emu and olive oils.50

Q: Is emu oil good for psoriasis?

A: According to a 2011 International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research article, emu oil may be a potential remedy for psoriasis.51 While this study didn’t highlight the exact mechanism responsible for this effect, it may be due to the omega-3 fats52 in this oil.53

Call Of The Forest — The Forgotten Wisdom of Trees

Most of us have experienced the positive results of immersing ourselves in nature and being enveloped by trees. We experience an immediate relaxation, an ability to forget our problems and often a profound awe at nature’s secrets.

The documentary “Call Of The Forest –– The Forgotten Wisdom of Trees” adds to the scientifically supported psychological and physiological effects associated with spending time in the woods. It shows how trees and forests intricately affect the land, sea and air around them and are essential to flora and fauna.

Experts included in the documentary postulate that trees were the very beginning of life on earth, which was nothing but a “rock” until the appearance of trees and the organic matter called humus.

But “Call Of The Forest” also shows the devastating effects of deforestation, removal of native trees, “tree farming” (in which trees are made into monoculture crops) and the lumber industry. Luckily, some people like Diana Beresford-Kroeger, a classical botanist, medical biochemist and author who has studied rare tree species for more than 40 years, are committed to stopping these dangerous trends and instilling in the public a greater awareness and respect for forests.

Trees have formidable and healing powers

“We have missed the essentials of what a tree is all about,” says Beresford-Kroeger at the beginning of the documentary, which brings viewers to Japan, Ireland and the Redwood forests in the United States, as well as the Boreal forest of Canada.1 Beresford-Kroeger says that in Japan, “forest bathing,” also known as Shinrin-yoku, is a revered and long-standing tradition. It means taking in the forest through our senses.

Tree bathers avail themselves of medicinal properties, says Beresford-Kroeger, as 60% of all medicines use tree elements. Limonene, produced by trees, is an anticancer compound used in chemotherapy. Linolenic acids are “essential acids for development and functioning of the brain” and pinenes are an antibiotic compound. Trees also emit alpha-Pinene, beta-Pinene, bornyl acetate and camphor compounds, according to the documentary.

The bottom line, says Beresford-Kroeger as she forest bathes herself, is that the tree compounds “are giving me a slightly narcotic effect” boosting the immune system and relaxing the body. All those positive chemicals “are now in my lungs” she tells viewers as birds chirp and leaves rustle during her forest bath.

At home on the farm

Beresford-Kroeger, who is originally from Ireland, keeps a farm in Ontario, Canada, which displays the results of her steadfast and dedicated devotion to native and rare plants and reforestation. In the documentary she shows viewers a black walnut tree, known by the genus juglaus Nigra, which she says she planted 30 years ago as a seed. It is now towering.

Showcasing the globe-like fruit of the walnut tree (which she points out is actually a nut), Beresford-Kroeger says the nut possesses minerals and other valuable substances “that are scare in our food these days.” The compounds protect the myelin sheaths in human cells and people should eat them three or four times a day, she advises. “These nuts are as good as any beef on the market,” she remarks.

As the author of books like “To Speak for the Trees: My Life’s Journey from Ancient Celtic Wisdom to a Healing Vision of the Forest,” “The Global Forest: Forty Ways Trees Can Save Us,” Beresford-Kroeger sees the development of native species as a crucial tool against environmental degradation challenges. Native forests are “our cheapest and best defense against climate change,” she asserts.

Native forests are irreplaceable but disappearing

Professor Akira Miyawaki, who lives in Tokyo, has spent 50 years planting and restoring native species forest systems. Building small city forests is important to offset the effects of the built environment with its expanses of concrete and pavement, he says. But less than 1% of native forests now remain in Japan so the battle is far from won.

In the past, Japan cut down mass expanses of trees to make farmland, only to find devastation produced a barren desert where nothing could or would grow. According to the documentary, the decimation of trees, which has occurred in many developed countries, disregards the intricate mineral interplay that exists between natural forests and the rest of the environment since iron is the foundation of the food chain.

It is “fulvic acid which attracts and locks in the iron molecules,” explains professor Katsuhiko Matsunaga, a marine chemist featured in “Call Of The Forest.” And where does fulvic acid come from? Decaying leaves, he says. Moreover, marine life needs and depends on minerals emitted by natural forests as well as nitrogen. Without forests there are literally no fish, he warns.

Native forests affect the land, oceans and air

In addition to their land and marine benefits, trees also function as “condenser units,” says Beresford-Kroeger –– collecting and preserving potable water. For example, redwood trees, the tallest conifers on the planet, participate in a crucial environmental cycle with the Pacific Ocean: They trap mist from the ocean, pull moisture up from the aquifer (rock which holds groundwater) and then replenish the aquifer with condensation from ocean mist.

“A redwood is the largest carbon-bearing living organism on earth,” says Professor Emeritus Bill Libby, a geneticist at UC Berkeley who was featured in the documentary. “They are growing faster than they ever have in their life,” yet the ones we see today are actually smaller and less robust than the redwoods our ancestors cut down.

To convey their immensity, Beresford-Kroeger says it would take an entire town of 13,000 people to balance the weight of a redwood tree if it were put on a scale.

Nature produces a natural antidepressant

The soil of the forest also has healing powers, according to a report in The Atlantic: ‘”If you hold moist soil for 20 minutes,'” says Craig Chalquist, chair of the East-West Psychology Department at the California Institute of Integral Studies, ‘the soil bacteria begin elevating your mood. You have all the antidepressant you need in the ground.'”2

Chalquist is not the only scientist noting this additional benefit of forests and trees. A 2007 article in the journal Neuroscience found soil bacteria called Mycobacterium vaccae can increase serotonin, so soil works in a similar fashion to an antidepressant:3

“We have found that peripheral immune activation with antigens derived from the nonpathogenic, saprophytic bacterium, Mycobacterium vaccae, activated a specific subset of serotonergic neurons in the interfascicular part of the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRI) of mice, as measured by quantification of c-Fos expression following intratracheal (12 h) or s.c. (6 h) administration of heat-killed, ultrasonically disrupted M. vaccae, or heat-killed, intact M. vaccae, respectively …

The effects of immune activation were associated with increases in serotonin metabolism within the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, consistent with an effect of immune activation on mesolimbocortical serotonergic systems.”

More soil benefits hypothesized

In 2017, it was reported in the journal that when mice ingested Mycobacterium vaccae it also reduced anxiety:4

“In this preliminary research, we show that mice fed live M. vaccae prior to and during a maze learning task demonstrated a reduction in anxiety- related behaviors and maze completion time, when tested at three maze difficulty levels over 12 trials for four weeks. Treated mice given M. vaccae in their reward completed the maze twice as fast as controls, and with reduced anxiety-related behaviors.

In a consecutive set of 12 maze trials without M. vaccae exposure, treated mice continued to run the maze faster for the first three trials, and with fewer errors overall, suggesting a treatment persistence of about one week.”

Research in Annals of Oncology even suggests the soil component may be useful in treating cancer:5

“In this non-placebo controlled trial, SRL172 when added to standard cancer chemotherapy significantly improved patient quality of life without affecting overall survival times.”

Exposure to trees may have other health benefits

The widely observed calming effects of trees may also have a biological component, according to research published in 2015 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America:6

“We show in healthy participants that a brief nature experience, a 90-min walk in a natural setting, decreases both self-reported rumination and neural activity in the subgenual prefrontal cortex (sgPFC), whereas a 90-min walk in an urban setting has no such effects on self-reported rumination or neural activity.

In other studies, the sgPFC has been associated with a self-focused behavioral withdrawal linked to rumination in both depressed and healthy individuals. This study reveals a pathway by which nature experience may improve mental well-being and suggests that accessible natural areas within urban contexts may be a critical resource for mental health in our rapidly urbanizing world.”

Recovery from gallbladder surgery was even hastened when patients viewed trees, according to research in the journal Science:7

“Records on recovery after cholecystectomy of patients in a suburban Pennsylvania hospital between 1972 and 1981 were examined to determine whether assignment to a room with a window view of a natural setting might have restorative influences.

Twenty-three surgical patients assigned to rooms with windows looking out on a natural scene had shorter postoperative hospital stays, received fewer negative evaluative comments in nurses’ notes, and took fewer potent analgesics than 23 matched patients in similar rooms with windows facing a brick building wall.”

A prescription for parks?

With all the benefits of trees and natural forests will doctors soon be prescribing parks to their patients? It is already happening, according to a report in The Atlantic.8 Dr. Robert Zarr, a pediatrician in Washington, D.C., actually writes prescriptions for parks:

“He pulls out a prescription pad and scribbles instructions — which park his obese or diabetic or anxious or depressed patient should visit, on which days, and for how long — just as though he were prescribing medication …

Zarr is part of a small but growing group of health-care professionals who are essentially medicalizing nature.

He relies on a compendium of 382 local parks — the product of meticulous mapping and rating of green spaces, based on accessibility, safety, and amenities — that he helped create for DC Park Rx, a community-health initiative. The Washington program was one of the first in the United States; there are now at least 150 others.

Park prescriptions are a low-risk, low-cost intervention that, in Zarr’s experience, people are quick to accept. And sure, people are more likely to move around in a park than they are when watching TV, but there may be more to it than that.

Researchers in the United Kingdom found that when people did physical activities in natural settings instead of “synthetic environments,” they experienced less anger, fatigue, and sadness. A 2015 study in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences reported that walking in a park reduced blood flow to a part of the brain that the researchers claimed was typically associated with brooding.”

About the Director

I believe in bringing quality to my readers, which is why I wanted to share some information about the filmmaker, Jeff McKay, from “Call of the Forest.” Here is a little more about Jeff and what went in to making this film. Thank you Jeff for sharing with us.

My name is Jeff McKay and I am a veteran Canadian documentary filmmaker and film editor. I began making films in 1985 and my films have been broadcast and sold around the world. I am most interested in providing historical context in whatever the subject maybe about. My mother was very musical and artistically inclined and my father was a civil Engineer. My older brother works in stage theatre and so all of them have had a considerable influence on me.

I make films about arts and culture, historical pieces and about science and nature. My mother always said to make films about the beauty of the world. I try always to remember this!

What was your inspiration for making this film?

The inspiration is three fold. My own father was a civil engineer who was amazed by the natural world. When looking through photos taken by him in the 1970’s -1990’s, there are photographs of tree leaves on the ground, detailed images of so many different types of tree bark, lichens, wild flowers and clouds. Then when I met Diana for the first time her words took me back to my father.

But the compass was truly set for the film by music. Ryuichi Sakamoto’s album, ‘Cendre’, with Christian Fennesz telegraphically speaks to the delicate interruptions of the natural world. The music of Harold Budd – specifically from his release entitled ‘Avalon Sutra’ and ‘By Dawn’s Early Light’, harmonize with the wondrous visual glory that are in both the details and the sweeping landscapes.

When I listened to this music I could see exactly how ‘Call of the Forest’ should be visualized. The music told me what to do. Our Mexican composer, Cesar Requena, understands instinctively these relationships between music and the natural world. I am so fortunate to be able to work alongside him.

What was your favorite part of making the film?

My favorite part of making this film was being able to work with everyone who worked alongside me to create this beautiful film. We had a small production team of very talented people and knowledgeable folks. I know that for me working with Diana Beresford-Kroeger is an experience I will always cherish.

Where do the proceeds to your film go?

To help us put the film in front of more people!

Inspired by Call of the Forest and want to take action in your community? There are many ways to get involved!

>>>>> Click Here <<<<<

Cryptosporidium: Poop parasite in pools is on the rise

During the summer months many take to the local swimming pools to cool off and enjoy time with family and friends. Families may spend time teaching their youngsters the life-saving skill of swimming1 or just hours splashing around and playing games in the water. However you spend your time in or near water, you don’t have to leave with more than you arrived with.

Unfortunately, public swimming pools and hot tubs may be hotbeds of unwanted activity. The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia warns children may acquire impetigo, pseudomonas dermatitis and athlete’s foot from swimming in pools.2 The EHA Consulting Group adds exposure to Escherichia coli, cryptosporidium (crypto) and shigella to the group.3

The parasites and bacteria in the list — Escherichia coli, cryptosporidium, and shigella — trigger infectious diarrhea,4 which may be fatal in those who are immunocompromised.5,6 In particular, the CDC warns cryptosporidium is the leading cause of diarrhea outbreaks linked to water and the third linked to animal contact.7

Cryptosporidium outbreaks rising — third leading cause of diarrhea

In June 2019 the CDC8 reported that cryptosporidium outbreaks increased, on average, 13% each year between 2009 and 2017. During this period, 444 cryptosporidiosis outbreaks were recorded, in which 7,465 cases were found in 40 states and Puerto Rico.

The CDC9 defines an outbreak as two or more infections linked to a common source by location and time. These reports of cryptosporidium are voluntarily made to the CDC through the National Outbreak Reporting System. The first outbreak recorded was in 2009 and was the first year for NORS reporting. Of the reported infections, 287 were hospitalized and one person died.10

The most frequently recorded outbreaks associated with recreational water infections were from pools and water playgrounds.11 Of the 444 outbreaks, 35% were linked to treated swimming water; 15% were linked to contact with cattle (in particular, nursing calves); 13% were linked to child care settings and 3% were associated with drinking unpasteurized milk or apple cider.12

As with any food product, it is possible for raw milk to harbor microorganisms. When cattle are raised in concentrated feeding operations the milk must be pasteurized to reduce the possibility of foodborne illness, although it does not eliminate it.13,14,15

A recent study revealed the rate of outbreak in raw milk has effectively decreased by 74% since 2005,16 while leafy greens account for 46% of all foodborne illnesses, according to CDC data.17

Your risk of exposure to cryptosporidium is introduced by swallowing the parasite from contaminated water or uncooked foods. You can also come in contact with it from touching surfaces like bathroom fixtures, changing tables and diaper pails and then touching your hand to your mouth.18

Although not normally serious in those who have strong immune systems, it may be life-threatening for those who are immunocompromised. Those at higher risk19 include people with HIV/AIDS, those with inherited diseases affecting the immune system or cancer and transplant patients taking medications which suppress the immune system.

The CDC warns20 exposure during the peak summer season from a treated recreational water source may result in hundreds or thousands of cases, since one infected swimmer may excrete up to 108 oocysts in one diarrheal incident. The oocysts survive seven days or longer, even in the presence of recommended concentrations of chlorine. Considering that swimmers may use multiple pools, the risk is multiplied even further.

How does cryptosporidiosis develop?

Cryptosporidium begins life as a sporulated oocyst that enters the environment through the stool of an infected host.21 The oocysts are resistant to chlorine treatment and may be found in drinking water supplies. They may also withstand freezing temperatures.

After a suitable host has ingested the spores and the spores enter the intestinal tract, the oocyst releases sporozoites, the motile asexual form of the parasite, which develops inside the oocyst.22 The sporozoites dig into the epithelial lining of the lungs (if the spores were inhaled) or the intestines when the spores were ingested. The cells then undergo asexual reproduction leading to a sexual reproductive stage.23

After fertilization, the resulting zygote develops into one of two types of oocysts. A thick-walled oocyst exits the host into the environment or a thin-walled oocyst will autoinfect the host.24 The infectious thick-walled oocysts are passed through the feces of the host and the cycle begins again.

What are the symptoms of cryptosporidiosis?

An infection with cryptosporidium may result in a variety of symptoms, the most characteristic of which is diarrhea.25 In an immunocompetent individual, the diarrhea is self-limiting and usually resolves within three weeks. The illness may be associated with fever or fatigue, and while the small intestine is chiefly affected, cryptosporidiosis has been found in the pulmonary and biliary tracts.26

Specifically, the diarrhea is watery and may become explosive.27 Explosive diarrhea is a severe form of the condition during which the individual passes liquid and gas when the rectum fills with more than it may hold.28

Normally, the large intestine is the last stop for waste products traveling through the gastrointestinal tract and is where excess fluid is absorbed. However, during a diarrheal process, the intestines move too quickly for the large intestine to absorb fluid.29

Use precautions at the pool

It is important to use precautions before going into a public or private swimming pool. Diarrheal illnesses in swimmers may be passed through pool water. Anyone who currently has diarrhea or who may have been sick with in the last two months will risk contaminating the pool with bacteria or parasites.30 Microscopic feces may contaminate an entire pool or hot tub, making other swimmers sick if they ingest the water.31

While many public and private pool owners seek to maintain a healthy pool environment, it’s important to remember sporulated cryptosporidium are able to withstand the chlorine treatment. Giardia is another that may survive for up to 45 minutes in chlorinated pools.32

Precautions33 everyone should take before getting into the water include showering to remove as much dirt and bacteria before entering a pool. Importantly, don’t pee or poop in the water and don’t swallow the water. The CDC34 recommends taking children on bathroom breaks every hour, changing diapers away from the pool area and drinking plenty of fluids to stay hydrated.

The first line of defense is to keep those with any illness out of a swimming pool, public or private. While it is difficult to stop children from drinking pool water, it is considerably easier to prevent them from using toys like cups and buckets that might encourage them to put water in their mouth.

Test the water and report your symptoms

Another step you may take is to check inspection scores posted by the health department. This is similar to the way restaurants post scores of their sanitation practices. While many public pools are subject to testing, private pools usually are not. To test yourself, consider getting inexpensive test strips at big box stores.

In a survey conducted for the Water Quality and Health Council (WQHC), it was reported that 25% of adults said they would swim within one hour of having diarrhea, 50% never shower before going into a pool and 60% said they’ve swallowed pool water.35 The same survey reported that 72% of adults said they were unaware crypto was a parasite often spread by water.

In a press release from the CDC36 in 2016, the agency released inspection data collected in 2013 from five states with the most recreational water venues, including public pools and hot tubs. Data on 84,187 routine inspections found 1 in every 8 resulted in an immediate closure because of serious violations, while almost 80% identified at least one violation. The most common violations were improper pH, safety equipment issues and problems with disinfectant concentration.37

The CDC recommends38 that when visiting swimming pools you should complete your own inspection for some of the more common health and safety problems, including using test strips to determine chlorine and bromine concentrations. Make sure the drain at the bottom of the deep end is visible and check that the drain covers are secure and in good repair.

If a lifeguard is not on duty, make sure there is safety equipment nearby, such as a rescue ring.39 Since cryptosporidium may remain in the small intestine for as long as two months, during which you may pass the infection,40 if you’ve been sick with diarrhea, it is important to stay out of the pool and report your symptoms to the local or state health department, which reports to the CDC.41

Avoid hyperchlorination of your private pool or hot tub

Following an outbreak of cryptosporidium in Ohio,42 during which multiple cases were identified and linked to one swimming pool, researchers reported the offending pool was subsequently hyperchlorinated. A case-control study was launched to find the source of the outbreak; 150 confirmed and probable cases were identified and associated with the swimming pool.

Researchers found through this investigation that proactive measures may decrease transmission and prevent an outbreak. However, while hyperchlorination was used in this situation, there are dangerous compounds that form when chlorine is mixed with carbon-based compounds such as urine, poop and dirt.43

In one study,44 researchers mixed uric acid derived from human urine with chlorine and discovered it created two highly toxic detergent byproducts (DBPs): cyanogen chloride and trichloramine. Cyanogen chloride is classified as a chemical warfare agent with known pulmonary, heart and central nervous system toxicity.45 Trichloramine has been linked to lung damage in pool workers.46

The combination of chlorine and carbon compounds creates more than these two DBPs. In one study,47 researchers found spending just 40 minutes in a chlorinated pool was linked to DNA damage by these chemicals. The cancer risk of the DBPS is greater from skin exposure than from drinking water.48

Lack of cryptosporidium awareness may increase risk

Cryptosporidium has become one of the most common causes of waterborne disease.49 The parasite may be found throughout the U.S. and the world.50 Washing your hands thoroughly after using the bathroom or changing diapers becomes more urgent as you become aware that diseases are caused by a parasite that’s basically spread through exposure to feces.51

The parasite spreads when you touch your mouth with contaminated hands. Your hands become contaminated after touching objects that were perhaps first touched by infected hands.52 Objects such as stair railings, elevator buttons, door knobs and baby toys are all fair game.

You’re not always able to tell by looking if something has been in contact with fecal matter since only a minute amount is necessary to pass cryptosporidium spores. To reduce the spread of the parasite it’s important for you help to spread the word to friends and family and share why showering before entering the pool is one preventive step they may take.53

The parasite is notorious for being impervious to chlorine.54 In order to kill or inactivate it in drinking water, the water must be brought to a rolling boil for one minute. If you live at elevations above 6,500 feet, the water must be boiled for three minutes.55 The water should then be cooled and stored in a clean, sanitized glass container with a tight cover in the refrigerator.

The mechanics of why exercise is good for brain health, memory

(Natural News) An international study presented further evidence that irisin protects neurons in the brain from degeneration. It showed that the so-called “exercise-induced hormone” can improve memory in humans and mice. First identified in 2012 by researchers from the Harvard Medical School, irisin is a messenger hormone that helps convert white fat into brown fat, which produces heat. It…

Prevent Memory Loss: Health Benefits Of Vitamin B12 For Seniors With Alzheimer’s

It is unlikely that a plant-based diet alone will supply you with an adequate amount of vitamin B12. You must make sure that you’re eating and drinking products that have been fortified with the vitamin, or take special supplements to avoid deficiency.  

High levels of vitamin B12 in the blood are already known to help reduce levels of homocysteine, which has been linked to an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease, memory loss, and stroke. … During the study, published in Neurology, 17 people developed Alzheimer’s disease.

Vitamin B12 may help protect the brain against Alzheimer’s disease, according to new evidence that suggests the vitamin and an amino acid called homocysteine may both be involved in the development of Alzheimer’s.

High levels of vitamin B12 in the blood are already known to help reduce levels of homocysteine, which has been linked to an increased risk of Alzheimer’s diseasememory loss, and stroke. But researchers say the relationship between homocysteine and vitamin B12 levels and Alzheimer’s disease risk has been unclear.

The seven-year study followed 271 Finnish people ages 65 to 79 who did not have any symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease at the start of the study.

During the study, published in Neurology, 17 people developed Alzheimer’s disease. Researchers found that each picomolar increase in blood vitamin B12 level was associated with a 2% reduction in the risk of Alzheimer’s disease among the elderly.

In addition, each micromolar increase in blood homocysteine level raised the risk of Alzheimer’s disease by 16%.

Blood levels of folate, another nutrient believed to lower homocysteine levels, were not linked to Alzheimer’s disease risk.

“Our findings show the need for further research on the role of vitamin B12 as a marker for identifying people who are at increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease,” says researcher Babak Hooshmand, MD, MSc, with Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden, in a news release. “Low levels of vitamin B12 are surprisingly common in the elderly.”

“The few studies that have investigated the usefulness of vitamin B12 supplements to reduce the risk of memory loss have had mixed results,” says Hooshmand.

A 2008 Oxford University study (journal: Neurology) showed that older people with lower B 12 levels were 6 times more likely to exhibit brain shrinkage, and even the group of people having B-12 levels above those designated too low, developed dementia and other age related problems during the 5 year study.

Typically, symptoms include:  Shortness of breath, fatigue, anaemia, weakness, fainting, dizziness, sores in the mouth, memory loss, dementia, slow reflexes, coldness or numbness in feet and hands.

Heart attacks have also been linked to low levels of vitamin B-12. (American Journal of Epidemiology Vol 143).

Several research studies have indicated that 40 per cent of the population could be short of vitamin B-12.

Until recently the recommended adult intake was in the region of just 3-5 micrograms per day. However research with heart disease patients has shown levels of 100-400 micrograms are much more beneficial.

Why is it so important?

The vitamin is crucial to life and to general health, being involved in almost every cellular system in the body. Over 300 enzymatic reactions use this vitamin in some way. Apart from dementia, fatigue and heart problems, some cancers (for exampl, breast cancer) are known to be associated with lowered levels of this vitamin.

In recent years scientists have become more and more knowledgeable and concerned about Vitamin B-12, particularly for people over the age of 50 and/or those on strict vegetarian diets. Some 72 per cent of vegetarians are deficient in this vitamin, as it is most readily found in meat.

The vitamin is known to help form and regenerate red blood cells 

As you will read below, lowered B-12 levels are not so much about what we eat, but far more to do with our ability to RELEASE the vitamin from our food. Lowered levels of beneficial bacteria, coupled with increased levels of microbes and particularly Helicobacter pylori weaken our ability to release the vitamin from the food we consume, especially as we age. This is true of other essential B vitamins too.

A particular concern at CANCERactive is with those cancer patients who rush to change their diet as part of their personal cancer therapy programme, and become vegan or vegetarian. This can result in a further lowering of B-12 levels and it could be that their cancer was already associated with lowered levels of B-12. People who change their diet in this way may actually be compounding a problem. In these cases supplementation is almost certainly essential if only as insurance!.

Vitamin B12 is a complicated vitamin with a unique absorption mechanism and a number of inactive analogues—molecules that appear to be active B12, but actually are not—that possibly interfere with its function.

Vitamin B12 is generally found in all animal foods except honey. But there is no reliable B12 in Plant Foods, including tempeh, seaweeds, and organic produce. Luckily, vitamin B12 is made by bacteria and doesn’t need to be obtained from animal products.

How Vitamin B12 Deficiency Harms a Senior’s Health

In the body, vitamin B12 — also known as cobalamin  is especially vital to making red blood cells, and maintaining proper function of nerve cells. When vitamin B12 levels are low, a person can develop health problems related to red blood cells and nerve cells not working well.

The most common problems related to low vitamin B12 levels include:

  1. Anemia. This means low red blood cell count. Red blood cells carry oxygen in the blood, so anemia can cause fatigue or shortness of breath. The breakdown of faulty red blood cells can also cause jaundice.
  2. Neuropathy. This means nerves in the body not working well. This can cause a variety of symptoms, including tingling, numbness, burning, poor balance and walking difficulties.
  3. Cognitive impairment. This means that nerve cells in the brain are not working well. This can cause memory problems, irritability, and even dementia.

You may have heard that vitamin B12 deficiency can cause pernicious anemia. But in fact, the term “pernicious anemia” means a vitamin B12 deficiency that’s caused by the loss of a body’s ability to make “intrinsic factor.” The body needs intrinsic factor to absorb vitamin B12; without it, vitamin B12 levels eventually drop. This often causes anemia, but sometimes symptoms of nerve and brain problems occur first.

Why Low Vitamin B12 Levels Are Common in Older Adults

To understand how low vitamin B12 levels happen in aging adults, it’s good to start by learning how the body usually obtains and processes this vitamin.

In nature, vitamin B12 is available to humans only in meat and dairy products. However in modern times, you can easily get it via a supplement or multivitamin. The recommended daily allowance for vitamin B12 for adults is 2.4 micrograms. Experts have estimated that a Western diet contains 5-7 micrograms of vitamin B12, and a multivitamin often contains 12-25 micrograms.

Once you ingest vitamin B12, it is processed by acids and enzymes in the stomach and small intestine. The processed vitamin B12 is then absorbed by the small intestine, and it’s stored in the body, especially in the liver.

This stash can actually meet the body’s needs for a few years; although vitamin B12 is essential, only a tiny bit is needed every day. So if a healthy person stops taking in vitamin B12, it often takes a few years before the body runs out of stored B12 and develops symptoms.

So why does vitamin B12 particularly affect older adults?

As people get older, their ability to absorb vitamin B12 tends to decrease. This is because seniors often develop problems with the acids and stomach enzymes needed to process the vitamin.

Common risk factors for low vitamin B12 levels in older adults include:

  • Low levels of stomach acid, which can be due to weakening of the stomach lining, or to medications that reduce stomach acid
  • Medications such as metformin (used for diabetes), which interferes with vitamin B12 absorption
  • Alcoholism, which irritates the stomach and sometimes is linked to a poor diet
  • Surgeries that remove parts (or all) of the stomach or small intestine
  • Any problem that causes poor absorption in the stomach or small intestine, such as Crohn’s disease

Why Vitamin B12 Deficiency is Often Missed in Seniors

Vitamin B12 deficiency is often missed because the symptoms — fatigue, anemia, neuropathy, memory problems, or walking difficulties — are quite common in older adults, and can easily be caused by something else.

Also, vitamin B12 deficiency tends to come on very slowly, so people often go through a long period of being mildly deficient. During this time, a senior might have barely noticeable symptoms, or the symptoms might be attributed to another chronic health condition.

Still, a mild deficiency will almost always get worse over time. And even when a senior has many other causes for fatigue or problems with mobility, it’s good to fix whatever aggravating factors — such as a vitamin deficiency — can be fixed.

Unlike many problems that affect seniors, vitamin B12 deficiency is quite treatable. You just need to make sure it’s detected, and then make sure the treatment plan has raised the vitamin B12 levels and kept them steady.

Who Should Be Checked for Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Your parent should probably be checked for Vitamin B12 deficiency if he or she is experiencing any of the health problems that can be caused by low levels of this vitamin.

I especially recommend checking vitamin B12 levels if you’ve been concerned about memory, brain function, neuropathy, walking or anemia.

To make sure you aren’t missing a mild vitamin B12 deficiency, you can also proactively check for low vitamin B12 levels if your parent is suffering from any of the common risk factors associated with this condition.

For instance, you can proactively request a vitamin B12 check if your parent is vegetarian, or if she has suffered from problems related to the stomach, pancreas, or intestine. It’s also reasonable to check a level if your older parent has been on medication to reduce stomach acid for a long time.

How Vitamin B12 Deficiency is Diagnosed and Treated

The first step in checking for deficiency is a blood test to check the serum level of vitamin B12.

Because folate deficiency can cause a similar type of anemia (megaloblastic anemia, which means a low red blood cell count with overly-large cells), doctors often test the blood for both folate and vitamin B12. However, folate deficiency is much less common.

You should know that it’s quite possible to have clinically important low vitamin B12 levels without having anemia. If a clinician pooh-poohs a request for a vitamin B12 check because an older person had a recent normal blood count, you can share this research article with her.

If the vitamin B12 level is borderline, a confirmatory blood test can be ordered. It’s called methylmalonic acid, and it is higher than usual when people have vitamin B12 deficiency.

If the blood tests confirm a vitamin B12 deficiency, the doctors will prescribe vitamin B12 supplementation to get the body’s levels back up. The doctor may also recommend additional tests or investigation to find out just why your parent has developed low vitamin B12.

The typical initial treatment for a significant vitamin B12 deficiency involves intramuscular shots of vitamin B12 – 1000 micrograms. This bypasses any absorption problems in the stomach or intestine.

High-dose oral vitamin B12 supplements (1000-2000 micrograms per day) have also been shown to raise levels, because high doses can usually compensate for the body’s poor absorption. However, oral treatments probably take longer to work than intramuscular shots. So they’re not ideal for initially correcting a deficiency, although they’re sometimes used to maintain vitamin B12 levels.

I’ve found that most seniors prefer oral supplements over regular vitamin B12 injections, which is understandable; I don’t like getting shots either. However, this requires seniors to consistently take their supplement every single day. If your parent has difficulty taking medications regularly, scheduled vitamin B12 shots are often the better option.

So if your parent is being treated for vitamin B12 deficiency, you don’t need to worry that the doctors will overshoot. You just need to make sure a follow-up test has confirmed better vitamin B12 levels, and then your family will work with the doctors to find the right maintenance dose to prevent future vitamin B12 deficiency.

What If I Take To Much B-12?

When taken at appropriate dosesvitamin B-12 supplements are generally considered safe. While the recommended daily amount of vitamin B-12 for adults is 2.4 micrograms, you can safely take higher doses. Your body absorbs only as much as it needs, and any excess passes through your urine.Oct 17, 2017   Vitamin B-12 – Mayo Clinic

The good thing about vitamin B12 treatment is that it’s basically impossible to overdose. Unlike some other vitamins, vitamin B12 doesn’t cause toxicity when levels are high.

Now there is a new suppliment that everyone is talking about, VeganSafe Vitamin B-12.

What is VeganSafe Vitamin B-12?

VeganSafe B-12 is a certified organic, vegan formula that contains methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin, the two most bioactive forms of B-12. Although most of us simply know vitamin B-12 as the B vitamin responsible for energy production, it’s important to understand that “vitamin B-12” is actually a catch-all term for a class of vitamins known as cobalamins — and they’re not equal in their benefits.

The Top 5 Reasons You Need VeganSafe B-12

1. It’s the Best B-12 Available!

Methylcobalamin, or methylated B-12 is the most pure, active, bioavailable coenzyme form of B-12 and when paired with adenosylcobalamin, the other coenzyme form of B-12, forms the most potent B-12 combination available.

2. Encourages Normal Energy Levels

Vitamin B-12 promotes energy production in multiple ways. It supports the adrenal glands, red blood cell formation, and helps convert carbohydrates to glucose — the fuel your body uses for energy.

3. Ultra Absorbable Formula Helps Fight B-12 Deficiency

B-12 deficiency is a serious problem that can cause anemia, fatigue, weakness, constipation, weight loss, depression, poor memory, asthma, vision problems, and low sperm count.

4. Supports Your Body’s Major Processes

As a defense against homocysteine, B-12 is nutritional support for your cardiovascular and nervous systems.

5. Natural Sleep Support

Some research has linked methylcobalamin to positive effects on sleep due to its influence on melatonin secretion and light sensitivity; it also helps normalize a person’s 24-hour clock.

The Health Benefits of VeganSafe B-12

  • Nutritionally supports cardiovascular function.
  • Promotes nervous system health.
  • Fights homocysteine, a cardiovascular stressor.
  • Supports adrenal function and energy production.
  • Essential for cell growth and replication and DNA production.
  • May support a healthy sleep-wake cycle.

Shocking Facts About Vitamin B-12

  • As many as 30% of adults over 50 are unable to absorb B-12 in food, making supplementation the best source. Research conducted at the University of Oxford study found that vitamin B-12 deficiency may lead to brain shrinkage. B-12 supplementation is not a cure for Alzheimer’s disease but preliminary reports suggest a link between vitamin B-12 deficiency and Alzheimer’s disease. Vitamin B-12 deficiency leads to megaloblastic anemia, a fatigue ridden condition where red blood cells don’t develop properly and can’t carry oxygen efficiently.
  • Why is VeganSafe B-12 the Best Vitamin B-12 Supplement on the Market?

  • 1. Contains methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin, the bioavailable, coenzyme forms of B-12.
  • 2. Highly absorbable, no conversion in the liver is necessary.
  • 3. The European Food Safety Authority reports that the combination of adenosylcobalamin and methylcobalamin is the best and safest representation of naturally occurring vitamin B-12.
  • 4. VeganSafe B-12 is an easy and delicious liquid formula — no injections.
  • 5. Certified organic, vegan, GMO and gluten free!
  • 6. Made in the USA from globally sourced ingredients and according to Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs)

The Top 3 Questions People Ask About VeganSafe B-12

What is vitamin B-12? Vitamin B-12, also called cobalamin, is the B vitamin that supports normal functioning of the brain and nervous system, energy production, and for the formation of red blood cells. It’s important to know that vitamin B-12 is a name that refers to a group of vitamins known as cobalamins; this includes methylcobalamin, adenosylcobalamin, hydroxo-, and cyanocobalm

  • 2. What is hydroxo- and cyanocobalamin? Cheap, lesser quality forms of vitamin B-12 often used by bargain vitamin companies who add them for marketing purposes. Cyanocobalamin contains a cyanide molecule that must be metabolized by the liver. The process of removing the cyanide molecule uses methyl groups normally used to lower homocysteine levels (higher homocysteine cause stress on the heart). Cyanocobalamin robs your body of beneficial methyl groups and is a perfect example of an instance when low-quality vitamins are worse than no vitamins.3. Why is VeganSafe B-12 superior to other cobalamins? VeganSafe B-12 contains adenosylcobalamin and methylcobalamin, a combination that’s better absorbed and used more efficiently in your liver, brain, and nervous system. VeganSafe B-12 does not have to be converted in your liver. Methylcobalamin supports vision whereas cyanocobalamin is thought to be ineffective. Cyanocobalmin is also not recommended for people who smoke, have kidney problems, or don’t metabolize cyanide properly.
  • Testimonials

  • “I’m a more productive person. Been using for a few months and I feel loads more energy and more stamina working out. Feel an overall calming long lasting stamina. I don’t sleep all day on my day off work. Have given five bottles to close friends and family. The gift of health is the greatest gift you can give a loved one:)”
  • Jennifer
  • “Awesome B-12! I love this form of B-12 much better than taking pills. Easy to take and taste great. Most of all I noticed how it made me feel so much better within minutes. I felt great naturally, calm, relax and just an overall pleasant feeling.” Charles, FL
  • “I have found this product to be a most excellent source of B12 supplementation. It’s relative high dose combination of methyl- and adenosylcobalamin plus the relatively low/non-toxic sources of additional ingredients make this one of the best most effective and least toxic form of B12 on the marketplace. I highly reccomend it to everyone. I have many genic snps that make methylation challenging. So I find taking a double dose through the day: first in the morning before Breakfast and then four hours later before Lunch to be the most effective by to use this product for me.”
  • Kris
  • “Help for Fibro Myalgia fatigue sufferers.As a life-long Fibro myalgia sufferer I have, in the past, been treated with B12 injections. I can honestly say that this product works as well for me and in many ways better than injections. While there is no magic solution for my health issues, I appreciate having the option of administering B12 to myself and sometimes more than once daily. That’s important to me to be able to decide for myself when I need it, because in the past I would have to go to the Dr and let’s face it you cannot do that daily! The quality is the best I’ve used!”
  • Donna F.
  • Major Boost! This product is one of my FAVORITES! It is amazing! It gives me energy, reduces my fatigue and even takes away any negative effects from not sleeping. Once in the morning and im very pleased the rest of the day. I will continue to use this product for a very long time.”
  • Jose
  • “I do buy this over and over again. I use this product every day twice a day. I no longer have to use energy drinks. B-12 has taken the place of this. This definitely works to enhance energy needs.”
  • Rick

Suggested Use

  • Take 1 dropper (1 ml) daily on an empty stomach, preferably in the morning or early afternoon or as directed by your healthcare practitioner. Hold in mouth for 15 seconds and then swallow.
  • Warnings

    • Keep out of reach of children.
    • Consult your healthcare provider before taking if pregnant or nursing.
    • Store in a cool, dry place



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