|(Natural News) As illegal aliens and wealthy foreigners continue to flood their way into California, driving the state to the point of reaching maximum capacity, some lawmakers there are proposing a “solution” that would effectively eliminate all single-family zoning – meaning no more detached housing for Californians, and plenty of high-density apartments and condominiums instead….|
I’ve written many articles discussing how industrial agriculture is a primary source of water pollution and toxic algae growth that result in huge dead zones where all aquatic life is suffocated.1 There are 18 major river basins2 in the continental U.S., with the largest belonging to rivers that feed the Mississippi River,3 currently the seventh-most polluted river in the world.4
A July 2, 2019, presentation5 in The Wall Street Journal offers an in-depth look at how agricultural expansion is driving the Mississippi River’s demise. You can scroll through fact boxes for each section of the river, starting in the north and moving all the way down to the Gulf.
Where the Mississippi River runs through Iowa, The Wall Street Journal points to artificial tile drainage being a major problem. It’s believed a majority of Iowa’s farmland has artificial drainage that increases the speed at which excess nutrients are delivered into the river, and ultimately the Gulf, which the Mississippi River empties into.
Dead zone in Gulf of Mexico keeps growing
Whatever enters a waterway upstream will travel downstream, and this includes runoff from agricultural lands. As explained by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency:6
“Farmers apply nutrients on their fields in the form of chemical fertilizers and animal manure … [W]hen nitrogen and phosphorus are not fully utilized by the growing plants, they can be lost from the farm fields and negatively impact air and downstream water quality.”
With the high levels of spring and summer rains seen in many parts of the Midwest this year, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration estimates7 the summer 2019 dead zone in the Gulf of Mexico will reach roughly 7,829 miles, which is about the size of Massachusetts, and bigger than the 5,770 square-mile, five-year average size.
According to The New Food Economy,8 Independence Day festivities had to be canceled in many Mississippi beach areas as toxic algae had taken over, making water play too risky a venture. The algae bloom also killed all the oysters in one of the state’s harvesting regions.
Drain tiling, the hidden accelerator of water pollution
The speed of agricultural runoff is largely dictated by poor soil conditions that prevent water retention, but artificial drainage also appears to play a decisive role, adding to the problem by speeding up the runoff. As noted by Carleton College in Minnesota, tile drainage “provides an expressway by which water on the fields is drained away …”9
Drain tiling is a relatively unknown agricultural strategy, despite having been done for decades. In a nutshell, it involves installing a network of subsurface drainage tubes 2 to 4 feet below ground to siphon off excess water. As explained by Mike Winslow, staff scientist with the Lake Champlain Committee:10
“Groundwater flows through the pipes rather than the soil, because the pipes offer a pathway of least resistance. As a result, the groundwater table is lowered to the depth of the pipes thus ensuring that a crop’s roots won’t become water logged, and that fields drain earlier in the spring. The pipes are usually oriented to discharge into a nearby stream, though in some cases, the discharge may just be to an area lower in elevation.”
According to the Des Moines Register, about half of Iowa’s cropland would be unsuitable for farming were it not for drain tiling,11 as the water table is too close to the soil surface.
By lowering the water table, crops are able to develop deeper root systems, which augments growth. Chris Jones, a research engineer with The University of Iowa, cites research suggesting drain tiling can increase crop yields by 30% or more.12
According to the Des Moines Register,13 much of subterranean drainage in the U.S. was installed during the 1920s through 1940s. However, in recent years, there’s been a significant uptick in the practice, and it’s not entirely known just how much of our farmland is being artificially drained into our waterways.
As reported by the Twin Cities Pioneer Press,14 the Bois de Sioux Watershed District approved 2.9 miles of drain tile to be installed in 1999. Ten years later, in 2009, permits had risen to 779.3 miles, and in 2011, permits for 1,558.3 miles were handed out.
“While tiling data aren’t nearly as precise elsewhere, the surge is beyond dispute,” Pioneer Press notes,15 adding that, “In some places, grassy areas that once harbored wildlife are being plowed under and tiled to plant corn and soybeans.”
Drain tiling doubles speed of pollution delivery
While drain tiling may be an attractive option, allowing farmers to grow crops on less than ideal land, the practice has serious ramifications for the environment as it dramatically increases the speed at which nutrient runoff enters our rivers and streams.
Since the water is shuttled out through pipes, higher amounts of nutrients also enter the waterways, as it’s no longer being filtered through soil along the way. Rainwater that used to make its way into aquifers or simply evaporate is also being routed into our waterways instead.16 As reported by Des Moines Register:17
“Drainage tiles have cut in half the average time it takes nitrates to enter Iowa waterways, Keith Schilling, a research engineer at the University of Iowa, said.
That flow is even more dramatically accelerated in heavily tiled areas. ‘The tiles in particular short-circuit a lot of the natural processing that would go on as groundwater would slowly move through the system,’ he said.
That means the water misses the cleansing that would naturally occur through trees, shrubs and grasses in riparian buffers along streams. Or it could percolate through soil, potentially to the aquifer. Without it, experts say, it leads to higher concentration of nitrates in the river and waterways.”
Speaking about conditions at Lake Champlain, situated on New York’s Adirondack Coast, Winslow notes:18
“Tiling was seen as a way to increase the social and economic well-being of the region. Today, that has shifted and more researchers are exploring the effects of tiling on the ecosystem and nutrient loading to our waters. There is no question that the water discharged to streams via tiles carries nutrients which contribute to algae blooms.
Tile drains increase the discharge of nitrogen, which moves quickly through groundwater. However, nitrogen is usually considered secondary to phosphorus in promoting Lake Champlain algae blooms. Unlike nitrogen, phosphorus is not mobile in groundwater.
Instead, most of it attaches to soil particles. On the other hand, dissolved phosphorus, which is more easily taken up by algae than sediment-bound phosphorus, can be found in tile drainage. It is not clear however, whether tiling leads to an increase in phosphorus discharge …
In addition to nutrients, tiling changes the overall hydrology of the landscape. Historically, tiling has been used to drain wetlands, reducing the water storage capacity of the land. Water reaches stream courses more quickly from tiled fields, potentially exacerbating flooding and erosive stream flows.”
There’s no data on environmental effects
Similar concerns are echoed by experts in Minnesota. Tom Kalahar, a conservation technician for the Renville County Soil and Water Conservation District, spoke with Twin Cities Pioneer Press, saying the Minnesota River is being treated “like a large drainage ditch.” Pioneer Press reports:19
“’I find it fairly alarming and hypocritical of federal and state governments to put all the emphasis on clean water and flood management and then continue to ignore the 800-pound gorilla in the room,’ Kalahar added, referring to tiling.
‘To me, it tells us we’re nowhere near any serious change in water management in the state of Minnesota’ … Despite all the tiling going on, no one knows exactly how much is taking place in new areas, how much simply replaces or upgrades old systems, how much allows grasslands to be cultivated, or how much actually destroys or degrades wetlands, potholes and sloughs.
‘Is there data? No,’ Kalahar said. ‘Everybody should be shocked by that … It’s one of the best-kept secrets in the world … There is very little data being gathered. It’s the hidden infrastructure that the public doesn’t have a clue about. No government agency wants to regulate tiling because (regulation) is politically unpopular with the ag community.’”
There is evidence suggesting environmental harm is definitely being sped up by tiling, though. Aside from the fact that nitrate levels are rising and dead zones are growing, Pioneer Press20 cites research by Shawn Schottler that looked at how artificial drainage affects riverbank erosion and sediment levels in the Minnesota River.
His findings reveal an increase in both, and at an unnatural rate. According to Schottler, artificial drainage (in which he also includes runoff from parking lots, roads and yards) is “not the only driver, but it’s the major driver” of erosion and sedimentation.
Iowa lawsuit goes nowhere
March 2015, board trustees of the Des Moines Water Works sued three county boards that supervise several drainage districts over the high level of nitrates ushered by drainage tiles into the Raccoon River, which supplies drinking water to central Iowa residents. The utility sought “money damages and other remedies to recover its costs to remove nitrates from Raccoon River water.”21
Two years later, the District Court for the Northern District of Iowa ruled against the utility, dismissing all of its claims. According to a March 17, 2017 press release by Des Moines Water Works:22
“The ruling states that drainage districts have no authority to redress Des Moines Water Works’ harm, thus the utility has no standing to sue the drainage districts.
Since the ruling concluded Des Moines Water Works could not bring this lawsuit, the ruling does not address whether agricultural drainage tile is a ‘point source’ as defined by the Clean Water Act.
The ruling also states Des Moines Water Works cannot assert claims based on the Iowa and United States Constitutions against drainage districts … While many in the agriculture community took issue with the lawsuit, nobody objected to the facts that we presented in the case …
In fact, Chief Justice Cady of the Iowa Supreme Court recognized in his opinion on January 27, that: ‘One of the fundamental principles of law is for remedies to be available when we discover wrongs. Pollution of our streams is a wrong, irrespective of its source or its cause.’”
Regenerative, grass fed, biodynamic agriculture is the answer
Regenerative farming reduces soil erosion and topsoil destruction23 while improving fertility and biodiversity.24 The process significantly diminishes water demand,25 thus reducing the need for irrigation. Regenerative farming also eliminates the need for synthetic fertilizers, thereby protecting our waterways from toxic pollution and algal blooms.
It seems like an exercise in madness to keep spending time and money on strategies such as drain tiling just to be able to continue the status quo of industrial farming, rather than doing something completely different that will actually permanently solve a whole host of environmental problems.
Farmers install artificial drainage to protect profits, but evidence shows regenerative strategies will do that as well — without harming the environment in the process.
At some point, we must realize that our current food system is unsustainable and will lead to the destruction of mankind rather than nourish and sustain a growing population. Industry wide changes are perhaps most effectively driven by consumer demand, though, and demand has certainly been a driving force in rise of organics and grass fed beef.
There’s no doubt choosing biodynamically grown food is a positive solution that can improve fertilizer runoff and the environment as a whole. The use of regenerative agriculture techniques like cover crops and no-till farming, which improve soil health and reduce runoff and the need for chemical fertilizers and herbicides, which then benefits waterways, has become a more or less essential long-term survival strategy.
Where to find environmentally friendly food
If you live in the U.S., the following resources can help you find farm fresh foods locally. While many grocery stores now carry organic foods, it’s preferable to source them from local growers whenever possible, as many organic foods sold in grocery stores are imported.
Also remember to choose organic, grass fed/pasture-raised beef, poultry and dairy, in addition to organic or biodynamic produce, as concentrated animal feeding operations are yet another major source of environmental pollution.
Demeter USA — Demeter-USA.org provides a directory of certified Biodynamic farms and brands.
American Grassfed Association (AGA) — The goal of the American Grassfed Association is to promote the grass fed industry through government relations, research, concept marketing and public education.
Their website also allows you to search for AGA approved producers certified according to strict standards that include being raised on a diet of 100% forage; raised on pasture and never confined to a feedlot; never treated with antibiotics or hormones; and born and raised on American family farms.
EatWild.com — EatWild.com provides lists of farmers known to produce raw dairy products as well as grass fed beef and other farm-fresh produce (although not all are certified organic). Here you can also find information about local farmers markets, as well as local stores and restaurants that sell grass fed products.
Weston A. Price Foundation — Weston A. Price has local chapters in most states, and many of them are connected with buying clubs in which you can easily purchase organic foods, including grass fed raw dairy products like milk and butter.
Grassfed Exchange — The Grassfed Exchange has a listing of producers selling organic and grass fed meats across the U.S.
Local Harvest — This website will help you find farmers markets, family farms and other sources of sustainably grown food in your area where you can buy produce, grass fed meats and many other goodies.
Farmers Markets — A national listing of farmers markets.
Eat Well Guide: Wholesome Food from Healthy Animals — The Eat Well Guide is a free online directory of sustainably raised meat, poultry, dairy and eggs from farms, stores, restaurants, inns, hotels and online outlets in the United States and Canada.
Community Involved in Sustaining Agriculture (CISA) — CISA is dedicated to sustaining agriculture and promoting the products of small farms.
The Cornucopia Institute — The Cornucopia Institute maintains web-based tools rating all certified organic brands of eggs, dairy products and other commodities, based on their ethical sourcing and authentic farming practices separating CAFO “organic” production from authentic organic practices.
RealMilk.com — If you’re still unsure of where to find raw milk, check out Raw-Milk-Facts.com and RealMilk.com. They can tell you what the status is for legality in your state, and provide a listing of raw dairy farms in your area. The Farm to Consumer Legal Defense Fund26 also provides a state-by-state review of raw milk laws.27 California residents can also find raw milk retailers using the store locator available at www.organicpastures.com.
Polio (poliomyelitis) is a very contagious enterovirus infection that usually causes mild flu-like symptoms or no symptoms at all, and most people recover from polio without lasting health problems (nonparalytic polio).1
However, severe complications of polio can cause partial or total body paralysis, breathing difficulties and death.2 The first clinical description of this contagious disease was given by Michael Underwood, a British doctor, in 1789. The first recorded outbreak of polio in the U.S. occurred in Vermont in 1894.3
As noted by the Polio Eradication Initiative, “In the early 20th century, polio was one of the most feared diseases in industrialized countries, paralyzing hundreds of thousands of children every year.”4 According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, “In the early 1950s, before polio vaccines were available, polio outbreaks caused more than 15,000 cases of paralysis each year in the United States.”5
Dr. Jonas Salk began studying polio in 1947, and in the mid-1950s developed the first inactivated injectable polio vaccine (IAV).6,7 A live attenuated oral polio vaccine (OPV) was developed in the early 1960s, and quickly became the vaccine of choice around the globe.8
During the 1970s and ’80s, routine use of OPV for child vaccination programs was adopted by countries around the world and, in 1988, the World Health Assembly passed a resolution to eradicate polio by 2000. The last known case of wild type polio in the Western Hemisphere is believed to have occurred in Peru in 1991.9,10
The live attenuated polio vaccine can cause vaccine strain polio paralysis in the person vaccinated or someone who comes into contact with the body fluids (urine, stool, saliva) of a recently vaccinated person shedding vaccine strain polio virus.11
It wasn’t until 1999 that U.S. public health officials switched from recommending universal use of live OPV and started recommending the use of inactivated polio vaccine (IVP) again, “to eliminate the risk for vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis.”12
Vaccine-derived polio on the rise
While the global poliovirus eradication effort appears to have been successful, the consequences of routine use of OPV are not fully known. In 2009, the World Health Organization warned that live polio vaccine may be responsible for a rise in vaccine strain polio termed Vaccine Derived Polio Disease (VDPD).13,14
Not only has live vaccine strain poliovirus been found to cause paralytic disease in some cases, but evidence also shows that mutated vaccine-derived viruses are responsible for some outbreaks.15,16 As reported by NPR in 2017:17
“For the first time, the number of children paralyzed by mutant strains of the polio vaccine are greater than the number of children paralyzed by polio itself. So far in 2017, there have been only six cases of ‘wild’ polio reported anywhere in the world …
By contrast, there have been 21 cases of vaccine-derived polio this year. These cases look remarkably similar to regular polio. But laboratory tests show they’re caused by remnants of the oral polio vaccine that have gotten loose in the environment, mutated and regained their ability to paralyze unvaccinated children
‘It’s actually an interesting conundrum. The very tool you are using for [polio] eradication is causing the problem,’ says Raul Andino, a professor of microbiology at the University of California at San Francisco.”
A year later, as further evidence that VDPD is still frustrating public health officials, the Polio Global Eradication Initiative reported that worldwide in 2018 there were 104 confirmed cases of VDPV — and only 33 cases of wild poliovirus.18
We may be going from bad to worse
A 2016 study19 in the Journal of Virology highlighted the very real problems that human populations face from mutated vaccine-derived polioviruses:
“Until this outbreak, Sabin-like viruses (in distinction to more markedly evolved vaccine-derived polioviruses [VDPVs]) were reported to cause only sporadic cases of VAPP [vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis]. Consequently, VAPP cases were not considered to require outbreak-type responses.
However, the Biysk outbreak completely blurred the borderline between Sabin-like viruses and VDPVs in epidemiological terms. The outbreak demonstrated a very high disease/infection ratio, apparently exceeding even that reported for wild polioviruses.
The viral genome structures did not provide any substantial hints as to the underlying reason(s) for such pathogenicity … Altogether, the results demonstrate several new aspects of pathogenicity, epidemiology, and evolution of vaccine-related polioviruses and underscore several serious gaps in understanding these problems.”
CDC warns polio-like disease is spreading
In 2009, WHO20 urged enhanced surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP), of which one known cause is paralysis from wild type or vaccine strain polio.21 In October 2018, the Washington State Department of Health issued a 23-page Acute Flaccid Myelitis and Poliomyelitis Reporting and Investigation Guideline.22
The guidelines advised doctors about how to conduct a routine investigation of suspected cases of Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM), a polio-liked disease, as well as suspected cases of wild type or vaccine strain polio:
“Any person noted to have AFM has the potential to be a polio case. Immediately obtaining information about prior immunizations and recent travel or exposure to a recent OPV vaccinee is extremely important for every suspect AFM case.”
In evaluating and determining the likelihood of a diagnosis, public health officials directed doctors to:
Review the clinical presentation, physical exam findings (particularly flaccid weakness).
Review immunization history and risk factors for infection (e.g., recent travel to a polio endemic area or possible exposure to a person that recently received oral polio vaccine).
Obtain history of any recent viral respiratory and/or gastrointestinal illness.
Confirm that clinical criteria including CSF findings and/or MRI test results are met for AFM cases.
If pursuit of laboratory testing is indicated, facilitate timely collection of appropriate specimens and expedite transport of those specimens to PHL.
If a commercial laboratory isolates polio virus in cell culture, request that the laboratory send the cell culture to PHL for confirmatory testing immediately.
State health officials also advised that:
“For a suspected polio case, contacts must be identified and monitored for symptoms. Collection of stool and serum samples from household members and other contacts associated with possible transmission settings may be required. For a confirmed polio case, vaccination should be offered to susceptible contacts with an emphasis on persons who have an ongoing risk of exposure.”
July 9, 2019, the CDC issued a call for increased paralytic disease surveillance,23,24 urging health care professionals to be on the lookout for cases of AFM, which first drew the agency’s attention in 2014. Cases of AFM have been increasing in the U.S., but the CDC maintains the cause is still unknown.
As described by the Cleveland Clinic,25 AFM “is characterized by muscle weakness and myelitis of the spinal cord’s anterior horn cells following a viral illness.” The disease affects primarily children. During the 2018 outbreak in the U.S., the median age of confirmed cases was 5.3 years.26 As for its diagnosis, the Cleveland Clinic says:
“Children with AFM typically present with acute onset of asymmetric flaccid paralysis, often rapidly progressing from normal strength to flaccid weakness with loss of reflexes within hours to a few days. A prodromal illness (typically febrile with respiratory symptoms) a few days prior to the onset of flaccid paralysis is common.
Perplexingly, the respiratory symptoms of the prodromal illness are frequently shared by sick contacts within the household, but they are spared any signs or symptoms of AFM. Patients also frequently report pain in the affected limb at the time of weakness onset.
There does not appear to be any ethnic or racial predispositions, pre-existing comorbidities that place these healthy children at increased risk or any association with vaccination status …
Current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) definitions for AFM require two criteria: acute onset of flaccid limb weakness and MRI evidence of a gray matter lesion spanning one or more spinal segments.”
According to the CDC, outbreaks of AFM have been recorded on a biennial basis since then, with spikes occurring in 2014, 2016 and 2018.27 While the symptoms of AFM mimic those caused by poliovirus, investigations have failed to find the poliovirus in any of the confirmed cases of AFM that were lab tested. The CDC stated in its July 2019 report that “Stool specimens from all patients with available specimens tested negative for poliovirus,” while also acknowledging that:28
“Timing of respiratory specimen collection improved in 2018 compared with that in 2016, but still occurred a median of approximately three days after the onset of limb weakness and five days after the onset of any respiratory illness. Shedding of viruses in the respiratory tract can be transient, so delays in specimen collection could contribute to negative findings.”
Mutated enterovirus D68 may be responsible
At present, other enteroviruses, especially coxsackievirus A16, enterovirus A71 and enterovirus D68, are suspected of being responsible for AFM.29
The AFM outbreak in 2014 in the U.S. occurred concurrently with an outbreak of EV-D68,30 a pathogen known to cause respiratory illness. A 2018 paper31 in Frontiers in Microbiology, “Enterovirus D68 — The New Polio?” highlights evidence identifying EV-D68 as a probable cause of AFM.
“The EV-D68 storyline shows many similarities with poliovirus a century ago, stimulating discussion about whether EV-D68 could be ascertaining itself as the ‘new polio,'” the paper states.32
The authors also cite research showing EV-D68 has undergone genetic alterations “known to affect the translational efficiency and thought to increase the virulence.” However, EV-D68 is only found in about half of all cases. Testing of samples taken during the 2014 AFM outbreak revealed EV-D68 in 47% of the samples collected within seven days of disease onset.33
Another study34 found the virus in 48% of respiratory samples collected from AFM patients. However, as noted in The Atlantic,35 the lack of active EV-D68 infection doesn’t mean the virus cannot be the trigger of AFM:
“In many neurological infections, the worst symptoms aren’t caused by the virus itself, but by the body’s disproportionate immune response. That response can continue even after the virus has been cleared, which means that patients often test negative for whatever first triggered their illness.
All the researchers I spoke to think AFM likely behaves in this way, especially since there can be a seven-day gap between the condition’s initial coldlike symptoms and the severe paralytic ones.
By the time parents seek medical help, their children could be suffering from their body’s misplaced attempts to fight an enemy that’s no longer there.”
The ignored vaccine-paralysis link
However, while researchers are trying to pin down the viral cause, there may be something else going on here. For decades, it’s been known that injections, including injections of vaccines, sometimes can cause paralysis under certain conditions — a phenomenon referred to as “provocation polio.” Yet this issue is being largely, if not entirely, ignored in today’s discussions about AFM.
In response to the 2016 BMJ article36 “Conflicts of Interest Compromise U.S. Public Health Agency’s Mission,” Allan S. Cunningham, a retired pediatrician, questioned whether Americans can “trust the CDC to honestly investigate the current AFM outbreak”37 specifically. In his response, Cunningham points out how the CDC is avoiding the well-recognized link between injections and paralytic disease:
“Antecedent injections have been suggested as possible co-factors by clinician-scientists who remember ‘provocation paralysis;’ Hill and Knowelden, for example, found a 20-fold risk of paralytic polio in children who received the DTP shot during the 1949 British polio epidemic …
During the 1990s the NEJM published a study in Romania linking vaccine-associated paralytic polio (VAPP) to penicillin injections. Tissue studies have shown how muscle damage by an injection can provide a portal of entry to the CNS for neurotropic viruses.”
Cunningham describes a conversation he said he had with an unnamed public health official about the 2016 AFM outbreak in Washington State, alleging the health official was aware of the provocation paralysis theory but was “wary of anti-vaccine forces who would misuse data suggesting a serious adverse effect of vaccinations,” and that “for this reason he indicated that statistical details of the CDC’s investigation would not be released to the news media.”
“The CDC, the AAP and many public health officials are afraid that any bad news about vaccines will cause the public to turn away from life-saving vaccines,” Cunningham writes.
“Along with the manufacturers, they are also afraid of the effect such news might have on incomes and careers. Will the CDC do an unbiased, thorough and transparent investigation of the current AFM outbreak?”
Similarly, in a November 2016 article,38 Marcella Piper-Terry, a biomedical consultant and founder of VaxTruth.org, pointed out that AFM following routine childhood vaccination is “nothing new.” “The connection between childhood vaccination and provocation paralysis has been known since the polio outbreaks in the 1940s and 1950s,” she wrote.
The history of provocation polio
Indeed, the 2014 Lancet paper,39 “Polio Provocation: Solving a Mystery with the Help of History,” by Stephen Mawdsley, recounted this history, observing that “Evidence of this correlation was first published by German doctors, who noted that children who had received treatment for congenital syphilis later became paralyzed in the injected limb.”
French and Italian studies corroborated the link between injections of DPT vaccine and provocation polio paralysis, Mawdsley stated, and by the end of World War II, “injection-induced polio emerged as a public health concern.” He explained:40
“The application of epidemiological surveillance and statistical methods enabled researchers to trace the steady rise in polio incidence along with the expansion of immunization programs for diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus.
A report that emerged from Guy’s and Evelina Hospitals, London, in 1950, found that 17 cases of polio paralysis developed in the limb injected with pertussis or tetanus inoculations.
Results published by Australian doctor Bertram McCloskey also showed a strong association between injections and polio paralysis. Meanwhile, in the USA, public health researchers in New York and Pennsylvania reached similar conclusions. Clinical evidence, derived from across three continents, had established a theory that required attention.”
The mounting scientific evidence that emerged during the 1950s fueled concerns to the point that booster shots were discouraged whenever there was a polio outbreak and “laws mandating pediatric vaccinations before school attendance were relaxed.”41
Immunization practices were also reformed and, according to Mawdsley, “Most health professionals … accepted that seasonal factors and cycles of disease were important to consider before immunizing children.”42
Polio vaccine swept ‘provocation polio’ under the rug
The link between provocation paralysis and vaccine injections quickly receded with the advent of the polio vaccine and mass vaccination programs, however. Mawdsley stated:43
“Once polio vaccination programs established herd immunity among children and adults, the corresponding risk of toxoid-based injections inciting polio paralysis was effectively eliminated.
Orthodox public health and surgical practices were restored. Although medical scientists failed to understand the epidemiological mechanism behind polio provocation, the Salk and Sabin vaccines pushed the issue to the margins of clinical attention.”
Mechanism of injection-induced polio revealed
In the 1990s, scientific advances allowed for a more thorough investigation of the link between vaccine injections and paralysis and, in 1998, the first paper44 describing the actual mechanism of injection-induced polio paralysis was published.
The research, conducted by two State University of New York researchers, Matthias Gromeier and Eckard Wimmer, revealed “that tissue injury produced by an injection aided the poliovirus to infect the body and readily journey to the spinal cord,” Mawsdley writes, adding “For the first time, health professionals working in polio endemic regions had scientific evidence that pediatric injections could incite paralysis.”
In areas where polio was controlled through vaccination, however, vaccine-induced paralysis “was insignificant,” suggesting the polio vaccine effectively reduced the risk of other vaccinations causing paralytic disease.
A question Mawdsley does not address, however, is how the mutation of vaccine viruses affects this chain of events. We now apparently have vaccine-derived mutated polioviruses that are more virulent than the original poliovirus, and respiratory enteroviruses that are somehow able to trigger paralysis.
Mawdsley does note that concerns about provocation polio resurfaced in the 1980s when routine vaccination programs began to flourish, as the incidence of paralysis again began to rise.
Vaccination also linked to transverse myelitis
According to the Transverse Myelitis Association, AFM is a subtype of transverse myelitis,45 and this condition has also been linked to vaccinations. A 2009 systematic review46 published in the journal Lupus found:
“… 37 reported cases of transverse myelitis associated with different vaccines including those against hepatitis B virus, measles-mumps-rubella, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis and others, given to infants, children and adults. In most of these reported cases the temporal association was between several days and 3 months, although a longer time frame of up to several years was also suggested.”
Transverse myelitis is also recognized by the U.S. Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP) as a possible injury following receipt of several different types of vaccines.47,48 Piper-Terry writes:49
“In the 1980s, the United States government went on record as choosing the vaccination program over the well-being of children, publishing the following in the Federal Register (the daily journal of the U.S. government), in regard to the polio vaccine:
‘… [A]ny possible doubts, whether or not well founded, about the safety of the vaccine cannot be allowed to exist in view of the need to assure that the vaccine will continue to be used to the maximum extent consistent with the nation’s public health objectives.'”
A PDF copy of that Federal Register article, dated June 1, 1984, can be downloaded at the end of Piper-Terry’s article.50 “We need to scream from the rooftops that it is time to stop the sacrifice of our children,” she writes, adding:
“Please pray for … the families of all the children who are caught in the middle of what can only be described as a battle between innocent lives and … forces … fueled by the billions of dollars greasing the palms of those who make the decisions about mandatory vaccinations.”
Signs and Symptoms of AFM
With cases of AFM on the rise in the U.S., it’s important to be on the lookout for potential signs and symptoms of AFM, particularly in children. These include:51
Difficulty moving the eyes
Facial droop or weakness
Loss of muscle tone
Sudden arm or leg weakness
Loss of reflexes
If you notice any of these symptoms, seek medical care immediately as AFM can be life-threatening. The most severe symptom is respiratory failure due to flaccid breathing muscles. In this case, a ventilator may be required. Other neurological complications may also occur, some of which may lead to death.
You cannot find what you refuse to look for
Unfortunately, diagnosis can be difficult, and treatment even more so. According to the CDC:52
“There is no specific treatment for AFM, but a doctor who specializes in treating brain and spinal cord illnesses (neurologist) may recommend certain interventions on a case-by-case basis. For example, neurologists may recommend physical or occupational therapy to help with arm or leg weakness caused by AFM.”
CDC officials state there are few tools for prevention of AFM: “Since we don’t know the cause of most of these AFM cases or what triggers this condition, there is no specific action to take to prevent AFM.”
Unfortunately, unless all of the potential causes of AFM are explored, including provocation polio, which has been linked to acute flaccid paralysis, we may continue to remain in the dark about the cause of this crippling condition for quite some time.
When you’re infected with a virus that causes an illness, that virus is shed in your saliva and other bodily fluids, and sometimes also via skin lesions. This means that a person who comes into direct contact with the shed virus may also become infected. The same holds true for live attenuated viral vaccines.
While inactivated vaccines use a killed version of the pathogen, live viral vaccines use a weakened (or attenuated) version of the virus. Typically, the live virus used in vaccine production is passed through a living cell culture or other host, such as chicken embryo, many times over until it becomes weakened to a point that it’s not likely to make you sick when it’s injected or, in the case of live oral vaccines, swallowed.
That being said, a live vaccine strain virus is still active and strong enough to trigger an inflammatory response in your body, prompting the creation of vaccine-acquired antibodies. There are a few problems with this, such as the possibility that the weakened vaccine-strain virus can revert to virulence, leading to serious complications identical or similar to complications of the natural disease the vaccine is supposed to prevent in the vaccinated person.1
Another noted problem is that the person who is given a live attenuated viral vaccine can asymptomatically shed and transmit vaccine-strain virus for a period of days, weeks or months and potentially infect close contacts, who can also experience symptoms of the very disease the vaccine was intended to prevent.
Live flu vaccine associated with increased viral shedding in exhaled breath
The possibility of vaccine strain viral shedding takes on renewed importance in the case of the government’s strong recommendation for annual flu vaccination. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends annual influenza vaccinations for everyone 6 months and older.
In the 2018 to 2019 flu season, CDC officials recommended health care providers “use any licensed, age-appropriate influenza vaccine (inactivated influenza vaccines (IIV), recombinant influenza vaccine (RIV), or live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV4) with no preference expressed for one vaccine over another.”2
The live influenza vaccine FluMist, which is approved for nonpregnant women as well as anyone aged 2 to 49 years, is administered in the form of a nasal spray.
While the CDC states that the live type A and B vaccine strain influenza viruses in FluMist are too weak to actually give recipients influenza, research has raised some serious doubts that this is the case. One recent study revealed not only that influenza virus may be spread via simple breathing (i.e., no sneezing or coughing required) but also that repeated vaccination increases the amount of influenza virus released into the air.3
“Self-reported vaccination for the current season was associated with a trend toward higher viral shedding in fine-aerosol samples; vaccination with both the current and previous year’s seasonal vaccines, however, was significantly associated with greater fine-aerosol shedding … ,” the researchers stated.4
What’s more, individuals who had been vaccinated in the current and previous season had 6.3 times more aerosol shedding than those who had received no vaccination in those two seasons. The researchers concluded:5
“The association of current and prior year vaccination with increased shedding of influenza A might lead one to speculate that certain types of prior immunity promote lung inflammation, airway closure and aerosol generation … If confirmed, this observation, together with recent literature suggesting reduced protection with annual vaccination, would have implications for influenza vaccination recommendations and policies.”
Virus shedding is common following FluMist — and can transmit flu
MedImmune, the company that developed FluMist, is aware that the vaccine sheds vaccine-strain virus. In its prescribing information, they describe a study on the transmission of vaccine-strain influenza viruses from vaccinated children to nonvaccinated children in a day care setting.
In 80 percent of the FluMist recipients, at least one vaccine-strain influenza virus was isolated anywhere from one to 21 days following vaccination. They further noted, “One placebo subject had mild symptomatic Type B virus infection confirmed as a transmitted vaccine virus by a FluMist recipient in the same playgroup.”6
Another MedImmune study revealed that 89 percent of babies under 2 years who received FluMist shed vaccine-strain influenza virus, as did 20 percent of adults. The most virus was shed two to three days following vaccination, continuing for up to 11 days.7
While the CDC claims vaccine-strain virus shedding, and subsequent transmission of disease, is rare, they have also stated that people with a weakened immune system, or those who will be caring for someone with a weakened immune system within seven days of vaccination, should not receive the live attenuated influenza vaccine due to the “theoretical” risk that the recently vaccinated person could shed and transmit the vaccine-strain virus to immunocompromised individuals.
That being said, there’s no way to know for sure how often vaccine-strain live virus shedding and disease transmission actually occurs. Barbara Loe Fisher, cofounder and president of the National Vaccine Information Center (NVIC), wrote a special report, The Emerging Risks of Live Virus and Viral Vectored Vaccines: Vaccine Strain Virus Infection, Shedding and Transmission, which contains over 200 references and delves into virus shedding and vaccine virus shedding. She noted:8
“There is no active surveillance and testing for evidence of vaccine strain live virus shedding, transmission and infection among populations routinely being given multiple doses of live virus vaccines, including measles vaccine. Therefore, it is unknown exactly how many vaccinated children and adults in the U.S. or other countries are shedding and transmitting vaccine strain live viruses.
Whether or not vaccine strain live virus shedding, transmission and infection is causing undiagnosed or misdiagnosed health problems, especially among people with severe immune deficiencies or autoimmune and other immune system disorders, is an open question.”
Which vaccines are capable of shedding?
Examples of live attenuated viral vaccines are measles, mumps, rubella, vaccinia (smallpox), varicella, zoster (which contains the same virus as varicella vaccine but in much higher amount), yellow fever, rotavirus and influenza (intranasal).9 As with the live virus influenza vaccine, there are many examples of other live attenuated viral vaccines spreading disease.
The live oral polio vaccine (OPV) is one of them. OPV is no longer used in the U.S., having been replaced by inactivated injectable polio vaccine in 1999, but OPV is still used in some developing countries. In 2017, there were 21 reported cases of vaccine-derived polio, compared to six cases of wild polio — marking the first time more cases of polio were caused by vaccine-derived strains than wild or naturally occurring strains.
In Syria alone, 15 children were paralyzed by vaccine-derived polio, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).10 Research published in the journal Cell also revealed that the live vaccine strain virus used in the oral polio vaccine can easily mutate and spread through a community.11 NPR reported:12
“After a child is vaccinated with live polio virus, the virus replicates inside the child’s intestine and eventually is excreted. In places with poor sanitation, fecal matter can enter the drinking water supply and the virus is able to start spreading from person to person.
‘We discovered there’s only a few [mutations] that have to happen and they happen rather quickly in the first month or two post-vaccination,” [lead study author Raul] Andino says. ‘As the virus starts circulating in the community, it acquires further mutations that make it basically indistinguishable from the wild-type virus. It’s polio in terms of virulence and in terms of how the virus spreads.'”
WHO also noted, “When a child is immunized with OPV, the weakened vaccine virus replicates in the intestine for a limited period … During this time, the vaccine virus is also excreted.”13 In some people, however, the period of replication may not be so “limited.”
One British man received three doses of attenuated live virus polio vaccine at 5, 7 and 12 months of age. He also received a booster at age 7, as was recommended. The man has a health condition that suppresses his immune system, making it more difficult for him to clear vaccine-strain poliovirus from the body.
Although he had no symptoms of the disease, when researchers tested his stool (more than 100 samples were taken over a period of 28 years), they confirmed high levels of the poliovirus even decades later.
Virus shedding is also possible after MMR vaccination
The CDC recommends the MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccine for children aged 12 to 15 months, with a booster between ages 4 and 6 years. This live attenuated combination vaccine has also been associated with vaccine-strain virus shedding and disease transmission.
For instance, following live virus measles vaccination, measles virus RNA was detected in 10 of 12 children, as early as one day or as late as 14 days after vaccination.14 Vaccine virus-related measles has also been documented, including in one 2-year-old boy who became ill 37 days after receiving an MMR vaccine.
The researchers who published the case report explained, “Although this is the first such reported case, it likely represents the existence of additional, but unidentified, exceptions to the typical timeframe for measles vaccine virus shedding and illness.”15
It’s often the case that measles outbreaks are blamed on unvaccinated individuals, but this suggests that recently vaccinated individuals could also transmit a vaccine strain version of the disease.
Likewise, mumps vaccine strain virus has also been confirmed as being transmitted by recently vaccinated children to their parents, while live rubella vaccine virus can be transmitted via breast milk. The live attenuated chickenpox vaccine can also cause vaccine-strain chickenpox in healthy or immunocompromised vaccine recipients — or their close contacts. According to Fisher:16
“It is possible for healthy children and adults to transmit vaccine strain varicella zoster infection to other healthy children and adults. However, immune compromised persons are at special risk for contracting vaccine strain chickenpox infections and suffering complications.
Generally, it is advised that persons recently given chickenpox vaccine avoid close contact for at least six weeks after vaccination with potentially susceptible persons, such as immune compromised persons, pregnant women, newborn infants and premature babies, especially if a rash develops after vaccination.”
Why are live virus vaccines still being used?
With documented cases of live virus vaccines contributing to vaccine strain virus shedding and transmission, it’s clear there remain many questions about their safety and effectiveness. Yet, their use continues, in part because the immune response triggered by live virus vaccines is considered to be superior to that triggered by inactivated vaccines.
In short, live virus vaccines tend to stimulate an immune response that’s more similar to one that would occur had you been exposed to the wild-type virus naturally. That being said, live virus vaccines rarely confer the same kind of longer lasting immunity that exposure to a naturally acquired infection can confer.
This is why booster shots are necessary, and why some have recommended that a third MMR vaccine dose be added to the U.S. vaccine schedule.
At the very least, it’s important to be aware of the differences between attenuated live virus vaccines and inactivated vaccines, especially if you’re part of a vulnerable population, such as very young children, the elderly, pregnant and breastfeeding women and people with acute or chronic health problems or a compromised immune system.
For now, however, there remain many unanswered questions regarding live virus vaccines and their ultimate impact on public health. As Fisher explained:17
“The impact of vaccine-strain virus shedding infection and transmission on individual and public health is a question that deserves to be asked and more thoroughly examined by the scientific community. The fact that children and adults given live virus vaccines have the potential to pose a health risk to both unvaccinated and vaccinated close contacts should be part of the public conversation about vaccination.”
By Guess Writer Scott Mathews,
This article is probably too small to hold a list of everything we tend to blame on Mercury when it is in retrograde, because we usually associate it with chaos. In 2019, one of periods during which Mercury is in retrograde will be between July 7 and August 2. However, despite what you may know or what you think you know about Mercury Retrograde, there is absolutely no reason why you should abstain from doing all the things you would normally do in your life, especially because Mercury retrograde happens up to three more times during one year.
In reality, Mercury is not in retrograde at all, because according to NASA, it is only an optical illusion. You see, Mercury is not moving in the opposite direction, but is rather orbiting the Sun while being closer to Earth. Celestial bodies which are closer to the Sun orbit faster, which is why we perceive Mercury to be stationary or moving in the opposite direction. However, that’s just the scientific part. Let’s take a look at some of the other secrets that Mercury in retrograde has been hiding from us.
- Mercury Rules All Communications
According to James Patterson, who is a manager for Assignmentmasters, Mercury Retrograde is one the topics their customers are interested in the most during this time of year. And it seems kinda fitting, because Mercury is often seen as ruler of all pretty much all forms of communication, and that includes speaking, writing, learning, reading, buying, selling, negotiating, as well as all written documents, ranging from contracts, agreements, manuscripts, to term papers, essays, assignments, and so on.
On top of that, Mercury’s domain are all types of code, travel, delivery, and basically any type of interaction and transaction. Services like UK Assignment Holic also see an increase in the number of papers they need to produce, because students tend to struggle with their written assignments during this period.
- Don’t Make Plans
One of the less familiar secrets of Mercury Retrograde is the belief that you should abstain from making plans. This includes making plans for any long-term goals in life, as well as signing important contracts, leases, as well as any kind of collaboration and partnership. This means that anything that is put into writing, such as research papers, essays, and reviews, often requires revising, according to stats by Australianwritings.com, after Mercury returns to its usual trajectory.
However, you may want to focus on tying up loose ends during this period, since that is also one of the things that is recommended during Mercury Retrograde.
- Avoid Having Plastic Surgery
Plastic surgery includes elective procedures which can be pushed back at any time, so it would best if you could avoid them during Mercury Retrograde. This is because, during this period, mistakes are a lot more common than in some of the others, according to research by Bestessays.com. While some errors may be easy to fix or they involve something that is not really important, having surgery is something that is definitely serious, so you want to avoid any risks. Of course, you should by all means have surgery if your life is in danger or if you are seriously ill, but improving your physical appearance can be postponed.
- Keep an Eye on Machines and Electronics
During this period, you may also find that your machines, equipment, and computers may be malfunctioning or crashing. This is because Mercury Retrograde affects anything that has moving parts. For instance, you may want to back up your data, because it’s very common for hard drivers to stop working. This also applies to other computer parts, as well as servers and networks. Installing new software should also be done at a later time. You may also want to check on your car in order to avoid any potential inconveniences.
- Avoid Driving and Travelling
While we are on the subject of car trouble, you will also want to avoid travelling during Mercury Retrograde. But, if you really have to do it, make sure you have enough gas in your tank, and that you are using GPS and maps which have been updated, double-check the address of your destination, and make sure you haven’t forgotten anything before starting your trip. If you are travelling by some other means of transport, make sure to check that your ride or flight is on time. Mark your luggage so that you can recognize it right away, and that it doesn’t get mixed up or sent to some other airport.
As you can see, Mercury Retrograde affects us in a number of different and important ways. We hope that these facts and tips will help you through this period and that you will be able to make the most of it. Good luck!
Scott Mathews is a college paper writing expert editor and writer at Easyessay and Rushmyessay.com. Apart from his work there, he is also a regular contributor to numerous blogs and online publications which are oriented toward education and students. In his spare time, he likes to spend time in nature, as well as with his with friends and family.
(TeaParty.org) – Former Arkansas State Senator Linda Collins-Smith (pictured below) was found mysteriously murdered inside her home last month, and so far, local law enforcement has been pretty silent on any possible motive or culprit.
Considering she was a GOP state senator in the state where Bill and Hillary used to run wild, there’s instantly cause for suspicion, however.
Now we have learned that, according to reports, Collins-Smith may very well have been close to closing in on a child trafficking ring within the Arkansas state government.
CD Media reports:
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