|(Natural News) Chlorella is a single-celled, water-grown microalgae which also happens to be one of the most nutrient-dense, naturally occurring superfoods known to man. Often considered “Nature’s Perfect Food,” chlorella is an excellent source of several vitamins, minerals, proteins, dietary fiber, and antioxidants. This freshwater microalgae is native to Taiwan and Japan and is closely related…|
|(Natural News) It should be patently obvious by now that the Marxists who run the social media behemoths don’t employ the same community standards with their own like-minded users that they do with conservatives. Leftists who share like-minded political views with the tech giants are free to say and post whatever they want when the…|
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a noticeable decline in cognitive abilities that does not yet interfere with most daily functions. In the most common form of MCI, known as amnestic MCI, memory problems may occur more often than in people without the condition, and you may, for example, lose things often, forget appointments or have difficulty coming up with the right word while in conversation.1
While symptoms of MCI aren’t severe enough to hamper your normal activities, the major concern is that people with MCI have an increased risk of developing dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease. Fortunately, there are ways to protect your brain function and cut your risk of MCI as you age, including indulging in a variety of mentally stimulating activities.
Computers, crafts, games may cut risk of cognitive decline
If you’re a regular exerciser, you know that if you stop working out for a relatively short period of time, your physical fitness will start to decline. The same holds true for your mental fitness — if you don’t use it, you might lose it. Thus, engaging in activities that stimulate your brain is one of the simplest ways to keep your mind sharp as you age.
In a study of 2,000 people aged 70 years or older, who had no cognitive impairments at the start of the study, researchers issued surveys on the timing, number and frequency of engagement in five mentally stimulating activities:2
- Reading books
- Computer use
- Social activities
- Playing games
- Craft activities
The participants recorded how often they took part in the activities during middle age (50 to 65 years) and later life (66 and older), and took thinking and memory tests every 15 months for an average of five years. The results were clear that the more activities people took part in later in life, the less likely their risk of cognitive decline became.3
For instance, engaging in two activities led to a 28% lower risk of MCI compared to doing none of them. However, those who engaged in three activities had their risk of MCI lowered by 45%, while those who took part in four activities cut their risk by 56%. The benefit plateaued at that point, as people who engaged in five activities received no further benefit, reducing their MCI risk by 43%. Other findings of note:4
- Using a computer in middle-age was associated with a 48% lower risk of mild cognitive impairment
- Using a computer in later life was associated with a 30% lower risk, while using a computer in both middle-age and later life was associated with a 37% lower risk
- Engaging in social activities or playing games in both middle-age and later life were associated with a 20% lower risk of MCI
- Engaging in craft activities in later life was associated with a 42% lower risk
“There are currently no drugs that effectively treat mild cognitive impairment, dementia or Alzheimer’s disease, so there is growing interest in lifestyle factors that may help slow brain aging believed to contribute to thinking and memory problems — factors that are low cost and available to anyone,” study author Dr. Yonas E. Geda of the Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Arizona, said in a news release.5
The study authors further concluded, “Engaging in a higher number of mentally stimulating activities, particularly in late life, is associated with a decreased risk of MCI among community-dwelling older persons.”6
Knitting, watching less TV also linked to brain benefits
The featured study was observational, which means it can’t prove that mentally stimulating activities were responsible for the brain benefits observed.
“ … [W]hile we found links between a lower risk of developing mild cognitive impairment and various mentally stimulating activities,” Geda said in a news release,7 “it is possible that instead of the activities lowering a person’s risk, a person with mild cognitive impairment may not be able to participate in these activities as often.”
However, past research also hints at the protective effects of keeping your brain engaged in mid- and later life. The type of activity appears to be less important than making sure you are doing something to challenge your mind.
One study revealed that craft activities such as quilting and knitting were associated with decreased odds of having mild cognitive impairment.8 Computer activities, playing games and reading books were also beneficial. Engaging in any of these activities was associated with 30% to 50% reduced odds of having MCI. Interestingly, so was watching less television.
Why stimulating your mind is good for your brain
As for why engaging in cognitive activities is beneficial, it could be that they act as a marker for a healthy lifestyle, such as a person who enjoys reading books may also be more likely to eat healthy, exercise and manage her stress in a healthy way.
There’s also something known as the brain/cognitive reserve hypothesis, which suggests cognitive activities may reinforce and stimulate the formation of neuronal networks in the brain that may protect against dementia.
“Since MCI is considered to be a prodromal state to Alzheimer’s disease, one can invoke the cognitive reserve theory to explain the inverse association between cognitive activities and the odds of having MCI,” researchers wrote in the Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences.9 There could also be a link to stress responses. The researchers explained:10
“According to this model, the hippocampus, which is the epicenter of the memory network, has a number of glucocorticoid receptors. These receptors are down regulated in excessively stressful situations. Thus, cognitive activities may serve as stress modifying agents, leading to decreased ‘neurotoxic’ insult to the hippocampus and related structures pertinent to cognition and emotion.”
Along these lines, engaging in “purposeful and meaningful activities,” which include things like music, drawing, meditation, reading, arts and crafts and home repairs, may help ward off stress-related disease and reduce the risk of dementia by stimulating the neurological system and enhancing health and well-being.11 The key may lie in choosing an activity that’s creative and meaningful to you.
In the case of knitting, for instance, which is often said to be an outlet for relaxation, stress relief and creativity, it’s linked to increased feelings of calm and happiness, higher cognitive functioning and increased well-being and quality of life.12
What is MCI?
Mild cognitive impairment is considered to be a state between cognitive function that normally occurs with aging and dementia. It’s estimated that 15% to 20% of people 60 years and older may be affected, with 8% to 15% of cases progressing to dementia annually.13
MCI is a slight decline in cognitive abilities that increases your risk of developing dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease (although it is by no means a guarantee).
Simply misplacing your keys on occasion is not cause for alarm, however forgetting important information that you would have normally recalled, such as appointments, conversations or recent events, may be a sign. You may also have a harder time making sound decisions, figuring out the sequence of steps needed to complete a task or judging the time needed to do so.
Problems with movement and sense of smell may also be signs of MCI. Generally, diagnosis is made after a person or their friends or family notice increased lapses in memory and see a physician as a result. Memory and other tests of cognitive function may help with diagnosis.
If you’ve been diagnosed with MCI, it’s important to get regular checkups, as it can be a sign of early Alzheimer’s disease. While not everyone with MCI goes on to develop Alzheimer’s, according to the National Institute on Aging:14
“About 8 of every 10 people who fit the definition of amnestic MCI go on to develop Alzheimer’s disease within 7 years. In contrast, 1 to 3 percent of people older than 65 who have normal cognition will develop Alzheimer’s in any one year.”
MCI can be slowed and maybe even reversed
It’s important to understand that some cases of MCI do not progress and may even improve. Regular exercise, proper diet and engaging in mentally and socially stimulating activities may help to boost your brainpower.
The Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER) trial is among those that have found a two-year lifestyle intervention, including healthy diet, exercise and cognitive training, may improve or maintain cognitive functioning in elderly people at risk of dementia.15 Further, according to a recent study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s disease:16
“Strong evidence reveals that antioxidant enriched diets and regular exercise reduces toxic radicals, enhances mitochondrial function and synaptic activity, and improves cognitive function in elderly populations …
Based on our survey of current literature and findings, we cautiously conclude that healthy diets, regular exercise, and improved lifestyle can delay dementia progression and reduce the risk of AD [Alzheimer’s disease] in elderly individuals and reverse subjects with mild cognitive impairment to a non-demented state.”
What to eat to lower your risk of MCI
Specific nutrients that may be beneficial for MCI include vitamin B12, which helps slow brain atrophy in elderly people with mild cognitive impairment.17 Medium chain triglycerides (MCT), found in coconut oil and MCT oil, may also help, as they’re a primary source of ketone bodies.
Ketones are what your body produces when it converts fat as opposed to glucose into energy, and it’s been found that MCTs may improve cognitive functioning in older adults with memory disorders.18 Mushrooms are another wise choice.
Compared with people who ate mushrooms less than once per week, those who ate mushrooms twice or more per week had a significantly lower risk of MCI.19 One portion was defined as three-quarters of a cup of cooked mushrooms, or 150 grams, which is a reasonable amount to add to your diet.
Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), an herb that’s been an important part of Ayurvedic medicine since ancient times, is also impressive in terms of its role in improving memory and cognitive function. Those who took ashwagandha had significant improvements in a number of areas compared to the placebo group. This included greater improvements in:20
- Immediate and general memory
- Executive function
- Sustained attention
- Information-processing speed
The American Academy of Neurology also includes regular exercise in their clinical practice guidelines for people with MCI, stating that while “[n]o high-quality evidence exists to support pharmacologic treatments for MCI,” “In patients with MCI, exercise training (six months) is likely to improve cognitive measures.” They also add that cognitive training may improve cognitive measures.21
While it can be disconcerting to feel like your memory is slipping, and even more so to receive a diagnosis of MCI, it’s also empowering to know that you can take steps to improve the health of your brain and lower your risk of MCI. Engaging in mentally stimulating activities is one piece of the puzzle, and you can further bolster your brain by leading a comprehensively healthy lifestyle.
- What is rubia cordifolia?
- From textile to table: The many uses of rubia cordifolia
- This simple herb boasts of beneficial constituents
- Rubia cordifolia offers healing potential for many ailments
- Studies highlight rubia cordifolia’s other health-promoting effects
- Are there side effects from rubia cordifolia?
Did you know that prior to the production of synthetic and chemical-based dyes, people relied on plants, including herbs and spices, to give fabrics their vibrant colors? One of the plants that were popularly grown for this purpose is rubia cordifolia. It was used in Asia and exported in large quantities to other areas of the globe. It’s planted as an ornamental climber as well.1
But there’s more to rubia cordifolia than just being a dye-producing and ornamental plant. It holds a place in both Indian Ayurvedic practice and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for helping heal various conditions, such as skin diseases, inflammation and more.2
This article will discuss everything you should know about rubia cordifolia — its uses, benefits and why this plant is highly valued by many holistic experts.
A perennial climbing plant that can grow up to 12 meters long (39 feet),3 rubia cordifolia is native to numerous parts of Asia, Europe and Africa,4 and belongs to the coffee plant family Rubiaceae, which is a species of flowering plants.5
Also known by names like Manjishta, Manjetti, Bhedeli, Chovvallikkodi and Poovathu,6 it’s often found thriving near rivers and streams that run through evergreen forests. This herb is prickly, with rough but slender stems, greenish white flowers and shiny black (when ripe) fruits. Its leaves are seen in whorls of four.7
In China, rubia cordifolia is commonly seen thriving in upland forests,8 which are damp and wet, as well as in grasslands and forest margins.9 There are about 70 species distributed worldwide, and with 36 species and two varieties in China.10 The rubia cordifolia plants growing in this country have different variations, particularly in terms of the number and size of the leaves, the color of their fruits and the flower shape.11
If you plan on growing this plant, remember that it’s best to sow seeds once it’s ripe. Do not store it, as it can be slow to germinate. You can use cutting and micropropagation to grow it as well. Plant rubia cordifolia in a place with light shade.12
Despite its simple appearance, rubia cordifolia is a very versatile plant with a variety of applications. As mentioned, it’s valued as a coloring agent, and is added to medicated oils in India. Many Asian countries use the powdered root as a natural dye, giving cotton and fabrics shades of brown, red and mauve.13
In Indonesia, rubia cordifolia leaves are eaten as a side dish, along with rice. The fruits are also edible and eaten fresh. The Javanese enjoy it as an ingredient in “lalab,” a vegetable salad served with a hot paste called “sambal.”14 In Tanzania, the stems and leaves are burnt, and the ashes are used as a cooking “salt” that’s added to vegetables to tenderize them.15
It should be no surprise that rubia cordifolia has impressive healing benefits — it’s been found to contain a wide array of bioactive compounds like anthraquinones, glycosides and carboxylic acids like citric, rosmarinic and malic acids. The roots contain munjistin and pseudopurpurin, as well as purpurin, which is known for its antigenotoxic properties.
An anti-inflammatory compound called rubimallin, as well as antibacterial compounds like a-sitosterol and daucosterol, rubifolic acid and rubicoumaric acid were also identified.16
Rubia cordifolia’s wide array of healing elements may all account for the numerous health benefits linked to it. In Ayurvedic medicine, it has been used for conditions such as:17
- Chronic low grade fever
- Rheumatism and bone fractures
In TCM, rubia cordifolia is known as Radix rubiae. Also called Qiancao,18 this is the dry root and rhizome of Rubia cordifolia collected during springtime and autumn.19 This popular Chinese herbal medicine is even listed in the Chinese Pharmacopeia,20 and is said to help alleviate a wide range of health issues, like arthritis, dysmenorrhea and nose bleeds.21
The aerial parts of the rubia cordifolia plant, particularly the leaves and stems, are used to help ease diarrhea among children in the Hanzhong city of Shaanxi.22 A 2009 study in Separation Science and Technology says this herb has also been used for centuries to help relieve joint inflammation, alleviate cough, and ease uteritis (inflammation of the womb) and uterine hemorrhage.23
A 2011 review published in the International Journal of Drug Development and Research further enumerates the potential abilities of this herb. According to the report, rubia cordifolia:24
“[C]ontain[s] substantial amounts of anthraquinones, especially in the roots which is responsible for anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, urinary disorders, antistress antimicrobial, hepatoprotective, radio protective, and anticancer, antimicrobial, antifungal, hypotensive, analgesic, antimalarial, antioxidant, antileukemic and mutagenic functions, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity.”
One of the most popular uses for rubia cordifolia is for skin health. The powdered root can be mixed with a small amount of honey and applied to skin areas that have been injured or damaged by infection to facilitate tissue healing. When mixed with ghee and topically applied, the powder may help ease acne.25 The Vanraji tribes of the Kumaun Himalayas were also reported to rub the pulp of the entire plant, along with honey, onto acne and dark spots.26
Another skin condition that may benefit from rubia cordifolia is psoriasis, which is associated with abnormal differentiation and hyperproliferation of keratinocytes. A 2010 study published in Phytotherapy Research found that topical application of an extract made with Radix Rubiae has a “keratinocyte differentiation-inducing activity” on mice subjects, making it a “promising anti-psoriatic agent.”27
The antiviral effects of rubia cordifolia have been highlighted in a 2016 study, particularly against rotavirus, which is the most common diarrhea-causing pathogen in children worldwide.28 Published in Frontiers in Pharmacology journal, the study notes that an extract made from the leaves and stems of rubia cordifolia “effectively inhibited rotavirus multiplication by promoting virus-induced apoptosis in MA-104 cells.”29
Rubia cordifolia may even have heart-protective benefits, according to a 2013 study in the International Journal of Drug Development and Research. The researchers noted that:30
“Rubia cordifolia, known for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and potent blood purifier activities, can play an important role to detoxify ischemia induced free radical generation. Diuretic activity of Rubia cordifolia could be an alternative therapy in the management of congestive heart failure (CHF) for rapid mobilization of edema fluid.”
The benefits of rubia cordifolia can be enticing, but before deciding to take it, I suggest consulting your physician to confirm if this herb is safe for you, along with the proper dosage. Do not confuse rubia cordifolia with Rubia tinctorum, also known as madder — this is a completely different herb that’s unsafe for oral intake, and is known to have cancer-causing components.31
Rubia cordifolia is not recommended for pregnant or nursing women. Do not give it to young children unless agreed upon by a healthcare expert. It’s additionally not recommended for people with kidney or liver disease.32 There’s evidence that it can strongly suppress the secretion of hepatitis B surface antigen,33 so people who are being treated for hepatitis B must not take this herbal remedy, unless approved by their doctor.
According to the latest statistics1 for 2019, 14% of Americans aged 71 or older have some form of dementia. Alzheimer’s disease, which is the most severe and lethal form of dementia, affects an estimated 5.8 million Americans. Of those, 81% are over the age of 75, but approximately 200,000 are younger than 65. In all, 1 in 10 seniors over the age of 65 has Alzheimer’s dementia.
Due to the high prevalence of dementia and the scarcity of effective conventional treatments, prevention is paramount. I’ve written many articles on this topic, highlighting several of the most important prevention strategies, including dietary recommendations and the need for exercise, sun exposure and avoidance of toxins.
One risk factor that has received far less attention is medication side effects, which we’ll focus on here. One class of drugs shown to be of great concern in this regard are anticholinergics — drugs that block acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter that performs important functions in your brain and peripheral and central nervous systems.
In your nervous systems, it acts both as an activator and an inhibitor,2 which is in part why it’s used in such a wide variety of drugs. For example, acetylcholine triggers muscle contractions and pain responses, and is involved in the regulation of your endocrine system and REM sleep cycle.
In your brain, it’s a key player in attention, concentration,3,4 memory formation and consolidation,5 which is precisely why these drugs can cause symptoms identical to dementia.
Acetylcholine blockers can trigger dementia symptoms
Anticholinergic drugs are prescribed for a wide variety of conditions, including depression, incontinence, diarrhea, dizziness, motion sickness, insomnia, allergies and epilepsy.6,7 You can find a long list of anticholinergic drugs and the different conditions they’re used for on seniorlist.com.8 As reported in a July 2019 article on KHN.org:9
“By all accounts the woman, in her late 60s, appeared to have severe dementia. She was largely incoherent. Her short-term memory was terrible. She couldn’t focus on questions that medical professionals asked her.
But Dr. Malaz Boustani, a professor of aging research at Indiana University School of Medicine, suspected something else might be going on. The patient was taking Benadryl for seasonal allergies, another antihistamine for itching, Seroquel (an antipsychotic medication) for mood fluctuations, as well as medications for urinary incontinence and gastrointestinal upset.
To various degrees, each of these drugs blocks an important chemical messenger in the brain, acetylcholine. Boustani thought the cumulative impact might be causing the woman’s cognitive difficulties. He was right.”
As the patient was taken off these medications over a period of six months, she made what appeared to be a “miraculous” recovery; her scores on the Mini-Mental State Exam going from indicating severe dementia back to normal.
Recent research highlights risks of anticholinergic drugs
A June 2019 study10 in JAMA that assessed the dementia risk associated with various anticholinergic drugs found the link was strongest for:
- Antidepressants (tricyclic antidepressants such as imipramine,11 doxepine or amitriptyline have strong anticholinergic effects, whereas SSRIs such as citalopram and duloxetine have lower anticholinergic effects12)
- Antiparkinson drugs
- Antipsychotics (such as clozapine,13 chlorpromazine or olanzapine14)
- Bladder antimuscarinics (such as oxybutynin or tolterodine,15 prescribed for overactive bladder)
- Antiepileptic drugs (such as oxcarbazepine or carbamazepine16)
A case-control study17 published in 2018 in the BMJ — which like the JAMA study just mentioned looked at the effects of various classes of anticholinergics — also found that antidepressant, urological and antiparkinson drugs posed the greatest risk.
Similarly, an earlier study,18 published in JAMA Internal Medicine in 2015, found “Higher cumulative anticholinergic medication use is associated with an increased risk for dementia,” including Alzheimer’s, and that anticholinergic use should be minimized to avoid this medication-related risk.
Overall, high use of anticholinergic medications for three years or more was associated with a 54% increased risk for dementia, compared to nonuse.19 What’s more, they concluded that this heightened risk remained even after the drug or drugs were discontinued.
According to KHN,20 a new trial will look into this further, to see whether patients taking anticholinergics whose cognition has already started to decline can regain their brain function, or whether the drugs’ effects have a more permanent impact.
Many nonprescription drugs have anticholinergic effects
Importantly, anticholinergics are not just by prescription. Many common over-the-counter drugs contain anticholinergic ingredients as well. These include21 antihistamine medications sold under the brand names Benadryl and Chlor-Trimeton, sleep aids such as Tylenol PM, Aleve PM and Unisom, the motion sickness medication Dramamine and various cold medicines.22
In the case of Benadryl and many sleep aids the anticholinergic ingredient in question is diphenhydramine. In Chlor-Trimeton it’s chlorpheniramine; in many cold medicines, it’s pyrilamine.23
Since there are so many different drug ingredients with anticholinergic effects, it can be rather difficult to identify them, making concurrent use of more than one anticholinergic likely in many instances. The end result could be severe dementia-like symptoms, as those experienced by Boustani’s patient.
So, for your own safety, take the time to investigate all medications you take on a regular or even semi-regular basis, including OTC drugs, to identify the ones with anticholinergic effects. Do not assume your doctor will keep track of this or warn you of the dangers of anticholinergics. As noted by KHN:24
“‘Physicians often attribute anticholinergic symptoms in elderly people to aging or age-related illness rather than the effects of drugs,’ according to a research review25 by physicians at the Medical University of South Carolina and in Britain.”
Unfortunately, medication side effects are rarely the first suspect when new disease symptoms appear, which is why it’s so important to do your research and know what the possible side effects are.
A list of anticholinergic ingredients used in antihistamines, antiparkinson drugs, muscle relaxants, antiarrhythmics, antidepressants, antimuscarinics for urinary incontinence, antipsychotics, antispasmodics and antiemetics can be found at the bottom of Drugs.com’s “Anticholinergic Drugs to Avoid in the Elderly” page.26
The importance of choline for dementia prevention
Choline27 is a precursor to acetylcholine and is an essential nutrient not only for your brain and nervous system but also your cardiovascular function. The Institute of Medicine officially recognized choline as an essential nutrient for human health in 1998.28
Aided by a transporter protein, choline combines with acetyl coenzyme A at the neuron terminal to form the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Adequate amounts of choline must be available in your brain at all times, in order for your neurons to function properly.29 Choline has also been shown to protect against Alzheimer’s by:30
- Reducing your homocysteine level, an amino acid that has been shown to cause neurodegeneration and is involved in the formation of amyloid plaques, two hallmarks of Alzheimer’s. Choline converts homocysteine into methionine, which has a number of beneficial effects.
- Inhibiting microglia activation. Microglia cells clear debris from your brain, and while this is a crucial function, in Alzheimer’s the microglia have a tendency to become overactivated, causing inflammation in the brain that can result in the death of neurons. By reducing activation of microglia, choline can help protect Alzheimer’s patients from further brain damage.
Other health benefits of choline
Choline is also involved in the synthesis of phospholipids required for healthy cell structures. The most common phospholipid is phosphatidylcholine, better known as lecithin, which constitutes between 40% and 50% of your cellular membranes.31 Choline is also required for:32
- Mitochondrial function — A 2014 study33 found choline is important for healthy mitochondrial membranes in liver cells, and an animal study34 published in 2010 also reported choline-deficient diets impaired cognition and motor coordination by causing mitochondrial dysfunction in the brain. As noted by the authors, their findings “underline that, similar to the liver, the brain also needs an adequate choline supply for its normal functioning.”
- Healthy fetal development35 — Choline is required for proper neural tube closure,36 brain development and healthy vision.37 Research shows mothers who get sufficient choline impart lifelong memory enhancement to their child due to changes in the development of the hippocampus (memory center) of the child’s brain.38
- Epigenetic regulation of gene expression — As explained in a 2013 paper,39 “Dietary intake of methyl donors like choline influences the methylation of DNA and histones, thereby altering the epigenetic regulation of gene expression.”
- Fat transport and metabolism — Choline is needed to carry cholesterol from your liver; choline deficiency could result in excess fat and cholesterol buildup resulting in fatty liver disease.40,41
Studies have linked higher choline intake to a range of benefits, including a decreased risk of death from heart disease,42 a 24% decreased risk for breast cancer,43 and the prevention of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).44,45,46
In fact, choline appears to be a key controlling factor in the development of fatty liver, as it enhances secretion of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) particles in your liver, which in turn are required to safely transport fat out of your liver.47 Research has also discovered evidence of epigenetic mechanisms of choline,48 which also helps explain how choline helps maintain healthy liver function.
Are you getting enough choline to protect your health?
While a dietary reference intake value has not yet been established for choline, the Institute of Medicine set an “adequate daily intake” value of 550 milligrams per day for adult men and 425 mg for adult women49 for the prevention of liver damage.
Keep in mind, however, that requirements can vary widely, depending on your overall diet, age, ethnicity50 and genetic makeup.51 Pregnant and breastfeeding women, athletes and postmenopausal women typically need higher amounts, and eating a diet high in (otherwise healthy) saturated fats may also increase your choline requirement.52
The tolerable upper intake level for choline is 3.5 grams per day. Side effects of excessive choline include low blood pressure, sweating, diarrhea and a fishy body odor.53
Eggs are a primary source of choline in the diet; with more than 100 mg of choline per egg yolk,54,55 they’re an easy way to ensure sufficiency. Other healthy choline sources56 include organic grass fed beef organ meats (kidney and liver), wild-caught Alaskan salmon, organic pastured chicken or turkey. Supplementation, including with krill oil, is another option if you’re concerned about getting enough choline from your diet.
|(Natural News) Facebook is under fire yet again — and this time, it’s for leaving hundreds of millions of user passwords unprotected. Security researcher Brian Krebs reports that a company oversight left up to 600 million exposed because they were stored in plain text. Leaving the passwords in plain text format means that the information…|
As the founder of America’s largest abortion chain, Margaret Sanger’s ideology for Planned Parenthood was cemented in eugenics, the belief and practice that aims to eliminate certain groups of people.
As a eugenicist, Sanger encouraged the sterilization of persons with less desirable qualities, and strongly encouraged the reproduction of groups with more desirable qualities.
Sanger’s disdain for blacks, minority groups, and the diseased and disabled spawned the birth of an abortion corporation that profits off the killing of the weakest and most vulnerable.
From its conception, Planned Parenthood was built upon the roots of exterminating individuals deemed “unfit” for the human family.
Notice to readers: This report and the next two reports will be pre-written, as I take my annual sabbatical. We will only report breaking news if some game-changing event takes place. The next report with weekly breaking news will appear on August 19th. Your understanding is appreciated.
The system of global economic governance has become dysfunctional at the highest level. The institutions created by the victorious powers after World War II—the IMF, the World Bank, the United Nations, etc.—have led to an extinction-level ecological disaster and extreme concentration of wealth in the hands of a parasitical elite.
China, with is multi-trillion-dollar Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), is rapidly sinking the gridlocked Western powers into irrelevance. For this reason, the White Dragon Society has been proposing the creation of a Western-led Future Planning Agency (FPA) as a complement to the Chinese BRI. This plan has high-level support from the Pentagon, the Vatican, and the British Commonwealth.
The FPA would be modeled after the Japanese Economic Planning Agency (EPA) that was behind Japanese decades of spectacular (often double-digit) post-war economic growth. The system culminated in the mid-1980’s with Japan having the highest per-capita income in the world and the lowest gap between the rich and the poor in the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). Therefore it would be a good idea to examine how the Japanese EPA worked before fleshing out plans for the FPA.
The heart of the Japanese system was an informal group of about 20 or so bureaucrats, industrialists, and politicians. The politicians would convey what the people wanted, the bureaucrats would say what was realistic, and the industrialists would advise as to what was profitable. Together they would come up with a plan of what they wanted to accomplish for the country over the next five years.
The plan would start with the Bank of Japan doing a systematic survey of the country. They would send officers to stores around the country to check the prices of goods. They would also survey businesses large and small as to what their business plans were, and in particular how much equipment they intended to buy. Based on this data, the BOJ would calculate exactly how much money would be needed to meet the investment plans without creating inflation.
The money was then allocated to the private banking sector. The private banking sector was divided into nationwide “city banks,” regional banks, and specialized banks. Each corporation had its “main bank” and these banks supplied the corporations with funds in accordance with the overall plan.
Once it was decided how much money was to be injected into the economy, then the other bureaucracies, especially the once-famous and feared Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), would make their plans. MITI was staffed by some of the most intelligent people in Japan who passed the nearly-impossible-to-pass top-level civil service exams.
MITI was not like a communist central planning authority, but rather created a general roadmap for private industry to follow. For example, if the five-year plan called for doubling the number of highways in Japan, MITI would make sure the car companies were given whatever help they needed to build enough cars to fill the new roads.
The main point of this whole system was that the country as a whole had a sense of direction and an overall plan for the future. This made it easier for companies and individuals to plan their own futures.
Despite its incredible success, the Japanese system had a major flaw. This was caused by a system of …
… forced retirement of bureaucrats. Any bureaucrat who did not make it past a certain level of promotion was forced to retire early. These bureaucrats would then take a “golden parachute” and land jobs in the private sectors that they formerly had supervised. This created what was in effect a system of deferred bribery. Bureaucrats would offer sweetheart deals to corporations in exchange for a promise of a lucrative job after their retirement. Very low pay for bureaucrats only made the system worse.
Singapore solved this problem by not forcing bureaucrats to retire, and paying them salaries that were competitive with the private sector. This meant they could concentrate on the greater good, not simply the good of whomever it was they were supposed to supervise.
Overall, the Singaporean and Japanese models combined the best of Western capitalism and East Asian Confucian meritocratic bureaucracy. Other countries like South Korea, China, and Vietnam copied their examples. The overall result was for Asia as a whole to have a larger GDP than the West as a whole.
This fundamental change in the balance of economic power led to Asian countries demanding more of a say in how the planet as a whole is run. Unless the West reforms its systems by incorporating and improving on the successful parts of the Asian model, the more time that passes, the stronger Asia will become as the West becomes weaker.
Now let us examine the failure of the Western system, especially after the end of the Cold War. The West experienced massive economic expansion as a result of World War II. This was because of industrial planning related to the war effort.
When World War II ended, the original impetus in the West was to dismantle the military apparatus and bring it back down to traditional and minimal peacetime levels. However, the industrialists who profited from the massive military buildup staged a coup and came up with a plan for a “cold war” to keep the massive military spending going.
This contrived Cold War was good for the economy as a whole until the early 1970’s. However, the military-industrial complex was basically dedicated to creating instruments of military-industrial mass murder. At a certain point, it became parasitical. As a result, the real living standard for 90% of Americans has been dropping since the early 1970’s.
The collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War should have created a huge peace dividend for the victorious West. However, because there was no system of future planning such as exists in East Asia, this opportunity was squandered.
Instead, the oligarchs heading the West came up with what can only be described as a criminal and stupid plan to revive the Cold War by creating a nebulous “terrorist” enemy. Thus was born the fake War on Terror, combined with never-ending low-level conflicts in places like Afghanistan and Iraq. The end result was to squander trillions of dollars on meaningless military conflicts.
Western infrastructure, especially in the U.S., became dilapidated and the U.S. became the most indebted country in the history of the world. This worked as long as the debt was owed by captive slave states like Saudi Arabia and Japan. However, this is not the case with China. The Chinese, aware of Neocon plans to invade and dismember China, rightly asked, “Why should we pay for you to kill us?”
The inability of the Americans to pay their debts to China is the essence of the ongoing trade war. The administration of Donald Trump is saying, “Buy a bunch of our stuff so we can avoid bankruptcy.” The Chinese answer, “You don’t have enough stuff to sell.” The Americans are now upping the ante by trying to cut off Chinese access to semiconductors and may soon try to cut off oil as well. The Chinese have foreseen this and have waited until they had enough alternatives to Middle Eastern oil to make their move.
The only card the U.S. has to play now is World War III, but no matter how many times the Pentagon plays its war games, the result is the same—90% of humanity dies and the entire northern hemisphere of the planet becomes inhospitable.
The solution the White Dragon Society (WDS) has negotiated with the Asian secret societies—and that has received the support, as mentioned above, of the Vatican, the British Commonwealth, and the Pentagon—is to create a Western-led future planning agency.
This proposed agency, with a budget of trillions of dollars and a multinational meritocratic staff, would start a Western counterpart to the BRI. It would come up with big plans to turn the deserts green, replenish the oceans, explore the universe, etc. The actual work would be put out to the private sector via competitive bidding.
Currently the main obstacle to this plan being carried out is the fanatic Zionists who seized control of the Western central banking system. They cling to an apocalyptic vision of a war between Gog and Magog that would kill 90% of humanity and allow them to enslave the survivors.
The WDS and its allies therefore have been left with no choice but to hunt down and kill or arrest these genocidal fanatics until their final defeat and surrender is a fact. The process of removing them from power is well under way and, if all goes well, could be completed as early as this autumn.