Tea With or Without Plastic?

Tea is important to people of many cultures around the world and it has been recognized for centuries as having dramatic and positive impacts on health. It is one of the most popular beverages worldwide, second only to water. There are several easy-to-grow herbs and plants that may be used to make tea at home, but most consumers choose a tea bag to brew their morning or afternoon beverage.

Chances are you’ve never given the tea bag a second thought. But some bags are made with a variety of plastics; researchers have found these leach out of the bag while it’s being brewed. Whether the bag is infused or sealed with plastic, exposure to heat may release microparticles into your tea.

As you become more aware of how plastic is finding its way into the water and food supply, it may spark questions about just how much you’re consuming. Plastics may be found in micro and nano sizes, some too small to be seen by the naked eye.

One key to understanding the size of plastic particles is their dynamic nature since the size and shape may change over time, or under environmental stress. Microplastics fall into a large range, defined as those from 5 mm to 0.1 micrometers (µm) in size, while nanoparticles are as small as 0.001 µm.1

To grasp the size of these plastic particles, note that 5 mm is roughly the size of five grains of salt.2 A hair shaft is approximately 100 µm, and the smallest microplastic is 1/10 the size of a single bacteria.3

How Much Plastic Would You Like With Your Tea?

A soothing cup of hot tea may be just what your body needs to boost phytochemicals and other nutrients. But did you know you may also be drinking 11.6 billion microplastic pieces and 3.1 billion nanoplastics with every cup of tea? Researchers from McGill University recently published the results of a study4 in which they analyzed plastic pollution released from tea bags.

They questioned whether plastic tea bags were releasing microplastics or nanoplastics after being submerged in hot water during the brewing process.5 They used four commercial products packaged in plastic tea bags. The tea leaves were removed to ensure any plastic particles in the tea did not contaminate the analysis of the tea bags.

The empty bags were then placed in hot water to simulate the brewing process. The water was evaluated using an electron microscope, in which the team found a single bag released billions of particles. The researchers report this contamination is at a level thousands of times greater than has been reported with other foods and beverages.

In addition to analyzing the amount of plastic released, the team also sought to determine the effect the particles may have on small aquatic organisms. Using water fleas, which are commonly used to model organisms in environmental studies, the researchers found that when treated with the microparticles and nanoparticles from the tea bags, the organisms survived but demonstrated anatomical and behavioral abnormalities.

Paper or Plastic?

The researchers acknowledged the effects on humans from drinking billions of particles of plastic remain unknown and they call for further study in this area.6 But, using paper tea bags is just as dangerous. Most tea bags and even coffee filters are treated with epichlorohydrin to reduce the chances of the product tearing during use.7

Epichlorohydrin is an industrial solvent and a known carcinogen; this chemical gets sprayed on some tea bags.8 In addition to the toxicity associated with the original chemical added to tea bags to reduce tearing, the California Environmental Protection Agency9 notes it degrades in water and may contain a certain impurity also known to cause cancer.

If you’ve been brewing your tea or coffee with bottled water in the hopes of avoiding contaminants commonly found in tap water, it is important to note most bottled water contains microplastics, which actually adds to the toxic burden from your tea bags.

Bottled water is often obtained from municipal water supplies, well water or spring water which is not regulated for polyfluorinated substances (PFAS) by the EPA. The FDA places responsibility for testing on the manufacturer without any oversight from a federal agency.

You May Be Eating One Credit Card in Plastic Every Week

In an analysis by the World Wildlife Fund10 (WWF) undertaken by the University of Newcastle in Australia, scientists found that on average, people are consuming approximately 5 grams of plastic every week in their food and water supply.

The researchers analyzed 52 studies, which highlighted a list of common foods and drinks. They found the average person may ingest as many as 1,769 particles of plastic every week in their water intake. The WWF reports that one-third of plastic waste ends up in the environment, with most of it being the result of mismanaged waste.

While plastic was initially advertised as reusable, half of all new plastic produced over the last 76 years has been manufactured in the most recent 16 years. As noted in the report, the largest source of ingested plastic microparticles is drinking water. Other foods and beverages with high levels include shellfish, salt and beer.11

When you add microparticles ingested from your tea bags, the weight multiplies quickly. The average person is consuming enough plastic every week — just from water — to make one credit card. When the amount of plastic in tea bags is factored into the equation, the charge against your health may come due soon.

Recycling Takes on a Whole New Meaning

A study evaluating plastic particles in human stool from the Medical University of Vienna was presented at the Annual United European Gastroenterology conference in October 2018. As reported in Salon Magazine:12

“Eight people from Finland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia, the United Kingdom and Austria participated in the study. Each person kept a food diary the week before the stool sampling occurred which showed researchers that all participants were exposed to foods that were either wrapped in plastic, or they drank from plastic bottles. Six of the eight ate sea fish, too; none of them were vegetarians.”

Each participant’s stool was tested for 10 different types of plastics, nine of which were found. The impact plastic has on your gut has still not been established. Lead researcher Dr. Philipp Schwabl from the Medical University of Vienna found the results astounding and believes the initial indications are13 “that microplastics can damage the gastrointestinal tract by promoting inflammatory reactions or absorbing harmful substances.”

As human waste is flushed down the toilet and processed at wastewater treatment plants, the process may be ineffective according to results from one study. Researchers14 in the United Kingdom evaluated water supply from six rivers in the northern part of England. Their data showed a higher number of microplastics in receiving waters that were downstream of the wastewater treatment plants.

Researchers believe this confirms that treated sewage is a key source of microplastics. Following those microplastics even farther downstream, it is likely they end up in the environment and may someday become part of the municipal water supply.

Enjoy the Benefits of Loose Leaf Tea

There are a significant number of health benefits to drinking tea, so it would be wise to continue the habit, while substituting loose leaf tea for tea bags. As I shared in a previous article, drinking tea may help you develop better brain connections, improve your cardiovascular health, reduce beta-amyloid plaques found in the development of Alzheimer’s disease and reduce the development of atherosclerosis plaques.

While brewing loose leaf tea may require an additional step or two, the process is a simple art form. Here are a few simple guidelines for making the “perfect” cup of tea:


1. Bring water to a boil in a tea kettle (avoid using a nonstick pot, as they too can release harmful chemicals when heated).

2. Preheat your teapot to prevent the water from cooling quickly. Add a small amount of boiling water to the pot or tea cup that you’re going to steep the tea in. Ceramic and porcelain retain heat well. Cover the pot or cup with a lid. Add a tea cozy if you have one, or drape with a towel. Let stand until warm, then pour out the water.

3. Put the tea into an infuser or strainer or put loose leaf tea into the teapot. Steeping without an infuser or strainer will produce a more flavorful tea. Start with 1 heaping teaspoon per cup of tea and 1 for the pot. The robustness of the flavor can be tweaked by using more or less tea.

4. Add boiling water. Use the correct amount for the amount of tea you added (i.e., for 4 teaspoons of tea, add 4 cups of water). The ideal water temperature varies based on the type of tea being steeped:

White and green teas (full leaf) — Well below boiling (170 to 185 degrees F or 76 to 85 degrees C). Once the water has been brought to a boil, remove from heat and let the water cool for about 30 seconds for white tea and 60 seconds for green tea before pouring it over the leaves.

Oolongs (full leaf) — 185 to 210 degrees F or 85 to 98 degrees C

Black teas (full leaf) — Full rolling boil (212 degrees F or 100 degrees C)

5. Cover the pot with a cozy or towel and let it steep, following the instructions on the package. If there are none, here are some general guidelines. Taste frequently as you want it to be flavorful but not bitter:

Oolong teas — Four to seven minutes

Black teas — Three to five minutes

Green teas — Two to three minutes

6. Once the desired flavor has been achieved, remove the strainer or infuser. If using loose leaves, pour the tea through a strainer into your cup and any leftover into another vessel (cover with a cozy to retain heat).

Flint’s Deadly Water

The water crisis in Flint, Michigan — one of the poorest cities in the U.S. — began in April 2014, when the state took over city management and decided to switch the city’s water supply from treated Detroit Water and Sewerage Department water to water from the Flint River, a notoriously polluted waterway.

The state’s takeover of Flint’s city management was due to the city being near bankruptcy. For this reason, the influence of city council officials over decisions relating to Flint’s water sourcing was limited.

As longtime Flint resident Rhonda Kelso told CNN in 2016,1 “We thought it was a joke. People my age and older thought ‘They’re not going to do that.'” Indeed, supplying the city with water from a known polluted source seems neither rational nor reasonable nor even ethical. But it wasn’t a joke.

This cost-cutting strategy was implemented to save $5 million — a temporary measure while a new pipeline was being built for the newly created Karegnondi Water Authority, which would supply fresh water from Lake Huron to the mid-Michigan area, including Flint.

Flint’s Unprecedented Health Crisis

Problems became apparent almost immediately following the switch. Residents noticed their tap water had turned a dirty brown, and had an odd smell and taste.

In a March 2016 article,2 CNN interviewed Flint resident LeeAnne Walters, whose twin boys developed strange rashes after the switch. One of them was also diagnosed with lead poisoning. Other people also suffered mysterious illnesses, including hair loss, nervous system disorders and cancer.

The featured PBS Frontline documentary, “Flint’s Deadly Water,” which initially aired September 10, 2019, reveals how this entirely preventable tragedy was allowed to occur, and how after five years, the public health ramifications are still ongoing, with no justice in sight.

In my view, Frontline has exceeded 60 Minutes in digging deep into serious issues. This is an absolutely brilliant piece of original investigative journalism that PBS committed significant resources to produce.

As highlighted in the documentary, aside from poisoning thousands of people with toxic lead, Flint’s contaminated water supply also spawned one of the nation’s largest outbreaks of Legionnaires’ disease3 — a severe and potentially lethal form of pneumonia contracted from contaminated water — with cases being reported to this day.4

Frontline’s investigation shows that, just as with the lead issue, state officials not only failed to take the appropriate action to prevent and stop the deadly outbreak, they interfered with and prevented a thorough investigation that could have saved lives.

As noted by Flint city councilman Eric Mays, who is interviewed in the film, Legionnaires’ disease has been the real killer in this case, yet the death toll from Legionnaires’ disease has gone largely unnoticed outside of Flint.

“That was the one [thing] I think they tried to hide the most,” Mays says. “That’s the one I still think they don’t want people outside of Flint to know [about]”

Officially, 12 died and more than 90 were sickened by Legionella during the height of the outbreak in 2014 and 2015.5 The true death toll, however, is likely well over 100, as the Frontline documentary shows clear evidence of state manipulation of the statistics.

A review of death records shows 115 residents died from pneumonia during the peak of the outbreak, and Frontline hired two epidemiologists from Emory University who concluded there was a statistically significant issue in Flint. According to PBS:6

“Epidemiologists and infectious disease specialists told us that some of those people could have been Legionnaires’ disease cases that were left undiagnosed, untreated and, ultimately, uncounted.”

Legionnaires’ Disease Cover-Up in Flint

As reported by Frontline, the outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease began in June 2014, shortly after the city’s switch to water from the Flint River. The Legionella bacterium is unique in that it lives and thrives in water. The disease is contracted not via human to human contact, but rather by the inhalation of contaminated water droplets or spray.

As noted by Janet Stout, Ph.D., a Legionnaires’ disease specialist with Special Pathogens Laboratory in Pittsburg, if you control the bacteria in the water, you control the spread of the disease. In Flint’s case, proactive remediation was never undertaken, thus allowing the outbreak to grow.

By mid-summer 2014, there were more than a dozen confirmed cases of Legionnaire’s at Flint hospitals, yet residents of Flint remained unaware of the growing health crisis as no public announcement was made.

As noted in the film, it wasn’t just one failure that led to the lead and Legionella problems in Flint. Basically, all safeguards that are typically in place failed, and officials at all levels of government failed to take appropriate action.

An old decommissioned water treatment plant was reopened to treat the Flint River water, but it was ill equipped to handle such highly polluted water. Hours before the switch took place, the plant foreman, Matt McFarland, urged his sister to warn everyone she knew and tell them not to drink the water, saying the plant wasn’t ready and the water wasn’t safe.

Within weeks, residents began complaining of foul-smelling and discolored water coming out of their tap. Some reported rashes. Yet the response they got was there wasn’t anything to worry about and the water was safe for consumption.

Not only was the improperly treated water speeding up corrosion and causing lead to leach out of Flint’s aging water pipes, it also quickly became a breeding ground for Legionella. As noted by Stout, when Legionnaires’ disease outbreaks occur, standard procedure involves testing water supplies for Legionella, and then disinfecting the source of the bacteria.

Yet for some reason, this was not done in Flint, even though the fact that they had a large and growing outbreak on their hands was readily apparent, and the Flint River water was the prime suspect.

CDC Prevented From Doing Its Job

When Stout was contacted by county officials about the growing Legionnaires’ problem, she told them to contact the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That’s standard procedure. The CDC will perform the necessary testing so the outbreak can be properly remediated and contained. The problem, however, was that CDC protocols require an invitation from state officials.

County officials requested help from the CDC to rein in the outbreak, but the state refused to issue the prerequisite invitation. Instead, Frontline shows an email response that reads, “if there are areas where we would like to request CDC’s assistance, we’ll get in touch.”

Even when the CDC persisted in recommending a full investigation, as Flint was now ground zero for one of the largest outbreaks of Legionnaires’ in years, state officials refused to take them up on the offer. Making matters worse, the county health department also failed to notify the medical community about the outbreak.

It wasn’t until the end of 2015, when the high lead levels became front-page news, that state officials had to face the fact that the water switch was having serious consequences.

Still, the cover-up continued. As the lead crisis grew, then-governor Rick Snyder ordered a switch back to Detroit water, but it took several more months before the Legionnaires’ outbreak was publicly admitted. Even then, Snyder didn’t admit the link between the outbreak and Flint River water.

Legionella Contamination Finally Admitted

January 13, 2016, Snyder and two top state health officials held a televised press conference in which Snyder announced there had been a spike in Legionnaires’ disease during 2014 and 2015. For many, including Ron Fonger, a reporter with The Flint Journal who had been writing about Flint water for a year, the news came as a complete surprise.

Snyder did not, however, admit that the outbreak had anything to do with the switch to Flint River water. Michigan health and human services director Nick Lyon said: “The DHHS cannot conclude that this increase is related to the water switch due to lack of clinical isolates during the time period.”

As noted by Stout, to make that determination, you actually have to test the water — and they didn’t. Lyon also said, “This is part of our effort to be transparent and share information as quickly as we can.”

Meanwhile, the Legionnaires’ disease had been ongoing — unaddressed and unannounced — for two years. So much for transparency and timely notice. Also not mentioned was the fact that the CDC had pushed for a full investigation eight months earlier, and had been rebuffed.

Soon after that press conference, state Attorney General Bill Schuette launched a criminal investigation to determine whether laws had been broken.7 Todd Flood was appointed special counsel for the investigation.

In the summer of 2016, infectious disease experts Shawn McElmurry, Ph.D., from Wayne State University, and Dr. Marcus Zervos from Henry Ford Hospital, met with Lyon and other top health officials, calling for stepped up surveillance for Legionella.

Lyon was told that if he did not take appropriate measures, people could die. According to McElmurry and Zervos, Lyon’s chilling response was, “Well, they have to die of something.”8 For the record, even though the allegations were published by numerous news outlets including The Washington Post,9 Lyon declined to personally comment on the men’s claims, and his attorney denied that he’d said it.

The Criminal Investigation

By the end of July 2016, the state’s attorney investigation had led to claims being filed against nine state and local officials on a variety of charges, including conspiracy, misconduct, neglect of duty and tampering with evidence relating to the lead and Legionnaires’ outbreak.

In June 2017, Lyon and Dr. Eden Wells, Michigan’s chief medical executive, were charged with involuntary manslaughter for their roles in the Flint water crisis.10 In particular, their failure to alert the public to the danger posed by the Legionella contamination, and their participation in the cover-up of the outbreak.

The state’s defense hinged on an unsubstantiated allegation that the outbreak originated not in the Flint River water, but in McLaren Flint Hospital, where about 60% of the cases had been reported.

This did not hold water, as at least 30% of the victims had no link to McLaren or any other hospital. What’s more, were it true that the state knew about an outbreak in a hospital, they would have been required to address it, and they didn’t.

The initial trial found all the defendants guilty and required them to go to trial. Sadly, that trial never occurred as a new governor came in, who assigned an attorney general early in 2019, who promptly dismissed the case against all the guilty government cronies.

Justice Delayed Is Justice Forgotten

McElmurry’s team eventually published the findings of their investigation in PNAS in February 2018, concluding that, indeed, the Legionella outbreak was caused by the change in the water supply, combined with failures at the water treatment plant.11

The state health department rejected the paper, going so far as to question the expertise of the team. The state published its own paper, laying the blame on McLaren Hospital.

Dana Nessel was sworn in as the new attorney general for Michigan in January 2019.12 She quickly ousted Flood and his investigative team and appointed new prosecutors for the case who subsequently dropped all charges against Lyon, Wells and several other officials.13 Flint residents were outraged.

Despite the fact that two judges had decided there was enough evidence to have the health officials stand trial, the new prosecutors claimed Flood’s investigation was “fundamentally flawed” and had to be redone from scratch, as it had “failed to collect all available evidence.”

In an interview with Frontline, solicitor general Fadwa Hammoud points out that the charges were dismissed without prejudice, “which means these charges could be brought up again.” Still, that’s small consolation for the residents of Flint, many of whom are starting to give up on justice ever being served.

As noted by one of the investigators on Flood’s team, “justice delayed will be justice forgotten.” And while justice rests, clusters of Legionnaires’ continue to pop up in Flint.14 Between January 1, 2019, and August 30, 2019, there were 16 confirmed cases.15

Kudos to Frontline for exposing a massive injustice in Flint that killed and harmed people and let responsible state officials off the hook. There is clear damage here that is going unpunished.

Call Out for Continental Marshal Support

By Anna Von Reitz

As all my Readers know, we re-commissioned the Federal Marshals in 2015 and renamed them Continental Marshals in an effort to draw a clear and firm distinction between their functions and jurisdiction compared to their counterparts, the United States Marshals.  

Our Continental Marshals function as Peacekeeping Officers in both the International Jurisdiction of the Land and the International Jurisdiction of the Sea — Reserved Powers, Amendment X.   

You will note that all the gross criminality effecting the international securities markets and fiat currencies and all the human trafficking and interstate bank fraud problems got going at about the same time that the Federal Marshals were first “merged” into the United States Marshals Service, and then de-funded by the Municipal Congress operating ‘in our names”.  

This left our international land jurisdiction largely undefended.  The U.S. Marshals have suffered the same problem as our Sheriffs, in that they have had to exercise their “individual discretion” in enforcing the Constitutions, and have often had to do so against the wishes of the people signing their paychecks “for” us.  

That is, thank God, coming to an end as a result of your efforts to educate yourselves and reclaim your birthrights and organize your States of the Union. If you have not already done so—get moving now and go here to start: www.TheAmericanStatesAssembly.net

It also ending because of the men and women stepping forward to serve as Continental Marshals and fill the empty shoes of our Federal Marshals, and because of the commitment of President Trump and his Administration to the American States and People.  

This group effort from all sides of the various fences is the only way to peacefully and surely operate the government that this country is owed and which we are all heir to.  

Until the issues of funding are settled, all our offices are being staffed by volunteers, including the offices of the Continental Marshals.  Our Senior Chief Marshal, Tresa Haywood, has gone above and beyond to do her Public Duty as an Officer of The United States of America — and now she needs our help. 

Or use this Tiny URL created by Ed Movius going to the same GoFundME page:

https://tinyurl.com/Tresa-Haywood  This lets you promote it a bit better.

If you want to donate toward the moving expenses or for the Continental Marshals’ Silver Stars Program (funds issuance of actual traditional silver star badges for the Marshals and for Sheriff Stars for Sheriffs who agree to honor their Public Duty to enforce the Constitutions) just write a note on PayPal donations to avannavon@gmail.com or on checks or money orders sent to: Anna Maria Riezinger, c/o Box 520994, Big Lake, Alaska 99652.  

We will make sure that the money gets sent where it needs to go and that every Marshal and Sheriff who stands up to defend and enforce the Constitutional guarantees we are owed, has the correct silver star badge designating them as Peacekeepers.  

This will allow us all to quickly identify those Officers who are working to defend and protect us and our country, versus those who are working merely as corporate private security personnel — Pinkertons — doing private “law enforcement” activities on our shores. 


See this article and over 2000 others on Anna’s website here: www.annavonreitz.com

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Decree Over Mandate

By Anna Von Reitz

When we established the Constitutions — Federal, Territorial, and Municipal, we delegated some of our established “Powers” to be exercised “for” us by others.
So, naturally, there had to be a “Delegator” of these “Powers” and there had to be stipulated “Delegatees” receiving and exercising these “Powers” in our behalf.
As the Preambles of the Constitutions clearly state, the Delegation is made by the “People” of this country. The People are defined as the State Citizens and their State Governments. The State Governments in turn function together in international jurisdiction through their unincorporated Federation of States, doing business as The United States of America.
The United States of America is a Holding Company, and what it holds are all the rights and prerogatives of the sovereign states/States that they exercise in common in international and global jurisdiction.
Thus, The United States of America is the “Delegator” of the “Powers” shared out under the Constitutions.
Who are the “Delegatees”?
The first Constitution (1787) called the Federal Constitution and/or “Original Equity Contract”, delegates Powers to the Confederation of States formed March 1, 1781 and doing business as the States of America. The Powers assigned ran a gamut of responsibilities related to international business affairs, law enforcement, military operations, tax collection, and oversight.
The second Constitution (1789) called the Territorial Constitution delegates Powers to the British Territorial United States Government to exercise for us in the International Jurisdiction of the Sea. The Powers assigned relate largely to Naval Operations and international tariffs and trade policies.
The third Constitution (1790) called the Municipal Constitution delegates Powers to the Pope’s Municipal (City-State) Government to exercise for us in the Global Jurisdiction of the Air. The Powers assigned relate to Postal Service, Patents, Trademarks, and similar functions.
So: Delegator: The United States of America — our unincorporated Federation of States.
Delegatees: (1) the Confederation of States formed March 1,1781 doing business as the States of America — which has been inoperative since 1860; (2) the British Territorial United States Government — a British Commonwealth Government doing business under our name as “the” United States of America; (3) the Pontiff’s Roman Municipal Government doing business under our name as “the” United States.
When the States of America confederation ceased operations, the Delegated Powers assigned to it immediately reverted to the Delegator — The United States of America, but, conveniently, nobody told us what was going on in the chaos and confusion after the Civil War.
The Grand Army of the Republic came in and began “administrating” everything under Admiralty Law on the Sea and General Order 100 — The Lieber Code — on the land, pending the Reconstruction of the States of America organization. And that is where it has remained — in limbo — for over 150 years, waiting for the Reconstruction to be completed.
Because we were operating in this offbeat fashion and other countries had to interact with us, they began operating in the same way. The Hague Conventions and the Geneva Conventions were adopted to facilitate this new organizational scheme in which countries were presumed to be occupied by Armed Forces awaiting the “return” of civilian government.
The Perpetrators of this circumstance — Generals and Admirals who benefited from the exercise of political power not vouchsafed to them, and foreign governments that gained economic advantages by preying upon people and the assets belonging to the people of each country began a conspiracy of silence and collusion and formatted their operations through commercial corporations.
The Central Banks were established to expedite this process and various institutionalized fraud schemes were set up to make “harvesting” the value of our labor and other resources efficient. These have included the IRS/Internal Revenue Service, the fraudulent Land Titles schemes, the bogus Foreclosures, the Conscription via military drafts and Uniformed Officers Codes, The Dead Baby Scam, and many more automated schemes controlled by patents and trademarks and other control systems.
And they are all kaput as of 14 October 2019.
We pulled the plug and issued our Decree Over Mandate on that day.
So what is a “Decree Over Mandate”?
Each Constitution creates a “Public Mandate” that granted sweeping powers to each of the Delegatees —- all to be exercised under conditions of strictest International Treaty and Trust Obligation. Such a Mandate is very powerful in keeping with the extensive Powers granted, but it remains Subject to Decree by the Delegator: The United States of America — unincorporated.
The United States of America — our unincorporated Federation of States — summoned the States of the Union to Assemble and has overcome the obstacles placed in the way of Americans seeking to exercise their lawful authority. A majority of properly constituted States have now Assembled and The United States of America has issued a Decree Over Mandate ordering relief and directing the financial affairs of the country for the first time since the Civil War.
The first order of business beyond declaring the proper authority has been to bust the physical human trafficking and pedophile rings operating in our formerly defenseless international land jurisdiction.
The second order of business has been to set our financial affairs in order, locate and organize our assets, and declare all these foreign corporations bankrupt and subject to the Primary Creditors — the People of this country and every other country on Earth.
The third order of business is to begin the process of securing remedy and relief for all those who have been enslaved — specifically, an end to the false claims of debt, “protective” asset seizures, phony loans and mortgages, forced registration of assets and similar usurpation and oppression carried out against the living people of this country and this planet.
We have also nipped all threats of “Civil War” in the bud; both the Territorial and Municipal Corporations are ultimately under the Pope’s control and ownership, and he cannot fight against himself. So we no longer have to put up with that threat and all the associated garbage. We know who is accountable and we will hold them accountable.
This action made possible by the tireless efforts of The American States Assembly organizers marks the onset of the Re-Venue of all physical assets to the possession of living people, the end of Corporate Feudalism, and the end of Martial Law being imposed on civilians in this country. The Reconstruction necessary to restore our fully functioning Federal Government will not be far behind.
If you have not yet declared your proper political status and stepped forward to serve your country, go to: www.TheAmericanStatesAssembly.net.
A complete jpeg copy of the Decree Over Mandate is now published and available (or soon will be) at: www.TheAmericanStatesAssembly.net and www.annavonreitz.com websites.

Webmaster’s Note:
Here are the links to the individual pages of the Decree in jpeg form. Below these links you have a PDF document with all the scans, thanks to the work of Ed Movius last night while I was sleeping. Thanks a bunch Ed.


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People v. Persons

By Anna Von Reitz

There are four political statuses generally available to Americans.  They are: (1) State National; (2) State Citizen; (3) United States Citizen [Federal and Territorial] and (4) citizen of the United States [Municipal] .  

The first political status, State National, confers our nationality.  As Americans, we are typically born within the geographical borders of a State of the Union and we technically acquire our nationality from our sovereign State. 

Thus, though you have not been taught or had cause to think deeply about this, you are actually a Wisconsinite, a New Yorker, a Texan, a Virginian, a Minnesotan, and so on—and taken together, we call ourselves Americans. 

If we are born to American parents living in foreign places, we naturally acquire and can claim our nationality through either one of our parents.  

If we immigrate to this country legally and go through the naturalization process, we can choose to adopt a State of the Union as our home and permanent domicile, and redefine our nationality to be that of an American State National like everyone else.  

We say that, for example, Minnesota is populated by Minnesotans.   Minnesota is a physically-defined State and Minnesotans are all “people” adopting that place as their home, and they are part of the “population” of Minnesota.  Note the verbiage: people, home, population. 

You can also choose, once you are of age (21, in this case) to adopt the political status of a State Citizen, one of the People to whom the guarantees of the Constitutions are owed.    

All citizenships involve a responsibility of some kind to serve a government.  State citizenship is no different.  

By joining your State Assembly, you become involved in fulfilling the responsibilities of self-governance and you reap the rewards thereof.  

As Americans, we have the absolute right to self-govern, but we must also organize and accept the responsibilities of self-governance  to actually exercise that right.  Otherwise, it’s just academic, and our actual government “of the people, by the people, for the people” goes dormant.  

State Nationals are living beings known as “people”.  State Citizens are known as “Lawful Persons” or “People”.  

Assuming the responsibilities and rights of a State Citizen and “standing in the capacity of your Lawful Person” enables you to enforce the contractual guarantees of the Federal Constitutions, so this is the necessary political status for you to adopt if you (1) want the freedom of self-governance; and (2) wish to enforce the constitutional guarantees you are owed. 

Both these political statuses, State National and State Citizen,  are domestic with respect to The United States, meaning that they exist and function within the borders of the Several States that are members of the Union of States formed by The Unanimous Declaration of Independence.    

There is only one caveat.  If you choose to stand as one of the People, you must forswear all other allegiances to any other State.  That is, you can’t exercise Dual Citizenship and claim to be a Texan-Oklahoman or a British-Floridian.  

If you step beyond this point, you leave the land jurisdiction of your home State and its sister States behind, and enter the airy-fairy realm of the International Jurisdiction of the Sea and Legal Persons.  

Legal Persons have no physical connection to land or soil, nor to flesh and blood.  They are what are known as “legal fictions”.  They function under International Law and represent officers and employees and wards of various governments and corporations.  

For example, a “Mayor” or a “Governor” or a “President” is a Legal Person; but, also notice that if you are at sea, that is, on the High Seas, your own Trade Name that you use on land, becomes a Legal Person and as a result of treaties long-established, you, an American, are considered a ward of the British Monarch while on the High Seas or on the Navigable Inland Waterways of your own country.  

Thus, there is an interface, like a toggle switch between your “Lawful Person” as a State Citizen on the land, and your “Legal Person” on the sea, and there is an equally profound difference in your capacities.  

As a State Citizen and Lawful Person standing on the land and soil of your State, you are subject only to your own government.  When you venture out on the High Seas or Navigable Inland Waterways, however, you become subject to International Law, and you are redefined as a “Legal Person” and as a ward subject to the King of Great Britain.  

Which one you are is determined by your “standing” — literally, where or in which capacity you are acting: Lawful Person (State Citizen) or Legal Person (Ward of the King).  

Legal Persons are said to “Inhabit” our country and are not considered part of our population; instead, they merely “reside” among us for a temporary period of time for specific purposes, and instead of living in our States of the Union, they are “United States Citizens” operating in International Jurisdiction and “inhabiting” or “residing” in equally fictional “States of States”, like a “State of New Hampshire”.  

Note the verbiage: “resident”, “inhabitant”, “state of state”.  

Please notice that living people “populate” New Hampshire, but there are no living people in the State of New Hampshire. Instead, there are Legal Persons “inhabiting” or “residing in” the State of New Hampshire and adopting the capacity of officers or employees of corporations— business entities and governments operating internationally.  

This is the realm of “United States Citizens”, a legal — not lawful — political status that came into being first with the creation of the Federation of States doing business as The United States of America on September 9, 1776, and secondly, with the adoption of the three (3) original Constitutions and delegation of some of the authorities of the Federation in international and global jurisdiction to: (1) the States of America, (2) the British Territorial United States Government, and (3) the Municipal United States Government.  

There are three kinds of “United States Citizens”- (1) Federal (two varieties); (2) Territorial; and (3) Municipal (two kinds) — and they are all Legal Persons.  

As we have seen, United States Citizens might be serving as officers or elected officials of various kinds of corporations, they might be temporarily “passing through” international jurisdiction on a tramp steamer headed to  Peru, they might be working for the federal government and temporarily “residing” here in a “State of State”, they might be acting in behalf of The United States of America (Federation) or the States of America (Confederation), they might be acting as Territorial Citizens of “the State of Montana” or “the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico”.   

What they all have in common is that: (1) they are legal fictions — and are “dead” non-living entities by definition; (2) they are “inhabiting” the foreign International Jurisdiction of the Sea  owed to the States or delegated to the “States of States”; (3) they are subject to international law.  

This applies to both kinds of Federal United States Citizens (The United States of America Citizens and The United States Citizens), and Territorial United States Citizens ( that is, Citizens of “the” United States of America).  

Those “United States Citizens” who work for the Federation of States dba The United States of America include all our most powerful international officials, including the Continental Marshals, who exercise the non-delegated Powers of this country in international jurisdiction.   There should also be, but presently are not, employees of the Confederation dba the States of America, exercising the Delegated Federal Powers— apart from those duties specifically assigned to the Territorial and Municipal United States entities. 

The fact that the Confederation doing business as the States of America is “missing” since the Civil War has been the excuse used by the other federal contractors, the British Territorial United States and the Municipal United States, to claim that a “state of emergency” exists.  

In fact, all the powers delegated to the States of America automatically returned to the Delegator, The United States of America, a long time ago and all such claims by the other two subcontractors are specious at best. 

Municipal “citizens of the United States” are also Legal Persons that take things a step farther removed from the actual and factual realm.  These “citizens” exist in the global Jurisdiction of the Air and are subject to Municipal Law.  There are two kinds of Municipal citizens of the United States —- (1) people adopting this political status to serve the Municipal Government, for example, Postal Service Employees; or (2) actual United States corporations chartered by the Municipal Government 

This is where you find all the STRAWMAN entities — JOHN M. DOE, and GENERAL MOTORS and CARLYLE, INC. and STATE OF NEW YORK and NEW YORK CITY.  

Now all of this complex and initially confusing, but if you are Joe Average American what it comes down to is this: you want to be acting in your “lawful capacities” as either a State National or as a State Citizen.  

What it further comes down to is that unless enough of us declare our political status as State Citizens and accept the responsibility of State Citizenship, our lawful government “of the people, by the people, and for the people” goes dormant.  It’s still sovereign, but it is not exercising its sovereignty, because we are not undertaking the functions and filling the offices of our lawful government.  

This unwitting  “neglect” on our part leaves the door open for corporations — including foreign corporations — to come in as “federal” contractors, and rule the roost.  It allows the King’s Courts to harass and pillage us.  It allows the Pope’s minions to enslave us. 

Now, obviously, there is a vast difference between the Lawful Persons and the Legal Persons.  Lawful Persons have substance.  They are tied to physical reality and fully defined.  Maine, for example, is an actual place defined by physical borders, weights, and measures; and it has an actual living, breathing population that is also physically defined.   Maine and the People who live there own actual assets– land, soil, gold coins, trees, fish…. and only Lawful Persons can own these Lawful Assets. 

Legal Persons are immaterial and incomplete, a condition described in law as “Inchoate”.  They exist only in the realms of  international business and global commerce.  The inchoate entity doing business as “the” State of Michigan is just a business organization chartered by the British Territorial United States Government.  It has no borders or physical reality.  The inhabitants, also known as “residents” of the State of Maine or STATE OF MAINE, have no ability to actually own physical assets in Maine; at most, they may act as employees of corporations and trade in credit and debt instruments known as securities. 

And now, finally, we come to the reason(s) why both the NLA and the Jural Assemblies are just more wheel-spinning exercises: they are organizations formed by Legal Persons, that is, by those choosing to act as “United States Citizens” and/or “citizens of the United States” —– not by those who have declared their political status as State Citizens. 

 As Legal Persons, they are functioning in a foreign and immaterial capacity, and they are attempting to commandeer rights and authorities and responsibilities that belong to the People — that is, Lawful Persons operating as State Citizens. 

Whether they realize it or not, what they are doing is so improper that it can be considered an unlawful and illegal attempted take-over of our actual government. 

NLA and all these misbegotten “Jural Assemblies” that are running around half-cocked are functioning in the wrong jurisdiction to do what they say they want to do, and the people involved are acting as “inhabitants” of foreign “States of States” —-not as part of the actual State’s population.  

It is a classic situation of “you can’t get there from here”.  

You can’t exercise the rights and the prerogatives of our actual government or enforce the Constitutions while acting as a foreign government employee or dependent of a foreign corporation.  

Furthermore, you can’t operate any kind of state or even a state of state organization on the basis of a Jural Assembly or a Grand Jury.  That’s like building a car door and pretending to have a car.  

We have talked to these groups until we are blue in the face and despite their long record of accomplishing nothing toward relief or justice for the people of this country, and despite the fact that what they are doing is patently improper and may amount to insurrection against the actual government, they persist in their wrong-headed assumptions.  

So the NLA and all these improperly organized Jural Assemblies get nowhere and do nothing effective toward enforcing the constitutional guarantees, because they don’t adopt the correct political status, standing, and jurisdiction to do so.  

What is worse in our opinion, is that they actually endanger their membership as a result, and leave people who are simply trying to exercise their God-given and constitutionally guaranteed rights subject to attack.   We have heard many horror stories wherein federal subcontractors have sicced the IRS on people, seized their homes in bogus foreclosures, even seized their children or burned their businesses to the ground.  

“My people are being destroyed for lack of knowledge….”  

Members of the NLA and the MGJA-led Jural Assemblies are not functioning in the correct capacity, so their members are still being hunted and harassed and entrapped by Federal Agents.  

Besides the fact that their members are not declaring their proper political status, these organizations don’t build all the pieces of State Government necessary to do the job of self-governance.  They just waste time and money and cause trouble— and all because they don’t grasp the difference between People and Persons.  

Thankfully, other Americans who do “get it” have done the work and done it correctly, so that they can exercise their Lawful Persons to gain control of the runaway train that is functioning (somewhat) as a government in this country. They have organized their actual States and are operating as People, by making the correct Declarations and assembling their Populace.  

Everyone who is sick and tired of being harassed by their own employees and attacked and misrepresented and taxed to death in their own country, are invited to join their State Assembly.  There are a few States lagging behind in this process who still need State Coordinators. 

Go to: www.TheAmericanStatesAssembly.net and step to the plate.  

Accept the responsibilities of self-governance and exercise your rights — don’t just stand there talking about them.  


See this article and over 2000 others on Anna’s website here: www.annavonreitz.com

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Al Sharpton Cancels NYC ‘Vaccine Forum’ Amid Pressure From Physicians – But It’s Happening Anyway

The Rev. Al Sharpton and the National Action Network were set to host a “vaccine forum” on Oct 19th, 2019 in Harlem that would feature speakers focused on raising awareness about vaccine injuries and lack of vaccine safety.

The event was going to take place at National Action Network’s headquarters on 145th Street, and Sharpton was slated to welcome guests, alongside Robert F. Kennedy Jr., who is currently suing New York State for removing the option for parents to exercise religious exemptions to vaccines.

After the event was shut down at NAN due to pressure from prominent vaccine supporters, the location was moved to an Assembly Hall at Riverside Church. (More details below.)

Dr. Peter Hotez, who has refused to publicly debate Robert F Kennedy Jr on the matters of vaccine safety, was one of the individuals trying to shut down the event. When speaking of Sharpton he stated:

“His organization should not be hosting this event,” he said. “He should not be appearing at this event. This is an event which is intended to deliberately work towards depriving kids in Harlem of their life-saving vaccines and to make parents question the safety of those vaccines.”

Not all share Hotez’s opinion that vaccines are a safe, one size fits all pharmaceutical. And there is much evidence to support those doubts. Hence why the vaccine awareness movement is rapidly growing, it’s evidence based and that’s becoming more obvious as each day goes by.

If there was no evidence vaccines come with serious dangers, this argument would have died out years ago. Take for example the resurgence of topics like flat earth, it had celebrity backing and was an internet phenomenon, but it died off quickly as there simply is no evidence to support the idea. With vaccines, it’s much different. More and more prominent, credible and credentialed individuals are joining the movement because the evidence continues to mount. Their goal is to assess vaccine safety and stop government from trying to force vaccines on everyone due to pharmaceutical pressures.

Dr. Sean O’Leary with the American Academy of Pediatrics also outspoken about the event:

“Just when we get done with the measles outbreak, actions like this threaten the public’s health by starting another measles outbreak, […] Here, in another part of New York City, we have folks ready to go into a community and spread more misinformation and pseudoscience.”

Again, more misinformed and opinionated statements from individuals that perhaps are simply not attempting to see the truth or who are pressured not to speak the truth. The body of evidence that expresses the lack of vaccine safety is vast. For example, a pilot study by the Federal Agency for Health Care Research found that 1 in 39 kids are injured by vaccines in some way, contrary to the estimate put forth by the CDC that suggests 1 in a million are injured –  that’s quite the gap.

It brings up the question, if there is nothing to hide in the actions of pharmaceutical companies, why are they protected by laws from ever being sued for vaccine injuries and harm? Why are public debates on the issue always cancelled? Why does the media work so hard to turn people to question things into ‘antivaxxers?’ Why do we (CE) had our reach limited on Facebook and receive ‘fake news’ strikes every time we report on vaccines? – even when the information is completely fact based…

Because there is something to hide here. If there was nothing to hide, big pharma and their control over congress, government, media, some scientists and doctors would not be working so hard to shut down people who have figured out the truth.

“It is a grave warning sign for American democracy that the pharmaceutical industry is now so powerful that it can silence debate, even in the traditional heart of civil rights activism” – Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.

If you are in the New York area, you can attend this free public event to understand more about vaccines safety on October 19th,  2019.

Speakers include: Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.; Sheila Ealey; John Gilmore; Dr. Phil Valentine; Curtis Cost; Dr. Lawrence Palevsky; Reverend Walter Sotelo; Mary Holland; Gary Null; Mitchel Cohen; and many more.

The event time and location is as follows:

Saturday, October 19th, 1:00-4:0 p.m.
Assembly Hall at Riverside Church
91 Claremont Avenue, New York, NY

Police Chief Who Posted ‘Pronouns Day’ Video Slammed for ‘Wasting Time’ Instead of Catching Criminals

A top police officer has been criticised for posting a 'ridiculous' video on Twitter highlighting 'International Pronouns Day'.

Julie Cooke, the deputy chief constable of Cheshire police, told her 2,231 followers that the day was important to anyone who identifies as transgender or 'gender non-conforming' because 'being mis-gendered can have a huge impact on somebody and their personal wellbeing'.

She added: 'It also can be used as a form of abuse and that just isn't right. Today is about raising awareness getting people to have conversations and understanding why it's so important to understand the pronouns that somebody wishes to be used for them.'

But the video, which last night had been viewed almost one million times, attracted a strong reaction online, with more than 6,000 people commenting and mostly criticising the senior officer.

Julie Cooke, deputy chief constable

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12 Signs You’re Face To Face With A False Prophet

By Daisy Magnum,

False prophets are a lot more present in this world than most people realize. While we are all working to become more awake, we are also beginning to spend more time with those who might not be working to benefit anyone but themselves.

False prophets are spiritual leaders of any and all religions and ‘soulful’ backgrounds who are only working as such to gain things for themselves. They don’t want to achieve things with others or see the people around them grow, they just want to use them to get where they want to be. Their intentions are lacking drastically.

Who we place our trust in is a big deal, and we need to remember this as we move forth in our lives. Those who we choose to allow to guide us, especially in a spiritual manner are people we need to know that we can trust. Evaluating your spiritual teacher is important in figuring out what things are going wrong and whether you’re following someone you shouldn’t be following.

Below I am going to go over some of the signs that indicate someone you’re following or allowing in your life is a false prophet. While not all of these signs might be present if many of them are you need to think things through. Perhaps some changes could go a long way in regards.

1. You feel like pushing the way you’re following on others is acceptable.

There is never any reason to try and force your path on someone else. We all take our time in figuring out where we are headed. If your views or guides are pushing you to force things on other people, you are following the wrong guide.

2. You trust this person more than yourself.

At the end of the day, we should trust our own guts more than our gurus. While these people are guiding us, our soul knows what is best for us. We have to be able to trust our instincts above all else.

3. There are boundaries being broken by this ‘guru.’

If this guru or guide, in general, is doing inappropriate things with his/her followers then that should serve as a red flag. We are meant to help and heal one another not take advantage of those who are struggling. Boundary breaking should never be tolerated.

4. They are very closed off regarding their past.

Spiritual teachers, in general, are very open about their pasts because they know that their struggles can help others grow. If your guide isn’t willing to open up there has to be a reason behind that. For many that reason is not as simple as you might assume and can be quite sinister.

5. He/she does not treat everyone the same and always picks favorites.

If your spiritual teacher is picking favorites and showing more kindness to those who have more to offer him/her that should make things clear. We are all the same and if the money and benefits do not matter then favorites shouldn’t exist. Everyone should be seen on the same level.

6. He/she always has convenient explanations for everything that you question.

When you question your spiritual guide, and he or she comes up with answers that fit perfectly as if they were rehearsed, chances are they were. Regardless of the question, some thought has to go into an answer. If things seem too spot-on, you should keep that in mind.

7. This person has a very deep-seated ego and struggles with letting go.

Gurus are people who have reached a higher spiritual level and thus in most cases have already experienced ego death. If they are still very rooted in their ego, they’re not much of a guru, are they? Don’t overlook this kind of thing.

8. He/she only offers help to those who can offer him/her something in return.

If your teacher is only willing to help those who can benefit him or her in the long-run, you’re following a false prophet. Real truly spiritual people will help all they can with or without gain in the end. They don’t care if they are being rewarded, they like to help.

9. The things he/she does do not align with his/her teachings.

If your teacher is saying one thing but doing another you need to cut ties. As a prophet, your teacher should always follow the words he/she preaches. No one should be considered as above anyone else.

10. This person pushes a narrative that is not possible.

If your guru promises you that you can become awakened in just three weeks by paying him/her a lot of money and going on a retreat, just stop wasting your time. This is just someone who wants to get paid and keep the wool over your head. Awakenings have to happen on their own.

11. Everything this person teaches sounds like it is too good to be true.

If this person is merely running around selling ‘snake oil’ you need to stop being so naive. If it sounds like it is too good to be true, it probably is. You are very smart, do not be deceived.

12. The people in your life have expressed their concerns.

If the people closest to you are concerned for your well-being religious views aside, there has to be a reason behind it. Stop to consider how the things you’re doing or partaking in look from the outside in. Are you being too trusting with the wrong people?


Source: http://woked.co