|(Natural News) A new study has confirmed what we already suspected: Coca-Cola is such a powerful organization, they can suppress any kind of information they want — and that includes burying valuable research with “negative” findings related to their products. In fact, it has just been revealed that many Coca-Cola research partners are forced to…|
When you discover how to grow peas in your own backyard garden, you can enjoy their health benefits without having to shop at the market. The pea is an herbaceous annual plant found throughout the world. There are several varieties that produce little green peas you can eat raw or cooked.1
The pea is one of the oldest cultivated crops, but its origin has not been pinpointed. Archaeologists have found remains dating to the late Neolithic period in the Middle East. Europeans introduced peas to North America.
Although most consider peas a vegetable, peas are genetically complex legumes. The plant’s fruit is the pea pod, which contains the seeds, or peas.2 Domestication has changed the shape and form to the plant commonly grown around the world.3
They were not always thought of as good for eating,4 and they played a role in the development of modern genetics. This is thanks to experiments Gregor Mendel conducted in the 19th century, showing that specific traits could be achieved through crossbreeding.5
Growing peas in your own garden offers the ability to enjoy the fresh-from-the-vine taste without the unwanted addition of pesticides you may bring home from the grocery store.
To get the most out of growing peas in your garden, you’ll want to start planting your beds in the fall. Add compost or manure so an early spring planting can be done in prepared plots.6 Add wood ash and bone meal just before planting to give the plants the phosphorus and potassium they need to thrive.
Steer clear of adding fertilizer with nitrogen as this produces a great deal of leaf growth but not flowers or pods. The plants absorb nitrogen from the air to improve your garden soil7 with the help of rhizobium bacteria colonizing the plant’s root nodules.8
If you’re unsure of whether your soil has enough beneficial bacteria, or if you had a poor showing of peas from your garden the year before, you may purchase powdered inoculant and add it when planting.9 Soil that’s stocked with organic matter will contain enough nitrogen to start your pea plants.
You can also grow peas in containers.10 Prepare your soil in much the same way you would in the garden. Make sure the container allows for good drainage to reduce the risk of root rot.
Watch your weather and know the average date for your last spring frost. Sow seeds outdoors up to six weeks before the last spring frost when the soil temperature is at least 45 degrees Fahrenheit.11 Many folks traditionally plant peas on St Patrick’s Day, which may work in your geographical area.12
While it’s best to plant as early as possible since peas enjoy cool weather, don’t plant them too soon because this won’t speed up germination.13 Look for a spot in full sun14 and plant when the ground is dry enough that the soil doesn’t stick to spades, hoes or other gardening tools.15
The seeds will germinate more quickly if they’re soaked beforehand: Doing this 12 hours before planting is ideal.16 Sow the seeds 1 to 1 1/2 inches deep and 1 inch apart with the rows spaced up to 18 inches apart. Once the seedlings have emerged, thin to 3 inches between, keeping the strongest plants.17
Once your plants are 6 inches tall, apply a thick layer of organic mulch to help retain moisture and reduce weed growth.18 Although young pea plants may withstand a light frost, at the end of the season a late frost hurts the flowers and may cause deformed pods to develop.
Green peas do not require a trellis to produce fruit, but they’re easier to pick when the vines are upright. When trained, the peas will attach by tendrils that curl and encircle the support. Pea plants tend to develop shallow roots if you water them too much, so consider watering lightly during the early growing season to encourage the plant to root deeper into the soil.19
Once the soil is prepared and the peas are in the ground, your only goal is to keep them moist until they start producing blossoms. When they’ve matured, harvest by using one hand to hold the vine and the other to pull the pod. If you pull with one hand it can damage the vine and reduce your coming crop.
When the weather is consistently warm, the plants will stop producing. Cut them down and leave the roots in the soil as this adds organic matter and nitrogen for your next crop. Consider succession planting with broccoli, cauliflower or cabbage to the area where you pulled up the peas as these plants require more nitrogen and benefit from the pea plants that were previously added.20
In broad terms, there are two different categories of peas: those with an edible pod and those that require shelling. Within those two categories you have a choice between the bush type and the tall type.21
Garden peas have a nonedible pod and must be shelled before they’re eaten. Green Arrow is a popular heirloom dwarf garden pea. If you’re seeking peas with an edible shell, you’re looking for snow peas that are nearly flat with tiny peas inside the pod. These are popular in stir-fries.22
Sugar snap peas are a blend of garden and snow peas. They’re plumper but also have an edible outer pod. These tend to produce a little longer as the weather heats up. Some people like eating the pea shoots and tendrils from these plants because they’re more tender than English peas or snow peas.
Your growing peas may be affected by aphids, Mexican bean beetles, woodchucks or fusarium wilt. Aphids are little green bugs that can survive in almost all hardiness zones. They multiply quickly so it’s important to get them under control.23
The insects feed in large groups and will eat a wide variety of plants. Control them by spraying the leaves, including the underside, with cold water to dislodge them. With a large invasion you may have to dust your plants with flour.
You can also try an application of a mild solution of water and dish soap every two to three days, or use diatomaceous earth — but only when the plants are not in bloom, because it’s harmful to pollinators. Deter small animals like woodchucks by spreading urine pellets of their natural predators around your garden. These are commonly sold in garden supply stores.
The Mexican bean beetle may be slightly more challenging. It’s a destructive pest found in the Eastern U.S. and portions of the Southwest.24 Damage is most severe during the summer months. Consider hand picking the adults and those in the immature stages, then dropping them in soapy water.
You might also find bright yellow eggs laid in clusters on the undersides of leaves; these must be removed or the leaves need to be taken off. Consider bringing in natural predators, such as ladybugs, green lacewings and minute pirate bugs to eat the eggs and young larvae. Diatomaceous earth will also work on the adults but, again, should be avoided when the plant is in bloom.
Fusarium wilt is a pathogen that enters through the root system and interferes with the plant’s ability to absorb water. The disease may show up in the later part of the growing season. It can survive in the soil so it’s important not to compost infected plants.
If you feel you need a commercial product to control wilt, consider a biological fungicide that has been approved for use in organic production.25 Rotating peas with other crops can also help reduce the risk of wilt and pests in your garden.
Because peas are nitrogen fixing and benefit the bacteria in your garden soil, they are an environmentally-friendly food. Adding nitrogen fertilizer increases your plant’s susceptibility to fusarium wilt, so be wary of adding it unless you’re certain your soil needs it.
Green peas are rich in the phytonutrients lutein and zeaxanthin known to be important for eye health. Additionally, they contain saponins, a plant steroid with far-reaching effects on health.26
Although many think of green peas as just a starchy vegetable, they’re packed with antioxidants and anti-inflammatory nutrients. They help regulate carbohydrates during digestion supporting blood sugar regulation, likely related to high amounts of fiber.27
Green peas are a source of plant-based omega-3 fat containing about 30 mg of alpha linoleic acid in 1 cup. One cup of peas also contains 40% of your vitamin K requirement, 31% of the manganese that you need and 30% of your daily B1 intake.
Seek to add peas to your diet only occasionally as they contain lectins — proteins the plant uses as a built-in defense mechanism against predators. They have been linked to autoimmune reactions, chronic disease and inflammation.
While I don’t recommend a lectin-free diet as you would miss out on antioxidants and other nutrients they contain, I do recommend you consume them only occasionally and prepare them properly to reduce the lectin content. You’ll find more about lectins, food preparation and the reactions you may experience in my past article, “Limit the Lectins.”
In the United States, daylight saving time (DST), which began Sunday, March 10, 2019, ends Sunday November 3, 2019. On that day, at 2 a.m. local time, clocks “fall back” one hour to 1 a.m., to what’s known as standard time.1,2
In Europe, clocks are rolled back an hour on the last Sunday of October, which this year falls on October 27.3 Regardless of the exact day, this time change from DST to standard time results in the gain of one hour of sleep.
While the loss or gain of one hour might sound like a negligible amount, research clearly shows it has significant ramifications for public health and safety — particularly after the switch to DST in the spring. However, even the switch back to standard time can leave you feeling off-kilter for days or even weeks, as your body adapts to the earlier onset of darkness.
Europe Ditches DST Effective 2021
Many Europeans are now rejoicing. March 26, 2019, the European parliament voted to end DST as of 2021,4 so they only have two more years of clock-changing to deal with. As reported by The Guardian,5 member states will be allowed to “choose whether to remain on ‘permanent summer’ or ‘permanent winter’ time under the draft directive.”
This means that countries opting to remain permanently on “summertime” (the term used for DST in Europe) would perform their last and final clock adjustment on the last Sunday in March 2021. For countries opting to remain in permanent wintertime/standard time, the final adjustment would take place on the last Sunday of October 2021.
While some U.S. states and territories have abolished DST, most have not.6 However, the tide is starting to turn even in the U.S. Each year, more states are considering taking action to end it.
As reported by National Geographic,7 dozens of state bills have been introduced in 2019, proposing various changes to DST. Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas, California, Oregon and Washington are all considering legislation to opt out of the time change.
Why Do We Have DST?
As explained in the featured video, daylight saving time is intended to give you more access to daylight hours, thereby reducing energy costs and promoting healthy outdoor activities.
But is it worth it? Kazakhstan abolished DST as of 2005,8 citing health complications as the reason for its decision.9 In 2011, Russia’s president Dmitry Medvedev also canceled DST due to the “stress and illness” it causes.10
While the original intention was that extending daylight hours during the summer would result in energy savings,11 research shows it’s not saving us any money. For starters, lighting is no longer the most significant portion of energy consumption, and extending daylight hours encourages greater use of air conditioning and heating, both of which use more energy than lighting. A study12 by Yale economist Matthew Kotchen and Laura Grant, Ph.D., concluded that:
“… contrary to the policy’s intent — DST increases residential electricity demand. Estimates of the overall increase are approximately 1 percent, but we find that the effect is not constant throughout the DST period. DST causes the greatest increase in electricity consumption in the fall, when estimates range between 2 and 4 percent.”
Kotchen notes when DST begins in the spring, people are waking during the coldest and darkest part of the day, often turning up the heat to stay warm, and during long evening hours, more air conditioning is used, leading to an overall higher energy use. He told The New York Times,13 “The way people use energy now is different from when daylight saving came about.”
Similarly, a 2018 meta-analysis14 of 44 different papers found that, on average, DST lowered electricity use by a mere 0.34%. Locations further from the equator, with mild summers and low cooling demands, may save energy, but geographical locations closer actually use more energy during DST.
DST Increases Traffic Accidents
Aside from failing to provide any significant energy savings, the biannual clock changes also have a detrimental impact on your physical health. Between accidents and health repercussions, it seems clear DST is actually costing more than it’s saving.
Researchers have noticed a statistically significant increase in the number of car accidents,15 workplace injuries16 and heart attacks17 in the days after the time changes in the spring, which appear to be related to loss of sleep and circadian rhythm disruptions.
According to one 2009 study,18,19,20 workplace accidents and injuries increase by 5.7%, and 67.6% more workdays are lost as a result of injuries following the change to DST. Ditto for traffic accidents. A 1996 study21,22 found traffic accidents rose by 8% on the Monday following the changeover to DST.
More recent research,23 published in 2018, found traffic accidents increase 16% on the first day after DST and 12% on the second day. Fatal alcohol-related traffic accidents also increase for the first week after setting the clocks ahead.24
Suicide rates for men also rise in the weeks following DST.25 According to the authors, their finding “suggests that small changes in chronobiological rhythms are potentially destabilizing in vulnerable individuals.”
DST Raises Rates of Heart Attacks
Cardiac events are more commonplace every Monday, greater than any other day of the week, and are likely related to changes in sleep associated with the transition from weekend to workday. This is known as the “Monday cardiac phenomenon.”26 On the Monday and Tuesday following spring DST, studies27,28 show the risk is even more pronounced.
For example, a University of Alabama study29 found the number of heart attacks increased by 10% on the Monday and Tuesday following the time change to DST in the spring, and decreased by 10% on the first Monday and Tuesday after the clocks are switched back in the fall.
Other studies have found even larger discrepancies. For example, data presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 63rd Annual Scientific Session in 2014 revealed a 25% increase in heart attacks the Monday after DST in the spring, and a 21% decrease in the fall when an hour of sleep is regained.30 The most recent meta-analysis31 looking at this phenomenon was published in the March 2019 issue of the Journal of Clinical Medicine. Here they found:
“A significantly higher risk of AMI [acute myocardial infarction] (Odds Ratio: 1.03 …) was observed during the two weeks following spring or autumn DST transitions.
However, although AMI risk increased significantly after the spring shift, the incidence of AMI during the week after winter DST transition was comparable with control periods … Conclusion: The risk of AMI increases modestly but significantly after DST transitions, supporting the proposal of DST shifts discontinuation.”
Preliminary research32 presented at the 2018 American Heart Association conference found the number of patients admitted for atrial fibrillation (irregular heartbeat) also rises in the days after DST in the spring, from 2.56 admissions per day to 3.13 admissions.
Other Problems Attributed to DST
Researchers have also found people are less productive once DST is implemented. A 2012 National Geographic article33 quoted Till Roenneberg, a Russian chronobiologist, who said most people show “drastically decreased productivity,” decreased quality of life, increased illness, and are “just plain tired” in the week after DST in the spring.
Disruptions in your sleep pattern tend to cascade throughout your entire body. For instance, sleep helps reset your neural circuits that are impaired during sleep deprivation. With too little sleep, your cognitive flexibility suffers.
Research34 from the University of Washington found cognitive inflexibility even affects judges who are handing down sentences. On the Monday after DST in the spring, longer sentences are imposed on people who have been found guilty.
A similar negative effect has been found in students. A 2015 study35 found DST adversely affected sleep patterns of high school students and their ability to be vigilant at school.
Other data suggest it may affect academic performance. Researchers compared 10 years of SAT scores from Indiana where only 15 of the state’s 92 counties moved their clocks forward during the study period. The data indicated SAT scores were 16% of a standard deviation lower in counties that adopted DST.36,37
On a side note, one reason Indiana is used as a discussion model for DST is because it lies smack-dab between Central and Eastern time zones. Geographically, it’s actually in the Central zone, but in 2006 it adopted the standardized DST to align with Eastern standard time changes.
The decision has been controversial in Indiana, where the western part of the state wants to align with the Central zone, while the eastern part favors aligning with Ohio’s Eastern zone.38,39
A 2019 article40 by Health.com also cites evidence linking DST to higher rates of depression diagnoses, cluster headaches and lower success rates among women undergoing in vitro fertilization.
The Importance of Maintaining Your Circadian Rhythm
Many of the problems attributed to the biannual time change has to do with the fact that gaining or losing an hour of time throws off your circadian clock. As noted in a November 2018 NPR report,41 your internal clocks aren’t easily reprogrammed, as they’re all synchronized to the 24-hour cycle of light and dark.
According to Fred Turek, director of the Center for Sleep & Circadian Biology at Northwestern University, who is featured in the NPR article, it takes a day or two for your body to adjust to the new time. As noted by NPR:42
“Over the last 20 years, scientists have documented that, in addition to the master clock in our brains, every cell in our body has a time-keeping mechanism. These clocks help regulate important functions such as sleep and metabolism.
And increasingly, there’s evidence that when our habits — such as when we eat and sleep — are out of sync with our internal clocks, it can harm us. As we’ve reported, our bodies crave consistent routines. When we disrupt our routines … it can increase the risk of metabolic disease.”
That changing our clocks backward and forward affects our routines and biological clocks is clear. The question is, would it be better to remain in perpetual DST or in perpetual standard time? Or does it not make a difference?
This somewhat sticky issue is addressed in a 2019 paper43 in one of my absolute favorite journals, Frontiers in Physiology. This is one of the best reviews you will ever read about daylight saving time and it’s free to read or download in its entirety.
The review addresses “numerous fallacies … propagated by lay people, politicians and scientists,” and offers “suggestions of how problems associated with DST … can be solved based on circadian biology.”
It’s a very comprehensive paper, and I recommend reading through it if you want a more in-depth understanding of how keeping one time or the other influences biology. Here’s an excerpt illustrating some of the issues at hand:
“In September 2018, two sleep researchers from the University of Salzburg claimed in an interview that there is no hard scientific evidence against perennial DST and that the risks would be negligible.
This press release contained several statements that echo wide-spread incorrect beliefs and is therefore an excellent substrate for clarifying fallacies …
The press release adds that ‘… many people extensively use smart phones or laptops shortly before they go to bed. The strong blue components … are the true robbers of sleep. … the potential effects of summer time can be neglected in comparison.’
Indeed, several studies have shown that the usage of artificial light in the evening, and specifically that of electronic screens, does ‘rob’ sleep and delays the circadian clock. The second half of the statement, however, is missing the point: the combination of nighttime light exposure and DST is far worse than nighttime night exposure alone.
The nighttime light exposures delay the body clock in relation to the sun clock, which translates to living further west is a time zone, while DST advances the social clock in relation to the sun clock, which translates into moving the time zone further east.
Thus, in DST, the two effects additively (i.e., both delaying the body clock and advancing the social clock in relation to the sun clock) increase SJL [social jetlag, i.e., misalignment of biological and social time, such as discrepancy between work and free time44] since both effects increase the difference between the mid-sleep on work-free days (closer to the individual circadian mid-point of sleep) and mid-sleep on workdays …
In summary, the scientific literature strongly argues against the switching between DST and Standard Time and even more so against adopting DST permanently.
The latter would exaggerate all the effects described above beyond the simple extension of DST from approximately 8 months/year to 12 months/year (depending on country) since body clocks are generally even later during winter than during the long photoperiods of summer (with DST). Perennial DST increases SJL prevalence even more, as described above.
A solution to the problem is shown in Figure 2C, which contains a combination of obliterating DST (in favor of permanent Standard Time) and reassigning countries and regions to their actual sun-clock based time zones. Under such adjustment, social (local) clock time will match sun clock time and therefore body clock time most closely.”
Tips to Protect Your Health During Time Switches
In addition to the strong recommendation of getting eight hours of sleep on a consistent basis, there are some other things you can do to mitigate the effects of the time change until the powers that be decide to eliminate it.
While the most adverse health effects are attributed to the springtime switch to DST, the switch back to standard time in the fall means your body has to get used to it getting dark earlier in the evening. When “falling back” an hour, the following tips can be helpful:45
• Gradually start going to bed earlier, say 30 minutes earlier than usual Saturday, and another 30 minutes earlier Sunday. This will help you get up earlier to maximize your exposure to daylight earlier in the morning rather than later in the evening.
Be particularly mindful of using electronic devices in the days prior to the switch-over. Research46 on teens shows that using electronics for four hours during the day can increase your risk of needing more than an hour to fall asleep by 49%.
So, if you’ve ever considered “unplugging” for a day or two, the weekend of the time change is a perfect time to turn everything off, or cut down your use of electronics to a bare minimum so that you can optimize your sleep. You can also consider supplementing with melatonin if you have trouble falling asleep on an earlier schedule.
• Exercise in the mornings over the weekend, in accordance with your overall level of health and fitness.
• Eat dinner earlier and pay attention to your diet, making sure you are consuming plenty of fresh, whole foods, preferably organic, and minimal amounts of processed foods and fast foods; keep your sugar consumption low, especially fructose. I invite you to review our optimized nutrition plan here.
• Practice good sleep hygiene, including sleeping in complete darkness, checking your bedroom for electromagnetic fields, and keeping your bedroom temperature cool enough for optimal sleep. For a full report about how to maximize the quality of your sleep, see “Sleep — Why You Need It and 50 Ways to Improve It.”
|(Natural News) The secret ‘impeachment hearings’ regarding President Trump that are being held in the basement of the Capitol Building by Democrats is so anathema to our founding legal principles as well as constitutional precedence they are literally endangering the future of our republic. Those hearings, spearheaded by Rep. Adam Schiff of California, chairman of…|
|(Natural News) Department of Energy (DOE) Deputy Secretary Dan Brouillette told Breitbart News Daily that Chinese pollution has “offset” American “gains” to reduce pollution in “one month.” (Article by Sean Moran republished from Breitbart.com) Brouillette spoke with Breitbart News Daily host Alex Marlow regarding America’s leadership to reduce pollution, President Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Paris climate…|
|(Natural News) Getting kids to eat healthy is a struggle every parent faces at some point. Whether its an aversion to broccoli or shying away from grilled salmon, children are often reluctant to try new foods — especially if they think it’s going to be “healthy.” But what if there was a way for parents…|
Where did Princess Margaret get £20m and how about the Queen mother's £70m legacy? In his controversial new book, MP Norman Baker examines the family's finances as he accuses the Windsors of Right Royal Robbery.
The British Royal Family is the original Coronation Street – a long-running soap opera with the occasional real coronation thrown in. Its members have become celebrities, like upmarket film stars, attracting often fawning coverage.
So it’s easy to feel that we know the Windsors and that, in some ways, they are just like us. Yet the truth is that the disconnect between the Royals and the public is vast, not least in terms of the extraordinary fortunes they have quietly amassed for themselves.
Some Royal wealth is conspicuous. Take Balmoral Castle and Sandringham House, for example: both were bought with public funds and qualify for taxpayer support when they are used for official business. They remain the Queen’s private property, all the same.