Why Hard Water Decreases Heart Attacks

When it comes to heart health, one of the most influential nutrients is magnesium. While required for the healthy function of most cells in your body, magnesium is particularly important for your heart, kidneys and muscles.

As far back as 1937, researchers warned that low magnesium levels pose serious risks to the heart, and that it may actually be the most significant predictor of heart disease.1 More recent research suggests even subclinical magnesium deficiency can compromise your cardiovascular health.2

Importantly, your mitochondria require magnesium to produce ATP. It’s also required for the metabolic function of your cells and the activation of vitamin D.3,4 All of these are important for healthy heart function.

It also supports heart health by relaxing your blood vessels, normalizing blood pressure, lowering inflammation and supporting endothelial function (the cells’ lining the interior of your blood vessels).5

Hard Water Linked to Better Heart Health

To celebrate its 175th anniversary, Scientific American recently took a look back into its archives, publishing a short summary of research presented in its June 1969 issue:6

“Several studies in the past decade have suggested that the death rate from coronary disease is inversely correlated with the hardness of the local water supply: the harder the water, the lower the coronary rate.

A study7 recently published in the New England Journal of Medicine reports evidence that the excess coronary deaths in soft-water areas are almost entirely sudden deaths …”

By reviewing the death certificates of 55,000 individuals who died from heart-related issues in Ontario during 1967, and then correlating the deaths according to the hardness of the local water supply, the Canadian researchers were able to conclude that people drinking soft water on a regular basis were more susceptible to lethal arrhythmias (irregular heartbeat). What might explain this curious correlation?

One theory has focused on the magnesium level found in the water.8 Soft water is lower in magnesium than hard water, thus making you more prone to magnesium deficiency. (The very definition of hard water is that it contains a high concentration of dissolved metals — calcium and magnesium in particular.9,10)

According to a 2002 study,11 magnesium-rich mineral water can contribute between 6% and 17% of your total daily magnesium intake. That said, a 2013 paper12 in the International Journal of Preventive Medicine points out that the exact mechanisms responsible for the relationship often found between harder water and lower cardiovascular risk has yet to be ascertained.

The higher magnesium level in hard water appears to be a promising hypothesis, though, and several studies point to magnesium-rich water being an important factor. As noted in the International Journal of Preventive Medicine, which cites a number of such studies (as well as some in which this relationship was not found):13

In a Swedish study, the skeletal muscle magnesium levels were a significantly higher in persons living in an area with a higher water magnesium.”

Even Subclinical Magnesium Deficiency Can Be Problematic

As mentioned, magnesium supports heart health through a number of different mechanisms.14 For starters, it combats inflammation, which helps prevent high blood pressure and hardening of your arteries. It also improves blood flow by relaxing your arteries and preventing your blood from thickening.

Magnesium also plays a role in the creation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the energy currency of your body.15,16 Needless to say, without sufficient energy, cellular functions throughout your body will suffer, creating a cascade of dysfunction. Your heart in particular, being a very heavy energy user, needs sufficient amounts of ATP to function properly.

Magnesium also affects your mitochondrial function and health, as it’s required both for increasing the number of mitochondria in your cells and for increasing mitochondrial efficiency.

Basic effects such as these can account for why magnesium insufficiency has been linked to a higher risk for high blood pressure,17 cardiovascular disease, arrhythmias, stroke18 and sudden cardiac death.19

A 2018 paper20 in the Open Heart journal also warns that even subclinical deficiency can result in heart problems, and that most people need at least 300 milligrams more magnesium per day than the current recommended dietary allowance prescribes. According to the authors:

“… While the recommended … dietary allowance for magnesium (between 300 and 420 mg /day for most people) may prevent frank magnesium deficiency, it is unlikely to provide optimal health and longevity, which should be the ultimate goal.”

The theory that we may need more magnesium than is currently recognized is also supported by a 2016 meta-analysis,21 in which all-cause mortality was lowered by 10% simply by increasing magnesium intake by 100 mg per day.

Magnesium Is Important for Brain Health Too

Magnesium is also important for brain health and the prevention of dementia. Memory impairment occurs when the connections (synapses) between brain cells diminish. While many factors can come into play, magnesium is an important one. As noted by Dr. David Perlmutter, a neurologist and fellow of the American College of Nutrition:22

“It has now been discovered that magnesium is a critical player in the activation of nerve channels that are involved in synaptic plasticity. That means that magnesium is critical for the physiological events that are fundamental to the processes of learning and memory.

As it turns out, one form of magnesium, magnesium threonate, has the unique ability to permeate the brain and enhance the receptors that are involved in this process.”

The specific brain benefits of magnesium threonate were demonstrated in a 2010 study23 published in the journal Neuron, which found this form of magnesium enhanced “learning abilities, working memory, and short- and long-term memory in rats.” According to the authors:24

Our findings suggest that an increase in brain magnesium enhances both short-term synaptic facilitation and long-term potentiation and improves learning and memory functions.”

Magnesium is also a well-recognized stress reliever,25 and by catalyzing mood-regulating neurotransmitters like serotonin, it helps prevent anxiety and depression.26

Research27 published in 2015 found a significant association between very low magnesium intake and depression, especially in younger adults. A study28 published in PLOS ONE demonstrated magnesium supplementation improved mild-to-moderate depression in adults, with beneficial effects occurring within two weeks of treatment.

How to Assess Your Magnesium Status

When it comes to measuring your magnesium level, your best bet is an RBC magnesium test, which measures the amount of magnesium in your red blood cells. Tracking any symptoms of magnesium deficiency is also recommended, as your need may be higher or lower depending on your lifestyle and health status.

Common signs and symptoms of magnesium insufficiency include but are not limited to the following.29,30 A more exhaustive symptom’s list can be found in Dr. Carolyn Dean’s blog post, “Gauging Magnesium Deficiency Symptoms.”31

  • Seizures, muscle spasms (especially “charley horses” or spasms in your calf muscle that happen when you stretch your leg), eye twitches and or numbness or tingling in your extremities
  • Insulin resistance
  • High blood pressure, heart arrhythmias and/or coronary spasms
  • Increased number of headaches and/or migraines
  • Low energy, fatigue and/or loss of appetite

The “Trousseau sign”32 can also be used to assess your magnesium status. To check for this sign, a blood pressure cuff is inflated around your arm. The pressure should be greater than your systolic blood pressure and maintained for three minutes.

By occluding the brachial artery in your arm, spasms in your hand and forearm muscles are induced. If you are magnesium deficient, the lack of blood flow will cause your wrist and metacarpophalangeal joint to flex and your fingers to adduct. For a picture of this hand/wrist position, see Figure 1 in the paper “Trousseau Sign in Hypocalcemia.”33

Would You Benefit From Magnesium Supplementation?

A number of studies suggest magnesium insufficiency or deficiency are extremely common, both among adults34 and teens,35 in part due to the fact that most people eat a plant-deficient diet. Magnesium is actually part of the chlorophyll molecule responsible for the plant’s green color.

However, even if you eat plenty of greens, you may still not get enough, thanks to most soils being so depleted of minerals. Your body’s ability to absorb magnesium is also dependent on having sufficient amounts of selenium, parathyroid hormone and vitamins B6 and D.

Absorption is further hindered by excess ethanol, salt, coffee and phosphoric acid in soda, and things like sweating, stress, lack of sleep, excessive menstruation, certain drugs (especially diuretics and proton-pump inhibitors), insulin resistance and intense exercise can deplete your body of magnesium.36,37

Research shows just six to 12 weeks of strenuous physical activity can result in magnesium deficiency,38 likely due to increased magnesium demand in your skeletal muscle.

For all of these reasons, most people probably need to take supplemental magnesium. The RDA for magnesium is around 310 to 420 mg per day depending on your age and sex,39 but many experts believe you may need a minimum of 600 mg per day.40

I suspect many may benefit from amounts as high as 1 to 2 grams (1,000 to 2,000 mg) of elemental magnesium per day, as the extra magnesium may also help mitigate unavoidable exposures to electromagnetic fields (thanks to its calcium channel blocking effect). To learn more about this, see my previous article on how to reduce EMF exposure.

You can easily improve your magnesium status with an oral magnesium supplement. My personal preference is magnesium threonate, as it appears to be the most efficient at penetrating cell membranes, including your mitochondria and blood-brain barrier. You can learn more about this in “Cognitive Benefits of Magnesium L-Threonate.”

Magnesium Testing Is a Valuable Health Screen

Considering the importance of magnesium for good health — including cognition and heart health — it’s a good idea to measure your level. GrassrootsHealth Nutrient Research Institute, which has spearheaded research into vitamin D and omega-3, now also offers low-cost testing for magnesium.

Join Magnesium* Plus Focus Project today!

>>>>> Click Here <<<<<

Like its vitamin D and omega-3 projects, the Magnesium*PLUS Focus Project41 aims to identify the ideal dosage and level, the specific health outcomes associated with magnesium deficiency and sufficiency, the dose-response relationships and much more. As noted by GrassrootsHealth:42

“Measuring your nutrient status, adjusting intake as needed, and re-testing is the only way to tell if your nutrient intake is helping you achieve sufficient or desired nutrient status which is tied to particular health outcomes.

We will analyze the collected data and give participants feedback on how the magnesium could be working for them; we will publish scientific papers on key results, the first after meeting an enrollment target of 1,000 participants. There will be preliminary analyses and interim newsletters available for all during the enrollment phase.”

Adding the “Plus Elements” test to this magnesium test will also measure your selenium, zinc and copper levels, important trace elements that interact with magnesium, as well as three toxic heavy metals (lead, cadmium and mercury) that can interfere with and block availability of these essential elements.

Magnesium* Plus Elements Project

>>>>> Click Here <<<<<

Unbalanced Omega-6 Raises Inflammation and Rate of Disease

Dietary fats are essential to good health. Although it’s harmful to eat too many of some or not enough of others, without healthy fats your body won’t work properly.1 Fat is used to keep your skin and hair healthy, absorb certain vitamins and insulate your body to keep you warm. Certain types of fats are called “essential” since your body can’t make them.

There are two major categories of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). These are omega-3 (n-3) and omega-6 (n-6), which are essential fatty acids your body needs for a wide variety of cellular functions, including cell division, cognition, heart health and normal growth and development. Much of your dietary N-6 comes from vegetable oils like linoleic acid (LA), which converts to gamma linoleic acid during metabolism.2

Most related research has been focused on three important types of n-3: alpha-linolenic acid (ALA); docosahexaenoic acid (DHA); and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA).3 ALA is commonly found in plants and plant-based oils, while EPA and DHA are produced by microalgae, which are then eaten by fish.

Thus, fatty fish, such as mackerel, wild-caught Alaskan salmon, herring and krill oils are rich sources. N-6 is associated with higher rates of inflammation in the body, while n-3 has an anti-inflammatory effect. However, neither n-6 nor LA is the underlying issue in the proliferation of disease but, rather, the oxidized form of the fatty acid found in processed vegetable oils.

Consequences of the Dramatic Shift From Omega-3 to Omega-6

The ratio of n-6 to n-3 in the diet began changing in the U.S. during the industrial revolution nearly 150 years ago.4 The onset of vegetable oil production and an increase in feeding cereal grains to livestock increased the ratio from what had been close to 1-to-1 to 10.3-to-1 and higher. Some estimate the current average ratio in the U.S. is 25-to-1.5

Where sources of n-6 used to come from whole foods, such as nuts and seeds, the modern intake of processed foods and oxidized vegetable oils has unbalanced the ratio for those eating a Western diet. This fatty acid imbalance is one root of inflammatory diseases including heart disease, diabetes and cancer.

A primary source of n-6 in the American diet is soybean oil, which accounts for 60% of all vegetable oils found in processed foods, salad dressings, snacks and margarine.6 Researchers link diets high in soybean oil with obesity and Type 2 diabetes; both of those are associated with heart disease, neuropathy, impaired cognition7 and early death.

One of the challenges in finding the balance is that n-3 and n-6 compete for the same enzymes. With so much n-6 in the body, the conversion of n-3 ALA (found in plants) to EPA and DHA is significantly impacted. This is something we have to be mindful of because EPA and DHA are both responsible for protecting the body against disease.8 The good news is that with a greater intake of n-3 there is a reduction in the buildup of n-6, effectively reducing inflammation.

Favoring Vegetable Oil Over Saturated Fat Harms Heart Health

Balancing your n-3 to n-6 ratio helps protect your body against chronic degenerative diseases such as metabolic syndrome, arthritis, irritable bowel syndrome and autoimmunity. This is a point I have stressed for many years, as it also reduces your risk for heart disease.

As I’ve written in past articles, consuming oxidized LA in vegetable oils leads to a cascade of events promoting inflammation and creating atherosclerotic plaques; all of this leads to a higher risk of heart attack and stroke.

Unfortunately, health authorities have insisted that vegetable oils are healthier than saturated animal fats such as those found in butter and lard, despite research evidence to the contrary.

A study published in the BMJ in 20139 demonstrated that men with a history of coronary events, such as heart attack or angina, had a higher risk of dying from heart disease when advised to reduce saturated fats and increase their intake of LA from safflower oil and safflower oil polyunsaturated margarine.

It is important to remember that LA is also found in nuts, seeds and eggs. But the sheer volume of intake from processed foods creates a severe imbalance in the ratio. The combination of increased intake with the oxidized fats in vegetable oils is a significant factor in the rising number of those who develop heart disease.

Balancing Ratio May Help Protect Against Air Pollution

Exposure to air pollution also increases the risk of inflammation. In one study,10 researchers found that children who had a higher intake of n-3 had a lower response to particulate matter and appeared to be more resilient.

This study has added to the growing body of evidence that suggests dietary intake has an influence on the body’s response to air pollution, a known cause of inflammation. The authors of another study11 conducted in Mexico City found that for children with asthma, supplementation with antioxidants helps with the impact of air pollution on their small airways.

Problems Converting Omega-3 from Plants Increases Risk

N-3 fats are present in plant and marine animals like fish and krill. However, the types of n-3 are different and they are not interchangeable. Plant-based n-3 contains alpha linoleic acid (ALA), which is a short chain and must be converted to long chain EPA and DHA for use in the body.

Since the enzyme needed for conversion is not highly active in most people, the conversion rate is low. This information is particularly relevant for strict vegans and vegetarians who may believe their body converts plant-based ALA to EPA and DHA in sufficient amounts. It is nearly impossible to get enough this way, and the minor amount theoretically taking place is hindered when the diet contains excessive amounts of n-6 from vegetable oils and processed foods.

Importance of Getting Tested

As I’ve written before, omega-3 fatty acid testing is needed to determine if you’re deficient. The n-3 index test provides the most accurate measurement in the body and should ideally be above 8%. The index measures the amount of n-3 in the red blood cells as a reflection of how much is found in the rest of the body.

Since the test measures the average of your intake based on the lifespan of a red blood cell over 120 days, it is not influenced by recent meals and is expressed as a percent of all fatty acids found in the red blood cell membrane. Researchers find the index to be accurate and they use it analyze data, including that of the Framingham Study and the Women’s Health Initiative.

Maintaining the level in a range associated with low risk reduces your chance of heart disease. Those with an index below 4% have a high risk; those with an index from 4% to 8% have an intermediate risk and those with an index greater than 8% have a lower risk for coronary heart disease.12

In a follow-up study13 using a randomized control trial to assess the effects of supplementation on telomere length and oxidative stress, researchers found telomere length increased with a decreasing ratio of n-6 to n-3. They suggest that even over a short time, the ratio has an impact on cell aging and may influence asthma symptoms, the risk of Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis symptoms and depression.

Safely Raise Your Omega-3 Intake

After being tested, if it turns out you need more n-3, consider ways to raise it without adding toxins to the mix. These are great sources of omega-3:

Fish — Small, cold-water fatty fish such as anchovies and sardines are excellent sources of n-3 that have a low risk of hazardous contamination. Wild Alaskan salmon is also low in mercury and other environmental toxins.

Since much of the fish supply is heavily polluted with industrial waste, including heavy metals such as arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury and radioactive poisons, it is extremely important to be selective, choosing fish high in healthy fats and low in contaminants, such as wild-caught Alaskan salmon, mackerel, herring and anchovies.

Krill oil — Krill oil is my preferred choice as an n-3 supplement because it has the indispensable animal-based DHA and EPA n-3s your body needs, and in a form that’s less prone to oxidation.

With the help of phospholipids, the nutrients in krill oil are carried directly to your cell membranes where they are more readily absorbed. Additionally, they may cross your blood-brain barrier to reach important brain structures.

While the following sources may be tempting because they are readily available and less costly than the ones mentioned above, I strongly advise avoiding:

Farmed salmon — It contains about half the n-3 levels of wild salmon, is often fed a genetically engineered diet of corn and soy products and may contain antibiotics, pesticides and other chemical toxins.

Large carnivorous fish — Marlin, swordfish and tuna (including canned tuna), for example, tend to contain some of the highest concentrations of mercury, a known neurotoxin.

Fish oil — While fish oil may appear to be a convenient and relatively inexpensive way to increase your intake of n-3 fats, it typically delivers insufficient antioxidant support. It is also highly prone to oxidation, leading to the formation of harmful free radicals.

Tea Drinkers Shown To Be More Healthy

Just as important for your health as what you eat is what you drink. Hopefully, everyone who reads my newsletters is drinking plenty of pure water a day and completely abstaining from soda.

Around the world, coffee and tea are, after water, the most common beverages people consume and that is a good thing. Unlike soda, which has many negative health effects, both organic coffee and tea are leading sources of antioxidant polyphenols, which are beneficial substances.

Scientific research has linked coffee to a lower risk of heart failure and stroke,1 as well as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, cirrhosis, diabetes and some types of cancer.2 Another study showed that it may be associated with a lower risk of cognitive disorders.3 Tea is also a healthy beverage linked to impressive benefits.

Writing in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology,4 researchers found that drinking tea at least three times a week is linked with lower risks of cardiovascular disease and all-cause death.

“The favorable health effects are the most robust for green tea and for long-term habitual tea drinkers,” added Xinyan Wang of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China, the study’s first author, about the research.5

More Reasons to Drink a Much-Loved Beverage

Cardiovascular disease is the world’s leading cause of premature death, write the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology researchers, and tea is one of the world’s most widely consumed beverages, especially in Asia. The aim of the study was to examine the association between atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and all-cause mortality and tea drinking.6

Results from observing 100,902 participants in the study over a period of years found that habitual tea drinkers lived 1.26 years longer than their counterparts. They were also free from ASCVD for 1.41 years longer than their non-tea drinking counterparts.7

To ensure scientific validity, 1,896 study participants were excluded because they had a history of ASCVD or cancer and 2,465 were excluded because information about their tea drinking habits was lacking. While there have been medical studies about tea drinking and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and coronary heart disease (CHD), this study added new information to what is known, say the scientists:8

“Several previous studies assessed the association between tea consumption and CVD and all-cause mortality, but the results remained inconsistent. Studies among Welsh men and US adults did not observe significant inverse associations of tea consumption (mainly as black tea) with CHD or CVD risks.

In the Japanese population, green tea consumption could reduce the risk of CVD while there was no unanimous conclusion on all-cause mortality. Previous Chinese studies found inverse association between tea consumption and CHD incidence but the reports for stroke and cause-specific mortality were only based on men.

According to our study, habitual tea consumption is associated with a lower risk of ASCVD incidence (including CHD and stroke), ASCVD mortality (especially for stroke), and all-cause mortality and these inverse associations were persistent across subgroups.

… The observed inverse associations were strengthened among participants who stuck to their habit all along. Similarly, previous studies in the USA and in China also reported more evident health effects with longer years of tea consumption.”

Green Tea Led Benefits in the Study

In the study, not all participants drank the same kind of tea. Forty-nine percent of habitual tea drinkers who participated consumed green tea, while only 8% drank black tea and the remainder, 43%, drank scented or other types of tea.9 Green tea, it turns out, was the most healthful of the tested teas.

“Habitual green tea consumption was inversely associated with the risks of all study outcomes except CHD mortality, as compared with those never or non-habitual tea drinkers. No significant association was observed for black tea …

Tea, especially green tea, is a rich source of flavonoids including mainly epicatechin, catechin, and epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), etc. Mechanism studies have revealed that these bioactive compounds could attenuate oxidative stress, relieve inflammation, enhance endothelial and cardiomyocyte function …

Tea polyphenols might be oxidized into pigments and inactivated during fermentation, which might be partly the reason why black tea was prone to be less associated with health benefits in many studies.”10

There are other reasons black tea may not be as beneficial, speculates SciTech Today:11

“Black tea is fully fermented and during this process polyphenols are oxidized into pigments and may lose their antioxidant effects. Second, black tea is often served with milk, which previous research has shown may counteract the favorable health effects of tea on vascular function.”

Black tea also has almost five times the caffeine content of green tea, which is important for those seeking to reduce their caffeine consumption to realize (although in some cases, caffeine may be beneficial). It is also known to stain the teeth.12

Previous Tea Studies Have Shown Other Benefits

Tea, particularly green tea, has been linked with other health benefits. In one study of prostate cancer (PCa), the second most frequently diagnosed cancer, the journal Medicine, Baltimore, wrote that “there was a trend of reduced incidence of PCa with each 1?cup/day increase of green tea.”13

“Our dose-response meta-analysis further demonstrated that higher green tea consumption was linearly associated with a reduced risk of PCa with more than 7 cups/day. In addition, green tea catechins were effective for preventing PCa.

In conclusion, our dose-response meta-analysis evaluated the association of green tea intake with PCa risk systematically and quantitatively. And this is the first meta-analysis of green tea catechins consumption and PCa incidence.

Our novel data demonstrated that higher green tea consumption was linearly reduced PCa risk with more than 7cups/day and green tea catechins were effective for preventing PCa.”

A 2017 study in the journal Nutrition and Cancer14 found a significant inverse dose-response association between green tea drinking and liver cancer risk. That inverse association increased with years of green tea drinking and when four cups a day of green tea were consumed.

Studies have also associated green tea with reduced risk of depression,15 obesity,16 stroke17 and bone thinning,18 and improvements to vision.19 A central reason for green tea’s benefits is its catechin epigallocatechin-3-gallate, which helps your arteries relax and improves blood fIow.20

To receive more benefits from the catechins found in teas, which are natural phenol and antioxidant compounds, you can add a squeeze of fresh lemon juice, which will help absorption.21 However, beware of nonorganic teas that are grown in polluted environments — they can contain heavy metals or fluoride, which could lead to skeletal fluorosis. Instant tea may also contain excessive fluoride.22

Teas May Also Increase Longevity

An epidemiological project called Blue Zones seeks to document and analyze the lifestyle particulars found in communities that have the highest number of people who live past 100. Here is what National Public Radio reported:23

“The people in these five regions in Europe, Latin America, Asia and the U.S. that live to be 100 have a lot going for them. Genes probably play a small role, but these folks also have strong social ties, tightly-knit families and lots of opportunity to exercise.

As we were parsing through the dietary secrets of the Blue Zones, as described in author Dan Buettner’s latest book, The Blues Zones Solution, we were struck by how essential tea drinking is in these regions.

In fact, Buettner’s Blue Zones Beverage Rule — a kind of guideline distilled from his 15 or so years of studying these places — is: ‘Drink coffee for breakfast, tea in the afternoon, wine at 5 p.m.’

In Okinawa, Japan, for example, Buettner watched one 104-year-old ‘make jasmine tea, squatting in the corner and pouring hot water over tea leaves as the room filled with a delicate, floral aroma.’ Indeed, Okinawans call their tea shan-pien, or ‘tea with a bit of scent,’ which combines green tea leaves, jasmine flowers and a bit of turmeric.”

More Teas With Health Benefits

Black and green tea are probably the teas that are studied the most frequently, but oolong, dark and white teas also have benefits. Like black and green tea, they come from the plant known as Camellia sinensis, although hibiscus tea, described below, does not.

Oolong tea — This tea is great for weight management and heart health: The polyphenols in oolong tea help control fat metabolism in your body by activating certain enzymes. A 2001 study published in the Journal of Nutrition found that participants who ingested either full-strength or diluted oolong tea burned 2.9% to 3.4% more total calories daily.24

Hibiscus tea — High in vitamin C, minerals and antioxidants, tea made from hibiscus sabdariffa (also called Sudan tea, sour tea and roselle) has benefits for overall health. Studies suggest it may improve blood pressure, help prevent metabolic syndrome, protect your liver and even provide anticancer effects.25

In a study in the journal ARYA Atherosclerosis, consumption of tea made from hibiscus sabdariffa led to a decrease in systolic blood pressure in healthy men compared with the placebo.26

Matcha — Matcha is a type of green tea, but unlike regular green tea, in which you steep and discard the leaves, when you drink matcha you consume the entire leaves, which are ground micron fine. Studies indicate that 1 cup of matcha may provide the antioxidant equivalent of 3 cups of regular green tea and as much as 137 times more antioxidants than low-grade green tea.27

Darjeeling — Made from the Chinese variety of Camellia sinensis, darjeeling tea contains two complex antioxidants called theaflavins and thearubigins that help neutralize harmful free radicals, and potentially reduce free radical damage that can target cell membranes and DNA, and raise your risk for chronic illness.

There are more coffee drinkers than tea drinkers in the U.S., yet the varieties and benefits of tea are worth exploring and making part of your diet. People who drink tea are enjoying many health benefits as they also partake of an enjoyable and comforting beverage.

Weekly Health Quiz: Spices, Saunas and More

1 Which of the following spices is a gum resin with an offensive rotten smell that gives a lovely umami taste to many Indian and other savory dishes?

  • Asafoetida

    The Indian cooking spice asafoetida is a gum obtained from a type of giant fennel. It has an offensive smell akin to that of rotting garlic and sweaty feet, but an appetizing savory, umami taste. Learn more.

  • Turmeric
  • Mastic
  • Curry

2 Which of the following U.S. agencies is responsible for regulating cannabidiol (CBD) and dictates its legal status on the federal level?

  • Department of Agriculture (USDA)
  • Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

    While hemp has been legalized, CBD is under the regulatory authority of the FDA, which views CBD as a drug. As such, all CBD supplements are considered “unapproved drugs.” Learn more.

  • Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)
  • Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)

3 Just as nutritional deficiencies can cause severe problems, so can certain excesses. Which of the following has been shown to encourage cancer, heart disease, diabetes, neurodegeneration and more, when your levels are too high?

  • Magnesium
  • Calcium
  • Iron

    Excess iron can cause severe problems by encouraging oxidation and tissue damage. Common health problems associated with elevated iron levels include cirrhosis, cancer, hepatitis C, gouty arthritis, arrhythmia, cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s and more. Learn more.

  • Glutathione

4 Which of the following has been identified as contributing to the opioid crisis in the U.S.?

  • Aggressive marketing by opioid makers
  • Unemployment and poverty
  • Widespread prevalence of physical pain, especially back pain
  • All of the above

    Evidence suggests the opioid addiction crisis is the result of a perfect storm of poverty, trauma, availability and pain. Aggressive marketing has also made an unmistakable contribution to the problem. Learn more.

5 Which of the following exercise strategies has been shown to effectively lower stress and anxiety, improve cognition and reduce body image dissatisfaction?

  • Yoga

    Regular yoga practice has been shown to lower stress, reduce body image dissatisfaction and anxiety, improve cognition and protect against age-related brain changes and much more. Learn more.

  • Jogging
  • Strength training
  • Walking

6 Which of the following health benefits have been linked to regular sauna use?

  • Reduced risk of stroke
  • Reduced risk of death from heart problems
  • Increased longevity
  • All of the above

    Sauna bathing can be used as an exercise mimetic to increase your longevity and health span. Men using Finnish-style sauna seven times per week cut their risk of death from fatal heart problems in half, compared to those who used it only once a week. This frequency of use can also lower your stroke risk by 61%. Learn more.

7 Lactic acid tolerance refers to your body’s ability to:

  • Digest milk protein
  • Buffer lactic acid in your muscle, which affects your muscle endurance

    Lactic acid tolerance refers to your ability to buffer lactic acid, which affects your muscle endurance. Learn more.

  • Buffer lactic acid in your joints, which affects your gout risk
  • Make new mitochondria

To the May Queen:


By Anna Von Reitz

This note is addressed through Bathsheba and will be understood by those who need to know:
________

My dear, 

It is best always to remember Merlin’s prophecy. 

The White Snake has no power over the Red Dragon and fighting will not change that. 

The Seals have been broken.  The Blessed have returned.  It’s time for celebration. 

If, as you say, you want the original Treaty of Peace with the Devics honored, that is much in our way of thinking, too.  

If, as you say, you want the greatness of Scotland honored, that, too, is easy to respect and arrange.  

Nothing you have suggested seems outlandish or wrong or improper — except the idea that six billion people have to die in order to bring this planet back into balance.  

Cooperatively, we have the technology and know-how to repair every aspect of the natural environment and resolve the waste management problems, too. 

As for the broken economic and banking system, we have all the answers for that, also.  King Darren has already agreed. 

Killing six billion people would cause a vast labor shortage if the object is to turn the Earth back into a garden space and create peace.  And if that is not the goal that unites us, what is?  

You know as well as I do that such a catastrophe would create no enduring peace.  Quite the opposite. 

That said, let go that one contention, and the rest is easy.  The Great Dipole is complete.  The Heavenly Host is content.  The Interstice is cleared.  The Ancient Kingdoms are restored. 

There is nothing left, except your peace— and while I cannot grant your desire to have the Romanovs live again, or return the child you once were, my Father can. 

In view of all you have been given and the kindness of life within you, is it really such a stretch to trust the Lord and Giver of Life to “make all things new”?  Even them?  Even you?  

Love, 

Durga

Bees Absolutely Love Cannabis & It Could Help Restore Their Populations

New research out of Cornell University that’s been published in Environmental Entomology, shows that humans aren’t the only fans of cannabis. The recent findings also compliment a study published last year at Colorado State University that discovered the same thing, that bee’s love cannabis. The recent legalization of hemp in the United States seems to be having a very positive effect on multiple bee populations.

The Cornell study states:

We identified all bee visitors to the species level and found that hemp supported 16 different bee species. Landscape simplification negatively impacted the abundance of bees visiting hemp flowers but did not affect the species richness of the community. Plant height, on the other hand, was strongly correlated with bee species richness and abundance for hemp plots with taller varieties attracting a broader diversity of bee species. Because of its temporally unique flowering phenology, hemp has the potential to provide a critical nutritional resource to a diverse community of bees during a period of floral scarcity and thereby may help to sustain agroecosystem-wide pollination services for other crops in the landscape. As cultivation of hemp increases, growers, land managers, and policy makers should consider its value in supporting bee communities and take its attractiveness to bees into account when developing pest management strategies.

The authors go on to emphasize:

Bees provide essential pollination services in both natural and agricultural systems; yet, both wild and managed bees have been adversely impacted by numerous characteristics of large-scale, intensified agriculture, including the widespread use of chemical pesticides and insecticides, persistent pathogens and parasites, and the loss of seminatural nesting habitat and plant diversity (Goulson et al. 2015Dicks et al. 2016). Landscape-scale loss of natural areas and plant diversity, a defining characteristic of intensive agriculture, occurs as a consequence of the increased size and connectivity of areas devoted to agricultural production (Meehan et al. 2011). Habitat loss associated with agricultural land-use change imposes nutritional stress on bee communities (Naug 2009) by reducing the diversity of floral resources and imposing temporal gaps in resource availability (Di Pasquale et al. 2016). Changing land use patterns, therefore, threaten the sustainability of the pollination services that our agricultural systems rely upon.

With the recent legalization of hemp in the United States, more pollen sources are popping up for bees. which is an encouraging thought.

Hemp flowers late in the summer releasing an abundance of pollen during a period of native and agricultural floral dearth (Dalio 2012Koh et al. 2016). As a result, hemp pollen may offer a vital subsistence resource to bees at a point in the season when they are resource-limited

The study goes on to cite multiple studies that have documented the importance of hemp pollen in supporting a diverse community of bees, especially during times of scarcity. This is a theme emphasized throughout the entire paper, the fact that it has strong potential to enhance pollinator populations.

The study concludes:

Hemp is a high pollen producing crop flowering during a period of floral resource scarcity and supports a diverse array of bees in the northeastern U.S. landscape. The rapid expansion of hemp production in the United States (Schluttenhofer and Yuan 2017) may have significant implications for agroecosystem-wide pollination dynamics. The potential for hemp to serve as a floral resource for bees is influenced by landscape composition, the height of hemp plants, and temporal factors. Growers, extension agents and policy makers should consider risks to bees as pest management practices are developed for this crop (Cranshaw et al. 2019).

The Takeaway

Insecticides, and other pesticides and herbicides that have been sprayed heavily within North America and other countries have been linked to a dramatic decline in bee populations by multiple studies. This has made big news within the past few years alone. A decline in bee population has devastating consequences for the global food supply of human beings, the bees themselves and several other species. Everything is interconnected, and human beings have long had the potential to operate in various ways that are more harmonious with all life on planet Earth. So ask yourself, if the solutions exist, what’s the issue with regards to getting them implemented? When it comes to the substances that are killing off the bee population, they are also having negative consequences for human and environmental health.

It’s great to see the planet become more aware. Consciousness with regards to a number of different topics, like environmental awareness is drastically changing quite rapidly. Shifts in consciousness lead to action steps, slowly, but surely.

An Open Letter to the Queen and the Pope


James Clinton Belcher

If anything bad happens in Richmond, Virginia, tomorrow, we are holding you and your respective governments entirely, 100%, commercially and personally responsible for it.
“Governor” Northam is administering a “Commonwealth” entity and unnecessarily and recklessly imposing upon law-abiding Americans in violation of their Constitutional guarantees.

This affront to our substantive law and to us is duly noted, on top of the many other offenses that your respective governments have promulgated in Breach of Trust.
It is also duly noted that the in respect to the British Commonwealth United States the Queen acts as the Overseer for the Pope, so that in effect, Pope Francis is the Principal responsible for any bloodshed or acrimony or public damage in Virginia tomorrow.
In the event that Governor Northam does not show appropriate and due diligence to ensure that he is not presuming upon Americans who are lawfully guaranteed their absolute right to keep and bear arms, we shall hold both the Queen and the Pope accountable for condoning through their employees and agents the promotion of violent insurrection and conflict on our shores.
You have both been given due and appropriate Notice that illegal and immoral contracting practices have been employed by the British Crown and CAPSTONE to create fraudulent and unconscionable citizenship contracts with Americans. These contracts are invalid, null and void.
This conspiracy to evade your responsibilities under the Constitutions has been discovered and fully vetted and both your administrations have been found wanting.
You need to correct, not exacerbate this problem. Any harm, any public disturbance, any destruction of people or property will be held against you and charged at a rate of ten trillion dollars per life lost, and one billion dollars per house or building damaged.
We are posting this commercial fee schedule in advance to make it clear that there will be unpleasant consequences for you as well as for the people of this country should you continue on this reckless path.
James Clinton Belcher, Head of State The United States of America
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Any Fool….


By Anna Von Reitz

Any Fool should know that a gas accounting for 1/300th of one percent of the atmosphere (carbon dioxide) and alterations in the minute amount of this gas caused by human activities, could never account for any such phenomenon as “Global Warming” or “Climate Change”.  


Whatever else we know, we know that much right off the cuff, without years of public debate, without spending billions of dollars on “climate research”.  

Barring the existence of some unknown, unobserved, mysterious catalytic effect, there is simply no way that variations in the amount of carbon dioxide could change anything.  The total amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is far too small have any general impact at all. 

Honestly, it seems to be a contest to find out how gullible we are, and what line of horse hooey they can get away with as an excuse for their power-grabbing and taxation and depopulation schemes.  

Here (see link) you have competent science giving you a reasonable and documented explanation of climate change.  The warming is caused by reduced cloud cover.  



 
And guess what?  The reduced cloud cover is being exacerbated, if not caused by the Chemtrail spraying, which kills forests and acts as a drying agent as well as an environmental inflammatory agent.  And this is being brought to us by who?  

The same madmen who just published this craziness — Vatican official promoting New World Order and the “Removal” of 6 Billion People:  


I have a better solution.  

The People of the World send their compliments to the Italian Government and demand that they revoke The Lateran Treaty signed by Nazi-Collaborator Benito Mussolini, and dissolve the basis for Vatican City’s international independent city-state status.  

Next, we arrest all members of the Roman Catholic Clergy operating above the level of Parish Priests and all upper level management of the [former] Vatican City State who are non-clerical employees.  

Next, we nationalize all Roman Catholic Church properties and bank accounts and securities holdings worldwide, leaving only local church buildings and their immediate grounds and cemeteries and attached buildings undisturbed for the use of innocent parishioners. 

Next, we arrest the senior management of the slightly over 700 corporations worldwide who have been engaged in the interlocking trust directorate scheme promoted and implemented by the Vatican and Universal Postal Union and Bank of International Settlements.  

In tandem with all this, we search and destroy and/or confiscate all planes used to distribute Chemtrail pollution and seize the assets of all companies and management-level individuals engaged in this criminal activity and similarly confiscate all assets of corporations engaged in disruptive weather warfare and scalar resonance “tests” impacting “non-domestic” populations in countries around the world.  

So, we’ve been foxed into using “credit” as money, and then not even getting the credit applied to our accounts.  We’ve believed that “the Americans” dropped nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and that turns out to be “the US” and another Big Lie.  We’ve been told that the death of one wandering Jewish prophet paid for all the sins of mankind forever, and have yet to see the 
“PAID IN FULL” receipt from his self-proclaimed “representatives”. 

 And in keeping with this Tradition of Big Lies, we’ve been told that the “desperate situation” caused by changes in 1/300th of one percent of the atmosphere justifies Draconian taxes and coercive regulatory practices on a planet-wide basis, and, moreover, the death of six billion innocent people. 

Are you getting all this?   

The Roman Catholic Church.  Again. 

Catholics, if you don’t want to be held responsible for this, and don’t want your Church held responsible for this, you need to get on the move and protest in no uncertain terms. 

United Nations?  If your Officers and your corporations don’t want to be held responsible for this, and don’t want your organizations forced into Chapter 7 involuntary bankruptcy for crimes against humanity, you’d better haul rump, too. 

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About Virginia Second Article Rally


By Anna Von Reitz

It is happily noted that someone, somewhere, has realized that the Second Article has far more power and standing as Law of Substance than any theoretical “Second Amendment”, and that this principle guarantee cannot be violated as a taking against the Will.  

Kudos and congratulations to whoever had the good sense to notice that there is a difference between an “Article” of the Constitution and an “Amendment” to the Constitution. 

That said, and in the same spirit of awareness — when you take reference to “civil rights” and Federal Code sections (except for the explicitly declared purpose of reminding them of what their own law requires) you are placing yourself under their law, not yours, and you are then unavoidably separating yourself from the protections of the actual Constitution.  

You can’t be “in” and “out” at the same time.  You can’t claim “Equal Civil Rights” as a Federal Citizen, and at the same time claim Natural and Unalienable Rights (and Constitutional Guarantees) as an American.  

I cannot say this often enough or emphatically enough: both US Territorial and Municipal “Federal” citizenship(s) are created by the Constitutions, so either variety of “US Citizen” are not Parties to the Constitutions and cannot make any direct claim to any constitutional guarantee.  

American State Citizens are direct Parties to the Constitutions and have the right of enforcement, but US Citizens — either Territorial or Municipal, do not. 

Read that again: US Citizens are not parties to any Constitution and have never had any Constitutional rights or guarantees.  As long as you persist in claiming to be any variety of “US Citizen” —- neither do you.  

At best such Persons can hope that the Congress honors its agreement to provide “Equal Civil Rights” and this is a vain hope, as they have already declared a “state of emergency” which, for Federal Citizens, suspends their “Equal Civil Rights” access to the Constitutions.  

So, here you are, mis-identified as some sort of US Citizen, depending on second-class “Equal Civil Rights” that have already been suspended.  

This is not a tenable situation to be in, and if you wish to access the protections and guarantees you are heir to, then you must take pro-active measures to declare and record your correct political status as an American—–not a US Citizen dependent on “Equal Civil Rights”.  

For help getting back to where you should be go to: www.TheAmericanStatesAssembly.net and declare and record your correct political status as an American today.  

Don’t wait.  Don’t try to argue it in court. Secure your evidence and position today.  I am constantly contacted by people who get themselves in trouble with the Federal Authorities and then after-the-fact want to declare their correct political status and enforce the substantive law in their favor. 

It doesn’t work that way.  

Once you are in their courts and identified as one of their citizens, you are obligated to obey their policies and statutory laws.  Any attempt to change your political status in “mid-stream” looks suspicious and self-serving and is discredited as evasion.  

Most Americans have been blissfully ignorant of their obligation to declare and record their political status as Americans, and as a result, are incorrectly identified as British Territorial United States Citizens or Municipal (Federal Civil Service) citizens of the United States—-and there is no evidence on the Public Record otherwise. 

So — if you want to enforce your Second Article right to keep and bear arms, you must declare and record your political status as an American State Citizen and access your Guarantees directly, instead of relying upon the rogues in Congress to honor their action granting “Equal Civil Rights” to Federal United States Citizens.   

What the Congress gives to its Employees and Dependents (Equal Civil Rights) the Congress can take away. 

What is owed to you directly by international treaty and service contract is a different story.  

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